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WITHIN a few years past, extensive explorations have been carried on throughout the East, which have resulted in remarkable discoveries in nearly all of the ancient and renowned cities known to sacred history.
Among the most important of these discoveries are those made in Jerusalem, in the excavations around and under the Temple site-among the ruins of King Solomon's store cities, Baalbek, Tadmor, and Hamath-at Babylon, Nineveh, and Shushan.
These discoveries have awakened an interest that will not be satisfied with anything less than a description of the ruins of all the important cities of the East.
In the ordinary works of Eastern travelers and writers, so much space is given to incidents of travel, and the speculations of travelers, that but little room is left for a description of antiquities or relics.
The aim of this work is to comprise in a convenient compass the results of all the important explorations
and excavations made in the East;-especially among
ORIGIN-ASSAULT AND CAPTURE OF THE CITY BY DAVID-DAVID'S
DEATH-HE IS SUCCEEDED BY SOLOMON, WHO BUILDS
THE MAGNIFICENT TEMPLE, AND THE STORE CITIES—
SIEGE OF JERUSALEM BY TITUS, IT IS TAKEN AT MID-
NIGHT-WANTON DESTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE BY
THE VALLEY OF JEHOSHAPHAT-OF HINNOM-ACELDAMA
-MOUNT OF OFFENCE ANCIENT SEPULCHRES-SCOPUS
RIDGE-MOUNT OF OLIVES-THE ROAD OVER WHICH
CONCERNING THE TEMPLE OF KING SOLOMON.
MOUNT MORIAH-THE TEMPLE AREA, OR ENCLOSURE-
WILSON'S ARCH-ROBINSON'S ARCH-MASONIC HALL-
FOUNDATION WALLS OF THE TEMPLE-SOUTH, WEST,
AND EAST GATES-DOME OF THE ROCK-MOSQUE EL
THE PRIVATE MARKS OF THE BUILDERS AND THE REMARK
ABLE ANCIENT QUARRY UNDER JERUSALEM.
MARKS FOUND ON STONES IN THE FOUNDATION WALLS OF
THE TEMPLE AREA-MARKS FOUND IN SAMARIA AND
ANCIENT TYRE, HIRAM'S TOMB-MT. LEBANON—A SKETCH
OF ITS HISTORY-ITS WONDERFUL TOPOGRAPHY-THE
RENOWNED CEDARS-THE FOREST WHERE THEY WERE
PROCURED FOR SOLOMON'S TEMPLE-HOW THEY WERE
CONVEYED FROM THE MOUNTAINS TO THE SEA, AND
MADE UP INTO FLOATS THE SINGULAR INHABITANTS
OF LEBANON; THEIR MANNERS AND CUSTOMS THE
AKALS, A SECRET ORDER, HAVING SIGNS, GRIPS, AND
WORDS SIMILAR TO THOSE IN USE AMONG MASONS-
PASS OF THE JORDAN-JOPPA—HEBRON, ITS IMPORTANT
RELICS OF ANTIQUITY, AND SINGULAR MOSQUE-KING
SOLOMON'S STORE CITIES, BAALBEK-TADMOR—HAMATH
GARDEN OF EDEN-MOUNT ARARAT-THE DISPER-
SION OF THE PEOPLE-THEIR LOCATION, OR THE
PLACES OCCUPIED BY THEM THE FIRST