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giants 40 cubits at least and ANER, a Levitical city on many times above.

the west of Jordan in the half -- ANAMIM, whether this be tribe of Manasseh. the name of an individual or a ANGE, a mountain mennation or tribe of men has been tioned in the Latin text of Judoubted. But as this and many dith ii, 21. The text, says this other words of the same species, mountain lies to the left of Ci. have plural terminations in licia; it is the highest in these Hebrew, it may be presumed parts. Strabo says, it is always they signify a people, or nation. covered with snow, and that The Anamim were descend from its summit the Euxine

of Mizraim, a son of and sea of Cilicia are both visHam, who settled in Egypt. ible. Lat. 26, N.

ANTARADA, a city of ANATHOTH, a city of Syria, lying on the continent, Palestine belonging to the tribe opposite to the island Aradus, of Benjamin, Josh. xxi, 18. or Arada. Though this town About three miles distant from is not mentioned in scripture; Jerusalem, according to Euse- yet mention is made of Arada, bius and St. Jerome; or twenty or Arva, or the Arvadites. furlongs according to Josephus. Antarada is now called Tortosa, This was the birth place of the and is noted for its fine harbor. prophet Jeremiah. It was given ANTHEDON, see AGRIPto the Levites of Koath's fami- PIAS. ly, for their habitation, and to ANTIOCH, according to be a city of refuge. After the Mr. Wells, there were no less death of his father, Solomon than sixteen cities of that name ordered Abiathar the priest, in Syria and other countries; who had joined the party of but the Scripture speaks only Adonijah, to retire to Ana- of the greater Antioch, which thoth. Lat. 31, 47.

was the capital of Syria; and of ANEM, a city of Palestine, another Antioch of Pisidia; belonging to the tribe of Ma- Antioch the capital of Syria nasseh, given by lot to the Le. was frequently called Antiochia vites of Koath's family, 1 Chr. Epidaphne, from its neighborvi, 10.

hood to Daphne, a village where Anem, a city belonging to the temple of Daphne stood. the tribe of Judah, Josh. xv, Antioch of Syria, ii we believe 50. It was eight or ten miles St.Jerome, was formerly called cast of Hebron.

Riblath or Riblatla, of which

there is mention in the book of gates, and part of it on the of Numbers-xxxiv, 11; in the north side was raised upon a 2 book of Kings xxiii,33;xxvii, high mountain. It was adorn6; xxix, 21; and in Jeremiah ed with galleries and fountains, xxxix, 5; liii, 9; x, 26, 27. palaces and magnificent tem. Theodoret says, that in his ples; it was strongly fortified time, there was a city called by art and nature. Ammianus Riblath, near Emesa in Syria, Marcellinus says, that it was which is very contrary to St. celebrated throughout the Jerome's opinion. However world, and that no other city this may be, it is certain Ani exceeded it either in fertility och was not known under this of soil, or in richness of trade. name, till after the reign of Se- The emperor Vespasian Titus, leucus Nicanor,who built i!,and and others granted it very great called it Antioch, in memory of privileges; but sometime alter. his father Antiochus in the year ward it underwent several revo301 before the Christian era. lutions, having been almost totalHence there is no mention of ly demolished bytwo successive this Antioch in Scripture, ex- earthquakes, one of which hapcepting in the book of Macca. pened in the fourth, the other bees, and in the New Testa. in the fifth centuries. In 548,

Here resided the kings it was taken and burned by thie of Syria, successors of Alexan- Persians, and all the inbabitants der the Great. Then it was a put to the sword; four years af. beautiful, flourishing, and illus- ter this, Justinian rebuilt it, in a trious city, though at present more beautiful and regular manscarce any thing remains, but a ner, than it was before. The heap of ruins. However, the Persians however took it a walls are still standing; but second time in 574, and within these walls, there is no destroyed its walls. In 588, thing but gardens, ruins, and it suffered again by a dreadful shattered houses. The river earthquake, by which upwards Orontes runs near the city on of 60,000 persons perished. It the outside. The Bishop of was once more rebuilt, but Antioch has the title of Patri. taken by the Saracens in 637, arch, and at all times has had Nicephoras Phocas retook it in a great share in the affairs of 966, but afterwards it was a. the eastern church. The city gain taken by the Saracens. of Antioch' was in form almost The Christians in the crusades square; it had a great number took it in 1098; but it was tak


en and demolished by the Sa. to the early Christians, who racens in 1268. As to its sit- were at first considered as a uation Mr. Wells says it lay sect of Jews, and who, thereon both sides the river Orontes, fore, could here perform public about 12 miles distant from the worship, and enjoy all religious Mediterranean sea. The place privileges without any persecuis worthy of remembrance on iion or disturbance. This also account of several interesting accounts for the zeal of the events, which here took place. apostles in introducing the Here the disciples of Jesus gospel here. The present state Christ were first called Chris. of this city is thus described tians, having before been call. by Mr. Volney. “This city," ed, by way of derision, Naza. saith he, "anciently renowned renes, as the Jews scornfully for the luxury of its inhabicall them to the present time, tants, is now no more than a and as the Pagans called them ruinous town, whose houses, Galileans. Here was the fre. built with mud and straw, and quent residence of several Ro- whose narrow and miry streets, man emperors, especially Verus exhibit every appearance of and Valens, who spent a great misery and wretchedness. It part of their time in Antioch. is situated on the southern Here was the birth place of St. bank of the Orontes, at the ex. Luke the Evangelist, of The. tremity of an old and decayed ophilus, Antiochenus. The bridge, and is covered to the celebrated martyr Ignatius was south by a mountain, upon the bishop of this place. Here St. slope of wbich a wall was built Paul and Barnabas preached a by the Crusaders. The ,diswhole year. Josephus says it tance between the present town was the third city of the Ro- and mountain, may be about man provinces; it was in fact four hundred yards, which for a long time, the most pow. space is occupied by gardens erful city of the East. It was and heaps of rubbish, but prefamous among the Jews for sents nothing interesting.” the jus civitatis, or right of Such is the condition of the citizenship, which Seleucus had celebrated Antioch. So tran, given to them in common with sient is the glory of this world, the Greeks and Macedonians. Lat. 35, 30. This consideration, involving Antioch of Pisidia, mentionprivileges, dear to their hearts, ed in Acts xiii, 14. St. Paul rendered this place so desirable and Barı:abas preached here,

and the Jews, concerned to see ple was in some sort the citathat some of the Gentiles had del of the town, the tower of received the gospel, raised a Antonia was the citadel of the sedition against St. Paul and temple. The Romans generBarnabas, and obliged them to ally kept a garrison in this leave the city. Lat. 38, 50. tower; and from thence it was,

ANTIPATRIS, (Acts xxiii, that the tribune ran with his 31,) a town of Palestine on the soldiers to rescue St. Paul out border of Samaria, anciently of the hands of the Jews, (Acts called Caphar-Saba, according xxi, 31, 32,) who had seized to Josephus, but of this Jerome him in the temple, designing to expresses strong doubts; it was put him to death. named Antipatris by Herod ANUA, a village fifteen the Great, in honor of his father miles from Neapolis, otherwise Antipater. It was situated in called Shechem, in the way to a pleasant valley, near the Jerusalem. mountains, in the way from APAMEA, a city of Syria Jerusalem to Cæsarea. Jose. on the Orontes, probably the phus places it about seventeen same place called Shepham. miles from Joppa; it was 42 Apamea, a city of Phrygia; from Jerusalem, and 26 from this city was called Kibotos, Cæsarea. Here Paul and his the ark, and on its medals is an guard made a halt on their way ark, with a man receiving a to Cæsarea. Lat. 32, 19. dove flying to him, and part of

ANTONIA, a tower or for- the inscription is Noe, hence tress of Jerusalem, situated to. it has been supposed, that the wards the west and north angle ark rested near this place. of the temple, and built by APHÆREMA, a place, Herod the Great in honor of mentioned i Macab. xi, 34, his friend M. Anthony. It taken from Samaria, and addstood upon an eminence cut ed to Judah, being so called steep on all sides, and enclosed because its name signifies in with a wall, three hundred cu- the Greek language, a thing bits high. It was built in the taken from another. It may form of a square tower, with a here be observed with advantower at each corner to defend tage to the reader, that the it; there was a bridge or vault, books of the Maccabees, being whereby a communication was written in Greek, several names kept up between this tower and are varied according to the the temple, so that as the tem. Greek form. This being re

collected may sometimes pre- the same mentioned by Paul
vent mistakes. If the place be Lucas, which has been swal.
not found in this Gazetteer un. lowed up in a lake, nine miles
der one name, probably it may in circuit, in which may be
under another. Thus Accaron seen several houses entire un-
is the same with Ekron, Ama- der the water. The ancients
this is the same as Hamath, say, that the soil in this region
Gazara with Gozor, Bethsura was bitumenous, which con-
with Bethshur, Bosora with Bo.. firms those who suppose, that
sor, &c. Sometines the same the earth under the city being
place has different names, or consumed, the city sunk at
seems to have, from the mis- once, and a lake has risen over
takes of copyists, or a change it. 1 Kings xx, 26.
in the pronunciation in the Aphek, the name of several oth-
lapse of ages, as well as the er cities mentioned in Scripture.
different terminations of the 1. Aphek in the tribe of Judah
languages into which the word where the Philistines encamp-
is translated. Thus Zabadeans, ed, when the ark was brought
which in Maccabees is said to from Shiloh, which was taken
be the name of some Arabians, by them in battle, 1 Sam. iv,
is probably a corrupt reading 1, 2, &c. It is thought to be
for Nabatheans, and so of other the same with Aphekah, men,
names, noticed in the margin tioned in Josh. xv,53. 2. Aphek,
of our bibles,

mentioned in the valley of JezAPHARSACHITES, or reel, where the Philistines enAPHAR SATHCHITES, people camped, while Saul and his arsent by the kings of Assyria my were near Jezreel, upon the to inhabit the country of Sa- mountains of Gilboa, i Sam, maria, in the room of those xxix, 1, &c. 3. Aphek, a city Israelites, who had been re. belonging to the tribe of Asher, moved beyond the Euphrates, and the country of the SidoniEzra v, 6. They with the

They with the ans; Josh. xix, 30, and xiii, 4. other Samaritans opposed the APPII.FORUM, a place in rebuilding of the walls of Je- Italy about 50 miles from rusalem.

Rome; so called from the same APHEK, a city of Syria. Appius, who gave name to the near Libanus, on the banks of Appian way. Lat. 41, 25. the Adonis, between Heliopo.

APPOLONIA, a city of lis and Byblos. Probably it is Macedonia through which anel

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