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Palestine, 6 miles from Jeru- settlements, and seized certain salem.

territories belonging to Shem. AFRICA, one of the four AGABA, a fortress near quarters of the world, being a Jerusalem. peninsula joined to Asia by AGALLA, a city of Pales. the narrow isthmus of Suez, tine on the east of the Dead and situated between 37 north, Sea in the land of Moab. See and 35 degrees south latitude, EGLAIM. and between 18 west and 51 AGRIPPIAS, a town of east longitude from London. Palestine on the Mediterra. It is 4320 miles in length, from nean, about two miles and a north to south, and 4200 miles half from Gaza. Herod the in breadth from east to west. Great gave the town this name Africa is bounded by the Med- in honor of Agrippa his friend, iterranean sea, which separates and the favorite of Augustus. it from Europe on the north, AHAVA, a river of Babyby ihe isthmus of Suez, the lonia, or rather of Assyria, Red Sea, and the Eastern ocean; where Ezra (viii, 15) gathered which divide it from Asia on those captives into a body, the east, by the Southern ocean whom he brought with him on the south, and by the At- into Judea. In this region the lantic or western ocean, which Diava, or Adiavana, is now separates it from America on known, on the banks of which the west. Africa was princi. Ptolemy places the city of A. pally peopled by Ham and his bane or Aavane. It was comdescendants. Mizraim peopled mon for travellers, going from Egypt. The Pathrusiin, the Babylon to Jerusalem, to proNaphtuhim, the Casluhim, and ceed northerly at first to avoid the Ludim, peopled other parts the scorching heat of the Araof the country, the limits of bian desert, then turning west, which are not at this day dis- they passed through Syria into tinctly known. It is thought Palestine. This is probably that many of the Canaanites, the country called Ava, 2 Kings being driven out of their coun- xvii, and xviii, and xix, whence try by Joshua, retired into Af- the kings of Assyria translated rica. Sanson in his Index Ge- the people called Avites into ographicus, says that Cush and Palestine, and where in their Canaan were not content with room, they settled some of the their lot, that they sought other captive Israelites. Ezra de

signing to collect, as many Is. probably is that spoken of by raelites as possible, made a halt Joshua, when he said to the here, and sent agents into the moon, (chap. x, 12,) 'Thou Caspian mountains, to invite moon stand still in the valley the Jews scattered there, to join of Ajalon.' But the Danites him. Ezra viji. Izates, king could never drive out the Amof the Adiabenians, and his orites from Ajalon. There mother Helena, became con were three other cities of this verts to Judaism after the death name; one was in the tribe of of Christ; an argument that Benjamin, three miles eastJews still remained in that ward from Bethel; (2 Chr. xi, country.

10;). another in the tribe of AI, or HAI, a town of Ca. Ephraim, two miiis from naan, three leagues from Jeri. Shechem, as you go to Jerucho, and one league from Be- salem and to the east of Bethothel. This place is mentioned ron; this was a city of refuge; in the history of Abram, who anoti:er was in the tribe of both before, and after his go. Zebulon, the situation of which ing into Egypt, pitched his is not exactly known. Lat. tent between Bethel and Ai, 31, 37. or Hai.

Jerome and Eusebius AKRABBIM, or Acraba. tell us, that some remains of thine, a village situate in the this place existed in their day. south east corner of the tribe Joshua attacked Ai a second of Judah, about nine miles time, took it by stratagein, from Neapolis. hung the king, and burned the ALAMELECH, a city of town.

Canaan in the tribe of Asher. AI, a city of Moab, taken ALEMA, a great and strong and plundered by the Chaide- city in the country of Gilead, ans. Jer. xlix, 3.

beyond Jordan. (1 Macc. V, AIN, a city given to the 20. Lat. 32, 7. tribe of Simeon.

ALEXANDRIA, a celeAIN.CHARIM, a village brated city in Egypt, (Acts of Palestine, 8 miles from Je. xviii, 24 and xxvii, 6.) built by rusalem.

Alexander the great, sicuated AJALON, a city of the between the Mediterranean and tribe of Dan, assigned over to the lake Mæris. Alexanthe Levites of Koah's family. dria is often to be met with in It was situated between Tim, the latin texts of those books nah and Bethshemesh, and in the Old Testament, which

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were written before the reign of this country had been buried, of Alexander, as in Nahum, iii, but Egypt carried it. His body 8, Jer. xlvi, 25, and Ezek. xxx, therefore was deposited first of 14, 15, 16. But this name is all at Memphis; but was afterno where in the original He. wards removed to Alexandria. brew; instead of which, we It is said to have been laid in there read No, which is thought a coffin of gold, and to have to be a city of Diospolis in the been embalmed in honey. The Delta, between Busiris, and happy situation of this city, beMendes... The Arabians in tween the Mediterranean and form us, that Alexandria was the Red Sea, and upon the river called Caissoun, before Alexan- Nile, drew thither the comder the great, rebuilt or enlarg- merce of the east and west, and ed it. Dinocrates, who pre- in a little time rendered it one pared the plan of it, was the of the most flourishing cities in same architect, who rebuilt the the world. It soon became the temple of Diana at Ephesus, capital of Egypt; though now which had been burnt by Eu. it is no more than a village, rostratus. Aridæus, Alexan- having in it, nothing remarkader's brother, was charged with ble, beside its ruins, the remains the care of carrying the body of its past grandeur. For two of this prince from Babylon to hundred years after the death Alexandria. He employed two of Alexander, it was the resi. years in inaking preparations dence of his successors. This for its removal, the pomp of city was taken from the Chriswhich is described by Diodo. tians by Amrou Ebn-el-Aas, rus Siculus. There had been general of the Califf, about the a prophecy current, intimating middle of the 7th century, after that the place where Alexander a siege of 14 months, in which should be buried, should flour. he lost 23,000 men. Alexan. ish and be very prosperous. dria then contained 4,000 baths, The governors, therefore, of the 12,000 sellers of vegetables, several cities and provinces, 4,000 palaces and 4,000 Jews, disputed with one another, who who paid tribute,&c.sometimes should have the honor and ad. the Jews amounted to 100.000, vantage of possessing his body. &c. What is much to be reThere was a proposal for car. gretted by the lovers of books, rying it to Aigua in Macedo- the library was destroyed by nia, where generally the kings this ignorant, bigotted Arab, in

which successive kings had col. It is said this canal is the only lected more than 400,000, or as circumstance, which makes Alothers write, 700,000, manu. exandria a part of Egypt. scripts, or volumes. Among From its being situated with. the remains of ancient opulence out the Delta, it really belongs in this city, are two obelisks to Lybia. Here is still seen full of hieroglyphics, also Pom- the church of St. Mark. They pey's pillar, which is one entire show part of the pulpit in which piece of granite, 40 feet high they say the Evangelist preachand 25 in circumference. The ed. The outside of the church ancient Pharos, famous among is faced with stones of different the ancients, as one of the seven colors. The body of St. Mark, wonders of the world, is now a who it is said was the first castle, and useful in directing bishop of Alexandria, was devessels into the harbor. This posited in this church, where town consists chiefly of one it continued till some Venetians street, along the harbor, the carried it to Venice, where is a rest being a waste of forsaken famous church, called St. ruins. Part of the ancient walls Mark's. The population is are standing, having great reckoned at 30,000. The square towers 200 paces apart. Turks call it Scanderia, or EsEach of these would contain canderia. It is 33 miles South 200 soldiers, and had a cistern, West from Rosetti, about 100 which received the water of north westerly from Cairo. the Nile. The gates are of On the 4th of July, 1788 AlThebaic and granite marble. exandria was taken by assault, But the immense traffic of this by the French army under the place has in a measure been command of Napoleon Bonalost, since its subjugation by parte; he put to flight the the Turks, and especially since Arabs and Mamelukes, who the discovery of the Cape of defended the place, killing Good Hope. Still the com- about 300 of them. In the year merce is not inconsiderable; it 1801, the place was taken again is the principal harbor of Egypt. by the English army under the The town is low, and a canal command of General Hutchinfrom Faoua brings the waters son, and by an article in the of the Nile, during thc inunda- preliminaries of peace, Egypt tion intoreservoirs, which is pre- was to be restored to the Subserved for use through the year. lime Ottoman Porte. Alexaria

dria is situated in Lat. 31, 11, sea, and the Red sea; or beN. long. 30, 16, E. . To this tween Havilah and Shur, i I

may add that the city is built Sam. xv, 7, sometimes in over against the little island of one canton and sometimes in Pharos, wbich has been joined another. It does not appear, to the land, and for the security that they had cities; there is of the port, the Turks have but one, mentioned in the here built a fort. In this isle scriptures; they lived generally the SEVENTY-Two Interpreters in hamlets, caves, and tents, and are said to have translated the seem to have had the same fe. Hebrew bible into Greek, in rocious character with the so many distinct cells or apart. modern Arabs. The Israements. This work, from the lites had scarce passed the number of persons employed, Red sea on their way to the is called the Septuagint. wilderness, before the Amal

ALMON, a city belonging ekites came to attack them in to the tribe of Benjamin (Josh. the deserts of Rephidim, xxi, 18) Calmet takes it to be Exod. xvii, 8, &c. and put the same with Alemeth. It those to the sword, who were was given to the priests of obliged, either through fatigue Aaron's family (1 Ch. vi, 60. or weakness, to remain behind.

ALUSH, one of the Hebrew Moses by God's command, encampments in the wilder- directed Joshua to fall upon ness; it was in the region of this people; to record the act the Edomites, near the city of inhumanity, which they had Petra.

committed, in a book in order AMAD, a city belonging to have it always before his to the tribe of Asher, (Josh. eyes, and to avenge it, in the xxix, 26.) Lat. 33, 1.

most remarkable manner. AMALEK, a mountain of Joshua therefore fell upon the Palestine in the tribe of Ephra. Amalekites and defeated them, im, on which the town of Pi, while Moses was upon the rathon was built, and where mountain, with Aaron and Hur Abdon, the son of Hillel, judge in company. During the time of Israel, was buried, 1156 B. of the engagement, Moses C. Lat. 28, 30.

held up his hands, to which AMALEKITES, a power- the success of the battle was ful people, who dwelt in Ara. owing, for as often as he let bia Petrea, between the Dead down his hands Amalek pre

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