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ing the vapor. Beside this,

Beside this, D'Obsonville says he saw twa says Campbell, the ordinary travellers, who were strack heat of the climate is extreme. by this wind during their sleep, ly dangerous to the blood and and died on the spot. The lungs, and even to the skin, country people, he says, are which it blisters and peels from afraid of being surprised by it the flesh; so much affecting the when they are asleep. As this eyes, that travellers are oblig- wind approaches, the centinels ed to wear a transparent cover of the camp rouse those who ing over them, to keep off the are asleep. I think that now heat. The Samiel or Simoom

we may account for the des. is thus described by Mr. Bruce, truction of 185,000 men in the On the 16th, at eleven o'clock, army of Sennacherib, 2 Kings Idris cried out, “Fall on your xix. The destruction was in faces, for here is the Simoom.” the night. Probably the sol. I saw from the S. E. a haze, diers were as insolent as their like the purple part of the rain- general, and the camp guards bow, &c. It was a kind of not watchful. Perhaps it had blush upon the air, and it been an evening of riot, fol. moved very rapidly, for I could lowed by a night of profound scarce turn to fall with my head sleep. The whole number of on the ground, when I felt the the army is not mentioned; heat of the current on my face. from their boasting it was We all lay flat on the ground, probably very great. Perhaps as if dead, till Idris told us it not half were destroyed. The was blown over. The meteor survivors, "rising early in the or purple haze which I saw, morning,” discovered the rest had indeed passed, but the light of the army to be dead corpses. air, which still blew, was of The usual despondency proheat to threaten suffocation. duced by the wind is seen, in For my part, I found distinctly the surviving army immediatein my breast, that I had imbib. ly returning home. ed a portion of it, nor was I NO, or No.AMMON, a city free from an asthmatic sensa. of Egypt, which St. Jerome altion, till I had been some ways translates by Alexandria, months in Italy, at the baths Nahum vi, 8. But it is rather of Poretta, near two years after. the city of Diospolis, in the A universal despondency took Delta, between Busiris to the possession of our people; they south, and Mendesium to the ceased to speak to one another. north. See Jer. xlvi,25; Ezek.

3x3, 14, 15, 16, and Nahum sacrifices, and thought to be a iii,8. No-Ammon signifies, the present worthy of kings. Jerehabitation of Ammon. It is miah, Ezekiel, and Nahum much doubted where this city prophesied the, ruin of this stcod; Bochart thinks it the place. “I will execute judgsame as was called Thebes, ments in No; I will cut off the But it seems from good au- multitude in No; No shall be thority to have been a splendid rent in sunder; she was carried and populous place. Temples, away; she went into captivity; palaces, and columns rorned her young children were dash. its squares, and in it: walls ed in pieces at the top of all were a hundred gates. Wells. her streets; they cast lots for Pliny says, that the oracle of her honorable men; all her Ammon was twelve days jour- great men were bound in ney from Memphis. Diodorus chains.” The ruin of this city Siculus says, that the district says Calmet, happened under where the temple stood, though Esarhaddon and Nebuchadnczsurrounded with deserts, was zar, and was completed by Senwatered by dews, which fell no nacherib.

Its ruins are yet where else in all that country. visible, and justify the account It was agreeably adorned with of their extent and grandeur. fruitful trees, springs, and vil- From Diodorus we learn that lages. In the centre rose the the same city, which was call. citadel, surrounded with three ed Thebes, from Thebah, an walls. Within the first, or in- ark, was also called Diospolis, most, was the palace; within the the city of Jupiter, that is of others were the apartments for Ham. The prophet Nahum the women and family of the calls it No-Ammon, the habitaking, also the temple and foun- tion of Ammon, or according tains for ablutions. Without to fourteen copies collated by these walls stood another tem- Dr.Kennicott, Nueh, elsewhere ple of Ammon, shaded by lofty it is called Nau. From which trees, and near was the fountain it may be remarked that No, of the sun, so called, from its Nueh, Nau, the different names extraordinary changes, being of this town have certainly warm morning and evening, some reference to the patriarch cold at noon, and hot at mid. Noah. Its other name Thebes, night.

A kind of fossil salt has equal reference to the ark, was dug here, clear as crystal, and Ammon refers to Ham, used by the Egyptians in their the progenitor of the people,

aiddicted to this sort of worship. bon, towards the south. But Ammon was the Jupiter of the this could not be the Nobah Greeks. Hence we see, that now mentioned, because it was ihe Greeks would naturally call much further to the north. the town Diospolis, which the NOD, or the land of Nod, it Egyptians call No-Ammon.

was to this country, that Cain, NOB, a sacerdotal city of withdrew after his fratricide, the tribe of Benjainin. St. Gen. iv, 16. The Septuagint, Jerome says that in his time, as well as Josephus, read Naid it was intirely destroyed, and instead of Nod, and have taken that the ruins of it might be it for the name of a place. It seen not far from Diospolis. is not easily known what coun It was 12 miles from Gibeah. try this was, unless, perhaps When David was driven away it was the country of Nyse or by Saul, he went to Nob, and Nysea, towards Hyrcania. asking the High-priest Abim- St. Jerome and the Chaldea inelech, for some provision and terpreters have taken the word arms, the priest gave him the Nod, in the sense of an appelshow bread, which had been lative, for vagabond or fugitive. lately taken off the Holy table, “He dwelt a fugitive in the and the sword of Goliah. Saul land.” But the Hebrew reads, being informed of this by. Do "he dwelt in the land of Nod," eg, caused all the priests of Gen. vi, 16. Nob to be slain, and destroyed NODAB, a country bordertheir city, 1 Sam. xxi, 22. ing upon Iturea and Idumea, At this place Sennacherib halted but now unknown. in his march to beseige Jerusa NOMADES, a tribe of lem, and here dwelt the chil- Arabians, so called from their dren of Benjamin after their living without any fised selcaptivity.

tlements in towns and cities, NOBAH, a city beyond but wandered about with their Jordan. It took the name of flocks and herds, as they could Nobah froin an Israelite of this find good pasturage. Hence name who had conquered it, the name has been applied to Numb. xxxii, 42. Gideon such wandering hordes in Af pursued the Midianites, as far rica and Scythia, as well as in as this city, Judges viii, 2. Arabia. See Arabia. Eusebius says, that there is a NOPH, or MEMPHIS, a desolate place of this name, very famous city of Egypt, and about eight miles from {Hesh- till the time of ihe Ptolemais,

tvho removed to Alexandria, the city. He supposes that the place of residence for the a part of the city is now coverancient kings of Egypt: The ed by a lake, and once when kings of Egypt took great the water was remarkably low, pleasure in adorning this city; he says, he discovered a kind of and it continued in all its beau. a city at the bottom, which exty, till the Arabians made a cited the admiration ofeveryone. conquest of Egypt under the Nopy, or Memphis, was Caliph Omar. The general celebrated for the pyramids, who took it, built another city the only remaining one of the just by it, and the Caliph's seven wonders of the world. Fatamites, when they became This city stood above the Del. masters of Egypt, added anoth- ta. Apis, kept in the figure er to it, which is known to us, of a ball, was worshipped in under the name of Grand Cai- this city, Ezek. xxx, 13. The ro: but the ancient Memphis pyramids rise in a sandy plain; stood on the western shore of three are more distinguished, the Nile, and what the Arabi-' than the rest, for their enorans have built there from time mous bulk, and are called to time, is on the eastern Pharaoh's mountains. Of these shore of that river. See Egypt. three, two are closed, but the

The prophets often speak of largest is open; travellers enthis city; they foretell the mis- ter it and ascend to the top. eries it was to suffer from the Saith Mr. Norden, "the two kings of Chaldea and Persia, most northerly pyramids are &c. See Isaiah xix, 13; Jer. the greatest; and have five xli, 1; Hosea ix, 6; Ezekiel hundred feet perpendicular xxx, 13, 16. It is now com- height; two others are much pletely destroyed, nor is the less. These four, stand nearspot on which it stood certain- ly on a line, about four hun. ly known. Jeremiah had said dred paces distant from each ages before, "Noph shall be other.” These pyramids are waste and desolate, without an raised on a rock, which is eleinhabitant.Not a family, not vated about eighty feet above a cottage remains. Some of the level of the surrounding the ruins Le Bruyn says are country. The top of the rock vet visible on the banks of the was smoothed with some tool Nile. Maillet says, that pro- to form a proper base for the digious ruins, yetpresent them- amazing structure which it selves to prove the greatness of was to support. The exter

nal part of the pyramid is mins of India, however, do not built chiefly of great square suppose that pyramids are restones cut from the rocks along positories for the dead. At the Nile, and where at this day Benares are several pyramids, may be seen the caves, whence on a small scale, compared they were taken. The size of with those of Egypt, with subthe stones are not equal. The terraneous passages

under number of stones, which form them, which are said to extend so many steps by the retreat several miles. The pyramids ing manner in which they are are doubtless places of religlaid, are two hundred eight or ious worship. The very narten. The external layers are row passage leading into the compacted only by the weight great pyramid of Egypt, was of the stones without lime, designed to render the holy lead, or cramps of iron. But apartment less accessible, and as to the body, or inside, of to inspire the worshippers the pyramid, it is full of irreg. with more solemn awe. When ular stones, with mortar, lime, the Egyptian pyramids were earth, and clay. In the central described to several very learnpart of the pyramid is found a ed Brahmins they did not hessarcophagus of granite, in the itate to declare that they were form of a parallelopiped with- places of worship, or designed out any ornaments. When for temples. They inquired, struck, it sounds like a bell. if they had not acommunication The base of the pyramid, ac under ground with the river, cording to some travellers, cov. and when informed that a well ers eleven acres of ground. of water was now to be seen, What an immense labor to they unanimously agreed that rear such a number of stupen. it was a temple devoted to the dous structures. Various worship of Padma-devi, and have been the opinions of the that the supposed sarcophagus, learned respecting the design or coffin, was a trough, which of the pyramids. Some have on certain festivals the priests supposed them royal sepul- filled with sacred water and chres, and a supposed coffin lotos flowers.

Their design of stone, found in one of them seems to be the same as the has tended to confirm this tower of Babel. The buildopinion. Le Bruyn says, they ers there proposed a tower, buried their dead where the whose top should be "sacred pyramids stand. The Brah- to the heavens.”

The Egyp

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