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The people being commercial, This Ramah is also thought to are polite and humane. They be the city of Samuel, 1 Sam. manufacture fine linen, cotton, i, 19; and ii, 11, &c. Here he and camelots, which are sent was buried; but in the reign to all parts of the world. Lat. of Arcadius his body was re36, 35.

moved to Constantinople, RAHAB, that part of Low- where Jerome informs us, it er Egypt, called the Delta, was received with inexpressiPsalm 1xxxvii, 4; and lxxxix, ble joy. 11; and Isaiah xxx, 7.

Ii is also very probable, that RAKKATH, a fenced city Jeremiah speaks of this Rabelonging to the tribe of Naph- mah, when he says, Jer. xl, tali, Josh. xix, 35. It proba- 1, 2, 3; that Nebuzaradan, bly stood on the sea of Galilee having found him among the or the Jordan, as its name is captives at Ramah, set him at supposed to denote“Bankliberty, and permitted him to town."

go wherever he pleased. And RAKKON, a city of the it is of the same place, that tribe of Dan, Josh. xix, 46. father Calmet explains that

RAMAH, or Rama, a city other prophecy of Jeremiah, in of Benjamin, Josh. xv, 23; sit. which the Lord comforts Rauate between Gaba and Bethel, chel, Jer. xxxi, 15, 16, 17, for Judg. iv, 5; towards the moun. taking away the children of tains of Ephraim, six miles Ephraim and Manasseh, which distant from Jerusalem, on the had been carried into captivity. road to Bethlehem, to the The scripture often joins north. St. Jerome places it Ramah with Gaba, Gebă, or near Gabo, seven miles from Gibeah, as being two neighJerusalem: it was still in being boring places: so Ezra ii, 26: in his time, and was then only Neh. vii, 30; Isa. x, 26; Hosea a small village. This city V, 8. We see also, 1 Sam. stood on the road that went xxii, 6, that when Saul abode from Samaria to Jerusalem, 1 in Gibeah, and sat under a Kings xv, 17; 2 Chron. xvi, tree at Ramah, that he was in1; whence it was that Basha; formed of David's having been king of Israel caused it to be seen in the forest of Haresh; fortified, that there might be but in this place Calmet takes no passage out of the land of Ramah, only to signify the Judah into that of Israel. Jo- eminence that was at Gibeah. sephus calls it Ramathan. From Mr. Thevenot we learn that the present inhabitants also several Turkish mosques; may amount to three thousand the town has no walls and be. Christians and Turks. The longs to the pacha of Jerusalem. caravans from Cario in Egypt, The people here, says Mariti, to Damascus, to Aleppo and are very generally afficted with Constantinople pass through a disease of the eyes. Both this town. Here are two young and old are visited with churches and a convent. The blindness. This he thinks doors of the houses in this rises from want of comfortable town are very low, not three diet and clothing. The town feet high, to prevent the fero. stands upon an eminence, surcious Arabs from riding into rounded with a plain extending their houses. To such a bar- several miles, which is fertile barous state of society, Solo- and well cultivated. The mon refers, Prov. xvii, 19; "he town is built with stone, and that exalteth his gate seeketh the houses have domes and destruction," i. e. exposes terraces. The villages of the himself to be destroyed. The Arabs in this region are conArabs will seldom plunder or structed with stone and mud, do injury if it be necessary for in a round form like a bee hive; them to dismount from their they have one small hole horses. Pilgrims commonly where they enter, which adtarry here, while on their way mits the air, and lets out the to Jerusalem. Lydda is th: ee smoke. The roof is of bushmiles distant. At Ruma, while es or grass covered with mud. on a journey Rachel died and As lately as 1800, Dr. Witt. was buried. At her grave man, who was here, says, the Jacob set up a monumental houses of Ramah are built of stone. This was certainly stone, and are provided with standing in the time of Moses. domes and terraces. The Mr. Maundrel speaks of this country round is a plain of tomb, as yet shown to travel- several miles in extent, exlers. This may be the true tremely fertile. The town is place of her grave; but the situated on a rising ground, grave stone of Jacob is gone, commanding a very extensive and a tomb erected in modern view of the open, level country, style. Mr. Mariti says the which surrounds it on all sides. place is now called Ramla, and At Ramla we saw several plan. has three convents for the re- tations of Indian corn, with ception of pilgrims; here are vineyards, gardens, and fields


of cotton. The numerous on the road from Joppa to Je. olive trees without the town, rusalem, which belonged to the and the date trees among the three toparchies, added to Jubuildings, furnished a most dea, 1 Macc. xi, 34. About agreeable picture. The pave- three miles from this town, are ments of the streets are inter- to be seen the ruins of the anmixed with portions of mar. cient Lydia. It was in this ble, and the houses being part city that St. Peter cured Eneas ly built of marble, which is of his palsy, Acts ix, 33, 34. here of a yellow cast, have a This town is now almost ruinneat appearance. In the town ed says M. D'Arvieux. There are many ruins of churches remain but a few houses, with and other buildings, which

which a mosque of considerable size, show what the town formerly and in good condition, which

The place is 20 miles is highly venerated by Turks W. by N. from Jerusalem. and Jews, because they believe The Baron de Tott says, this it contains the tomb of Samuel part of the Holy Land, is cov- the prophet. ered with the ruins of the cru. RAMASES. Whether this sades. Lat. 31, 52.

be a city or territory in Egypt RAMAH, a city of the tribe is uncertain. It is the same, of Naphtali, Josh. xix, 36, up. which in other places is called on the frontiers of Asher, the land of Goshen. The SepJosh. xix, 29. St. Jerome tuagint render Goshen, Heroreads Horma in the Hebrew, sempolis, or the city. Ancient but our version, the Septua- geographers place this region gint, and Eusebius read Ra- or city in the east of Egypt, not mah. The same Eusebius far from the Red sea. Others and Cyrillus of Jerusalem, up- do not hesitate to consider this on Zechariah, own there was a a city, for the building of which Ramah in the tribe of Asher, the Israelites made brick, durand another belonging to Naph. ing their slavery in Egypt, and tali.

suppose, it stood west from the There are some other cities north point of the Red sea, of this name, spoken of by an- Dr. Shaw supposes that Ramcient geographers; but these ases stood where Cairo has two are the only towns of this since been built, Gen, xlvii, namedistinguished in scripture. 11, and Exod. i, 11. Jerome

RAMATHEM, or RAMA- says it was a city of Egypt, THAIM,or ARIMATHEA, a city built by the Israelites. Lat. 30,

RAMATHA, a city of 5, &c. Eusebius says, that mount Ephraim, 1 Sam. i, 50, Ramoth was fifteen miles from and xv, 34. Jerome says it Philadelphia towards the east. was situated in the neighbor- St. Jeroine places it in the hood of Timnah,near Diospolis, neighborhood of Jabbok, and

RAMOTH, a famous city consequently to the north of in the mountains of Gilead. It Philadelphia. is often called Ramoth Gilead; RAPHON, a city beyond sometimes only Ramath;, and Jordan, upon a brook not far sometimes Ramath-mispeh, or from Carnaim, beyond and to the watch-tower, Josh. xiii, 26. the north of the brouk Jabbok, Josephus calls it Ramathan or where Judas Maccabeus lay en, Aramatha, This city belong- camped, when he obtained that ed to the tribe of Gad, Deut. final victory over Timotheus, įv, 43, and xx, 8. It was aş- 1 Macc. v, 37, 38, &c. signed for an habitation to the Rapłon, a city of Canaan Levites, and was one of the in the region of Gilead, north cities of refuge beyond Jordan, from the brook Jabbok. Here Josh. xx, 8, and xxi, 37. It Judas Maccabeus had encampbecame famous during the ed before he obtained victory reigns of the latter kings of Is. over Timotheus, 1 Macc. y, 37. rael, and was the occasion of RAMOTH NEGEBH, a several wars between these city of Simeon, Joshua xix, 8, princes and the kings of Da. RAPHON, a place east of mascus, who had made a con- the brook Jabbok, 1 Macc. v. quest of it, and from whom the The RED SEA, called by kings of Israel, who laid claim the ancients Sinus Arabicus, and to it, endeavored to regain it, now gulfo de Mecca, is that part, 1 Kings, xxii, 3, 4, &c. Joram or branch, of the southern sea, king of Judah was dangerously which interposes itself between wounded at the siege of this Egypt on the west, Arabia Fe. place, 2 Kings, viii, 28, and 2 lix, and some part of Arabia Ch. xxii, 5. Jehu, the son of Petrea, on the east, while the Nimshi was here anointed king northern bounds of it touch of Israel, by a prophet sent by upon Idumea, or the coast of Elisha, 2 Kings, ix, 1, 2, &c. Edom. F.dom in the Hebrew And Ahab king of Israel was tongue signifies red, and was killed in the battle, that he the nickname given Esau for fought with the Syrians before selling his birthright, for a this place, 2 Ch. xviii, 3, 4, mess of pottage. This coun. try, which his posterity posses. men and children, and aged sed, was called after his name, men, passed it over dry shod. and so was the sea adjoined to The Rabbins and many of the it. The Hebrews call it the fathers, from the following sea of suph, or flags, by reason words in Psalm cxxxvi, 13, of the great abundance of that “To him, who divided the Red kind of weed, which grows at Sea into parts,” have maintainthe bottom of it; and the Arabs ed, that God divided this sea at this day, name it Buhr-el into twelve passages, so that Cholzemi, i. e. the sea of Cly- each of the twelve tribes march. sona, from a town situated on ed through a different passage. its western coast, much about Other authors have advanced, the place where the Israelites that Moses, having lived a long passed over from the Egyptian, time near the Red Sea, in the to the Arabian shore; but as country of Midian, had observ. the word Clysoma may denote ed, that it kept its regular eba drowning or overflowing with bing and flowing, like the ocean; water, it is not improbable that so that taking the advantage of the town, built in this place, as the time of ebb, he led the Hewell as this part of the sea, brews over: but the Egyptians, might have such a name given not knowing the nature of the it in memory of the Egyp- sea, and rashly entering it, just tians, who were drowned here. before the return of the tide, Wells' Geog

were all swallowed Clysma in Greek, and Kolso- drowned, as Moses relates. It rem in Arabic, may signify des. was thus, that the priests of truction, a very expressive name Memphis explained it, accord. for a town, built near where so ing to the report of Artapanus, many Egyptians had been des- which opinion has been adopt. troyed. Josephus says, there ed by some moderns. were 50,000 horse, and 200,000 Some of the ancients thought foot drowned in their pursuit of that the Israelites did not pass Israel. The passage of the Is through the Red Sea from shore raelites through the Red Sea, to shore, but only coasted it, is one of the most remarkable and during the time of the flux events in the whole Jewish his ascended a little from the place tory; the Lord having opened they were in, towards the shore this sea, and dried it up, so that upon the higher ground; so no less than six hundred thou- that they made a kind of semisand effective men, beside wo- circle in the sea.

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