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tribes of Palestine, he raises There was neither labor, nor his voice, and in strains of pain, nor sorrow, nor guilt. moving eloquence, addresses Nothing made opposition to the Gentiles, the great family the will of man. Every thing of man "hearken unto me, 0 was beautiful, every thing was ye distant lands; ye people, at- good; all beings were perfect in tend from afar." He offers their kind." The philosohimself "a light to the nations, phers, who adopt these tradiand salvation to the end of the tions say, “that man was united earth.” His people “shall internally to the supreme reacome from the north, and the son, and that he practised all west, and from the land of Si- the external duties of justice. nim.” They come from "afar," Then were no excessive rains, the extreme north and west. or impetuous winds; the sun Sinim, is placed in opposition and moon were never invelop-, to the west. It must there- ed in clouds; the planets kept fore be as far east as possible, their course, universal love the end of the earth.” Does and harmony reigned." Their not this describe China, Sin, account of the subsequent conSinim?
dition is entirely different. Indeed, the Chinese seem to “The pillars of heaven were have received some scattered broken, the earth shook to its beams from the lamp of Revela- foundations; the heavens sunk tion. According to their tra- lower towards the north, the ditions; "in the deep gloom of sun, the moon, and planets night the heavens were formed; changed their motions the the foundations of the earth grand harmony of nature, was were then laid; the atmosphere disturbed.” They say, the was then diffused round the heavens sunk lower towards habitable globe, and last of all the north; i. e. perhaps at the man was created.” Does not deluge. Is the inclination of this comport with the Mosaic the earth's axis here hinted at, history? They give some ac- which produces the diversity count of the deluge, and the of seasons? The variety of the state of man before his expul. seasons, is never mentioned till sion from Eden. "While the after the flood; that the early first state of heaven lasted,” say ages enjoyed a perpetual spring their sacred books, "a pure is a general tradition. pleasure and a perfect tran- Martinius asserts, that a quillity reigned over all nature. report had prevailed in China,
that when a rare animal, the “Recoiling back nine steps, he Kilin, appeared, a hero of great falls dead upon the spot, suffosanctity would come and bring cated with the floods of venom, glad tidings of great joy to all which the serpent vomits forth nations. Confucius having upon him." learned that this animal had ap- The resemblance between peared, and been slain, he wept, this tradition, and the original and exclaimed, “My doctrine promise, that the Seed of the approaches its termination; I woman, should bruise the ser. give place to a Legislator, who pent's head, and that the serpent will cause
wars to cease.” should bruise bis heel, is suffiThis period corresponds with ciently obvious; to enter into the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem. a more minute comparison is Kilin, denotes the Lamb of unnecessary. God. The tears of Confucius Much the same notion, we were those of excessive joy. are informed, is prevalent in “The holy man,” he exclaim- the mythology of the Hindoos. ed, "exists in the west.” A Two sculptured figures are yet universal expectation of such a extant, in one of their oldest Personage prevailed among the pagodas, the former of which nations. The Roman histori. represents Chreeshna, an incarans announced the fact. In the nation of their mediatorial God, Gothic mythology, Thor is re. Vishnu, trampling on the presented as the first born of crushed head of the serpent; the supreme God, and is styled while in the latter, it is seen in the Edda, the eldest of sons; encircling the deity in its folds, he was esteemed "a middle di- and biting his heel. vinity, a mediator between God A tradition of a similar naand man.” With regard to his ture, appears to have been faactions, he is said to have miliar to the Chinese, though wrestled with death, and in the like Virgil in his Pollio, they struggle, to have been brought misapplied it to the reign of upon one knee; to have bruised one of their sovereigns. "At the head of the great serpent that time,” says a Chinese his. with his mace; and in his final torian, “a celestial spirit, pasengagement with that monster, sing about in all directions, to have beat him to the earth gradually introduced civilizaand slain him. The victory tion, and softened the native however is not obtained, but at ferocity of man. This was the expense of his own life. effected the more easily, since
the dragon, which disturbed and re-establish such customs the whole world, by confound. as are immutable in their na. ing heaven and earth together, ture. That kings should be had been slain. For after his obedient to him, and advance destruction matters were ar- his affairs; that the cause of true ranged, each according to his religion should flourish; that own proper rank and dignity.” peace and tranquillity should
In short, whether we con- prevail; and discord and trouble sult the religion of the Greeks, the Goths, or the Hindoos, we From whatever source this every where meet with a sort of singular opinion may have origmediatorial deity, engaged in inated, the Christian is led, alcombat with an envenomed most involuntarily, to compare serpent. Hercules and Apollo, the manifestation of Oshander. Thorand Chreeshna,seem all to begha, with the first advent of be the same mythological per- the Messiah, and the appearsonage; all to be corruptions of ance of Osiderbegha, with that the grand primeval declaration, awful day, when the victorious "that the Seed of the woman Son of God, shall descend from should bruise the head of the heaven with a shout, and comserpent.”
mence his triumphant rcign of A few of those traditions of a thousand years. It may per. the promised Savior, which are haps be too presumptuous to unconnected with the history assert, that Zeradusht, was diof the serpent, shall now be vinely inspired, when he deliv. taken into consideration. ered this remarkable prediction;
It is said, that Zeradusht, or yet even, if such a supposition Zoroaster, predicted in the should be adopted, it will not Zendavesta, that in the latter be' devoid of precedent in the days would appear a man called sacred volumé.
The propheOshanderbegha, who was des- cies of Baalaam, were when tined to bless the earth, by the delivered, of the most luminous introduction of justice and re. description, and yet stand upligion, That in his time would on record, and prove indispulikewise appear a malignant tably, that the Almighty was demon, who would oppose his sometimes pleased to make plans, and trouble his empire, even Pagan Seers subservient for the space of twenty years. to his purposes, by employing That afterwards, Osiderbegha, them to reveal his purposes of would revive the practice of mercy to mankind. justice, put an end to injuries, According to Abulpharagius,
the Persian legislator wrote of which is thought to be put for the Advent of the Messiah, in Sion. The union and the good terms even more express, than understanding of the priests those contained in the forego- and Levites, is as agreeable as ing prediction. “Zeradushi,” the dew which falls upon Hersays he, “the preceptor of the mon and Zion, two contiguous Magi, taught the Persians con- mountains, which make only cerning the manifestation of one chain of mountains. See Christ, and ordered them to Hermon. bring gifts to him, in token of SIPHMOTH,the place where their reverence and submission, David sent the spoils he had He declared that in the latter taken from the Amalekites, '1 days, a pure virgin would con
Sam. XXX, 28. ceive; and that as soon as the SIRION, the name, that the child was born, a star would Sidónians gave to mount Her. appear, blazing even at noon- mon. Deut. iii, 9. See Hermon. day with undiminished lustre. SITNA, the name, which “You, my sons,” exclaims the Isaac gave a well, which he venerable seer, “will perceive dug in Gerar, Gen. xxvi, 21. its rising, before any other na- SMYRNA, a city of Asia tion. As soon therefore as you Minor, upon the Archipelago, shall behold the star, follow it having a fine harbor. St. John withersoever it shall lead you, the Evangelist, in his Revelaandadore that mysterious Child, tion, or rather Jesus Christ, offering your gifts to him with by the mouth of St. John, the profoundest humility. Here thus speaks to the angel or is the Almighty Word, which bishop of Smyrna, Rev. ii, 9, created the heavens. Hora "I know thy works, and trib. Mosaice, by Faber.
ulation, and poverty, (but thou SINITES, the Sinites dwelt art rich).-Fear none of those near Arce in mount Libanus. things which thou shalt suffer: They were descendanis of Ca- behold, the devil shall cast
some of you into prison, that SION. This is one of the ye may be tried; and ye shall names of mount Herion, have tribulation ten days: be Deut. iv, 48. It is probably thou faithful unto death, and I of this mountain that the Psalm. will give thee a crown of life.” ist speaks, Psalm cxxxiii, 3, It is asked, who this angel, or "As the dew of Hermon, and bishop of Smyrna was the as the dew that descended up generality think it was Polyon the mountains of Zion;" carp, who was made bishop of Smyrna by St. John, the evan- the place which was fit for the gelist; and there is some pro. purpose, where, (God willing) bability, that it was the martyr. we being gathered together, dom of Germanicus, and of the the Lord will grant, that with other martyrs of Smyrna, who joy and gladness, we may cele. suffered under Marcus Aureli. brate the birth-day of his marus, that St. John has here in tyr, both for the remembrance view, when he says, "that the of such as have been crowned devil shall cause some of them before, and to the stirring up to be put in prison.". The of such as shall strive.” The tomb of this faithful minister poor Greek Christians are careand martyr is still shewn to ful to keep the tomb of this travellers. One of them says, martyr in handsome repair. in our descent to the south- The town extends along the east, we entered the amphithe-shore, about half a mile on a atre, where St. Polycarp, the gentle declivity. The houses first bishop of this city, was of the English, French, and martyred. In the sides are Dutch consuls, are handsome still to be seen the two caves, structures, these, with most of opposite to each other, where those occupied by the Christhey used to enclose their lions; tian merchants, are washed on fighting with beasts being in one side by the sea, forming a ancient times the great diver- street named Frank-street, from sion of the people in this coun. its being solely inhabited by Eu. try, to this they generally con- ropean Christians. In the year demned their slaves, and espe. 1763, the whole of this quarcially the poor Christians. On ter was consumed by fire: the the side of the hill, but some. loss sustained by this calamity what lower, is the sepulchre of in merchandize, was estimated this great saint, Polycarp, which at a million and a half of Turkthe Greeks solemnly visit, up- ish dollars, or near l.200,000 on the anniversary festival, sterling. The port is one of consecrated to his memory. the finest of the Levant, it beThis custom has been contin- ing able to contain the largest ued almost from the time of feet, and indeed there are sel. his martyrdom. Eusebius says, dom in it less than 100 ships book iv, chap. 15, “So we gath- of different nations. ered his bones, more precious