Page images
PDF
EPUB

be buried. We know of no Assyria, where the Israelites, town of this name in Palestine, of the ten tribes, were transHimonah signifies multitude, planted by Tiglath-pileser, i and the prophet intended to Chron. v, 26. show that the slaughter of HARAN, otherwise CharGag's people would be so rae in Mesopotamia, a city great, that the place of their celebrated for having been the burial might be called multi- place where Abraham first retude; the Septuagint call it ma. treated, after he left Ut, Gen. ny men.

There Antichrisť or xi, 31, 32; and where Terah, Gog "will come to his end, Abraham's father died. Here and none will help him.” See Jacob retired to Lalan, from Amana and Armageddon. the indignation of his brother,

HAMOTH-DOR, a city id. xxvii, 45 and xxviii, 10, belonging to the Levites in the &c. The people here, carried tribe of Naphtali. It is the on a traffic with the Tyrians, same perhaps as Hamath, be. Ezek. xxvii, 23.

Ezek. xxvii, 23. Lastly, at longing to the same tribe, Josh. Haran and Charrae, in Mesoxix, 35, which is believed by potamia, Crassus the Roman some to be Tiberias. See Ha- general was defeated, and kilmath. Lat. 32, 54.

led by the Parthians. Haran HANANEEL, a town near was situated between the Eu. Jerusalem, so called, Zech. xiv, phrates, and the river Cheban, 10, &c.

at a good distance from the HANATHON, a town in place where these rivers join. the tribe of Zebulon, Josh. xix, Gen. xxxi, 40; Jacob says to 14.

Laban, "in the day the drought HANES, a town mentioned consumed me and the frost by in Isaiah xxx, 4, which St. night.” Another text more Jerome thinks lay upon the explicitly expresses this peculifrontiers of Ethiopia. The arity of climate, Jer. xxxvi, Chaldee, and our modern in. 30. “Jehoiakim king of Judah, terpreters think, that Hanes is his body shall be cast out in put for Taphuæ, that is to say, the day to the heat, and in the Daphnæ, Pelusiæ, near Dami- night to the frost." The night etta.

succeeding a hot day produced HAPHARAIM, a city of a chilling frost. “In travelling the tribe of Issachar, Joshua in Mesopotamia, says Colonel xix, 19.

Campbell, it was on the fifth HARA, a city, or canton of or sixth day after our leaving

the place

Aleppo, that we got to the lake Semechon, city of Diabeker, the capital of where Sisera lived, who comthe province of the same name, manded the troops of Jabin having passed over an extent king of Hazor, Judg. iv, 2. of 3 or 400 miles, most of it Many Gentiles resided in the blessed with the greatest fer- vicinity of this place. tility, producing in the few HAURAN, Ezekiel xlvii, cultivated parts grain, fruits 16; speaks of Hauran as a can: of all kinds, and, silk in great ton situated to the north-east : variety, and abounding in as of the Holy Land. Some suprich pastures, as I ever beheld, pose it to be the same as Itu. covered with numerous flocks rea. St. Luke iii, 1, says that and herds. The air was charm- Philip,

Philip, son of Herod, was ingly temperate in the day master of Iturea and the Tratime; but extremely cold in chonitis, Josephus says, that he the night. As we proceeded possessed Batanea, Trachontowards Bagdad the air be- itis, and Auranitis: where it is came warmer, but at night I observable, that the Auranitis found the weather as piercingly and Iturea are put one for the cold, as it was distressfully hot other. St. Jerome says, that in the day time.” Such ac Hauran is a city in the wildercounts confirm the sacred his- ness belonging to the country tory. In the process of this south of Damascus. An Ara. work very many such facts bian Geographer places the will occur to establish the land of Hauran or Auran to truth of those records on which the south of Damascus, and we rest our hopes of eternal Abulfeda says, Bozra is the life.

capital
of the country

of HARETH, a forest in the Hauran: Golius in his notes tribe of Judah, to which, David upon Abulpharga, says, that filed to avoid the persecution the Syrians and Arabians call of Saul, 1 Sam. xxii, 5. Lat. that part of the land Hauran, 31, 12..

where Tiberias, on the sea of HAROD, the well or foun. Galilee is situated. William tain of Harod, Judg. vii, l; of Tyre calls it the Auranitis. was in the great plain of Jez- It is certain that the Auranitis reel at the foot of mount Gil. was beyond Jordan. boa.

HAVILAH, or CHAVILAH, HAROSHETH, of the Gen. is supposed by Dr. Wells 10 tiles, a city situated upon the lie on the Persian gulf, north

of Sabta. This he confirms the dwelling of the Hivites, be from the people here men- fore they were driven away by tioned by old writers, viz. the the Caphtorim, who settled Chaulotae, or Chablasii, or in Palestine. Chaulasii, which he supposes

HAZEZON-AAMAR, this are manifestly derived from is the same as Engedi, upon Chavilah. Calmet also, thinks, the western coast of the Dead that Havilah was in the region sea, Gen. xiv, 7. where the Tigris and Euphra HIZOR, a city in the tribe tes reunite and pour their of Benjamin, 2 Esdras xi, 33. waters into the Persian gulf. Hazor, a city in the tribe But the Chaldee paraphrast, of Judah, Josh. xv, 23. It seems and others understand India. by the words in Joshua there The parap hrast Jonathan says, were three cities of this name the name of the first river is in this tribe, and this is the Phison, which environs the opinion of the learned Sanson. whole land of India. He Hazor, otherwise Hezron, probably means the country was also the name of a city in round the head of the Indus, the same tribe, Josh. xv, 25, and not Hindostan.

forty miles south-west from HAVOTH-JAIR, cabins or Jerusalem, and twelve from huts of the Arabians placed in Askelon. a circle, as the Hottentots, and Hazor, a town in Arabia, some tribes of America, place Jeremiah xlıx, 28, 33, "Hazor

were so called. shall be a dwelling place for They were in the Batanea, dragons, a desolation forever; east of Jordan, in the land of no man shall abide there." Gilead, and half tribe of Ma- This was once a celebrated nasseh.

city, and the capital of a kingHAZER.GADDA, a city dom. Probably the people, of Palestine lying in the south who settled here, might be a part of Judah.

colony from Hazor in Judea. HAZEROTH, Hazerim, This town

was taken

and Hazor, Arezothaim, all these demolished by the Chaldeans; names are applied to the same it is now blotted from existplaces, where the Hebrews encamped in their journey Hazor, the name of a city through the wilderness, Numb. in the tribe of Naphtali, and xi, 35. Also a town in Ara. metropolis of all the kings of bia Petrea. Probably this was Philistia, Josh. xix, 36.

their huts,

ence.

Hazor, built by Solomon, 1 pect of the plain of Mamre, Kings, ix, 15. It is no contra- planted with vineyards. Here diction to say, that it was Ha- are now the ruins of a church, zor of Naphtali, which Solo- built by Constantine, and mon rebuilt or fortified. another built by Helena, sup

HEBREWS, so Abraham, posed to be on the spot, where Isaac, Jacob and their descend- Abraham and Sarah were ants are called. See Israelites. buried. It is now a mosque,

HEBRON, or CHEBRON, much respected by Christians probably the most ancient city and Mahometans. Hebron is in the world, for it was built now the capital of a district, seven years before Zoan, or and twenty-two miles from according to the LXX, Tanis, Jerusalem. the capital of Lower Egypt, Mr. Volney says, the Arabs Numbers xii, 22.

have no other name for this Hebron was situated upon village than El-Kalil, the well an eminence, 'twenty miles beloved, which is the name they south of Jerusalem and twenty usually apply to Abraham. miles north from Beersheba. The country adjacent to HeAbraham, Sarah, and Isaac bron is an oblong hollow, five were buried near Hebron, in or six leagues in length, and the cave of Machpelah, or the not disagreeably varied by double cave, which Abraham rocky hillocks, groves of fir bought of Ephron, Gen. xxiii, trees, stunted oaks, and a few 7, 8, 9. Near to this place plantations of vines and olive was the oak, or turpentine tree, trees. These vineyards are under which Abram received not cultivated with a view to three angels, Id. 18. Euse- make wine, the inhabitants bebius, Sozomen, and several ing such zealous Mahometans, other ancients, speak of the as not to permit any Christians veneration, which not only to live among them. They Christians, but the very heath. are only of use to procure ens themselves had for this dried raisins, though the grapes turpentine tree.

are of an excellent kind. The Hebron is still in being, but peasants of Hebron likewise very much fallen from its an- cultivate cotton, which is spun cient lustre. It is now only a by their wives, and sold at Jevillage, standing partly on a rusalem and Gaza. They have plain and partly on a mountain, here a manufactory of soap, and from which is a pleasant pros. another of glass, the only one

in Syria. They also make rings The only inhabitants are and bracelets, and other trink. Greeks, who cultivate the ets, which are sent abroad to neighboring lands, which are market, even to Constantinople. good and fertile, by wbich they This is the most powerful vil- ‘are wealthy. lage in the country, and can After a journey of some arın eight or nine hundred men. miles we arrived at a monasThey are of an opposite fuction tery of Greeks, dedicated to and perpetual enemies of the St. George, whose chains and people at Bethlehem. This fetters perform miracles of heal. discord has produced unceasing ing. About a league from the civil war. The people of differ- monastery, we saw the sealed ent villages incessantly make fountain whose waters Solomon inroads on each other's lands, conducted to the temple of Je. destroying the grain and fruit rusalem, by means of a canal of trees, and carrying off sheep, stone very solidly built, which goats, and camels. The Turks, still conveys them thither. A in whose hands is the nominal hundred paces eastward of this government, are negligent in sealed fountain, is a reservoir repressing these hostilities, their and sources of water, whose own authority being precari. streams increase those which

The Bedoween Arabs, flow to Jerusalem. At length who encamp on the plains, are we arrived at the garden enin a state of warfare with the closed, but enclosed less by Turks. The peasants avail labor than by nature, the hills themselves of this circumstance south and north of it being to resist law and to do mischief. high and almost perpendicular. Hence arises anarchy and out. They are covered with aromatic rages worse than despotism. plants. Such is the dreadful state of We left the main road about Hebron. A particular account a league from Hebron, and of this interesting place by D' 'tugned to the left in order to Arvieux may be entertaining, see the valley of Mamre, where "Quitting Bethlehem,” saith Abrain dwelt. The foundahe, "for Hebron we entered on tioris, and some very thick a difficult and rugged road, walls of hewn stone, are all that bordered on each side with remain of <he church, built here yineyards, having on the right by the bishop of Jerusalem in hand a village called Boticalli, the days of Constantine. where no Turk dares reside. In approaching Hebron, we

« PreviousContinue »