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acknowledged acquisition action Adams advantage affairs affect American arise arms authority avoid belligerent rights cast cause citizens civil clearly colonies commerce concern contending contest continue course Cuba Cubans dominion early England equal established Europe European existence expressed extend fact favor force foreign France give Government grant hands Hungary important independence interest International Law intervention Island JOHN known letter look maintained matter measure ment Message Mexico Ministers Monroe movement nations nature neutrality never numerous occasion once opinion organized ourselves parties peace period perpetual political ports position possession possible present President principle probability province question quote recognition recognition of belligerent recognized refer regard relations Republic respect result revolution rights of belligerency Secretary September South American sovereign Spain Spanish step struggle success sympathies taken territory Texas things tion Union United wish writes
Page 16 - ... it is scarcely possible to resist the conviction that the annexation of Cuba to our federal republic will be indispensable to the continuance and integrity of the Union itself.
Page 4 - A civil war is never solemnly declared ; it becomes such by its accidents, — the number, power, and organization of the persons who originate and carry it on. When the party in rebellion occupy and hold in a hostile manner a certain portion of territory ; have declared their independence ; have cast off their allegiance ; have organized armies; have commenced hostilities against their former sovereign, the world acknowledges them as belligerents, and the contest a war.
Page 15 - ... an object of transcendent importance to the commercial and political interests of our Union. Its commanding position, with reference to the Gulf of Mexico and the West India seas...
Page 14 - I candidly confess that I have ever looked on Cuba as the most interesting addition which could ever be made to our system of States. The control which, with Florida Point, this island would give us over the Gulf of Mexico, and the countries and isthmus bordering on it, as well as all those whose waters flow into it, would fill up the measure of our political well-being.
Page 14 - This policy is not a policy of aggression; but it opposes the creation of European dominion on American soil, or its transfer to other European powers, and it looks hopefully to the time when, by the voluntary departure of European governments from this continent and the adjacent islands, America shall be wholly American.
Page 16 - Hue of our shores destitute of the same advantage; the nature of its productions and of its wants, furnishing the supplies and needing the returns of a commerce immensely profitable and mutually beneficial...
Page 3 - Whenever an insurrection against the established government of a country takes place, the duty of governments under obligations to maintain peace and friendship with it, appears to be at first to abstain carefully from any step that may have the smallest influence in affecting the result. Whenever facts occur, of which it is necessary to take notice, either because they involve a necessity of protecting personal interests at home, or avoiding an implication in the struggle, then it appears to be...
Page 16 - ... there are laws of political as well as of physical gravitation; and if an apple, severed by the tempest from its native tree, can not choose but fall to the ground, Cuba, forcibly disjoined from its own unnatural connection with Spain, and incapable of self-support, can gravitate only towards the North American Union, which, by the same law of nature, can not cast her off from its bosom.
Page 15 - In the war between France and Spain, now commencing, other interests, peculiarly ours, will in all probability be deeply involved. Whatever may be the issue of this war as between those two European powers, it may be taken for granted that the dominion of Spain upon the American continents, north and south, is irrecoverably gone. But the islands of Cuba and Porto Rico still remain nominally and...
Page 8 - ... are respected, and they acquire a quasi political recognition. On the other hand, the parent Government is relieved from responsibility for acts done in the insurgent territory; its blockade of its own ports is respected ; and it acquires a right to exert, against neutral commerce, all the powers of a party to a maritime war.