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decided to lengthen the College term to The following composed the faculty seven calendar months. A four years' for the year 1894-1895: course was also established and took ef

OBSTETRICY. fect at the opening of the coming term.

John C. Sanders, M. D., LL. D., The only exemptions from this course

Dean, Professor of Preternatural Labor, were those applicants who had taken a

Instrumentation, and Maladies of the four years' course in a literary college or Lving-in: H. Pomerov

Lying-in; H. Pomeroy, M. D., Profeshigh school. These were given credit

sor of Gestation and Natural Labor. for one year's time.

GYNOPATHY. March 31st, at a meeting of the Board

H. F. Biggar, M. D., LL. D., Profesof Trustees, Rev. George R. Leavitt

sor of Surgical Diseases of Women; offered his resignation as a member of

Martha A. Canfield, A. M., M. D., Prothe Board as its vice president. In his

fessor of Medical Diseases of Women. letter he expresses a regret that ill health forces him to take this step, as he had en

SURGERY. joyed the relationship into which he had

H. F. Biggar, M. D., LL. D., Profesbeen brought with this body of gentle- sor of Gynopathical and Clinical Surmen in the trusteeship and in the Col

gery; J. Kent Sanders, A. M., M. D., lege faculty. The Board of Trustees ac

Professor of Principles and Practice of cepted the resignation and passed reso

Surgery, Surgical Pathology and Clinilutions of regret and regard.

cal Surgery; Kent B. Waite, A. M., M. .

D., Registrar, Professor of Genito-UriMay 9th, 1894, the finance committee, nary and Operative Surgery; C. D. Elconsisting of Drs. Biggar, Phillips and lis, M. D., Professor of Minor Surgery; Pomeroy, tendered their resignation to W. E. Wells, M. D., Professor of Surgithe Board of Trustees as a committee, cal and Medical Diseases of the Rectum; and the Dean with the Board of Trustees H. L. Frost, A. B., M. D., Professor of assumed the entire government of the Surgical Anatomy; G. E. Turrill, M. D., University, financial and otherwise. Professor of Surgical Diseases of the The probable cause for this action was Nose and Throat. the dissatisfaction prevalent particularly OPHTHALMOLOGY AND . among the younger professors of the

OTOLOGY. University, who were not willing to con

W. A. Phillips, M. D., Professor of tinue under the restrictions contained in

Didactic and Practical Ophthalmology the rules adopted in 1890. These, as

and Otology; T. P. Wilson, M. D., Prowill be remembered, constituted the

fessor of Clinical Ophthalmology and foundation of the dissatisfaction which

Otology. led to the resignation of the professors

- MATERIA MEDICA. at that date and were so despotic as to finally result in a demand by at least

W. B. Hinsdale, M. S., M. D., Profesthree-fourths of the members of the fac

sor of Principles of Homeopathy, Maulty for a new code. It was more than

teria Medica and the Organon. a year, however, before the Board of

ANATOMY. Trustees adopted a new form of rules H. L. Frost, A. B., M. D., Professor and regulations which gave to the Uni- of Descriptive and Surgical Anatomy; versity practically a democratic form of C. D. Ellis, M. D., Professor of Ostegovernment.

ology.

PHYSIOLOGY. T. P. Wilson, M. D., Professor of Physiology, Psychology and Psychiatry. SANITARY SCIENCE.

SCE

. D. H. Beckwith, M. D., Professor of Sanitary Science; W. G. Meredith, M. D., Professor of Hygiene.

CHEMISTRY. M. E. Kleckner, A. M., Professor of Geology and Biology, Heidelberg University, Tiffin, Ohio, Professor of Chemistry; Thos. W. Ranson, Ph. G., M. D., Lecturer on Chemistry, Toxicology and Director of Laboratories; Chas. L. Mosher, Assistant.

THEORY AND PRACTICE. W. B. Hinsdale, M. S., M. D., Professor of General and Clinical Medicine and Pathology; D. F. Baker, M. D., Deputy Treasurer, Professor of Paediatrics; G. E. Turrill, M. D., Professor of Diseases of Nose, Throat and Lungs H. D. Champlin, A. M., M. D., Lecturer on Nervous Diseases; H. G. Pyle, M. D., Lecturer on the Medical Diseases of the Kidneys and Bladder; A. F. Baldinger, M. D., Lecturer on Normal Histology; E. O. Adams, M. D., Lecturer on Microscopy and Pathological Histology.

PHARMACY. F. (). Reeve, A. M., M. D., Instructor in Pharmacy.

MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE.
A. W. Barber, A. M., Lecturer.

STEREOPTICON.
W. H. Price, Jr.
DEMONSTRATORS OF

ANATOMY.
F. O. Reeve, A. M., M. D.; A. D.
McElroy, M. D.

PROSECTORS.
C. W. Ginn; E. B. Kaple.

DENTAL FACULTY. S. B. Dewey, M. D., D. D. S., Professor of Dental Histology, Pathology and Embryology; J. E. Robinson, M. D., D. D. S., Professor of Operative Dentistry; H. Barnes, M. D., D. D. S., Professor of Dental Anatomy and Dental Technics; L. P. Bethel, M. D., D. D. S., Professor of Dental Medicine and Therapeutics; W. T. Jackman, D. D. S., Professor of Prosthetic Dentistry and Metallurgy; Grant Mitchell, D. D. S., Professor of Crown and Bridge Work and Orthodontia.

The session of 1894-1895 was attended with but little outside of the regular systematic filling of the scheduled hours by the professors under appointment. The class in attendance was counted one of the liveliest that had been in College for years. It was during this session that the students, being unoccupied for an hour, laid violent hands upon the manikin and leather baby used by Prof. Sanders in his demonstrations of obstetricy. These they tore completely to pieces, nearly breaking the heart of the good professor. Several poems resulted from pro the catastrophe, all sympathetic and expressing appreciation of the great loss which had befallen the College, but as these are quite long and our space is limited we must defer publishing them until the history is issued in book form.

At the graduating exercises the following ladies and gentlemen received their degrees:

MEDICAL. Braden, David Henry, Bishop, Alice L., Close, Daniel J., Colton, John Glazier, Corell, H. Olivia, Cox, Howard D., Cooper, Anna Rebecca, Cauffield, J. Edwin, Cameron, George Dana, Casey, Lee Edward, Cruise, Mary E., Davis, J. H., Finch, Frank F., Guile, Earle B., Ginn, Curtiss Whitmere, Fisher, Brilla J., Gaston, Sarah Phylinda, Hilliard, Louis

William, Johnson, Cliffe U., Koch, Wm., in the notion of a profession as distinct
Kaple, Edward Bela, Kroll, Sarah from any occupation in which selfish
Albertia, Luton, C. Randolph, Liv- ends predominate.
ermore, Frank Bates, Laser, Web- “John Ruskin, who is my patron saint
ster Louis, Merriam, Walter H., in morals if not in art, has said that there
Marquart, Carl Albert, Meyer, William are five great intellectual occupations
D., Mansfield, William Amos, Mosher, open to men in any true station; and
Charles Leonard, Peffers, Ida Bell, that the member of each has a duty
Quayle, John Harrison, Smith, Howard which he may not abdicate though
Hamliton, Snyder, Raye S., Thornburg, death be the penalty of loyalty. These
Rolla W., Van Buren, Emma A., Van- five occupations are those of physicians,
Hyning, Jane Chamberlain, Wright, lawyers, teachers (or preachers), soldiers
Ernest S., Young, Charles Herbert. and merchants. Under the term physi-
DENTAL.

cian and the function of the physician in

the nation is to keep the people in Stevens, Samuel Howard, Keller,

health; of the lawyer to enforce justice Louis Amedius, Newton, Jay Thorne,

among the people; of the teacher (or Kiplinger, Edwin Stanton, Chambers,

preacher) to teach the truth to the peoJames Milford.

ple; of the soldier to defend the people The speaker of the evening was Prof.

of the nation in their national rights; L. H. Jones, Superintendent of Public and of the merchant (or manufacturer) Schools of this city. He said in part: to feed, clothe and shelter the people of

“In one of his mystic utterances the the nation. The physician must die celebrated Novalis said, 'philosophy can rather than desert his patients during a bake no bread; she can only find for us plague; the lawyer rather than counteGod and immortality.' I quote this sen- nance injustice; the teacher rather than tence from the great German idealist teach untruth; the soldier rather than chiefly for the purpose of calling atten- desert his post in battle; the merchant tion to its essential untruth as usually must lose his all-i. e. die—as to busiinterpreted, and its substantial truth ness interests, rather than adulterate, when interpreted as the very irony of misrepresent or in any way deteriorate philosophy, as it was undoubtedly in the quality of his goods or fail in any tended by its epigrammatic author. way to serve the true interests of his pa

“You have chosen a profession and trons as to their food, clothing and shelnot a truth, under 'Noblesse Oblige,' ter. And it is because the public in therefore you are bound to hold your general believe that the lawyer, the selves worthy of membership in a pro- teacher, the soldier, the physician will, fession. It is worth while, perhaps, to in extremity, die rather than belie their examine into the nature of a profession trust; that the callings that they reprea little in order to see what are the obli- sent are in a way ennobled into profesgations assumed in entering one. By sions. It is because professionally, as a this I do by no means refer to those little body, these men—soldiers, teachers, technicalities by which the doors to a lawyers and physicians—can be trusted profession are usually guarded, such as to subordinate private ends to public duexaminations as to intelligence, techni- ties, that their professions are held in cal fitness, or some such test; but rather high honor. It is in this view, thereto those high moral qualities composed fore, that you meet the first great issue and come face to face with the first great MY AUTOBIOGRAPHY. fact of your profession.”

Written by FRANK KRAFT, M. D. In conclusion he said, "Keep your finger on the pulse of humanity, as well

Born at Cincinnati, Ohio, January 8, as on that your profession is in itself 1851. very exacting. The new developments Public schools until breaking out of in your own profession come with such war. startling rapidity that it is difficult to Removed to Decatur Co., Indiana, atkeep up with them. The curriculum of tending village school. the modern medical college contains Returned to Cincinnati, 1862-3. whole subjects whose terms even had Engaged in a number of occupations. not been invented when thirty years ago Eventually became clerk of U. S. I began and abandoned the study of Hotel there. medicine. But it will not do to confine Remained until 1869, then yourselves to medical and scientific stu- Went to St. Louis into life insurance dies and leave out the world of man. office. Busy as you will be in your profession, Studied short-hand. there will still be time for you to be a In 1876 became associate in shortgood citizen. You must take your place hand firm, Weller & Kraft. among the spirited people of the com- Shortly after began study of law. munity in which you live. The habit of Didn't like it. being busy creates the leisure for future Was graduated from Homeopathic duties.”

Medical College of Missouri, March 4, Perhaps the best idea of these exer 1886. cises which were held on the 26th of Joined American Institute of HomeMarch, can be had by quoting the re- opathy same year at Saratoga Springs. marks of the Argus. They are as fol- Practiced six months in St. Louis. lows:

Had one case of toothache. “Never in the history of the Univer- Received fifty cents therefor. sity has there been a finer body of grad- Patient recovered. uates. Association Hall was crowded Removed to Ann Arbor to help edit with interested spectators and admiring The Medical Advance. friends.

Reached Sylvania, Ohio, 1887, and “The exercises of Laureation were began practice in dead earnest. presided over by Judge Barber and Called to Cleveland, fall of 1890, to nothing was lacking to add dignity and take materia medica in Homeopathic impressiveness to the occasion.

Hospital College. "The Dean made one of his character- Next fall joined Cleveland Medical istic addresses. After the exercises of College as Professor of Materia Medica. Laureation a great many adjourned to Resigned some time after. the University building where a good Again appointed in 1896. social time was had.

Remained until I again resigned. "The University has taken the lead in No further connection with medical Cleveland in the matter of their laureat college since. ing exercises and many of the citizens Became editor of American Homehave come to look on that occasion as opathist, 1887. Am so still. one of the standard events of the year.” Was editor of The Argus.

Also, later, of The Argonaut.

one of the most common affections of Married. Have three children living. the heart, and one which is productive I pay taxes in Cleveland.

of serious consequences. Usually limWhere my wife lives.

ited to the valves of the heart, it occaAnd me, too.

sionally involves more or less of the carSir?

diac cavities. After birth it is almost (Dr. Kraft, in his autobiography, exclusively confined to the left side of stamps his own character. He says the organ, and in the majority of cases much with few words. His conclusions it commences in, and rarely extends beare quick and usually correct. As a yond, the aortic and mitral valves and teacher of materia medica, he stands their orifices. It is those portions of the second to none. He has a faculty of valves which come into contact in the condensing and concentrating which act of closure and are thus most exposed compels the student to comprehend and to friction, which are especially involved remember.

and in which the changes usually ocHe has prepared and presented before cur.' the American Institute of Homeopathy Etiology.-Endocarditis appears esand the Ohio State Homeopathic So- pecially in acute rheumatism, also in ciety valuable papers on materia medica. pyemia, puerperal fever, gonorrheal As an editor of the American Home- rheumatism, scarlatina, and typhoid opathist for the past fourteen years, he fever. It is also met with in diseases has proven his ability as a writer and a associated with loss of flesh and progresthinker. Dr. Kraft is up with the times; sive debility, cancer, diabetes and his office is filled with new medical Bright's disease. The papillary form is books and medical journals. He is not by far the most common. The ulceraa debator, but an attentive listener. He'tive form may occur primarily, but as a is rarely absent from the meetings of rule supervenes upon the papillary or National or State Medical Societies. He chronic form. The relation of endocarbelieves in vacations to give rest to ditis to the above diseases, and the body and mind. Therefore, he spends a course of the ulcerative forms, suggest portion of each year with his family in an infectious origin. The structure of visiting different parts of the world, the endocardium is the chief constituent thereby storing his brain with knowl- of the valves of the heart, consequently edge gained from associating with no serious inflammation of this memprominent medical and scientific men. brane can exist without changing in D. H. B.)

some way the structure of the valves.

This membrane is similar to, though not ENDOCARDITIS.

strictly a serous membrane, and its

diseases are quite similar to those of the By F. C. CRAWFORD, M. D., Toledo, Ohio.

serous membranes. We first get Inflammation of the lining membrane hyperaemia, swelling; redness and of the heart occurs in two forms: Acute, other symptoms of inflammation. We

-characterized by the presence of vege- get here, too, a deposit, consisting of altation, with loss of continuity, or of sub- bumen, fibrin and other blood constitustance in the valve tissue; Chronic,-a ents as we get in peri-carditis, but owing slow, sclerotic change resulting in thick- to the constant motion of both the blood ening, puckering and deformity. It is and the valves, this deposit is picked up

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