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The mere knowledge of homeopathic duces symptoms opposite to those from therapeutics will not make a homeo- which the patient suffers. If such a rule pathic physician. He must practice of practice ever flourished, it has long homeopathy; not necessarily as you do, since fallen into disuse. The teachings or as I do, but according to his ability in the "regular" medical schools include to apply Hahnemann's dictum. Let no a priori generalizations about the him use his adjuvants according to the causes of disease or actions of remedies. tradition of the fathers, or as he has in- Teaching and practice are based, not on herited them from his predecessors, or preconceived or inherited ideas, but on has acquired them by right of discovery, the logical principle of induction-first but his remedies must be selected ac- the gathering of facts enough to probcording to the law of similia.

ably eliminate error, and then the drawBut I hear some one say: "This is the ing of conclusions from these facts. The meaning of the definition.” Then the method has been the same for all great specific declaration should be there. A investigators of nature, Bacon being its definition which has to be defined is first exponent. Scientists whose work much like a man-made creed that needs is firmly established on careful thinking to be laboriously explained before it can and adequate results are often indifferbe made to comport with the teachings ent to lack of appreciation and misunof the Bible.

derstanding outside of their immediate The spirit of this definition is correct, circle. They make little attempt to edbut I do not believe that its present form ucate the public to any conception of voices the exact sentiment of the insti- the value of the best scientific efforts. tute; nor, as I am authorized to state. The result of such neglect by medical does it express the full meaning of its men is apparent to the practitioner. He distinguished author, who will be glad finds that the opinion and patronage of of an opportunity to reframe the defini- even the intelligent public are far more tion'soas to emphasize the manner of se influenced proportionately by what this lecting the remedy.—Dr. C. E. Walton, or that well-organized and skillfully adHomeopathic Envoy, February, 1902. vertised "school of medicine" has to say,

than by all the painstaking research

which has built up modern scientific SCHOOLS OF MEDICINE.

medicine.-Jour. Amer. Med. Assn. Ed., Common talk about “schools of medi- February. cine” is too often allowed to go unchallenged because we do not emphasize the

A DISASTER. fundamental standpoint of scientific On the third of January, 1902, the medical work. “Regular” physicians be- venerable and historic building in Allenlong to no "school of medicine;" they town, Pa., that sheltered the first homeo are thus differentiated from those who pathic medical college in the world, was hold certain tenets. That they are not burned to the ground. The building "allopaths,” that, in fact, there is no was erected in 1834, and in April, 1835, allopathic school, needs perennially to the college was founded as "The North be insisted on. Allopathy or heter- American Academy of the Homeopathopathy, vide Webster, are synonyms in- ic Healing Art.” The first faculty convented by Samuel Hahnemann to des- sisted of Dr. Constantine Hering, presignate a scheme of treatment which pro- ident, and Drs. William Wesselhoeft, E.

Freytag, John Romig, J. N. Pulte and H. Detwiller. It flourished six years, and then collapsed through the failure of its treasurer, John Rice, who was cashier of the Northampton bank, which suspended.—North Am. Jour. of Homeo., February, 1902.

CHANGE OF NAME. Two more homeopathic journals have dropped the name Homeopathic or its equivalent from their titles. Dr. Kraft is now editor of The American Physician and the old Cleveland Homeopathic Reporter becomes The Cleveland Medical and Surgical Reporter. Both journals have attractive, newly-designed covers, and are filled with interesting material. We congratulate the editors on their enterprise.—North Am. Jour. of Homeo., February, 1902.

of the two bodies,” according to Bouchardat.

A musky odor pertains to several maladies, notably peritonitis, jaundice or icterus; and a stale, sour-beer odor to scrofulosis.

The pyemic has a sweet, nauseating breath, with perhaps the flavor of newmown hay.

In milk-fever the smell is distinctly acid; in typhoid, musty, often with the odor of blood; in typhus, ammoniacal and mouse-like, which latter also obtains in favus; in intermittent, the odor is that of fresh-baked brown bread; yellow fever has a cadaveric smell, or like the washings of a dirty gun barrel.

In measles it closely resembles freshpicked feathers; in diphtheria, is sickening and gangrenous—an odor that is absolutely pathognomonic; in small-pox, according to severity and stage, it ranges from that of the fallow deer to the dreadful one of the whole menagerie, or it may be that of burning horn or bones.

Hysteria usually developes an odor of violets or pineapples; sudamina, that of putrid straw; scabies, moldy; anemia and cholera, ammoniacal.

Otorrhea has a peculiar, clinging, ong-lasting odor that once observed will never be forgotten, so, too, is the odor of a henroost that arises from ozoenas and bad chronic catarrhs. Gangrene has an old, dead-meat smell, as have some cancers at certain stages.

At the onset of the plague the odor is sweet, or honey-like, according to Doppner.—Medical Record.

THE SENSE OF SMELL. Bernard says that, apart from the excretions, an abnormal odor of the skin tends to draw the flies, and that, however little noticeable it may be, it denotes death is near; and Boerhaave held that a cadaveric odor always presages death. Althaus tells us that Skoda was hardly ever led into error by this inclination, and Compton also laid great stress upon this as a clinical symptom.

In gout the skin secretions take a special odor which Sydenham compared to whey; it is sour, or at least sourish, and there is an excess of ammonia. In rheumatism it is acetoformic, particularly in the regions of engorged articulations (Monin); it is a sour-smelling, acid perspiration.

In diabetes the smell is sweetish and mawkish, as of hay, according to Latham, "acetone,” says Picot, and “midway between aldehyd and acetone being due to a mixture in variable proportions

ELECTRIC LIGHT AND THE

EYES. A Russian doctor has decided that, contrary to the general opinion, electric light plays less havoc with the eyes than

other forms of illumination. He bases The reason some weep more easily his deductions on the fact that disease than others, and all more readily than and damage to the eye is proportioned the sterner sex, has not its difference in to the frequency of closure of the lids. the strength of the tear gland, but in the He has found that the lids close in a possession of a more delicate nerve sysminute 6.8 times with candle light, 2.8 tem. The nerve fibres about the glands times with gas light, 2.2 with sunlight, vibrate more easily, causing a downpour and 1.8 times with electric light. While from the watery sac. Men are not nearthis fact may be true for the external ly so sensitive to emotion; their sympaportion of the eye, it is clinically proved thetic nature—the term is used in a that retinal and muscular asthenopia are medical sense—is less developed, and the greatly increased by electrical illumina- eye gland is therefore protected from tion and the reflex conjunctivitis and shocks. Consequently a man should blepharitis are made worse.

thank the formation of his nerve nature when he contemptuously scorns tears as

a woman's practice. Between man and CHEMISTRY OF TEARS.

monkey there is this essential difference Tears have their functional duty to ac of tears. An ape cannot weep, not so complish, like every other fluid of the much because its emotional powers are body, and the lachrymal gland is not undeveloped as the fact that the lachplaced behind the eye simply to fill rymal gland was omitted in his optical space or to give expression to emotion. makeup.—The Dietetic and Hygienic The chemical properties of tears consist Gazette. of phosphate of lime and soda, making them very salty, but never bitter. Their

A NEW TREATMENT FOR CONaction on the eye is very beneficial, and here consists their prescribed duty of the

SUMPTION. body, washing thoroughly that sensitive Physicians who are thoroughly up-toorgan, which allows no foreign fuid to date 'have little faith just now in the do the same work. Nothing cleanses efficacy of medicine in dealing with pulthe eye like a good, salty shower bath, monary consumption. The chief reliand medical art has followed nature's law ance of the profession today is fresh air in this respect, advocating the invigorat- and plenty of it. It is recognized, howing solution for any distressed condition ever, that the diet is a matter of imporof the optics. Tears do not weaken the tance, and at some sanatoria the patients sight, but improve it. They act as a are required to take a specified quantity tonic on the muscular vision, keeping of food. Further than this, though, the the eye soft and limpid, and it will be progressive specialist deems it inexpenoticed that women in whose eyes sym- dient to go. Under these circumstances pathetic tears gather quickly have most doctors regard with skepticism and brighter, tenderer orbs than others. When impatience the new "cures” for tubercuthe pupils are hard and cold the world losis which are continually being anattributes it to one's disposition, which nounced. A remedial agent recently deis a mere figure of speech, implying the vised by Dr. John F. Russell, of this lack of balmy tears, that are to the cor city, however, may prove an exception nea what salve is to the skin or nourish- to the rule. Being convinced that fats ment to the blood.

and oils exerted a beneficial influence on

the victims of this disease, he undertook tious pneumonia of this character is not some experiments three or four years uncommonly met with in schools, prisago, to ascertain which of these were ons, factories, and barracks, and is supmost readily assimilated. As a result of posed to be caused by an extraordinary that investigation, he has been using a virulence of the microbe causing the compound of beef fat and the oils of trouble. "It then often becomes more peanuts, cocoanuts and cloves. Inas- a question,” says the Herald, "of general much as his own testimony concerning and overwhelming systemic poisoning the virtues of that preparation might not than the mere localization of pulmonary be unprejudiced, a committee represent- inflammation. Thus the brain and spining the Post-Graduate Hospital was in- al cord may receive the full force of the vited to look into the matter. The com- virus, producing meningitis, or the heart mittee reports favorably concerning the may become affected, or the peritoneum system, though without going into the be involved in the affection, the lungs philosophy of it. One can readily per- themselves being only insignificantly ceive, though, that the fundamental idea attacked. From such a view of the situis nutrition, and not medication. More- ation it is always sound sanitary science over, it operates in very much the same to close schools, hotels, or prisons, and way as the use of cod liver oil, which at take no chances in temporizing with one time was administered freely to con- threatening conditions." sumptives, though perhaps the new

At the Groton school, however, young treatment is more efficacious.-Editor

Roosevelt and his companions appear ial.—N. Y. Tribnne.

to have invited severe colds, at least,

by running out in all kinds of weather, IS PNEUMONIA CONTAGIOUS ? bareheaded and without coats, for the

The occurrence of several cases of vio- purpose of "toughening” themselves. lent pneumonia among the boys in the That may easily account for the developschool attended by young. Roosevelt, at ment of several cases of pneumonia Groton, Mass., and the talk of closing among the students, but according to the school has led to conjecture as to the general belief pneumonia is a germ whether pneumonia is an infectious dis- disease, and there may, after all, have ease, contrary to the general belief. been some local condition responsible

The New York Herald, in calling at for the development of particularly virutention to that matter, says that infec- lent microbes of the disease.

Correspondence

Chu Cheo via Nanking, China.

January 6th, 1902. Editor Reporter:

draft for subscription and promise soon to write you an article.

Dear Sir:-I thank you for both the most welcome magazine you have been sending me and also for your invitation to write some China notes for publication. I enclose a

You have brought pleasure to a good many of the alumni by carrying on the magazine and we trust it will be continued.

we have now been over three years in China. Have gained a good working knowl

edge of the language, and are trying to get a like knowledge of the people. This last summer we have built a dispensary for the daily receiving of patients. On either side are other low buildings in which we tem porarily house those whom we wish to treat for a few days.

It's a queer lot that we see. Nearly all are aggravated by dirt, Chinese plasters, Chinese acupuncture, and neglect. Half of the cases have tibial ulcers from every variety of cause. It is hard to say why so many occur below the knee.

This week our assistants brought in a week-old girl baby thrown out by some mother rendered heartless by poverty. It had been exposed for some hours to a temperature below freezing and we only succeeded in lengthening its life by a few hours.

The opium breaking cases are the most interesting in some ways. The opium habit is China's curse. Probably over one-half of wer population is addicted or suffer from this curse. We usually stop the opium short off and only add a little as necessity demands. In the November, 1899, number of the North American Journal of Homeopathy was a most excellent article on this subject.

But—we did not intend to give China experiences, but to congratulate the Cleveland Homeopathic Medical College. That the homeopathic forces are again united

In

in Cleveland and running smoothly means much to our plea. There is no reason why the school should not be as strong a one as those in New York and Chicago. We hope to visit the familiar halls again in about four years and possibly spend some little time there.

We might add that two days ago, January 4th, 1902, we received another boy into our family. He is a 912 pound one, "without spot or blemish." This is our second boy. Both mother and baby are in good condition, At least this is what is usually said and this case is no exception.

Wishing much for the old college and trusting the Reporter will continue to in crease in excellence, I am, Yours in His service.

Elliott I. Osgood. P. S.—Please address all communications to Nanking, China, as Chu Cheo has no post. office.

E. I. O.

724 Spruce St., Phila., Pa. Editor Medical and Surgical Reporter:

I sent my application for a position in a foreign field to the Foreign Missionary Board of the Reformed Presbyterian church and am hoping to get the appointment. I am, however, sure of one position if I do not get this one, for since I made the application I have had a request from Dr. Hess and a friend of hers, who wish me to represent them in India, and will guarantee my support. They wish me to go independent of any church board. They also want me to stay another year in the hospital here. I do not know yet what I shall do. They asked me at the other hospital, at 20th and Susquehanna, if I would consider an appointment there. Dr. Harpst-Jackson, '00, is there now; expects to be there two or three months, I believe. She and Dr. Frank Jackson both took and passed the December State Board.

I am getting quite a good deal of obstet. rical work, but all the cases are so perfectly normal and the recoveries so uneventful that it seems as if I'm not getting much, unless it be confidence in managing cases. I was sort of scared at my first case, though it was perfectly normal; the last one was a footling and I was almost ashamed how coolly I took it. I presume I'll get frightened effectually sometime when I'm not expecting it though.

The Reporter, with its "new dress and name," was received and read with interest.

Very sincerely,

Ida M. Scott.

Chagrin Falls, O., Jan. 25, 1902. Editor Cleveland Medical and Surgical Re

porter:

Dear Sir:-I shall take pleasure in responding to your kind request to contribute to the columns of your magazine under its new dress and management. The fact that so many practitioners read and rely much on current literature is a sufficient reason why every journal should be of the high class to which your magazine aspires. The interdependence of all social institutions precludes the possibility of confining as formerly studies of the question of public health to mere treatises on materia medica. “Many streams flow into one sea," and a thousand facts and conditions have to do with the existence and preservation of the

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