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Medical and Surgical Reporter



JAMES RICHEY HORNER, A. M., M. D., 275 Prospect St., Editor.
HUDSON D. BISHOP, M. D., 143 Euclid Ave., Managing Editor.

The subscription price of the REPORTER is $1.00 per annum in advance. Single conies 10 cents.

The REPORTER is mailed on the 10th of each month, and all matter for publication must be in the hands of the editor by the 25th of the preceding month.

Reprints of original articles published in the REPORTER prill be furnished authors at actual price of paper and press work.

If authors will furnish names, copies of the REPORTER corraining their articles will be mailed free of charge (except to addresses in Cleveland) to the number of one bundred.

The REPORTER solicits original articles, news items of interest to the profession, short clinical reports and Society transactions.

Books for review, manuscripts for publication, and all communications to the Editor should be addressed to J. Richey Horner, M. D., 275 Prospect St., Cleveland, O.

Business communications regarding advertising rates, subscriptions, etc., should be addressed to Hudson D. Bishop, M. D., 143 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, O.

Vol. 10


No. 1


Our New Dress and Name Medical and Surgical Reporter. We pub

Modestly we make our bow. The lish no “declaration of principles.” Our new year brings us to you in a new

allegiance is first and foremost to the dress, and with a name which will bring

great principles of Homeopathy, then to recollections to many. Years ago-be- the College under whose auspices the fore the time of the writer—the Ohio journal is published. The advancement Medical and Surgical Reporter lived for a of the honor and glory of both shall be number of years. It was bright and our aim. prosperous and did much towards stimulating the growth of the College. Why We shall make our visits monthly, and it was discontinued we do not know. the twelve issues will contain more than For two years the Cleveland Homeopathic a dollar's worth of help for you. We Reporter has been making bi-monthly have in our "stock box” enough papers visits and we are told has been a wel- to furnish you with thought for six come visitor. The management decided months. We have gleaned from the to make a number of changes which Pennsylvania State Society, the Homeomight add to its attractiveness, and pathic Medical Societies of Cleveland, among others was the change of name. and of Eastern Ohio and of NorthwestThe union of the two names has re. ern Ohio. Our friends are legion, and sulted in the new one—The Cleveland assurances are given of their firm and


loyal support. We sound no appeal for set a mark which Ohio should have no your help—that will come if we but difficulty in reaching. An absurdly make ourselves worthy, and our con- small proportion of Ohio's Homeopathstant aim will be to reach this happy ic physicians hold membership in the Ingoal. We want to be necessary to you. stitute. We are not going to give the We want you to feel that you cannot exact figures—we don't want them "keep house" without us. Tell us what known. Why should we not have three you want and see how nearly we ap- hundred applications for membership proach your ideal as a medical maga from our state? There is no reason. We zine.

are not going to give in extenso reasons

why everyone should join—they are To all our readers we wish a happy,

patent to every Homeopathic physician. successful and prosperous New Year.

A systematic canvass of the state should be made, and every eligible woman and

man should be made to understand that Ohio Entertains The it is not only a duty but a privilege to Institute

belong to this representative organizaThe American Institute of Home- tion. Let every one of our readers seopathy is a great body. The state of Ohio riously consider whether or not he or she is a great state and Cleveland is its me can afford to remain an outsider. Write tropolis. The Homeopathic physicians now to us for an application blank. We'll of Cleveland number more than two send it to you—then see your neighbor hundred, and they will be directly the and bring him in. hosts of the coming meeting. This is the time—if ever there was one—when And that makes us think of another all should get together. All factional dif point. Cleveland is simply 'ideal in ferences should be forgotten. The June; not hot, not crowded, not tucked hatchet which in the past has done such

away on a mountain or on an island inmurderous work should be buried so accessible and dead, not in need of addeep that it can never be brought to vertising. If you never have been here the surface. The eyes of the entire we would advise you to come. It is the world will be upon Cleveland, and what

easiest city to reach you have ever visit may or may not do during the next ited, and there are numberless attracsix months will be indelibly written in tions here. The officers of the Institute history—written to the glory or the dis

will be prepared to care for two thougrace of Homeopathy.

sand people comfortably, inexpensively

and well. Make up your mind to be one Beyond the mere question of enter- of them, and bring your wife and your tainment lies the question of new mem- daughters. The ladies will take care of bers. New York at Richfield Springs them while you are burnishing up your

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knowledge and giving it to your fellows. His assistant is Mr. Clarence Selby, Make this meeting the best one ever of whom the scientific world will hear held.

more. Those who are interested have

always thought with regret of the lack A City Bacteriological . of enterprise displayed by the city offiLaboratory

cials in getting to the front in matters While it is better never late, still it is

scientific—this referring particularly to better late than never. The following

the Health Board and its operation. It explains itself:

would seem as though a new era has
CITY OF CLEVELAND dawned and the Reporter hastens to ex-
DIVISION OF PUBLIC HEALTH tend its welcome, and its congratula-

Notice is hereby given that this laboratory

tions to the powers that be. will undertake the diagnosis by laboratory methods of suspected diphtheria, tubercu. losis and typhoid fever when specimens from

The Prevention of Tubercases of the same are submitted by registered

culosis physicians of the City of Cleveland. Specimens submitted for diagnosis must

Progressive physicians of Ohio have

found another field for usefulness. We prescribed by the department and accom

call particular attention to the report in panied by the data requested on the blanks furnished with each outfit. Separate outfits another column of the formation of the are furnished for the diphtheria culture test,

Society for the Prevention of Tubercuthe sputum in suspected tuberculosis, and

losis. While there is a question as to the blood in suspected typhoid fever.

Full directions accompany each outfit. the degree to which tuberculosis is inSpecimens will be received through and re

fectious, there is no question as to its beports sent to physicians only. This portion of the work of the laboratory is intended ing infectious. Hence all proper preespecially for the early and prompt diag cautions should be taken. Nothing in nosis of certain cases of infectious diseases, in the interest of the public, the physicians

the world has been accomplished by and the Health Office, and will be extended hap-hazard, unsystematic efforts. The as opportunity and necessity arise. In addition to the diseases above men

best results come from work which is tioned, exudates of various kinds, including well directed and under the control of cerebro-spinal fluid from cases of meningitis,

competent persons. The object of this will be examined bacteriologically when sent in sterilized vessels.

society is, we take it, the education of This laboratory is in the hands of the people up to the point where they men who are most competent. First is will appreciate the danger of carelessDr. Martin Friedrich, the Health Offi- ness in their relation to this disease, and cer, who has proved himself to be thor- the procuring of the enactment of such oughly practical. Then comes Prof. W. laws as will be most helpful in establish

T. Howard, jr., the City Bacteriologist, ing the proper public precautions. In who is making for the laboratories of the hands of the men who are its officers Western Reserve Medical College a rep this organization should be capable of utation which is more than local. much good.

Public Cleanliness, Public Health and Public


clothing leads naturally to a desire for neater, cleaner homes, hence the physical appearance of the neighborhood has been changed for the better. Cleaner homes im. prove the health of the community, hence mortality has been decreased. Naturally enough cleaner bodies, cleaner clothing, cleaner homes, better health has led to better morals and an improved citizenship."

There is a direct relationship between cleanliness and health. Modern surgery depends on absolute cleanliness rather than antisepsis. Hospitals are built with a view to their being readily cleaned. All the surroundings are of the simplest and plainest character in order that they may be easily accessible to the cleaner.

The establishment of public bath houses means a long step in the right direction. An improvement in public morals would necessarily follow. The conclusions of the committee are justified by the results attained in other cities.

The report made to the Chamber of Commerce by its Committee on Public Bath Houses is both interesting and instructive. The committee made a thorough study of the social conditions of the city. We append an excerpt from their report:

"In the Sixteenth ward, where a personal canvass was made, 1,394 families were found in 724 houses. For the total population of 7,728 persons there were eighty-three bath tubs in various states of use. The canvass also showed that throughout the ward the houses are crowded, in some cases as many as five on a lot. It was also found that many of the bath tubs coull not be used because the connections were bad or because the tub itself leaked. People in different parts of the ward expressed themselves as very anxious for the opening of a public bathing establishment-especially strong was this sentiment among the men. The clearest proof of the need is the fact that at the Jewish Alliance house, where a few public baths have been established, 1,400 a month were given at a charge of 5 cents for adults and 2 cents for children in a single month. The Hiram House Social settlement, which stands just outside this ward, finds its bathrooms used to their utmost capacity. The experience in Goodrich house and the Alta house, located among the Italians of the East End, substantiates the statement that public baths will be used to their limit when located conveniently for the people who need them most, and the assertion that the poor would rather go dirty than clean is utterly false.

"The most significant fact in connection with the canvass made by the Social Serv. ice club is the statement that 2,327 children are inhabitants of this district, subject to all the unhealthful environments of filth.

“We find that in other cities where public bathing conveniences have been provided the people in the vicinity have responded in several interesting ways-clean bodies demand clean clothing-and the appearance of the people has been improved. Clean

The City is Free From

Smallpox The divorcing of the health department from politics had a most natural result. One year ago the danger of the outbreak of an extensive epidemic of smallpox was imminent. There was a large number of cases scattered throughout the city. The disease was constantly developing in new places, and our city was being rated as "dangerous" by other cities far and near. Then by a happy chance the Mayor appointed as Health Officer a man who had made a careful study of this dread disease and who was entirely outside of the political band wagon. He went to work in a reasonable, rational way. He organized

his army, armed them with fumigators, equable poise, whose temperament and and sent them out to destroy the germs innate sense of justice were such as to which had been bringing distress and permit him to consider both sides of any death to the people. He divided the city question with strict fairness. into sections, making a careful study of Dr. Gann was born in 1848 at Waterthose sections in which smallpox had ford. N. Y., a son of James A. and Elizabeen most prevalent. His men fumi

beth A. Gann. He graduated from gated every house, whether or not small

Ohio Wesleyan University in 1871 and pox had occurred in it, and what has

four years after this was superintendent been the result? Today the city is free

of schools at Shelby, O., when he turned from smallpox.

his attention to the study of medicine,

graduating from the Cleveland HomeoMuch discussion has recently been pathic Hospital College in 1877. He made of the effect, evil or otherwise, of practiced for a few months in Berea, vaccination, of the tetanus which has re- but went to Wooster the same year. He sulted and the specific diseases which met with immediate success and in a have been transmitted. To our mind very few years built up a large practice. the results which have followed the He very soon became recognized not work of the Health Officer have rele- only by his fellow citizens of Wooster, gated the question of vaccination to the but by his professional brethren background and in its stead we must throughout the state as a man of great consider cleanliness and fumigation. executive ability, whose word was to be Dirt is the food upon which disease taken as authority. He became a very feeds. Germs cannot thrive where clean- prominent member, and for one year liness prevails. It follows then, does it president, of the Ohio State Homeonot, that diseases which owe their exist- pathic Medical Society, where his many ence to the presence of germs should papers evinced a scholarly mind whose be fought first by making thoroughly training had been such as to fit him for clean their habitation, then by destroy considering problems more than usually ing them with the fumigator?

complex. Through all the years of his membership of the State Society, and

he attended nearly all its meetings, he John A. Gann

was most prominent as one of the advis"His whole life stood for those things

ers as to its general policy. He was althat are good, and elevating, and noble.

ways in favor of peace, and this trait Such is the eulogy bestowed by the was very strongly shown in the efforts editor of Wooster's daily paper upon he made to prevent a dissolution of the John A. Gann. And this sentiment will College faculty in 1890. He wrote to be lovingly echoed by those who knew those on both sides of the controversy him intimately. He was a man of in a vain endeavor to find some middle

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