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Christianity, so that we may live up to our profession Retold after Apuleius by Paul Carus. Chicago: The and our privileges. To this great object Methodism Open Court Publishing Co.] has been conspicuously faithful; and it has been par The lectures delivered under the auspices of the Sunticularly successful in its attainment.”

day-School Commission of the diocese of New York and The authors discern everywhere Methodist union in collected under the title, “ Principles of Religious the air and consolidation of the Church forces. If one Education,"contain material of universal interest to were to specify the most impressive features of the Christian parents and to Sunday-school teachers. text aside from the plain purpose to set forth the Bishop Potter says in the introduction, “ the modern history of Methodism as a whole rather than of any Church has not recognized its responsibilities nor particular branch of it, one must point to the wealth of improved its opportunities, as a teacher of the young." detail gathered from every quarter of the globe, in This thought may be called the keynote of the whole order to make a record not only picturesque with local series of lectures; as emphasis is laid throughout upon color but calculated to give true perspective to a great the necessity for an elevation of religious teaching, by world movement. Over a thousand portraits and views the introduction of modern methods, to the place of of persons and places identified with the development dignity and the degree of efficiency which it ought to

760 pages, inclusive of index.

F. C. B. Attention is called to the fact that, “ the influence [The Illustrated History of Methodism. By Rev. first of Protestantism and then of Democracy has comJames W. Lee, Rev. Naphtali Luccock, and James Main pletely secularized the school. The school, therefore, Dixon. St. Louis: The Methodist Magazine Publishing Co.]

That true “ Americanism," the genius of our social life, is essentially a religion, is one state

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sends forth at the beginning of a new century. For style, courage, spirit and insight, the book deserves the high praise bestowed upon it. Here is a taste of its qualities :

“The consciousness of freedom grows apace. It is no longer possible to believe that God is the author of the confusions of history or the fearful iniquities of social institutions. We perceive that we are jointly responsible with Him for the present condition of the universe. It appears that the providence of God is limited to making the best of every emergency so far as may be done consistently with the liberty and responsibility of men. And it by no meanis follows that He established the existing churches, states, law-codes, and commercial customs because they exist.

“ Not only is it true that the world as it stands today is not a theocracy, but it appears that theocracy is not a thing to be desired — that God will not have it so. The revelation of history and of all experience is that God will not reign over the people, but has set His heart upon it that through faith in Him the people shall reign over themselves.

“The beginning of history is in theocracy; but democracy is the consummation. And all the intermediate stages of confusion and bewilderment, of misery and disappointment are, it would seem, better in the eyes of God, and more desirable than the sway of unquestioned goodness, and the smooth obedience of a puppet world.”

F. C. B. [The Religion of Democracy. By Charles Ferguson. $1.00. New York: Funk & Wag The Open Court Publishing Co. nalls.]

FROM "EROS AND PSYCHE.” The fairy-tale of Eros and Psyche, a gift to us from ancient Greece, was long ago understood to be a gives an incomplete education." Ways and means to myth of life's deepest mystery, having for its central idea supply more nearly the religious instruction, which the the interrelation between love and death and the lone- school curriculum fails to provide, are discussed by liness of the soul until it has found and been united men eminently qualified to deal with a subject of so with the one perfect love. The present volume, “Eros great moment. The contributions of Walter L. Hervey and Psyche," presents with a modern touch the classic on “ The Preparation of the Sunday School Teacher,"

taught the immortality of life and love. There are Child-Mind," of Frank Morton McMurray on “The many illustrations, some being copies from the antique, Use of Biography in Religious Instruction," and of but most of them from the series made by Paul Thu- Richard G. Moulton on “ The Study of the Bible as mann.

A. E. H, Literature," are especially suggestive. [Eros and Psyche. A Fairy-Tale of Ancient Greece. Although some of the other lectures are not of equal meri ne who teads the volume through will fail to have expressed a desire to know something of the receive i w light upon the significance of religious author, Miss Bertha Runkle, who has written such a teachingind to find a stimulus for improving the lax fascinating story about the struggles of Protestants and method, which now exist. The lectures are timely and Catholics in and around Paris at the time of Henry IV. should c amand widespread attention. S. c. The New York Times gives the following:

[Principles of Religious Education. A Course of “Miss Runkle is probably the youngest of the Amerilectores delivered under the auspices of the Sunday- can authors whose pens have made them well known School Commission of the Diocese of New York, with within the past few years. When she wrote 'The Hel

met of Navarre' she was little more than twenty years of age, yet the manuscript of her romance was read with enthusiasm by the editors of The Century, and has attracted wider and more favorable attention than any other story that has ever appeared serially in that magazine. Many applications have been made for the author's portrait, but no one has succeeded in overcoming her aversion to its public use; and details of her biography are almost equally difficult to obtain. As a matter of fact, there is little to record. Miss Runkle is the only child of Mrs. L. G. Runkle, a well-known New York journalist. She is a native of New Jersey; never went to kindergarten as a child, nor to college as a young woman; has traveled little, and has never been to France-a fact which, she herself suggests, may account for her laying there the scene of her romance."

E. C. A. [The Helmet of Navarre. By Bertha Runkle. New York : The Century Co.]

A handsome book edition of Ida M. Tarbell's “Life of Napoleon" is announced. This life, it will be remembered, appeared first in McClure's Magazine, and in pamphlet form ran over the 100,000 mark. The completeness of the collection of Napoleon's portraits with which it was illustrated attracted special attention. The author aims to present Napoleon's personality, rather than his career as affecting European politics, or his military achievements. Not that Miss Tarbell is one of the gossiping historians who feel that the understanding of personality depends on minute knowledge of the habits and foibles of the subject. Napoleon's life is told in its relation to the great political movements of which he was a part, these serving

to illustrate his character. The Century Co.

The second edition differs from the FROM "THE HELMET OF NAVARRE.” DRAWN BY ANDRÉ CASTAIGNE. first in including a sketch of Josephine.

This was added because of the absence an introduction by the Right Reverend Henry C. Potter, of any trustworthy account of her life in EngD. D., LL. D. New York: Longmans, Green & Co.) lish. Until recently, biographers have followed the

"The Helmet of Navarre." to be published in book example set at the time of Napoleon III. by his desire form May 1, has been appearing serially in The Century to have her represented more as an injured saint than Magazine during the fall and winter, and is said to have an actual woman. Miss Tarbell, relying on the recent attracted wider attention and to have been more highly investigations of Frederic Masson, and the memoirs of praised than any serial story in the magazine's history. the Napoleonic period, shows her as corrupt as any of As the first book of a young writer, it is noteworthy

the gay, licentious society of the Directory; shallow,

the gay, licentious society of the Dire 10.itic calls it “ a remarkable performance, not only frivolous, vain and extravagant, yet kind of heart, of 10r is young writer, but for a writer of any age.” The wonderful grace and tact, and in her later married life, author's unusual fertility of invention crowds the devoted to the emperor. Miss Tarbell throws chief

Ory full of plot and sub-plot natural to the violent emphasis on this latter part of her life, passing lightly times, to the clash of faiths. The story has made such over the time before her second marriage, giving us al impression in the literary world and among critics rather a picture of the wife of Napoleon than a comSEE it is not only to be published in book form, but it plete story of the life of Josephine.

A. H. wil be dramatized in the fall. Many persons who (Life of Napoleon Bonaparte. By Ida M. Tarbell. have been reading this remarkable historical romance, $2.00. New York: McClure, Phillips & Co.]

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Six “ Brief Studies of Great Americans " have so whose work remains in the structure of the great far been presented in the “Riverside Biographical republic.” CHAUTAUQUAN readers will concede that Series.” The little volumes are in every respect the author has made an exceedingly valuable and timely admirable examples of tasteful book making, and the contribution to historical literature on an original line photogravure frontispiece in each is a desirable portrait of treatment. The serial chapters have been someof the individual whose claims to honored remembrance what expanded, and additional illustrations are included are set forth in clear, concise, and picturesque style in the volume, which comprises about 460 pages. The in the volume bearing his name. No lesson is more frontispiece reproduces a mural painting in the Hall of impressive, when realized, than that of the individual the House of Representatives, bearing the suggestive life to achieve, to serve, and to influence, but no lesson title “Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its needs re-telling more frequently, more forcefully. Way.” A good index adds materially to the serviceHence the value of the “ Brief Study” like these that ableness of the volume as a book of reference. Distinmay awaken interest in a fuller knowledge of the pro- guished from other current publications dealing with cess by which a strong character was shaped and a the question of American expansion, it is safe to say laborious career rounded to the admiration or gratitude that the elements of social expansion have been here of a whole nation. Young Americans now on the way brought out and emphasized in a manner which exhibits

an unusual combination of scholarly insight and attractive presentation to the popular mind. F. C. B.

(The Expansion of the American People. Social and Territorial. By Edwin Erle Sparks, Ph. D. $2.00. Chicago: Scott Foresman & Co.)

Brooks Adams's extraordinary book consists of a series of six essays, published from time to time in magazine form. As the author states in his preface, he finds that they are susceptible of republication in their chronological order and that together they make up an almost connected discussion of a common main theme. This there is, shortly stated, that modern society is so organized that there must always be either firmly established, or in process of being established, some predominant economic center; that all modern effort wages around the establishment of such a center of economic influence and power, and that the most important national concern at any time is the securing,

if possible, of this economic center within its own dependence

borders.

Copious historical illustrations are given of the changing seat of economic empire in ancient and modern times, and an analysis, is sought to be made of the underlying causes producing these changes. Following them comes a review of the conditions of modera economic and industrial life, and the conclusion from this review is that a titanic struggle for commercial supremacy will, in the near future, take place between a congeries of nations centering around Germany or Russia, and seeking to base their economic power upon a control of all of Northern Asia, including the vast mineral and coal deposits in the provinces of Honan and

Shansi in China on the one hand, and an Anglo-Saxon McClure, Phillips & Co.

confederation under the leadership of the United States, FROM “ABRAHAM LINCOLN. HIS BOOK." A Facsimile and in which England will be a mere outpost on the Reproduction of the original Scrapbook kept and frontier of Anglo-Saxon civilization, on the other. annotated by Mr. Lincoln.

This seems to the author to follow, from the fact that

England, so long the commercial and economic mistress to being great may find a helpful hint in these studies. of the world, is decaying, alike in its martial and in its.

* economic effectiveness, and that the supremacy so long [Andrew

By William Garrott Brown.
Jackson.

held by her is moving westward, plainly in financial James B. Eads. By Louis How. Benjamin Franklin. By Paul Elmer More. Thomas Jefferson. By Henry

affairs and perhaps perceptibly in military matters as

well. Childs Merwin. Peter Cooper. By Rossiter W. Ray

This book bears somewhat the same relation to mond. William Penn. By George Hodges. Riverside

modern economic conditions as Machiavelli's “ Prince" Biographical Series. Each .75. Boston and New

bore to the political conditions of Italy in the sixteenth York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co.]

century. It is a cold, passionless, if not unfeeling, Editorial reference has already been made in this exposition of the philosophy of the things that are; magazine to the projected publication in book form of and its author frequently reminds us that whether or “The Expansion of the American People,” which con- not we like the tendency of these conditions is a matter stituted a leading feature of The CHAUTAUQUAN last of no moment; that the inexorable laws of evolution year. In the preface to the volume, now published, control the destiny of the human race without its consent Professor Sparks says that “the intention has been to and without any power in it to resist their operation. collect the local history of the American people in one We have no desire to dispute this contention in this volume, trusting that its perusal will inculcate addi- place, but the philosophy propounded by Mr. Adams is tional reverence not alone for American statesmen but one which must be reckoned with by those who think also for the plain people, whose names perish, but on economic questions, and the international relations

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of the United States today, its presence in the Philippine Islands and in China, are all involved in the rightfulness or wrongfulness of these theories. To say that the book is attractive is not enough; it is a book that must be read by those who seek to be informed upon the most significant things transacting in the world today, and the style of the book is worthy of the importance of the subject with which it deals. N. D. B. [America's Economic Supremacy. By Brooks Adams. $1.25. New York: The Macmillan Co.]

“Old Ironsides” has received a new and careful study by the impartial historian and naval expert, Ira L. Hollis, in his “Frigate Constitution.” The size, shape, and equipment of a frigate of that period, and the problem of handling a sailing vessel in action are discussed, and a detailed account is given of the share taken by the Constitution in the war with Tripoli and the second war with England. The maneuvers of the ships in battle are described in detail with the aid of diagrams. The frequent use of technical terms, however, often renders a situation somewhat obscure to the ordinary reader. The author accounts for the American victories in the War of 1812 by showing that while the English navy was far larger than ours, yet ship for ship, at a time when naval warfare was often a series of duels between different vessels, ours were more skilfully built and our sailors better trained, England's long naval supremacy having bred a fatal carelessness and lack of discipline. A. H.

[The Frigate Constitution. By Ira L. Hollis. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co.]

The foot-notes to history that are accumulating in these days of the historical novel will soon make needful a thorough revision or a complete rewriting of the text-books. “A White Guard to Satan,” for instance, relates the true time and manner of the death of Nathaniel Bacon, leader of the rebellion named after him, which event did differ greatly from the commonly accepted report of it. Moreover, the story of his love—not mentioned at all in the text-books aforesaid —for the stately Elizabeth, who did go to stand in the “White Guard’’ clad all in blood red velvet, is herein set down. This recital may be accepted as authentic, inasmuch as it is made by a kinswoman, Mistress Elizabeth Godstowe, who incidentally rehearses at the same time her own love-story and that of her cousin Abigail.

[A White Guard to Satan. By Alice Maud Ewell. $1.25. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co.]

Knox Magee has contributed to recent fiction a tale based upon the historic events of the time of Richard III. All the important characters, made familiar in Shakespeare's play of the rise and fall of that bloody usurper, appear again. The chief interest centers about the five fictitious characters: Sir Walter Bradley, his cousin Lady Mary, her friend Lady Hazel, ladies-inwaiting to the queen, Sir Frederick Harleston, and Michael O'Brien, a giant in goodness of heart and physical strength, Sir Walter's devoted squire. The action begins with the taking of Berwick in which Sir Walter and his friend play an important part, afterwards carrying the news back to Windsor. A tournament, a duel, an imprisonment in and escape from the Tower, together with a love romance running through the book, hold one's interest. The author causes the little Duke of York to escape into France, where he is lost, contrary to the general belief that he was murdered with his brother in the Tower. The book closes with the famous battle of Bosworth. R. E. D.

[With Ring and Shield. By Knox Magee. $1.50. New York: R. F. Fenno & cj

Albert Gardiner Robinson, staff correspondent for the New York Evening Post, has collected and somewhat amplified his record of personal observations and experiences in the Philippines from July, 1899, to February, 1900. The writer states that he was under no instructions except to tell the truth as he saw it, and that he has endeavored to do that, “seeking no favor and fearing no rebuke.” People who care to know the truth concerning the Philippine muddle, so far as a

McClure, Phillips & Co.

B00th TARKINGTON.

Author of “The Gentleman from Indiana” and . “Monsieur Beaucaire.”

thorough-going newspaper correspondent can get at it, will find this volume well worth reading. It goes far to establish the opinion that a blunder was committed by Americans at the time of the military occupation of Manila. The chapter on “The News and the Censorship ’’ may go far to explain how public opinion in this country may have been misled. The chapter on “The Church and the Friars” is of special value. The unfortunate attitude of American soldiery, and the fact that the Chinese control commerce and, as laborers, constitute the supreme element in industrial and agricultural life, are pointed out as most serious factors with which Americans will have to deal. United States protection is assumed as a necessity, while, at the same time, the capacity of the Filipinos for self-government is postulated. “The great danger in American interference in Filipino affairs lies in the idea that American ways are best and right, and regardless of established habit, custom and belief, those ways must be accepted by any and all people who live under the American flag.” F. C. B. [The Philippines: The War and the People. Albert G. Robinson. Phillips & Co.]

The account which Albert Sonnichsen gives of his experiences during ten months' captivity among the Filipinos constitutes a fascinating story of adventure which holds the attention of the reader from the start. He was incarcerated at the insurgent capital and moved from place to place as the Filipinos retreated northward. Naturally, his opportunities for observing the traits and customs of these little brown people were extensive. Apart from the thrilling story which tells, among other things, of treachery on the part of other American prisoners, various futile attempts at escape, and later service to the government, the author pays this compliment to his captors:

“Those who really have come in sufficiently close

By $2.00. New York: McClure, contact with the Filipinos to know them, and are enabled to judge them without racial or national prejudice, cannot but admit that they are as entitled to be called civilized as other nations, and even more so than some whose representatives we receive at our capital and accord the same honors as those of the most polished nations. Considering the chances they have

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Charles Scribner's Son*. ALBERT sonNichsen. Author of “Ten Months a Captive Among Filipinos.”

had, or rather not had, and who their teachers were, the Filipinos have certainly behaved as well, if not better, toward their prisoners than other nations have done in recent wars.” There are twenty-six chapters in this book, which gives more light upon Filipino life and characteristics than any other volume of equal size that we **sl.

[Ten Months a Captive Among Filipinos. By Albert Sonnichsen. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.]

Herbert Welsh presents asketch of “the wrong done by the United States to the people of the Philippines” from the standpoint of the law of duty towards our neighbors. His book is distinctly an appeal to conscience. He analyzes the popular attitude as the cry of the speculator, and for the support of his thesis he cites testimony from official and historical sources. The book is a vigorous protest against the opinion that political freedom or the strength of self-reliance which comes to men when they possess and use it wisely is only the right of the strong. In his mind, the acceptance of such a proposition leads to the inevitable conclusion that there is nothing to prevent morally irresponsible combinations in this country from exercising a similar right upon fellow citizens who are too weak to resist their demands. F. C. B.

[The Other Man's Country. By Herbert Welsh. $1.00. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co.]

In this connection reference may be made to the pamphlets of the Philippine Information Society, which is issuing in handy form the most authoritative evidence that can be obtained from United States documents and other authentic sources regarding the people of the Philippine Islands and our relations to them. Six out of the nine pamphlets projected in the first series are at hand. Persons who seek to be thoroughly informed cannot afford to miss reading them. The list

of the pamphlets is as follows: “Jose Rizal, the Filipino Patriot: together with an Account of the Insurgent Movement in 1896 ''; “Aguinaldo: a Selection from his Official Documents, together with the Authorized Accounts of the alleged “Spanish Bribe,’”; “The Insurgent Government of 1898 ''; “Our Relations with the Insurgents prior to the Fall of Manila, August, 1898 ''; “Aguinaldo and the American Generals, August, 1898, to January, 1899"; “Iloilo; An Episode of January, 1899, and Incidents leading to the Outbreak of Hostilities”; “Outbreak of Hostilities, February 4, 1899, and Efforts to secure an Armistice ’’; “Efforts at Reccgnition, October and November, 1899"; “Present Condition and Attitude.” F. C. B.

[These pamphlets may be had of L. K. Fuller, 12 Otis place, Boston, for 10 cents each.]

“The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia” represents eighteen years of continuous labor. The work was begun in 1882, under the superintendence of Prof. Wm. Dwight Whitney, Ph. D., LL. D. A large office force and a still larger force of outside workers were engaged, the former giving all their time, the latter a large part of their time to the construction of this work. The way in which the work of collecting, assorting and arranging the material was conducted, so that no word and no information should be omitted, was as follows: A force of persons was put to work reading books, who should mark all new words and new senses of words, should select such quotations as would help illustrate the meaning, and should make note of all those names, of persons, places and things, which have sprung into existence or become prominent in the last few years. Books of all kinds on every subject were consulted, even trade catalogues and advertising circulars. Over three thousand authors were read, and over half a million quotations selected. It shows how little of such work had previously been done that in one work of twenty-five volumes nearly ten thousand terms were found which had never before been recorded in a work of reference. These terms were then separated according to the province or department to which they belonged. All those in zoölogy, were placed in one pile to be sent to the zoölogy expert; those in botany in a second pile for the editor of that department; those in law in a third, and so on. These different collections of terms for the different experts, or heads of departments, were sent out, each to the proper person. In due time the headings sent out came back, each one properly described. This manuscript was at once typewritten (a special room had to be provided for the typewriters, they were so numerous), arranged alphabetically and united with the literary matter prepared in the office. The whole was pinned together on slips of paper so as to make a trial copy which some of the editorial staff could go over, revising it, placing the articles in the right order, putting the quotations in their places, etc. When this had been done the trial copy was pasted on large sheets of brown paper with broad margins for additions and corrections. This was called a final copy, which, in turn was gone over by other members of the office staff of editors just before being sent to the printer, and after such matter had been added as had in the meantime been collected. This additional matter (belated articles, new quotations, corrections, etc.) was so numerous that it not only filled the broad margins but at times caused the addition of eight or ten supplementary pages. The manuscript and final copy that accumulated was enormous in amount and of immense value. In case of fire, no money payment that any insurance company would ever agree to pay would make good the loss. To

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