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and which cannot, without great public mischief, be ultimate discharge of which the ordinary revenues of postponed until the establishment of permanent civil the island, after defraying the current expenses of government; and all such franchises shall terminate government, shall be inadequate. one year after the establishment of such permanent 3. That the government of Cuba consents that the civil government.

United States may exercise the right to intervene for This will effectually discourage speculation, tenance of a government adequate for the protection of

the preservation of Cuban independence, the mainjobbery, and the alienation by Americans to life, property and individual liberty and for discharging Americans of those lands and resources of the obligations with respect to Cuba imposed by the our island“ wards.” The resolution could treaty of Paris on the United States, now to be assumed not possibly have passed the senate without and undertaken by the government of Cuba.

4. That all acts of the United States in Cuba during this just and essential restriction.

its military occupancy thereof are ratified and validated and all lawful rights acquired thereunder shall be main

tained and protected. We turn now to the action on Cuba. After

5. That the government of Cuba will execute and, many conferences and much labor the senate as far as necessary, extend the plans already devised committee on relations with Cuba reported, or other plans to be mutually agreed upon, for the by way of amendment to the army appropria- sanitation of the cities of the island, to the end that a

recurrence of epidemics and infectious diseases may be tion bill, a resolution setting forth the prevented, thereby assuring protection to the people and conditions precedent to the withdrawal of commerce of Cuba as well as to the commerce of the the American army of occupation from Cuba southern ports of the United States and the people and the fulfillment of the pledge embodied

residing therein.

6. That the Isle of Pines shall be omitted from the in the Teller resolution which accompanied proposed constitutional boundaries of Cuba, the title the declaration of war upon Spain. Senator thereto being left to future adjustment by treaty. Teller is a member of the committee, and

7. That to enable the United States to maintain the there are two Democrats and one Populist on independence of Cuba, and to protect the people thereof,

as well as for its own defense, the government of Cuba it, yet there was no minority report, and the will sell or lease to the United States lands necessary vote in favor of the amendment was unani- for coaling or paval stations at certain specified points, mous in committee. The Teller resolution to be agreed upon with the president of the United States. reads thus: “ The United States hereby The prevailing opinion is that these condisclaims any disposition or intention to ditions are “moderate," far within reason, exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control necessary to Cuba's welfare and our own over said island except for the pacification order and peace; but the argument against thereof, and asserts its determination, when this is that the above program means Amerithat is accomplished, to leave the government can suzerainty over Cuba and the establishand control of the island to its people.It is ment of a protectorate, with all its difficulties this language which caused the supreme and possibilities of friction. Moreover, court to hold in the Neely case that Cuba control of foreign relations, credit, sanitawas a foreign country in every sense and tion, and debt, and indefinite right in internal that pacification must be regarded as the sole affairs for the maintenance of liberty and object of American occupation. It is in the property rights would certainly seem to be light of this pledge that the Cuban amendment, negatived by the promise of “non-control" which passed both branches of congress and re- and non-interference made so expressly by ceived the president's signature late in the ses- the Teller resolution. Senators Morgan, sion, must be read by conscientious Americans. Tillman, and Pettigrew denounced the amend

The amendment demands the recognition ment as a repudiation of the national pledge by Cuba of certain rights or claims of the and a deliberate breach of faith, and several United States —such recognition to be con- Republican and independent journals took tained either in the constitution or in an the same view. It was even predicted that the ordinance appended thereto, and to be Cubans would revolt, and that unless the United embodied also in a permanent treaty between States receded, force would be necessary. Cuba and the United States. The conditions

The delegates to the Cuban constitutional are seven in number, and are as follows:

convention may decline the American terms. 1. That the government of Cuba shall never enter into They have informed General Wood that they any treaty or other compact with any foreign power or would grant no condition tending to compowers which will impair or tend to impair the independence of Cuba, nor in any manner authorize or permit promise the independence and sovereignty of any foreign power or powers to obtain by colonization the island, and that they would only agree or for military or naval purposes or otherwise lodgment to recognize the Monroe doctrine and bind in or control over any portion of said island.

Cuba not to permit its territory to be used 2. That said government shall not assume or con

as a base of military operations by any tract any public debt, to pay the interest upon which and to make reasonable sinking-fund provision for the foreign power. However, the negotiations

and discussions are still proceeding, and at “Catholic emancipation” was the phrase — this writing it is impossible to say whether was accomplished only after a notable politCuba will accept or reject the congressional ical struggle. It is a strange fact that the scheme of “ future relations."

Duke of Norfolk, hereditary earl marshal of

England, whose office requires him to take a No incident connected with the passing of leading part in the ceremonial of the oath, the British scepter from the hand of Victoria is himself a Roman Catholic, the head of I. to Edward VII. has properly attracted so the ancient family of Howard. It was he, much notice as his taking the “ No Popery a privy councilor of England, who attracted Oath.” Historically this requirement goes such attention to himself early in the year back to the age of the Stuart kings, and is by an effusive expression of loyalty which, one of the safeguards by which the succes- as the head of a deputation of English sion to the throne is secured to the Protes- pilgrims, he presented to Pope Leo XIII. tant line. The oath which was taken by the His name, with those of some thirty Catholic king in the presence of the Lords Spiritual peers, was signed to an address to the lord and Temporal, is an explicit denial of belief chancellor protesting against the oath. in the Romish doctrine of Transubstantiation, They profess to believe that the sovereign and includes a solemn declaration that “ the would gladly have been relieved of the invocation or adoration of the Virgin Mary obligations which the law made unavoidable, or any other saint, and the sacrifice of the of heaping contumelious epithets upon the Mass," are “superstitions and idolatrous." religious tenets of millions of his most Furthermore, the king had to swear that the devoted subjects. They say, “While we declaration was made without any evasion, submit to the law, we cannot be wholly equivocation, or mental reservation what- silent on this occasion. We desire to imsoever, and without any dispensation already press on your lordship that the expressions granted me for this purpose by the pope, or used in this declaration made it difficult and any other authority or person whatsoever, painful for Catholic peers to attend today in and without any hope of any such dispensa- the House of Lords in order to discharge tion from any person whatsoever, and without their official or public duties." Several thinking that I am or can be acquitted incidents growing out of the ceremonial are before God or man of any part thereof, noteworthy. Cardinal Vaughan “ with the although the pope or any other person or hope of repairing and cancelling the injuries persons or power whatsoever should dispense thus committed against the Divine Majesty with or annul the same, or declare that it ordered a general commission of reparation was null and void from the beginning.” to be celebrated in every Catholic church in The oath is a survival of the time when England on the second Sunday in Lent. In the religious feeling of England was very Paris when a mass commemorative of the different from its present condition. It was queen was celebrated in a Catholic church to until a comparatively recent date one of which the British ambassador issued invitamany“ test oaths” which must be taken tions, the French press was not slow to not only by public officials in church and point a finger at the hollowness of a professtate, but by professors and students in the sion which condemned at home as idolatrous universities. The repeal of these tests a practise which it officially patronized

abroad. In Canada the ever-smouldering fire of religious rivalry seemed on the point of flaming up again when a Catholic member of parliament offered a resolution asking for the abolition of the No-Popery declaration as offensive to Roman Catholics. Premier Laurier had the tact to give the motion his immediate support, telling the house that the government would not consider this a ministerial question, and leaving every member free to vote according to his indi


- Cleveland Plain Dealer. In 1840, at the age of twenty, Queen

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Victoria took as her prince-consort, Albert, 1868 the breach between President Johnson of the little German duchy, Saxe-Coburg- and congress, growing out of his disreGotha. It is interesting to note that a few gard of the tenure of office law, resulted days after Victoria's death, Wilhelmina, in the impeachment of the president. A twenty years of age, Queen of Holland, took committee of the House of Representatives as her prince-consort, Henry, of Mecklen- conducted the prosecution. The senate, burg-Schwerin, a little German principality. Chief Justice Chase presiding, constituted Wilhelmina is the daughter of King William the high court. It seemed a foregone concluIII. of Holland, who died in 1890. Between sion that the senators, most of whom were 1890 and 1898, until Wilhelmina became of Johnson's political enemies, would give their age, her mother, Emma, queen regent, gov- verdict against him. But Mr. Evarts, by his erned Holland. Wilhelmina is now queen general conduct of the defense not less than regnant; that is, she is a female sovereign by the remarkable three days' speech which ruling in her own right and having the same concluded the proceedings, won a sufficient powers that would belong to a king. Victoria number of Republican senators to destroy was a queen regnant, and Wilhelmina is now the requisite majority of two-thirds. Johnthe only queen regnant living. A prince- son

A prince- son was acquitted. Evarts became his consort is a prince who is married to a queen attorney-general. The verdict of history regnant. He does not share his wife's has approved the judgment of the court. If sovereignty. Prince Albert, upon marrying Mr. Evarts had failed, and Johnson had Victoria, received the title of Royal High- fallen a victim to partisan rage, one of the ness, and was naturalized as a British subject. chief safeguards of the independence of the In 1842, the title consort was formally con- executive would have been swept away. ferred upon him, and in 1857 he was formally Even the defeated party, of which Mr. made prince-consort. The new Prince-Consort Evarts himself was one of the most loyal and of Holland, though having the privileges of consistent members, came to recognize years royal Dutch princes, can have no royal afterward that Johnson's acquittal had saved powers. If Wilhelmina should die, Henry it from itself, and made more sure the founwould be a Dutch prince so long as he dations of our government. remained unmarried. If he should remarry, In 1872 the American claims against Great or if Queen Wilhelmina should divorce him, Britain for damages inflicted by the Alabama his place in the Dutch royalty would be lost. and other Confederate cruisers were subShould the queen die, her husband would mitted to the arbitration of an international receive $62,500 a year, so long as he commission at Geneva. Mr. Evarts was remained unmarried. The prince-consort chosen to make the oral argument for the receives from the queen the income from American side. His views prevailed, and about $20,000,000. He receives nothing the Geneva Commission awarded the sum of from the government.

$15,500,000 to the United States. This was

the first time that a question of commanding William Maxwell Evarts, who died in New importance, on which two powerful nations York City on the last day of February, had been attorney-general in the cabinet of one president, secretary of state in a second administration, and afterward a senator in congress from the Empire State. Yet his real eminence was not achieved as a politician, and he does not properly belong in the first rank of American statesmen. He was a great lawyer, and for the generation which followed the death of Daniel Webster his position at the head of the American bar was almost unquestioned. Three times in that

silho period he was engaged as leading counsel in cases of such supreme national or international importance

John BULL: “It's certainly a kangaroo, but it's uncommonly as to connect his name forever like a lion.” (Could not the * portmanteau-word” Longaroo be with the history of the republic. In applied to the new compound animal ?)—Westminster Gazette.



had taken issue, was submitted to judicial and apprehension. President Jordan, a decision instead of to“ the arbitrament of liberal-minded educator, cannot be supposed the sword.” The five judges were as distin- to sympathize with attacks on proper acaguished as any jurists in the world. The demic freedom, and he has repeatedly denied opposing counsel was the leader of the Brit- that the dismissal of Dr. Ross was such an ish bar; but the learning, force, and acumen attack. A committee of the San Francisco of the American carried conviction of the alumni of the univerjustice of his cause. That speech, lasting sity, after an investitwo days, marked the Yankee barrister as gation, declared that one of the great court lawyers of the age. the dismissal could

The presidential election of 1876 was so not be construed into close, and the result of the voting was so an infringement of doubtful in many states, especially in the freedom of speech south, that the country was brought to the and teaching.But verge of civil war over the settlement. more weight is Eventually congress appointed an electoral attached to the commission of fifteen to hear and determine report of a committhe cases in dispute. Mr. Evarts figured as tee of three distinthe leading counsel for the Republican candi- guished eastern dates, and his efforts were rewarded by the professors of politiseries of “ eight to seven” decisions which cal economy, Edwin resulted on March 2 in the declaration of the R. A. Seligman of election of Hayes and Wheeler by an electoral Columbia, Henry W. vote of 185 to 184. Mr. Evarts entered the Farnam of Yale, and DUKE HENRY OF MECKLENcabinet of President Hayes as secretary of Henry B. Gardner of BURG-SCHWERIN, state, and afterward closed his public career Brown. This commit- Prince-Consort to Queen with a term in the senate.

Wilhelmina of Holland. At the time of tee was appointed his death he had lived for several years in at the annual meeting of the American retirement, his health and especially his Economic Association (though the action eyesight having been impaired. He came of was not formal), and after considerable New England ancestry and education, having correspondence with President

President Jordan, been born in Boston in 1817, and educated Dr. Ross, and others, it submitted a lengthy at Yale, where Governor Samuel J. Tilden, report completely exonerating Dr. Ross from Chief Justice Morrison R. Waite, and Attor- all vague charges of indiscretion and improney-General Edwards Pierrepont were among priety, and accusing President Jordan of his associates in the “fa ous class of 1837.” inconsistent explanations and suppression of

facts, and winding up with the following

significant conclusions: Academic freedom" continues to be a

There is evidence to show: (a) That Mrs. Stanford's “ burning issue” in the colleges and the objections to Professor Ross were due, in part at all press. The trouble at Stanford University events, to his former attitude on the silver question, did not end with the dismissal of Dr. Ross. and to his utterances on coolie immigration and on Mrs. Stanford subsequently demanded the faction of Mrs. Stanford, due to his former attitude

municipal ownership; and (6) That while the dissatisresignation of Prof. George E. Howard, on the silver question, antedated his utterances on head of the history department, who had coolie immigration and municipal ownership, her discriticized the action against his colleague as satisfaction was greatly increased by these utterances. an attempt to suppress free speech and free The committee submitted the evidence to teaching, and had used the following expres- fourteen other leading professors and one sion: “I do not worship St. Market Street; editor, Mr. Horace White, and they all agreed I do not reverence holy Standard Oil; nor do with its conclusions.

Most of the press I doff my hat to the Celestial Six Com- comments on the case have been hostile to

This was resented as undignified, President Jordan and Mrs. Stanford, and the personal, and flippant, and some members of preponderance of evidence is certainly against the faculty, as well as many of the students, them, notwithstanding sweeping denials from approved the virtual dismissal of Professor partisan friends. Dr. Harper, the president Howard. But two or three professors of the University of Chicago, has, in a promptly resigned as “a protest against the convocation address, defended freedom of throttling of free speech," while students teaching, declaring that professors should held meetings to express their indignation exercise “common sense” in their pursuit of




truth and public discussion of debatable prop- masterpieces, which included such pictures ositions, but that, on the other hand, it is as were thought to be most available for better to overlook indiscretions than to schools and libraries, but as the scheme err on the side of restriction and interfer- developed it was seen that greater care in ence with free speech. At the recent mid- selecting the list needed to be exercised to continent congress of religions several exclude all objectionable subjects. To secure

Chicago ministers this approved list a set of subjects “ was vigorously dealt with submitted to about seventy-five persons, this question, and the specialists in school-room decoration, artists, opinion was ex- Roman Catholics, Jews, members of the pressed that endow- Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and ments were a menace others of conservative opinions or with to the independence extreme views as to subjects which should and integrity of the not be displayed on the walls of high schools.” universities. One The result is rather curious, and many severe minister exclaimed: criticisms have been expressed, but it must “Better no colleges be kept in mind that the authorities disclaim at all in a demo- any intention to represent the best art, their cratic nation than entire purpose being to make a list of one colleges which are hundreds of the most satisfactory subjects sold unto private for the decoration of high schools, taking interests, bought by into consideration not only artistic merit, endowments, subsi- reputation, historical and literary significance

dized by wealth, and and educational value, but also extreme or WILLIAM MAXWELL EVARTS.

made the bond serv- peculiar views on religious and ethical quesants of a few private interests !” Another tions." Two principles of exclusion were observed that of “ absolute coercion " there adopted. Pictures were rejected that were was no danger, but that pictures of benefac- objectionable on religious grounds, as tendtors, constant eulogies of donors, and expec- ing to irreverence for things held sacred, or tation of gifts "might mold the mind after as tending to dignify and enforce or to a time until this suggestiveness might have ridicule or antagonize particular doctrines; the same effect as coercion." British journals and those that were objectionable on ethical of authority have written strongly on the sub- grounds, as tending to make vice or questionject, and have asserted that “plutocratic able habits familiar or attractive, or as domination” is becoming quite pronounced disregarding prejudice against the nude in in the United States, and that even in monar- art. chical and military Germany the colleges The list as adopted is as follows: have greater independence and are doing infinitely more good in spite of comparative Omar; Seville, Giralda tower.

Mosques - Cordova, belfry; Jerusalem, Mosque of poverty. The question is certainly a grave Churches and cathedrals — Amiens, choir; Canterone, and whatever the facts may be, the bury; Cologne; Constantinople, Santa Sophia, interior; discussion cannot fail to be productive of Durham; Florence ; Lincoln ; London, (a) Westminster

abbey, (b) Poets' corner; Milan; Mont St. Michel, beneficial results.

cloisters; Paris, Notre Dame; Pavia, cloisters; Peter

borough; Pisa; Reims; Rome, (a) St. John Lateran, School-room decoration is a subject which cloisters ; ( St. Paul's beyond the walls, cloisters; (c)

interior; (d) St. Peter's; (e) interior; Salisbury; is now receiving considerable attention from Venice, 'St. Mark's; York minster. educators in this country, and especially in Tombs — Taj Mahal, Agra, India. New York State where the matter was first Sculpture-Augustus; Colleoni, by Verrocchio; King

For the last three years the Arthur, by Peter Vischer; Moses, by Michelangelo University of the State of New York has section ; St. George, by Donatello ; Shaw memorial, by circulated among high schools, academies, St. Gaudens; Victory of Samothrace. and libraries photographs of historical por

Paintings — Abbey. Edwin A., Quest of the holy traits, architectural monuments, and great grail; Alma-Tadema, Lawrence, A Reading from Homer'; paintings. The traveling library was started Voices ; Bonheur, Rosa, Ploughing in the Nivernais ; in New York State in 1892, and the travel- Corot, Jean Baptiste, Landscape ; Dyck, Anton van, (a) ing picture system was a natural outgrowth Charles I., King of England; (6) Three children of of it, with its hand photographs, its lantern Charles I.; Guido Reni, Aurora ; Hobbema, Meindert,

Middelharnis Avenue; Homer, Winslow, All's Well; slides, and finally, its large wall pictures, Hunt, William M., Flight of Night; Leighton, Sir The authorities furnished a list of recognized Frederick, Captive Andromache; Le Rolle, Henri,


taken up.

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