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A System of Popular Education

Founded by LEWIS MILLER and JOHN H. VINCENT.
CLEM STUDEBAKER,

WILSON M, DAY,
PRESIDENT BOARD OP TRUSTEES,

CHAIRMAN EXECUTIVE BOARD.

JOHN H. VINCENT,

CHANCELLOR.

DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUCTION.

GEORGE E. VINCENT, Principal.
DIVISION OF HOME READING.

THE CHAUTAUQUAN,

.

a monthly Magazine for Self Education.

FRANK CHAPIN BRAY, Editor.
Contents for May, 1901.

Cover Design.
The Acropolis at Athens, .

Frontispiece Highways and Byways.

113-125 Phases of the Chinese Problem. Diplomatic Victory of the Powers? Turmoil in Austria. Triple Alliance Threatened. Isthmian Canal Negotiations. Danish West Indies. Wages in Manila. Government Telegraph and Telephone in Canada. American Suffrage Legislation. The Steel Trust and Competition. Labor Legislation. Coming Reforms in Taxation. Old Age Pensions. Australian

Education. Mr. Carnegie's Gifts. With portraits and cartoons. Primitive Industrial Civilization of China.

Guy Morrison Walker · 126 Illustrated. Snares. Verse.

Edmund Vance Cooke . 132 The Dandelion. Verse.

Edwin L. Sabin

. 132 Hindu Beliefs About the World and Heavenly Bodies. Martelle Elliott .

133 Courting and Nesting Days.

N. Hudson Moore

134 Nature Study for May. Illustrated. A Private Index, and how to Make It.

. Herbert W. Horwill . 137 How Children are Educated in Switzerland.

. Andrew Baumgartner 139 Illustrated. Appropriation. Verse.

James Buckham

141 The Rivalry of Nations: World Politics of Today. Chaps. XXIX.- XXXII. Illustrated. Edwin A. Start

142 The Storm Center. China Since Shimonoseki. The World Situation as it Appears from the East.

Elements of Strength of the World Powers. A Reading Journey in the Orient..

Rufus B. Richardson . 164 VIII. Attica, Beotia, and Corinth. Illustrated. Critical Studies in French Literature.

William P. Trent

· 182 VIII. Balzac's “Eugénie Grandet.” The Inner Life of Socrates.

Harold N. Fowler

184 C. L. S. C. Round Table. Conducted by

Kate F. Kimball 189--212 Topics of the Hour: VIII. The Search for the North and South Poles.

Gilbert H. Grosvenor . . 202 With Current Events Programs. How Chautauqua Circles Have Promoted Public Libraries.

. 203 Books Received. .

. 212

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CHAUTAUQUA ASSEMBLY:
BUREAU OF PUBLICATION: WILLIAM S. BAILEY, Director.

CLEVELAND, OHIO,
Katered according to Act of Congress, May, 1901, by CHAUTACQUA ASSEMBLY, in the office of the Librarian of Congreas, Washington, D.O.

Yearly Subscription, $2.00. Single Copies, 20c.

Katered at Cleveland Post-Ottice as Second-class Mail Mauer.

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HAT next in China? The imperial Hart believes that $300,000,000 is the

government has yielded to the maximum figure China is able to raise. It concert of the powers in the mat- is feared that Germany will demand extravater of punishment, and all the high gant indemnities, and compel China to make

officials condemned to the death territorial concessions in lieu of cash. But penalty in the joint note either have been or would this be approved by the concert? are to be executed. Twelve men were named Would it not violate the principle accepted in the note, but Prince Tuan and his chief at the outset, the integrity of China and accomplice, Duke Lan, were to have their equal opportunities to all in her markets? sentences commuted to degradation and Foreseeing this complication, Secretary banishment. Three of the twelve were dead, Hay addressed a note to the powers suggestbut their names were inserted for the “moral ing an agreement against private settlements effect" of the sentences upon the multitude. with China and against the seeking of franSome were to be permitted to commit suicide, chises or territory as compensation. The and only threo were to be publicly decapitated. danger of land grabbing is by no means In February, as the readers know, Hsu Chen removed, and it will be the special task of Yu and Ki Hain, high officials who had led the United States to enforce moderation in the Boxers in the attacks upon the legations, the pecuniary demands upon China. Russia were beheaded at Peking upon the very spot has practically annexed Manchuria (though where, last summer, they had put to death she protests the occupation is only temporary) four members of the foreign office for favor- and will support this government in preventing the aliens and seeking to protect them. ing further alienation of territory. The Field Marshal Waldersee had planned a Manchurian question has, indeed, overmilitary expedition into the interior to cap- shadowed every other, and there have been ture the court and bring it to Peking, but the sensational reports of serious differences executions caused him to postpone the pro- threatening the collapse of the concert, and jected raid indefinitely. The United States even war between Russia and Japan. It is would not have joined such an expedition. stated that existing commercial rights and

The Chinese government has submitted to privileges will be respected by Russia, another demand the suspension of examina- and the “ door” will be kept open. tions for the civil service in the districts A very difficult problem is to be dealt with, where foreigners have been assailed and and both the good faith and the statesmaltreated. The question is therefore asked manship of the powers will be put to a in diplomatic and political circles, What is to severe test. The United States will be be the next move of the allied powers? There represented by Commissioner W. W. Rockare disquieting reports that more blood will hill, Minister Conger having secured a leave be demanded — executions of provincial of absence and contemplating a long vacaofficials who aided or led the Boxers, but it tion (some believe retirement from the is understood that the United States, Russia, position). Mr. Rockhill favors leniency. and Japan will oppose such demands. But an agreement must be reached upon pecuniary indemnities. What is to be the The Russo-Chinese treaty, the subject of aggregate amount, and how is it to be appor- agitation and apprehension for weeks, has tioned? How is China to pay it? Sir Robert finally been withdrawn. Owing to the oppo

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