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Per cent. Thus President Thwing of the Western 1880 - South central states ....... 1890 - South central states ....... 38.4

3 Reserve University pointed out with regret 1900 - South central states .......

45.0 that the effect of university training on the 1880 -- Western states ..........

14.0 literary life is not as pronounced and immedi1890 — Western states ....... 12.1 ate as it was formerly. Our colleges no 1900 — Western states .......... 13 to 20 longer graduate writers. publicists, and

Of all the farms added in the last decade, poets, and culture is Mr. Powers concludes, substantially one-half declining in consewill be tenant-operated. This will be an quence. President increase of from forty to forty-five per cent, Thwing was quoted he says, or nearly twice the increase per as follows: cent of the population of the country, four “The reason lies in the times that of the agricultural population, and absorption of things matetwice that of farms operated by their owners. ria that of forme norted by their owners rial. In former years

men gave themselves to Does this mean that landlordism is rapidly

ideas, now they give growing in the United States, and that the themselves to things. conditions have become such that men who, The reason is that this is ten or twenty years ago, would have owned

twenty years ago would have owned an age of materialism. It their farms, are now forced to accept the Is a time of the relga o

cept the the exterior senses. The far less satisfactory position of tenants? Mr. voice of the imagination is Powers does not draw this conclusion. He hushed. The altar fires holds that the extraordinary increase of of the creative imagina

tion are burned out. In tenant-operated farms is the result of the

uit of the their place we have the uplifting of“ farm hands,” or agricultural fires of the steamship

REV. RICHARD D. HARLAND, laborers, to the status of tenants. The boiler and mogul locomo- Elected President of Lake validity of this comforting explanation is tive. I also wish to say, Forest University.

with some diffidence, that doubted by certain writers. In the south

there is reason to believe that the colleges are not now Atlantic states, where the farmer families giving so effective a training in the creative faculty of include many colored people, a rise of thinking as they did a quarter of a century ago. College former wage-laborers has unquestionably

studies are in dire peril of being made simply descriptaken place, but the evidence that this has a

tive, having picturesqueness and the motive of interest

U. This has as the primary consideration and not being made also occurred in the north Atlantic, north interpretative and comparative of the more fundacentral, and western states is held to be far mental relations of man and nature." from adequate. Much closer study and more President Schurman of Cornell candidly, detailed information are necessary to a and in “ portentous words” — as he exproper determination of the significance of pressed it — deplored the want of creative the figures above given.

imagination in the United States and the

comparative neglect of “ the humanities,” At this writing the commencement sea- the higher speculation, and the cultivation son — the educational harvest time — is of philosophy and art. America, he said, drawing to a close. Eloquent orators have has not produced even one man whose name dwelt on the splendid growth of the Ameri- will live and shine with Raphael, Dante, can system of education and on the unprece. Shakespeare, Newton, Goethe, and Darwin. dented beneficence and generosity which Intellectually and artistically, he continued, have made this progress possible. Nearly we are dependent and inferior. every institution has made the expected

“The rush and stress of life have left little time for announcement of the gifts made or promised

leisure and meditation, and without leisure and medita

tion genius will not soar into the empyrean. The ideal to it by philanthropic citizens of wealth. man of America, we might as well confess it, is not But in the grand symphony of gratulation, the patient, laborious scholar and profound thinker, but praise, and rejoicing there were not wanting the quick, vigorous, versatile, and commanding man of notes of solemn admonition and warning,

affairs. The social atmosphere is not favorablo to

18, the production of poets, artists, scientists, and philospassages directing attention to flaws and ophers. It is a land of engineers, inventors, financiers, defects in the educational activities and the and manufacturers.” larger life of the nation. Some of these There was much more in the same strain, utterances have been criticized as unduly and the moral of it all is the need of pessimistic and ungenerous, if not unjust, to greater attention to the cultural functions the American people, but in the main their of the universities. Commercial instruction wholesome quality has been recognized in the is now demanded of the colleges, and industry more thoughtful comments.

is insisting upon technical and business training. There is danger of excessive material- editions of the source-books of American ism in education, of a narrow utilitarian history will now pass into semi-public conconception of knowledge. But the severest trol. The university owes its name to the arraignment of American life and thought father of John Carter Brown, the Nicholas was contained in an address by Archbishop Brown whose success as a merchant in ProviIreland. If not misreported, he declared dence a century ago laid the foundation of


that the men of the great fortune from which the university America devote profited in his lifetime, as it does now at the themselves almost hands of his descendants. Brown University entirely to things is to be congratulated upon an acquisition


to women alone must advanced students of American history.
we look for the pres-
ervation of the Dr. Isadore Singer, an Austrian Jew who
spiritual side of exis- tramped over Europe in an unsuccessful
tence. He further attempt to find a publisher for a Jewish
was represented as encyclopedia, came to the United States five
saying that our edu- years ago and succeeded. Now he proposes
cation lacked ser- a Jewish university of theology, history, and
iousness, and that literature, to be located in New York and to
there was neither have, as an interesting experiment, chairs of
depth nor consist- both progressive and conservative Judaism.

ency in it, with the Some funds are in hand, and a good deal of WILLIAM E. DODGE, result that intellec- faith is felt in Dr. Singer to get the rest. Of New York, New Presi- tual levity pervaded There is a progressive theological seminary dent of the Y. M. C. American society. in Cincinnati and a conservative one in New A.'s of North

York. Founders of both died not long since, America.

It is reported that and with them went much of the prestige of the trustees under the will of the late John their respective institutions. An effort was Nicholas Brown of Providence, Rhode Island, made to endow the Cincinnati seminary with have decided to give to Brown University the $800,000 as a memorial to the late Dr. Isaac matchless library of Americana known as the M. Wise, one of the greatest of American John Carter Brown collection. With the gift, which he valued at five hundred thousand dollars, will pass a fund of equal amount to provide for its care and increase. There is also a gift of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars for a building. The library was founded in the middle of the last century by a private citizen of Providence, whose great wealth enabled him to gratify to the utmost his passion as a collector of rare printed books, maps, and pamphlets relating to the early history of America. Mr. James Lenox, who was engaged in the same pursuit in New York City, and Mr. George Brinley of Hartford, were his principal rivals. The ultimate sale and dispersion of the Brinley library sent many of its chief treasures to New York and Providence. The Lenox Library, which was guarded almost ferociously during its author's lifetime, now forms a part of the New York Public Library on the Astor, Lenox, and Tilden foundations, and its hoarded volumes may be seen and handled, under proper restrictions, by any one who cares for and

THE MACMILLION. deserves the privilege. The Carter Brown

Mr. Carnegie has given £2,000,000 for the estabLibrary, which in the opinion of experts, lishment of free education at four Scottish universities. surproces even the Lenox in its array of first

- London Punch.

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Judaism leaders, but only $100,000 has been mission boards desiring to open work in Cuba secured. The argument is made that while and the Philippines. millionaires will not contribute to small things, they will to big things, such as the Rey. Joseph Cook of Boston, who died at proposed university. An office of the under- his home in

e under his home in Ticonderoga, New York, in June, taking has already been opened, and negotia- was

He was for many years one of the most widely tions are under way with scholars thought fit known

thought nt known public lecturfor deans of the several faculties.

ers of this country.

He was a graduate Translation of the Bible into Philippine of Harvard College dialects is going on under the joint super- and of Andover Theovision of British and American Bible societies. logical Seminary. When Admiral Dewey sailed into Manila bay After some vears of there were lying in store in Hongkong ten travel and study thousand copies of the Book of the Acts in abroad. he became Tagalog. They had lain there for a dozen pastor of a Congreyears, but they were sold before the end of gational church in the year of the Manila bay victory. St. Boston. His famous Luke's Gospel has been translated into Bicol, Monday lectures Pampanga, and Ilocano, and into the last- in Boston. given named St. Matthew and St. John are now through a long perbeing completed. The American society is iod of years, estabhaving the New Testament translated into lished his reputation Visayan de Iloilo and Visayan de Cebu. as a deep thinker

THE LATE JOSEPH COOK, Copies of the first editions in Ilocano and upon some of the Distinguished Lecturer and Pampanga have just reached this country. most vital questions

Author. It is interesting to know that these transla- of the day, and attracted crowds of listeners tions are made from English or Spanish, and to Tremont Temple. He delivered courses that it is only when the native churches get of lectures at Chautauqua and at other edularge and strong that translations from the cational centers in this country, and in his original Greek and Hebrew are attempted. famous lecture tour abroad appeared before Three or four revisions are often made. audiences in almost every English speaking Early editions are never large, since it is country. He was a man of deep convictions, always found that revisions have almost and his influence through his long career immediately to be made. After the Gospels was far-reaching. and the New Testament, sometimes before the whole of the latter, the Proverbs are generally translated, the missionaries finding

The Rev. Dr. Marcus Dods, an Edinburgh their worldly wisdom especially helpful to

s professor, who is visiting and lecturing here,

pr them in their work among these new peoples.

les says the great problems before the churches The Proverbs have not yet been translated of Scotland and England are how to reach into any of the Philippine dialects, but they

the working classes and the classes below

them, and what to do for the cause of temwill be as soon as possible.

perance. The two questions are closely

allied, for Prof. Dods declares that Scotland A conference has just been held in the city

and England are steeped in strong drink, of Mexico looking to the union of Presby

logo and the only hopeful thing in sight is the terian interests in that republic, and the for

the fact that Great Britain is thoroughly aroused. organization of an autonomous church. w

urch: When John Bull gets awake and says somePresbyterian effort there has long been in

thing must be done, something gererally is charge of both Presbyterian North and

done, observes the professor. The drink South, and while there was no conflict there

habit is there a great deal worse than here, was a loss in a division of counsels and in

he says. As for the working classes, they the presentation of two fronts. Further

are as far from the church as they were a more, it was Presbyterian effort from the

quarter of a century ago. United States. Now there is union, and a Presbyterian church that is Mexican. An important part played by this and other R ev. G. Campbell Morgan, as the head of religious work in Spanish countries has been, the Northfield Extension, has given new of late, the furnishing of missionaries to courage to religious leaders who feared for


evangelization work when Dwight L. Moody died. Mr. Morgan is an educator rather than an evangelist, and he will do his work in his own way, not in the way Mr. Moody might have done it. He began at Northfield with the Student Conference at the beginning of July, and continued it with the Young Women’s Conference near the end of the month. In August he will be the principal speaker at the Christian Workers’ Conference. He has also found time, since his arrival, to speak at the Christian Endeavor Convention in Cincinnati, and at three or four summer conferences in the middle west. In September he will take up the regular extension work, which will have to do with individual churches and relate to Bible study and kindred educational propaganda. Upon his departure from England he was tendered an enthusiastic Godspeed in City Temple, London, the Rev. Dr. Joseph Parker making the principal address. Northfield's schools are larger than ever they were during Mr. Moody's time, and the conferences show no falling off in interest or usefulness. *

A division of the country is proposed by Episcopal leaders, grouping dioceses that are contiguous and placing over each group an archbishop, who shall have no powers above the other bishops spiritually, but shall have some jurisdiction in matters temporal and administrative. It is also proposed to have a primate. Now, the bishop oldest in date of consecration attends to the duties of presiding bishop, but otherwise is not recognized as primate. The suggestions are not new, but are up again with new advocates. The Episcopal church is growing, and the coming general convention will divide several large dioceses. Administration of affairs larger than diocesan is found to be cumbersome, and provinces seem to be demanded. It is stated that there is little likelihood that bishops will surrender any of their power.


Baptists and Presbyterians have long sol

lowed the plan of getting many of their

Copyright by F. Gutekunst, Phila. delphia.


missionaries in foreign fields directly supported by some certain church, society, or individual at home. Baptists have held back to some extent because of objections to the plan, but Presbyterians have fully six hundred of their seven hundred foreign missionaries thus maintained. Recently the American board entered upon the plan, and to further it held at a resort on Lake George early in July a conference of business men, the outcome of which was a joint recommendation of the plan. In spite of objections against all special gifts, it is claimed by these Congregationalists that they are more than outweighed by the increased interest which direct support leads to, and by the fact that contributions of churches are left free for general work. In mid-summer, and very hot weather, it was possible to get to this conference a large number of men, some of whom pledged themselves to undertake such support, and to urge others to do the same. *

Sulpicians will erect a House of Studies in Washington, to be affiliated with the Catholic university there. They will be the fifth society to plant affiliated colleges around the university, the other four being the Paulist, the Marist, the Holy Cross, and the Franciscan. Trinity College for women is also adjacent to the university, but not affiliated with it. Sulpicians are almost the only considerable order not having a superior-general resident in Rome. Their headquarters are in Paris, and they have in Rome a procure, located near the Canadian College, where many American visitors are entertained. Their headquarters in America is St. Mary's Seminary, Baltimore.


Four of the five large organizations of young people within the churches held conventions during July. Christian Endeavorers in Cincinnati were affected by the weather, and by the fact that many preferred the Epworth League convention in San Francisco, because of the Pacific Coast trip. The Epworth League had the largest and best meeting in its history. Baptist Young People met in Chicago, where there was an unusually strong delegation from the south. A few years since, when it was proposed to bring southern Baptists into line with northern there had to be much secrecy as to plans and much discretion as to program. Now all is changed, and young Baptists are nationally one, if older ones are not. American and Canadian Brotherhoods of St. Andrew met together in Detroit this year, as they did in Buffalo in 1897.

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VIII. AT THE END OF THE SEA. WAS found in the morning by men “I must get to Han Chow, sir," I said to from the Dulcette who were descend- Kepneff, “ telegraph Oranoff, and then hurry ing from the ruins of the temple on to Tsi and Keinning.” of Ching-ling.

“You will go to Han Chow by horse quickWhen I recovered consciousness est. It is on the Khan river. I will be at I was lying in my berth. The first sound the mouth of the Khan by morning.” that came to my ears was the throb of the The captain spoke from certain knowledge, flabby drum' driving the devils out of the bay and decidedly. It was late in the afternoon, again!

and I could not lose a moment, though I was I was exhausted in body and mind. When- far more fit for a hospital than a twentyever I have looked up that rugged side of mile ride in the dark. Lynx Island since, I have wondered how I I breathed my horse in the dusk on the escaped with a whole bone in my body. As I hills behind Wun Chow, where my Cossacks have reviewed, over and again, the days that had awaited my fiery signal from the rocky succeeded that night, I have wondered of pinnacle across the bay. As I looked I could what stuff my brain was that it never gave way. see the dull glare of the live coals reflected

All was destroyed. By dimmest day- on the rocks, and through the gray of the light Captain Kepneff and his men peered gathering night a thin column of smoke still fearfully through the mists that lay in the rose above the tomb of the cremated queen. canyon upon the smouldering ruins of the But the trailing smoke of the Dulcette runtemple. Not a timber was left standing. ning out between the sentinels of Lynx The spot could not have looked more desolate, Island into the heavy seas beyond warned for the building had been mined and the me not to linger. entire foundation had been blown out. Red- The road was much like that from Keinhot timbers lying above and below the great ning, though as it struck inland it bore me stones made the terrified villagers flee away away from the capital toward the southern at first sight.

promontory of the land which the Dulcette As these facts came from Kepneff's own was striving to double. The clouds broke lips I felt a great responsibility shifted and the moon shone out, or I should never quickly to my shoulders, and I started from have reached Han Chow that night. As it bed regretting the day was lost. My mes- was, I only arrived by early dawn, my horse sage to Oranoff must be corrected immediately crippled by many falls. and I must hasten back and render Li's sad dismounted in the open court of the long report of failure. Thereupon orders for the low building from which the wires ascended postponement of the funeral could be circu- to the line of posts which ran zigzag over lated. The eighteenth was still four days off, the mountains toward Keinning. A boy and oriental statesmen are prolific in excuses. sleepily answered my shout, and I entered

Copyrighted, 1901, by Archer Butler Hulbert. All rights reserved.

temple. upon the the mists bis

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