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tricts, of the family, of the shop, and of the kitchen ! Slic a. dures the gods who are supposed to preside over the thunder, the rain, the fire; over the grain, over births and deaths, and over the small pox; she worships "the lost of heaven, the sun, the moon, and the stars." She also worships the genii of the mountains, the rivers, Jakes and seas; and birds, beasts, &c. She addresses prayers and offers sacrifices to the spirits of departed kings, sages, beroes, and parents whether good or bad. Her idols are silver and gold, wood and stone, and clay; carve ed, or moulten, the work of men's hands. Her altars are on the high hills, in the groves, under the green trees, she has set up her idols at the corners of the streets, on the sides of the High ways, on the banks of canals, in boats, and in ships.Astrology, divination, geomancy, and necromancy every wliere prevail. Spells and charms, every one possesses. They are bung about the neck, or stitched up in one's clothes, or tied to bed post, or written on the door; and few men think their persons, children, shops, boats, or goods safe without them.The Emperors of China, and her statesmen, her merchants, Jier people, and her pbilosophers also, are idolators. For, though many of the learned affect to despise their popular superstitions, and to deride all worship, except that paid to the great and visible objects of nature, heaven and the earth; yer their own system is incapable of raising them above that wilich they effect to contem; and at the liour of death, finding that some god is recessary, and not knowing the false gods, to pray fos iheir restoration to health, end for the rest of their spirits after dissolution, and a happy return to the world again.
From the Philadelphian.
A NATIONAL DEBT, Which has been overlooked in the alljustmemt of our finances. When I hear it said that the national debt is nearly paid off, I ain reminded of certain foreign claims upon us, which have not yet received proper consideration. There is one whole continent which has clainis upon us of an immense amount, and of long standing. I refer to Africa. Her clains are not for such spoliations as are often the subject of complaint between nations. The depredations for which Africa asks indemnity, are of much inore serious cliaracter. They are depredations committed upon the flesh and blood and souls of her children. She complains that we have torn from her, without any provocation, her own offspring, and have compelled them to drink the bitter draught of interminable slavery. Before the slave trade was denounced by Christian nations, American merchants sent their ships to Africa to plunder her of her unoftending inhabitants, and ten thousands of that ill-fated race were thus dragged into bondage by American hands. Many millions of African exiies have died in slavery in this country; and more than two mill. ions we now loolil in bondnge. These are the wrongs for which Africa asks inderunity. It is for these that a debt is due. And wis there ever in the history of human relations, u more sacred obligation, and one of more appalling magnitude ! The expebditure of millions of dollars, and the sacrifice of thousauds of lives in the cause of African improvement, would cancel but a traction of it. But something may be done. We may perhaps pay the interest of the claim, if nothing more.
POLITICAL DUTY OF MINISTERS. In ordinary times the sacred and peculiar functions of the christian priesthood are inconsistent with active political partizanship; though so far from being disfranchised lay their dedication to religion, it is peculiarly incumbent on clergyman to discharge the duty of voting according to their consciences, as inuch as it is to perform all the other duties of good men and good citizens. There is always if not a right or wrong, a preference between candidates on reasonable grounds. And the essence of our institutions requires that all good njen should never omit to exercise the privilege, on a proper use of which the existence of those institutions depends. Clergymen specifically come within this category; though the nature of their orfice forbids them to be busy in the turmoil of elections ; or to allow their feelings to be enlisted in contests for place and power. But, when real danger impends—when the safety of the nation is in manifest jeopardy, whether from foreign influence or force, or from the Tyranny and incompetence of the rulers, it is not only their right, but their imperative duty, to uplift their voice, which commands respect, as uttering the sentiments of a pure lieart, from consecrated lips, and to warn the people of the evil aud the peril.
THE LIBERIAN'S RETURN.
Came Afric's sons with shackled feet,
And on Liberia's shores they meet;
That were their lot on foreign ground,
A place of resting have they found,
The joys of heart and sight,
And chief the freeinan's right,
To God, the source of light.
There on their native hills reclining,
Their own broad trees and tents beneath,
There's freedoin in the air they breathe,
If they must live a block or stone,
With nothing they can call their own,
Then blessed be the wave,
That bears the ransom’d slave,
And fill a freeman's grave.
'In Afric's cline, on India's shore,
Shall freedom shine forevermore,
Aud send down gladness to the soul,
And going forth to-day and ever,
Thou light of freedom, hail!
No sickly ray and pale;
O'er all the earth, prevail!
Ecclesiastical Council.— A council convened at Whately, October 17, by letters niissive from the Church in Whateley for the purpose of giving advice in a case of discipline. The council was composed of a pastor and delegate froin each of the following churches:- East Hamnpton, North Brookfield, East Parish in Amherst, Williamsburgh and West Hampton. The church by their council charged a member " with mixing and retailing ardent spirits as an article of drink.” Testimony was introduced, and the arguments of the advocates of the parties heard. On the 10th, the council came upanimously to the following result:
is The evils of jotemperance in the church and community, are so great and ruinous, that, in the opinion of this body, the practice of vending ardent spirits as an article of drink, is at the present day, inconsistent with the character and obligation of a member of the church of Christ, and is a disciplinable offence. In accordance with this sentiment, the council reccommend to this church to pursue the case of discipline.-Hampshire Gazette.
A Novel project. The government of New Grenada (S. America) has established at Bogota a college for the education of feinales.
This is probably the first instance of a feinale college in any age or section of the world.
Among the various departments of instruction, are cookery, domestic economy, Christian morals and religion--the Roman Caiholic, we presume-with appropriate professors. These, with the President, are to be ladies.
Some of the studies might be advantageously introduced among ourselves, under the auspices of intelligent ladies in academies for females.
The death of Pope Adrian. The death of Pope Adrian cansed such njoy at Rome, that the night of his decease they adorned the door of his chief physician's house with garlands,-adding' this inscription" to the deliverer of his country." - London Medical and Surgues! Journal.
How the Methodists do.--" After preaching, I opened the door of the church for the reception of members; and after having observed, that it was customary with us to admit penitents to membership, I remarked, that however individuals might object to this practice, I hid not one single doubt, but there were numbers that would thank God in eternity, for their having been admitted into the church previously to their having obtained religion.-G. W. TEAS.
ined religion.-G. W. TEAS. Ch. Advocate.
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December 31, 1832.
For the Hopkinsian Magazine.
ON RELIGIOUS MEDITATION. Meditating is the same as musing, and musing is the same as thinking, in a certain manner. All thinking is not musing, or meditating. Thinking is desoltory and various, according to the variety of objects presented to the mind. In the common concerns of life, we are obliged to attend to objects superficially and promiscuously; so that we seem to attend to many things at once, and to no object distinctly and seperately. . But in musing or meditating, we fix our minds on one, or a few objects, and gradnally exclude all others from our view ; so that the things upon which we meditate absorb the whole attention and destroy all sensible influence of the nearest and most common objects. While David was musing on the frailty of man; . crowns, and sceptres, and kindoms, and armies, and palaces, were out of his mind. The shortness of time, the certainty of death, the lonely toinb, and the great realities that lie beyond the grave, filled his mind and fixed his attention. Like Paul, he hardly knew whether he was in the body, or out of the body. See Psalm 39th.
When good men meditate upon religious subjects, they fix their attention upon them so closely, so constantly, and so intensely, that all other objects seem to vanish from their sight, and to lose all influence upon their minds. They view them in a variety of lights. They think of their superior and divine nature, and of their remote and eternal consequences. Meditation breaks down the seperating wall between time and eternity, and makes fur ture things présent, and invisible objects visible. It stamps ev. ery thing with the permanent idea of reality. While the mind is roying from object to ohject, nothing looks real, but all things seem light and trival. On the contrary, meditation upon religions objects, sets them in their full magnitude and im, portance. And when meditation has effected this, there is nothing to prevent or impede the most sensible exercise of de