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and his assistant devote most of their time to office work, although they have the assistance of a competent clerk, and the management of the inmates, inspection of the men's buildings, making of repairs, etc., falls on the carpenter, who is so overburdened with duties that he performs none of them well. The daily sweeping, mopping and bed making is quite well done, but the semi-annual house cleaning seems to have been passed over for some time past. The trim of the doors, mouldings and all projecting surfaces are filthy, and dirt has collected in closets and dark corners. The almshouse is very much run down and better administration is needed.
Erie County Lodging House, Buffalo, N. Y.
George B. Krug, Superintendent. The Erie County Lodging House is on its second year of activity. With a capacity of fifty, which is never exceeded, it is filled every night in winter, and some men are sent to other lodging houses, where their maintenance is paid by the county. Its chief merit is that it tries to find work for men, and succeeds in many cases. The dormitories are clean and well aired, and a good quality of food is served. The spotless kettles which adorn the kitchen walls are not those in which the cooking is done, but the common cooking utensils are kept out of sight.
Genesee County Almshouse, Linden, N. Y.
THURMAN A. Hart, Keeper. The excellent improvements made at the Genesee County Almshouse during the past year have raised it to the first class. It is built on the cottage plan, with good water supply, plumbing, lighting and laundry facilities. There is a hospital, which is kept clean, but the employment of a nurse would add much to the comfort of the patients. A morgue is needed and there should be markers for the graves.
Niagara County Almshouse, Lockport, N. Y.
ALANSON C. BIGALOW, Superintendent. From the last of August, 1908, to the first of February, 1909, this almshouse had no water supply at all except what was hauled
in barrels. The census on. December 16, 1908, was 124. The almshouse site is remote from the railroad, and there is a long haul for coal and food supplies. The almshouse is old, inconvenient, does not provide adequately for the separation of the sexes, nor for bathing, and is dark and poorly ventilated. A new almshouse on a more convenient site and a better water supply are imperatively needed.
Orleans County Almshouse, Albion, N. Y.
GEORGE W. Posson, Superintendent. The Orleans County Almshouse, with a capacity of 110, and a valuation of $70,000, has some good features and some poor ones. There is a modern hospital and a good laundry building. The women inmates have comfortable quarters and appear to be well cared for. The small cottage for men is well kept, and the grounds are attractive. The men's wing of the almshouse is in poor condition and should be renovated, making large open dormitories. An improved lighting system is needed. The condition of the farm buildings and the care given the stock do not appear to be satisfactory. An inmate, apparently tuberculous, is isolated in the old tramp house, an unsuitable place, for the cottage is dark, damp and ill-ventilated. There is no day room for men, but they sit in their bedrooms, which increases the labor of keeping the almshouse clean. The service rooms in the basement are dark and insanitary.
Wyoming County Almshouse, Varysburg, N. Y.
EDWARD C. STANLEY, Keeper. This frame almshouse is built on the cottage plan, with a capacity of 90. It is valued at $30,000. An unused cottage, formerly a schoolhouse, would make an excellent hospital, and should be so equipped. Each building is heated by itself and there is no hot water system to the various cottages. The men's cottage is old and the plastering is falling. It should be replaced. with metal sheathing. The almshouse has a good water supply and fire protection and the dormitories are provided with fire escapes.