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SYSTEM IN THE DISTRICT SCHOOL. We all agree that our present system and city schools. of education is not perfect. We trust, We are asked, "What, then, is to be however, that we are going on to per- done? What remedy do you propose ?! fection. Imperfection in our system of We answer in one word, system. It is education is no where more apparent notorious that the country schools are than in the district school. It seems without system. The only exception to that we have made less progress here this is the few counties of the State than in any other department of educa- where the schools are graded. In these tion. Why this is so we will not stop it is so late a thing that there has not to inquire. We recognize the fact that been time to develop but little of the the town and city schools, under the benefits of system. As a general thing same law that govern the country there is no plan or order in the district schools, are giving a better common schools. No trustee or director in the school education to the children. We State can tell anything about how a recognize the fact that the education ob- school ought to be taught. They leave tained in our country schools is exceed it to the teacher. He knows, as a geningly defective in the very branches eral thing, about as much as the trustee that the law requires to be taught in and director and no more. The county these schools. The very first three superintendent is bound by law to seek branches named in the law-spelling, to elevate the schools of his county. He reading and writing—are notoriously feels like he wants to elevate them. He defective. We know whereof we speak. starts out to visit them intent on elevaIn the many hundred cases which have tion. But the poor fellow is soon overcome under our inspection as a teacher whelmed in the chaos he finds. He receiving pupils from country schools, goes into a school. He finds irregularior as examiner under the law to grant ties in it. He seeks to correct them. license to teach, we have scarcely found He goes to another. He finds it differa person who, coming from the district ent from the other. He seeks to do school and from that alone, can pass a some good here too. But begins to find creditable examination on orthography, that he has a huge work on his hands. reading and writing. This is simply a There are no two schools alike. It is fact. The same may be said of the confusion, and to add to it he himself other five branches. We have just had has no well defined standard in his own presented to us the papers of eighty-two mind; and the result is that instead of applicants to teach. We know some- elevation, depression of the mind of the thing of the education history of most of superintendent. these applicants. We know where they All this trouble comes from the want have been educated. These papers will of a definite system of gradation and bear out all we have said about defec- teaching in the county schools. Edutive education in our country schools. cation means development. DevelopWe may say, also, that they do not tes- ment is systematic. Law, rule, order tify as well as we would like to see for prevail in the works of God. Upon the those who have been educated in town most distinct star that twinkles ia the

diadem of night to the humblest flowers a teacher. He is much of a gentleman. that blooms at our feet, we see the im- His wife, also, is an excellent teacher. press of law and order. All business in We met many others who are live life, in order to success, must be con- teachers. Old Washington is stepping ducted by rule. Can it be that the to the front in school matters. We schools of a county are an exception to aided Prof. Caress in teaching his teachthe general rule that prevails in heaven ers how to grade their schools. They and earth. They are no exception. seemed to take a lively interest in learnThe work of systemizing has begun. It ing how to grade. When you left we will go on.

It becomes educators to felt that every teacher present would show how it can be done in the simple strive to do his duty by bringing his or est and best way.

We cannot in a her school into the system adopted by short article like this go into details. the County Board of Education. They We simply say that we go into details haye adopted the five grade system, in our county, and try, by actual work, which, in our opinion, is the best yet to demonstrate the great utility of sys- presented. tem in the schools of a county. We

Prof. Caress saw us safely to the dewant other counties to do likewise, and pot. He seemed to be much encouraged even much better. We do not think we at the prospect in his county. Prof. C. are perfect by any means. We are is a good superintendent, genial and ready to learn. Our advice to every popular with his teachers—just the man county superintendent in the State is to to inaugurate a new departure in the put your schools into system this fall. schools of the county. He saw us safely You are competent do so under the off in the train for Suilivan. We reachlaw. If the County Board of Education ed Sullivan about 10 o'clock at night, has neglected to aid you, do it without. and was met by our friend Jas. A. MarGrade your schools. Show the trustees low, county superintendent of Sullivan. and teachers ho to do it. Systematize. We were mutually glad to see each

other, and not much sleep was given to

our eyelids that night. Grading was Our Trip to Salem and Sullivan.

the theme of conversation. In the At the invitation of the county super- morning we repaired to the spacious intendents of Washington and Sullivan school building in the town, where were counties, we attended their county in- gathered some one hundred and fifty stitutes. They were held the same teachers of the county. We here met week, opening August 281h. We were Profs. Crawford, Cain and others. We present at the Washington county in- were introduced to the teachers by Bro. stitute first. We were met by Mr. Jas. Marlow, when we proceeded to unfold M. Caress at the depot, at Salem, on the mysteries of grading. We had an Saturday, and conducted to comforta- attentive audience, some of which were ble quarters. On Monday morning the rather inclined to be inquisitive. We institute met in the Graded School encouraged inquisitiveness; and we building with a good attendance, which hope we were able to satisfy the most, continued to increase until we left, if not all, of the teachers there present Wednesday. We found Prof. Jas. G. of the utility and practicability of gradMay and Prof. Russell present. Prof. ing their schools. We took dinner with May is one of the oldest and most suc- Prof. Crawford. He is a whole-souled cessful teachers in the State. Many of gentleman and an enthusiastic teacher. the most prominet men of the State and Prof. Cain seems to be a man of depth nation were his school boys. He is still and solidity, worthy of a place as a prohale and hearty and fully able to teach fessor in a university. the young idea how to shoot as in days We left at 5 o'clook on the train for of yore. Prof. Russell is comparatively Vincennes, arriying home next day at a young man and is well spoken of as noon, well pleased and very tired. Let


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