« PreviousContinue »
(b) REPEAL.-Section 164 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (22 U.S.C. 4001 note; Public Law 101-246) is repealed.
SEC. 192.45 DESIGNATION OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE RESOURCES COORDINATOR.
(a) POLICY.—It is the sense of the Congress that—
(1) the Department of State, by virtue of the Secretary's overall responsibility under section 701(a) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4011(a)) for training and instruction in the field of foreign relations to meet the needs of all Federal agencies, should take the lead in this interagency effort; and
(2) in order to promote efficiency and quality in the training provided by the Secretary of State and other Federal agencies, the Secretary should call upon other agencies to share in the joint management and coordination of Federal foreign language resources.
(b) FOREIGN LANGUAGE RESOURCES COORDINATOR.—
(1) The Secretary of State should appoint a Foreign Language Resources Coordinator (in this subsection referred to as the "Coordinator") who shall be responsible
(A) for coordinating the efforts of the appropriate agencies of Government
(i) to strengthen mechanisms for sharing of foreign language resources; and
(ii) to identify Federal foreign language resource requirements in the areas of diplomacy, military preparedness, international security, and other foreign policy objectives; and
(B) for making recommendations to the Secretary of State as to which Federal foreign language assets, if any, should be made available to the private sector in support of national global economic competitiveness goals.
(2) All appropriate United States Government agencies maintaining and utilizing Federal foreign language training and related resources shall cooperate fully with any Coordinator. SEC. 193.46 FOREIGN LANGUAGE SERVICES.
(a) SURCHARGE FOR CERTAIN FOREIGN LANGUAGE SERVICES.-Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of State is authorized to require the payment of an appropriate fee, surcharge, or reimbursement for providing other Federal agencies with foreign language translation and interpretation services.
(b) USE OF FUNDS.-Funds collected under the authority of subsection (a) shall be deposited as an offsetting collection to any Department of State appropriation to recover the cost of providing translation or interpretation services in any foreign language. Such funds may remain available until expended.
45 22 U.S.C. 4021 note.
46 22 U.S.C. 2695a.
TITLE II-UNITED STATES INFORMATIONAL,
TITLE III-UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL
TITLE IV-INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
PART A-UNITED NATIONS REFORM AND PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS 48
SEC. 401. UNITED NATIONS OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL.
(a) WITHHOLDING OF PORTION OF CERTAIN ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS.-Until a certification is made under subsection (b), the following amounts shall be withheld from obligation and expenditure (in addition to any amounts required to be withheld by any other provision of this Act):
(1) FY 1994 ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS FOR U.N. REGULAR BUDGET. Of the funds appropriated for "Contributions to International Organizations" for fiscal year 1994, 10 percent of the amount for United States assessed contributions to the regular budget of the United Nations shall be withheld.
(2) FY 1995 ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS FOR U.N. REGULAR BUDGET. Of the funds appropriated for "Contributions to International Organizations" for fiscal year 1995, 20 percent of the amount for United States assessed contributions to the regular budget of the United Nations shall be withheld.
(3) SUPPLEMENTAL ASSESSED PEACEKEEPING CONTRIBUTIONS.— Of the funds appropriated for "Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities" for a fiscal year pursuant to the authorization of appropriations under section 102(d), 50 percent shall be withheld.
(b) CERTIFICATION.-The certification referred to in subsection (a) is a certification by the President to the Congress that—
(1) the United Nations has established an independent office of Inspector General to conduct and supervise objective audits, inspections, and investigations relating to the programs and operations of the United Nations;
(2) the Secretary General of the United Nations has appointed an Inspector General, with the approval of the General Assembly, and that appointment was made principally on the basis of the appointee's integrity and demonstrated ability in accounting, auditing, financial analysis, law, management analysis, public administration, or investigations;
(3) the Inspector General is authorized to
47 For titles II and III, relating to U.S. informational, educational, and cultural programs, USIA and related agencies, and international broadcasting, see beginning at page 936.
48 This part also is printed in section H-United Nations and Other International Organizations, beginning at page 1536.
(A) make investigations and reports relating to the administration of the programs and operations of the United Nations;
(B) have access to all records, documents, and other available materials relating to those programs and operations; and
(C) have direct and prompt access to any official of the United Nations;
(4) the United Nations has procedures in place designed to protect the identity of, and to prevent reprisals against, any staff member making a complaint or disclosing information to, or cooperating in any investigation or inspection by, the Inspector General;
(5) the United Nations has procedures in place designed to ensure compliance with the recommendations of the Inspector General; and
(6) the United Nations has procedures in place to ensure that all annual and other relevant reports submitted by the Inspector General are made available to the General Assembly without modification.
(c) SPECIALIZED AGENCIES.-United States representatives to the United Nations should promote complete Inspector General access to all records and officials of the specialized agencies of the United Nations, and should strive to achieve such access by fiscal year 1996.
(d) DEFINITION.-For purposes of this part, the term "Inspector General" means the head of an independent office (or other independent entity) established by the United Nations to conduct and supervise objective audits, inspections, and investigations relating to the programs and operations of the United Nations.
SEC. 402. UNITED STATES PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT OF THE
It is the sense of the Congress that, consistent with the United Nations Charter, United States nationals should have equitable representation at senior management levels in the United Nations system, especially in the Department for Administration and Mangement 49 and in the office of the Inspector General.
SEC. 403. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FUNDING FOR UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.
It is the sense of the Senate that beginning October 1, 1995, funds made available to the Department of Defense (including funds for "Operation and Maintenance") shall be available for—
(1) United States assessed or voluntary contributions for United Nations peacekeeping operations, or
(2) the unreimbursable incremental costs associated with the participation of United States Armed Forces in any United Nations peacekeeping operation (other than an operation necessary to protect American lives or United States national interests),
only to the extent that the Congress has authorized, appropriated, or otherwise approved funds for such purposes.
49 As enrolled. Should read "Management".
SEC. 404. ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS FOR UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.
(a) REASSESSMENT OF CONTRIBUTION PERCENTAGES.-The Permanent Representative of the United States to the United Nations should make every effort to ensure that the United Nations completes an overall review and reassessment of each nation's assessed contributions for United Nations peacekeeping operations. As part of the overall review and assessment, the Permanent Representative should make every effort to advance the concept that, when appropriate, host governments and other governments in the region where a United Nations peacekeeping operation is carried out should bear a greater burden of its financial cost.
(b) 50 LIMITATION ON UNITED STATES CONTRIBUTIONS.
(1) FISCAL YEARS 1994 AND 1995.-Funds authorized to be appropriated for "Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities" for fiscal years 1994 and 1995 shall not be available for the payment of the United States assessed contribution for a United Nations peacekeeping operation in an amount which is greater than 30.4 percent of the total of all assessed contributions for that operation, notwithstanding the last sentence of the paragraph headed "Contributions to International Organizations" in Public Law 92-544, as amended by section 203 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1976 (22 U.S.C. 287e note).
(2) SUBSEQUENT FISCAL YEARS.-Funds authorized to be appropriated for "Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities" for any fiscal year after fiscal year 1995 shall not be available for the payment of the United States assessed contribution for a United Nations peacekeeping operation in an amount which is greater than 25 percent of the total of all assessed contributions for that operation.
(3) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.-The last sentence of the paragraph headed "Contributions to International Organizations" in Public Law 92-544, as amended by section 203 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1976 (22 U.S.C. 287e note), is amended by striking "conducted by or under the auspices of the United Nations or" and inserting "(other than United Nations peacekeeping operations) conducted".
SEC. 405. UNITED STATES PERSONNEL TAKEN PRISONER WHILE SERV-
(1) the President should take immediate steps, unilaterally and in appropriate international bodies, to assure that any United States military personnel serving as part of a multinational force who are captured are accorded protections equivalent to those accorded to prisoners of war under the 1949 Geneva Conventions and other international agreements intended to protect prisoners of war; and
(2) the President should also take all necessary steps to bring to justice all individuals responsible for any mistreatment or torture of, or for causing the death of, United States military
50 22 U.S.C. 287e note.
personnel who are captured while serving in a multinational force.
SEC. 406.51 TRANSMITTALS OF CERTAIN UNITED NATIONS DOCUMENTS. Section 4 of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 287b) is amended-* * *
SEC. 407.52 CONSULTATIONS AND REPORTS.
(a) CONSULTATIONS AND REPORTS ON U.N. PEACEKEEPING OPER
(1) CONSULTATIONS.-Each month the President shall consult with the Congress on the status of United Nations peacekeeping operations.
(2) INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED.-In connection with these consultations, the following information shall be provided each month to the designated congressional committees:
(A) With respect to ongoing United Nations peacekeeping operations, the following:
(i) A list of all resolutions of the United Nations Security Council anticipated to be voted on during such month that would extend or change the mandate of any United Nations peacekeeping operation.
(ii) For each such operation, any changes in the duration, mandate, and command and control arrangements that are anticipated as a result of the adoption of the resolution.
(iii) An estimate of the total cost to the United Nations of each such operation for the period covered by the resolution, and an estimate of the amount of that cost that will be assessed to the United States.
(iv) Any anticipated significant changes in United States participation in or support for each such operation during the period covered by the resolution, and the estimated costs to the United States of such changes.
(B) With respect to each new United Nations peacekeeping operation that is anticipated to be authorized by a Security Council resolution during such month, the following information for the period covered by the resolution:
(i) The anticipated duration, mandate, and command and control arrangements of such operation.
(ii) An estimate of the total cost to the United Nations of the operation, and an estimate of the amount of that cost that will be assessed to the United States.
(iii) A description of the functions that would be performed by any United States Armed Forces participating in or otherwise operating in support of the operation, an estimate of the number of members of the Armed Forces that will participate in or otherwise operate in support of the operation, and an estimate of the cost to the United States of such participation or support.
51 See page 1519.
52 22 U.S.C. 287b note.