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(3) WRITTEN INFORMATION.-The information described in clauses (i) and (iii) of paragraph (2)(A) and the information described in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (2)(B) shall be provided each month to the designated congressional committees in written form not later than the 10th day of that month.

(4) INTERIM INFORMATION. (A) The President shall submit to the designated congressional committees a written interim report if, during the period between the monthly consultations required by paragraph (1), the United States learns that the United Nations Security Council is likely, before the next such consultation, to vote on a resolution that would authorize a new United Nations peacekeeping operation and that resolution was not previously reported on pursuant to paragraph (2)(B). Each interim report shall include the information described in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (2)(B).

(B) Any such interim report shall be submitted not less than 5 days before the vote of the United Nations Security Council, unless the President determines that exceptional circumstances prevented compliance with the requirement to report 5 days in advance. If the President makes such a determination, the interim report shall be submitted promptly (but in no case later than 3 days after the vote) and shall include a copy of the determination and a description of the exceptional circumstances which were the basis for that determination.

(5) NOTIFICATION AND QUARTERLY REPORTS REGARDING UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE. (A) The President shall notify the designated congressional committees at least 15 days before the United States provides any assistance to the United Nations to support peacekeeping operations. This subparagraph does not apply to

(i) assistance having a value of less than $3,000,000 in the case of nonreimburseable 53 assistance or less than $14,000,000 in the case of reimburseable 53 assistance, or

(ii) assistance provided under the emergency drawdown authority of sections 506(a)(1) and 552(c)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2318(a)(1) and 2348a(c)(2)). (B) The President shall submit quarterly reports to the designated congressional committees on all assistance provided by the United States during the preceding calendar quarter to the United Nations to support peacekeeping operations. Each report shall describe the assistance provided for each such operation, listed by category of assistance. The report for the fourth calendar quarter of each year shall be submitted as part of the annual report required by section 4(d) of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (as added by subsection (b) of this section) and shall include cumulative information for the preceding calendar year.

(b) ANNUAL REPORTS.-Section 4 of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 287b), as amended by the preceding section of this title, is further amended by adding at the end the following:

54

$3 As enrolled. Should read "nonreimbursable" and "reimbursable".

54 For text of sec. 4, as amended, see page 1519.

SEC. 408. TRANSFERS OF EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.

Chapter 2 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by adding after section 519 (22 U.S.C. 2321m) the following:

"SEC. 520.55 TRANSFERS OF EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.

"(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY.-The President may transfer to international and regional organizations of which the United States is a member such excess defense articles as the President determines necessary to support international peacekeeping operations and other activities and operations to maintain and restore international peace and security. Such transfers shall be on such terms and conditions as the President may determine, consistent with this section.

"(b) CONDITIONALITY OF AUTHORITY.—

"(1) IN GENERAL.-The authority of subsection (a) may not be exercised with respect to an international or regional organization until the United States has entered into a written agreement with that organization providing that the value of any excess defense articles transferred under this section shall be credited against United States assessed contributions to that organization. For purposes of this paragraph, the term 'value' means such amount as may be agreed upon by the United States and the recipient organization, except that such amount may not be less than the value (as defined in section 644(m)(1) of this Act) of the articles transferred.

“(2) CREDITING OF TRANSFERS. (A) The credit provided for pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be counted against United States assessed contributions to the recipient organization that are payable from the 'Contribution to International Peacekeeping Activities' account of the Department of State, except to the extent such credit is counted, in accordance with subparagraph (B), against an assessed contribution payable from an account established within the Department of Defense.

"(B) If—

"(i) an account is established within the Department of Defense for payment of a portion of United States assessed contributions for United Nations operations,

"(ii) excess defense articles are transferred under this section for a United Nations operation, and

"(iii) the United States assessed contribution for that operation is payable from that account,

the credit for those excess defense articles shall be counted against the assessed contribution payable from that account, but only to the extent that the value of the excess defense articles so transferred for that operation during a fiscal year does not exceed the total United States assessed contribution payable for that operation from that account during that fiscal year.

55 22 U.S.C. 2321n. The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended through 1993, may be found in Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1993, vol. I-A.

"(c) LIMITATIONS ON TRANSFERS.-The President may transfer excess defense articles under this section only if—

"(1) they are drawn from existing stocks of the Department of Defense (or the Coast Guard);

"(2) funds available to the Department of Defense (or the Coast Guard) for the procurement of defense equipment are not expended in connection with the transfer;

"(3) the transfer of the excess defense articles will not have an adverse impact on the military readiness of the United States; and

"(4) the President has established procedures and requirements, comparable to those applicable under section 505 of this Act, to ensure that such excess defense articles will be used only for purposes that have been agreed to by the United States.

"(d) NOTIFICATION TO CONGRESS.

"(1) IN GENERAL.-The President shall notify the designated congressional committees regarding any transfer of excess defense articles under this section in accordance with paragraph (2). This notification shall include_

"(A) a discussion of the need for the transfer;

"(B) an assessment of the impact of the transfer on the military readiness of the United States; and

"(C) a statement of—

“(i) the acquisition cost and the value (as defined in section 644(m)(1) of this Act) of the excess defense articles to be transferred, and

“(ii) the aggregate acquisition cost and the aggregate value (as so defined) of all excess defense articles for which notification has been provided under this subsection during that fiscal year with respect to transfers to the same organization under this section. "(2) TIMING OF NOTICE. (A) The President shall notify the designated congressional committees pursuant to paragraph (1) at least 15 days before the excess defense articles are transferred under this section, except as provided in subparagraph (B).

"(B) If the President determines that an unforeseen emergency requires the immediate transfer of excess defense articles under this section, the President

"(i) may waive the requirement of subparagraph (A) that notice be provided at least 15 days in advance of the transfer; and

"(ii) shall promptly notify the designated congressional committees of such waiver and transfer.

"(3) DESIGNATED COMMITTEES.-As used in this subsection, the term 'designated congressional committees' means the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.

"(e) TRANSPORTATION AND RELATED COSTS.

"(1) IN GENERAL-Except as provided in paragraph (2), funds available to the Department of Defense shall not be expended for crating, packing, handling, and transporting excess defense articles transferred under the authority of this section.

"(2) EXCEPTION.-Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President may direct the crating, packing, handling, and transporting of excess defense articles without charge to an international or regional organization if the President determines that waiving such costs advances the foreign policy interests of the United States.

"(f) WAIVER OF REQUIREMENT FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF DOD ExPENSES. Section 632(d) shall not apply with respect to transfers of excess defense articles under this section and to any costs of crating, packing, handling, and transporting incurred under subsection (e)(2).".

SEC. 409.56 REFORM IN BUDGET DECISIONMAKING PROCEDURES OF THE UNITED NATIONS AND ITS SPECIALIZED AGENCIES.

(a) ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS.-For assessed contributions authorized to be appropriated for "Assessed Contributions to International Organizations" by this Act, the President may withhold 20 percent of the funds appropriated for the United States assessed contribution to the United Nations or to any of its specialized agencies for any calendar year if the United Nations or any such agency has failed to implement or to continue to implement consensus-based decisionmaking procedures on budgetary matters which assure that sufficient attention is paid to the views of the United States and other member states that are the major financial contributors to such assessed budgets.

(b) NOTICE TO CONGRESS.-The President shall notify the Congress when a decision is made to withhold any share of the United States assessed contribution to the United Nations or its specialized agencies pursuant to subsection (a) and shall notify the Congress when the decision is made to pay any previously withheld assessed contribution. A notification under this subsection shall include appropriate consultation between the President (or the President's representative) and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.

(c) CONTRIBUTIONS FOR PRIOR YEARS.-Subject to the availability of appropriations, payment of assessed contributions for prior years may be made to the United Nations or any of its specialized agencies notwithstanding subsection (a) if such payment would further United States interests in that organization.

(d) REPORT TO CONGRESS.-Not later than February 1 of each year, the President shall submit to the Congress a report concerning the amount of United States assessed contributions paid to the United Nations and each of its specialized agencies during the preceding calendar year.

(e) REPEAL OF EXISTING LAW.-Section 162 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 is amended by striking subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d).

56 22 U.S.C. 287e note.

SEC. 410.56 LIMITATION ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE UNITED NATIONS AND AFFILIATED ORGANIZATIONS.

The United States shall not make any voluntary or assessed contribution

(1) to any affiliated organization of the United Nations which grants full membership as a state to any organization or group that does not have the internationally recognized attributes of statehood, or

(2) to the United Nations, if the United Nations grants full membership as a state in the United Nations to any organization or group that does not have the internationally recognized attributes of statehood,

during any period in which such membership is effective.
SEC. 411. UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL MEMBERSHIP.
(a) FINDINGS.-The Congress makes the following findings:

(1) The effectiveness of the United Nations Security Council in maintaining international peace and security depends on its being representative of the membership of the United Nations.

(2) The requirement of equitable geographic distribution in Article 23 of the United Nations Charter requires that the members of the Security Council of the United Nations be chosen by nondiscriminatory means.

(3) The use of informal regional groups of the General Assembly as the sole means for election of the nonpermanent members of the Security Council is inherently discriminatory in the absence of guarantees that all member states will have the opportunity to join a regional group, and has resulted in discrimination against Israel.

(b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.-It is the sense of Congress that the President should direct the Secretary of State to request the Secretary General of the United Nations to seek immediate resolution of the problem described in this section. The President shall inform the Congress of any progress in resolving this situation, together with the submission to Congress of the request for funding for the "Contributions to International Organizations" account of the Department of State for the fiscal year 1995.

SEC. 412. REFORMS IN THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION.

(a) SENSE OF THE CONGRESS.-It is the sense of the Congress that United States contributions to the World Health Organization (WHO) should be utilized in the most effective and efficient manner possible, particularly for the reduction of diseases and disabilities in developing countries.

(b) POLICY.-The President shall direct the United States representatives to the World Health Assembly, the Executive Board, and the World Health Organization to monitor the activities of the World Health Organization to ensure that such organizations achieve

(1) the timely implementation of reforms and management improvements, including those outlined in the resolutions of the 46th World Health Assembly related to the external Auditor (WHA 46.21), the Report of the Executive Board on the WHO Response to Global Change (WHA 46.16) and actions for Budgetary Reform (WHA 46.35); and

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