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SEC. 426. EXTENSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IMMUNITIES ACT TO THE INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES.
The International Organizations Immunities Act (22 U.S.C. 288 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section: "SEC. 14.58 The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources shall be considered to be an international organization for the purposes of this title and may be extended the provisions of this title in the same manner, to the same extent, and subject to the same conditions, as such provisions may be extended to a public international organization in which the United States participates pursuant to any treaty or under the authority of any Act of Congress authorizing such participation or making an appropriation for such participation.".
SEC. 427. INTER-AMERICAN ORGANIZATIONS.
Taking into consideration the long-term commitment by the United States to the affairs of this Hemisphere and the need to build further upon the linkages between the United States and its neighbors, it is the sense of the Congress that the Secretary of State, in allocating the level of resources for international organizations, should pay particular attention to funding levels of the Inter-American organizations.
SEC. 428. PROHIBITION ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL COFFEE ORGANIZATION.
None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be used to fund any United States contribution to the International Coffee Organization.
SEC. 429. PROHIBITION ON CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL JUTE ORGANIZATION.
None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be used to fund any United States contribution to the International Jute Organization.
SEC. 430. MIGRATION AND REFUGEE AMENDMENTS.
(a) MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE ACT AMENDMENTS.-The Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (22 U.S.C. 2601) is amended
(1) in section 2 by striking "the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration" and inserting "the International Organization for Migration" each place it appears;
(2) in section 2(a) by striking "the Committee" and inserting "the Organization" each place it appears;
(3) in the first sentence of section 2(a) by inserting before the period", as amended in Geneva, Switzerland, on May 20, 1987"; and
(4) in section 2(c)(2), by striking "$50,000,000" and inserting "$100,000,000".
(b) PUBLIC LAW 100-204.-Section 745 of Public Law 100-204 (22 U.S.C. 2601 note) is repealed.
58 22 U.S.C. 288f-4. See page 1555.
SEC. 431. WITHHOLDING OF UNITED STATES CONTRIBUTIONS FOR CER-
(1) in subsection (a) by striking "the South-West Africa People's Organization" and inserting "Burma, Iraq, North Korea, Syria"; and
(2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
"(c) The limitations of subsection (a) shall not apply to contributions to the International Atomic Energy Agency or the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF).".
(b) UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.
(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), for fiscal years 1994 and 1995 none of the funds made available for United Nations Development Program or United Nations Development Program-Administered Funds shall be available for programs and activities in or for Burma.
(2) Of the funds made available for United Nations Development Program and United Nations Development ProgramAdministered Funds for fiscal year 1994, $11,000,000 may be available only if the President certifies to the Congress that the United Nations Development Program's programs and activities in or for Burma promote the enjoyment of internationally guaranteed human rights in Burma and do not benefit the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) military regime.
(3) Of the funds made available for United Nations Development Program and United Nations Development ProgramAdministered Funds for fiscal year 1995, $27,600,000 may be available only if the President certifies to the Congress that(A) the United Nations Development Program has approved or initiated no new programs and no new funding for existing programs in or for Burma since the United Nations Development Program Governing Council (Executive Board) meeting of June 1993,
(B) such programs address unforeseen urgent humanitarian concerns, or
(C) a democratically elected government in Burma has agreed to such programs.
TITLE V-FOREIGN POLICY
PART A-GENERAL PROVISIONS
SEC. 501.60 UNITED STATES POLICY CONCERNING OVERSEAS ASSISTANCE TO REFUGEES AND DISPLACED PERSONS.
(a) STANDARDS for Refugee Women and CHILDREN.-The United States Government, in providing for overseas assistance and protection of refugees and displaced persons, shall seek to address the protection and provision of basic needs of refugee women and chil
59 22 U.S.C. 2227. For the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended through 1993, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1993, vol. I-a.
60 22 U.S.C. 2601 note.
dren who represent 80 percent of the world's refugee population. As called for in the 1991 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) "Guidelines on the Protection of Refugee Women", whether directly, or through international organizations and nongovernmental voluntary organizations, the Secretary of State shall seek to ensure—
(1) specific attention on the part of the United Nations and relief organizations to recruit and employ female protection officers;
(2) implementation of gender awareness training for field staff including, but not limited to, security personnel;
(3) the protection of refugee women and children from violence and other abuses on the part of governments or insurgent groups;
(4) full involvement of women refugees in the planning and implementation of (A) the delivery of services and assistance, and (B) the repatriation process;
(5) incorporation of maternal and child health needs into refugee health services and education, specifically to include education on and access to services in reproductive health and birth spacing;
(6) the availability of counseling and other services, grievance processes, and protective services to victims of violence and abuse, including but not limited to rape and domestic violence;
(7) the provision of educational programs, particularly literacy and numeracy, vocational and income-generation skills training, and other training efforts promoting self-sufficiency for refugee women, with special emphasis on women heads of household;
(8) education for all refugee children, ensuring equal access for girls, and special services and family tracing for unaccompanied refugee minors;
(9) the collection of data that clearly enumerate age and gender so that appropriate health, education, and assistance programs can be planned;
(10) the recruitment, hiring, and training of more women program professionals in the international humanitarian field; and
(11) gender-awareness training for program staff of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and nongovernmental voluntary organizations on implementation of the 1991 UNHCR "Guidelines on the Protection of Refugee Women".
(b) PROCEDURES.-The Secretary of State should adopt specific procedures to ensure that all recipients of United States Government refugee and migration assistance funds implement the standards outlined in subsection (a).
(c) REQUIREMENTS FOR REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE.— The Secretary of State, in providing migration and refugee assistance, should support the protection efforts set forth under this section by raising at the highest levels of government the issue of
abuses against refugee women and children by governments or insurgent groups that engage in, permit, or condone
(1) a pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights, such as torture or cruel, inhumane, or degrading treatment or punishment, prolonged detention without charges, or other flagrant denial to life, liberty, and the security of person;
(2) the blockage of humanitarian relief assistance;
(3) gender-specific persecution such as systematic individual or mass rape, forced pregnancy, forced abortion, enforced prostitution, any form of indecent assault or act of violence against refugee women, girls, and children; or
(4) continuing violations of the integrity of the person against refugee women and children on the part of armed insurgents, local security forces, or camp guards.
(d) INVESTIGATION OF REPORTS.-Upon receipt of credible reports of abuses under subsection (c), the Secretary of State should immediately investigate such reports through emergency fact-finding missions or other means of investigating such reports and help identify appropriate remedial measures.
(e) MULTILATERAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 1991 UNHCR "GUIDELINES ON THE PROTECTION OF REFUGEE WOMEN".-The Secretary of State should work to ensure that multilateral organizations fully incorporate the needs of refugee women and children into all elements of refugee assistance programs and work to encourage other governments that provide refugee assistance to adopt refugee assistance policies designed to encourage full implementation of the 1991 UNHCR's "Guidelines on the Protection of Refugee Women".
SEC. 502. INTERPARLIAMENTARY EXCHANGES.
(a) AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.—
(1) Section 2 of Public Law 86-420 61 is amended
(A) by striking "$100,000" and inserting "$80,000"; and (B) by striking "$50,000" both places it appears and inserting "$40,000".
(2) Section 2 of Public Law 86-42 62 is amended
(A) by striking "$50,000" and inserting "$70,000"; and (B) by striking "$25,000" both places it appears and inserting "$35,000".
(b) 63 DEPOSIT OF FUNDS IN INTEREST-BEARING ACCOUNTS.-Funds appropriated and disbursed pursuant to section 303 of Title III of Public Law 100-202 (101 Stat. 1329-23; 22 U.S.C. 276 note) are authorized to be deposited in interest-bearing accounts and any interest which accrues shall be deposited, periodically, in a miscellaneous account of the Treasury.
SEC. 503. FOOD AS A HUMAN RIGHT.
(a) THE RIGHT TO FOOD AND UNITED STATES FOREIGN POLICY.—
(1) IN GENERAL.-The United States should, in accordance with its international obligations and in keeping with the longstanding humanitarian tradition of the United States, promote
61 22 U.S.C. 2761. For text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1993, vol. IV. 62 22 U.S.C. 276e. For text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1993, vol. IV. 63 22 U.S.C. 276 note.
increased respect internationally for the rights to food and to medical care, including the protection of these rights with respect to civilians and noncombatants during times of armed conflict (such as through ensuring safe passage of relief supplies and access to impartial humanitarian relief organizations providing relief assistance).
(2) RESPONSIBILITIES OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE.-The responsibilities of the Assistant Secretary of State who is responsible for human rights and humanitarian affairs shall include promoting increased respect internationally for the rights to food and to medical care in accordance with paragraph (1).
(b) INTERNATIONAL EFFORT TO STRENGTHEN THE RIGHT TO FOOD.— It is the sense of the Congress that a major effort should be made to strengthen the right to food in international law to assure the access of all persons to adequate food supplies.
SEC. 504. TRANSPARENCY IN ARMAMENTS.
(1) no sale of any defense article or defense service should be made, no license should be issued for the export of any defense article or defense service, and no agreement to transfer in any way any defense article or defense service should be made to any nation that does not fully furnish all pertinent data to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms pursuant to United Nations General Assembly Resolution 46/36L by the reporting date specified by such register;
(2) if a nation has not submitted the required information by the reporting date of a particular year, but subsequently submits notification to the United Nations that it intends to provide such information at the next reporting date, an agreement may be negotiated with the nation or a license may be issued, but the actual delivery of such defense article or service should not occur until that nation submits such information; and
(3) the President should seek to restart the United Nations Security Council "Perm-5" talks and should report to the Congress on the progress of such talks and the effects of United States agreements since October 1991 to sell arms to the developing world.
SEC. 505. SENSE OF THE SENATE CONCERNING INSPECTOR GENERAL ACT.
It is the sense of the Senate that—
(1) there is a growing concern among some of the Members of this body that the unlimited terms of Office of Inspectors General in Federal agencies may be undesirable, therefore
(2) the issue of amending the Inspector General Act to establish term limits for Inspectors General should be examined and considered as soon as possible by the appropriate committees of jurisdiction.