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c. Multinational Force and Observers Reports
Executive Order 12361, April 27, 1982, 47 F.R. 18313 By the authority vested in me as President of the United States of America by the Multinational Force and Observers Participation Resolution (Public Law 97-132, 95 Stat. 1693) and Section 301 of Title 3 of the United States Code, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Delegation of Functions. The reporting function conferred upon the President by Section 6 of the Multinational Force and Observers Participation Resolution (22 U.S.C. 3425) is delegated to the Secretary of State.
Sec. 2. Interagency Coordination. In the exercise of the function conferred on the Secretary of State by Section 1 of this Order, the Secretary of State shall consult with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Secretary of Defense, the Director of the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, and the heads of other Executive agencies as appropriate.
d. Implementing the United States Proposal for the Early
Warning System in Sinai Public Law 94-110 (H.J. Res. 683) 89 Stat. 572, approved October 13, 1975 1 JOINT RESOLUTION To implement the United States proposal for the early
warning system in Sinai. Whereas an agreement signed on September 4, 1975, by the Gov
ernment of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of Israel may, when it enters into force, constitute a significant step
toward peace in the Middle East; Whereas the President of the United States on September 1, 1975,
transmitted to the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and to the Government of Israel identical proposals for United States participation in an early-warning system, the text of which has been submitted to the Congress, providing for the assignment of no more than two hundred United States civilian personnel to carry out certain specified noncombat functions and
setting forth the terms and conditions thereof; Whereas that proposal would permit the Government of the United
States to withdraw such personnel if it concludes that their safety is jeopardized or that continuation of their role is no longer necessary; and Whereas the implementation of the United States proposal for the
early-warning system in Sinai may enhance the prospect of compliance in good faith with the terms of the Egyptian-Israeli agreements and thereby promote the cause of peace: Now, therefore, be it
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President is authorized to implement the “United States Proposal 2 for the Early Warning System in Sinai”: Provided, however, That United States civilian personnel assigned to Sinai under such pro posal shall be removed immediately in the event of an outbreak of hostilities between Egypt and Israel or if the Congress by concurrent resolution determines that the safety of such personnel is jeopardized or that continuation of their role is no longer necessary. Nothing contained in this resolution shall be construed as granting any authority to the President with respect to the introduction of United States Armed Forces into hostilities or into situations wherein involvement in hostilities is clearly indicated by the circumstances which authority he would not have had in the absence of this joint resolution.
SEC. 2. Any concurrent resolution of the type described in the first section of this resolution which is introduced in either House of Congress shall be privileged in the same manner and to the same extent as a concurrent resolution of the type described in section 5(c) of Public Law 93-148 is privileged under section 7 of such law.3
1 22 U.S.C. 2441 note. 2 See Legislation on Foreign Relations, vol. V, sec. G, for text of the U.S. proposal.
Sec. 3. The United States civilian personnel participating in the early warning system in Sinai shall include only individuals who have volunteered to participate in such system.
SEC. 4. Whenever United States civilian personnel, pursuant to this resolution, participate in an early warning system, the President shall, so long as the participation of such personnel continues, submit written reports to the Congress periodically, but no less frequently than once every six months, on (1) the status, scope, and anticipated duration of their participation, and (2) the feasibility of ending or reducing as soon as possible their participation by substituting nationals of other countries or by making technological changes. The appropriate committees of the Congress shall promptly hold hearings on each report of the President and report to the Congress any findings, conclusions, and recommendations.
Sec. 5. The authority contained in this joint resolution to implement the “United States Proposal for the Early Warning System in Sinai" does not signify approval of the Congress of any other agreement, understanding, or commitment made by the executive branch.
3 50 U.S.C. 1544, 1546. War Powers Resolution. For text, see page 1369.
4. Tonkin Gulf Resolution Public Law 88-408 [H.J. Res. 1145), 78 Stat. 384, approved August 10, 1964 A JOINT RESOLUTION To promote the maintenance of international peace and
security in Southeast Asia. [Whereas naval units of the Communist regime in Vietnam, in
violation of the principles of the Charter of the United Nations and of international law, have deliberately and repeatedly attacked United States naval vessels lawfully present in international waters, and have thereby created a serious threat to inter
national peace; and [Whereas these attacks are part of a deliberate and systematic
campaign of aggression that the Communist regime in North Vietnam has been waging against its neighbors and the nations joined with them in the collective defense of their freedom; and [Whereas the United States is assisting the peoples of southeast
Asia to protect their freedom and has no territorial, military or political ambitions in that area, but desires only that these peoples should be left in peace to work out their own destinies in their own way: Now, therefore, be it
[Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Congress approves and supports the determination of the President, as Commander in Chief, to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression.
[SEC. 2. The United States regards as vital to its national interest and to world peace the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia. Consonant with the Constitution of the United States and the Charter of the United Nations and in accordance with its obligations under the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty, the United States is, therefore, prepared, as the President determines, to take all necessary steps, including the use of armed force, to assist any member or protocol state of the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty requesting assistance in de fense of its freedom.
[SEC. 3. This resolution shall expire when the President shall determine that the peace and security of the area is reasonably assured by international conditions created by action of the United Nations or otherwise, except that it may be terminated earlier by concurrent resolution of the Congress.]
NOTE.Sec. 12 of Public Law 91-672, the Foreign Military Sales Act Amendments, approved January 12, 1971, provided that the joint resolution should terminate effe tive January 2, 1971. (See Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1993, vol. I, page 564.) See also, S. Con. Res. 64. passed July 10, 1970.