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(B) provides for

(i) one or more participants (other than the United States) to share with the United States the cost of research and development, testing, evaluation, or joint production (including follow-on support) of defense articles;

(ii) the United States and another participant concurrently to produce in the United States and the country of such other participant a defense article jointly developed in a cooperative project described in clause (i); or

(iii) the United States to procure a defense article or a defense service from another participant in the coop

erative project. (2) The term "defense article" has the meaning given such term in section 47(3) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794(3).

(3) The term "defense service” has the meaning given such term in section 47(4) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C.

2794(4)). § 2350j.57 Burden sharing contributions by designated countries

and regional organizations (a) AUTHORITY TO ACCEPT CONTRIBUTIONS.—The Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the Secretary of State, may accept cash contributions for the purposes specified in subsection (c) from any country or regional organization designated for purposes of this section by the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State. 58

(b) CREDIT TO APPROPRIATIONS. Contributions accepted in a fiscal year under subsection (a) shall be credited to appropriations of the Department of Defense that are available for that fiscal year for the purposes for which the contributions are made. The contributions so credited shall be

(1) merged with the appropriations to which they are credited; and

(2) available for the same time period as those appropriations. (c) AVAILABILITY OF CONTRIBUTIONS.—Contributions accepted under subsection (a) shall be available only for the payment of the following costs:

(1) Compensation for local national employees of the Department of Defense.

(2) Military construction projects of the Department of De fense.

(3) Supplies and services of the Department of Defense.

57 Sec. 1402(aX2) of Public Law 103-160 (107 Stat. 1825) redesignated sec. 1045 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190; 105 Stat. 1465) as 10 U.S.C. 2350j, with amendments. Sec. 1402(a)(1) of Public Law 103-160 added the section heading 58 Sec. 1402(

a2/AXiv) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 107 Stat. 1826) inserted "from any country or regional organization designated for purposes of this section by the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State", but did not state where to insert. Should probably follow "in subsection (c)", as shown here.

(d) AUTHORIZATION OF MILITARY CONSTRUCTION.-Contributions credited under subsection (b) to an appropriation account of the Department of Defense may be used

(1) by the Secretary of Defense to carry out a military construction project that is consistent with the purposes for which the contributions were made and is not otherwise authorized by law; or

(2) by the Secretary of a military department, with the approval of the Secretary of Defense, to carry out such a project. (e) NOTICE AND WAIT REQUIREMENTS.-1) When a decision is made to carry out a military construction project under subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to the congressional defense committees containing

(A) an explanation of the need for the project;
(B) the then current estimate of the cost of the project; and

(C) a justification for carrying out the project under that subsection. (2) The Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a military department may not commence a military construction project under subsection (d) until the end of the 21-day period beginning on the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits the report under paragraph (1) regarding the project.

(f) REPORTS.-Not later than 30 days after the end of each fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Congress a report specifying separately for each country and regional organization from which contributions have been accepted by the Secretary under subsection (a)

(1) the amount of the contributions accepted by the Secretary during the preceding fiscal year under subsection (a) and the purposes for which the contributions were made; and

(2) the amount of the contributions expended by the Secretary during the preceding fiscal year and the purposes for which the contributions were expended.

b. Reaffirming the United States Commitment to the North

Atlantic Alliance

Public Law 96-9 (H.J. Res. 283), 93 Stat. 22, approved April 19, 1979

JOINT RESOLUTION Reaffirming the United States commitment to the North

Atlantic Alliance. Whereas April 4, 1979, marks the thirtieth anniversary of the sign

ing in Washington of the North Atlantic Treaty; Whereas the alliance created by the treaty constitutes the manifes

tation of the ties which bind the democracies of Europe and North America and of their determination to preserve their common heritage of individual liberties, the rule of law, and the

dignity of humankind; Whereas the peace and stability insured by the alliance for thirty

years has fostered the well-being and freedom of nearly six hun

dred million human beings; Whereas the conditions for political stability and economic prosper

ity derive from the military security provided by the alliance;

and Whereas the search for world peace, mutual respect among the na

tions of the world, and reduction in armaments are attainable only in a secure environment: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the North Atlantic Alliance be reaffirmed as a vital commitment and cornerstone of United States foreign policy, and that the bipartisan spirit that inspired its birth be rededicated to the purpose of strengthening it further in the cause of peace and security.

SEC. 2. The Congress recognizes the contribution of the Canadian and European Allies to the common defense and to the preservation of the civilization and common heritage of the West.

SEC. 3. On the occasion of this thirtieth anniversary, the Congress pledges its support for the Alliance as the indispensable basis for the achievement of our mutual security, the reduction of tensions, and the pursuit of improved relations among all nations.

SEC. 4. The Congress requests that the President of the United States forward copies of this resolution to the Chiefs of State of all member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and to the Secretary General in recognition of his contribution to the strength and confidence of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. c. Reaffirming the Unity of the North Atlantic Alliance

Commitment

Public Law 95–287 (S.J. Res. 137), 92 Stat. 280, approved May 30, 1978

JOINT RESOLUTION Reaffirming the unity of the North Atlantic Alliance

commitment. Whereas thirty years ago the Congress passed the Vandenberg Res

olution, which has come to represent the highest qualities of bipartisan statesmanship; and Whereas the North Atlantic Alliance has preserved the peace in

Europe for an entire generation, allowing its members to attain unprecedented levels of prosperity and well-being for their

people; and Whereas the leaders of the Alliance will gather in Washington,

D.C., on May 30 and 31, 1978, to renew their adherence to its

principles and rededicate themselves to its objectives; and Whereas this meeting will be the capstone of efforts to ensure that

the needs of collective security will be met over the next decade: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the North Atlantic Alliance be reaffirmed as a vital commitment and cornerstone of United States foreign policy, and that the bipartisan spirit that inspired its birth be rededicated to the purpose of strengthening it further in the cause of peace and security.

SEC. 2. The Congress recognizes the extraordinary success of the North Atlantic Alliance in fulfilling its goals of safeguarding the freedom, common heritage and civilization of its peoples, founded on the principles of democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law.

SEC. 3. On the occasion of the NATO summit meeting in Washington, the Congress declares its support for efforts to reaffirm the unity of the North Atlantic Alliance, to strengthen its defensive capabilities to meet threats to the peace, and on this basis to persevere in attempts to lessen tensions with the Warsaw Pact States.

7. Taiwan Relations

a. Taiwan Relations Act

Public Law 96–8 [H.R. 2479), 93 Stat. 14, approved April 10, 1979; as amended by

Public Law 98-164 [Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984

and 1985; H.R. 2915), 97 Stat. 1017 at 1061, approved November 22, 1983 AN ACT To help maintain peace, security, and stability in the Western Pacific and

to promote the foreign policy of the United States by authorizing the continuation of commercial, cultural, and other relations between the people of the United States and the people on Taiwan, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SHORT TITLE

SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the “Taiwan Relations Act".

FINDINGS AND DECLARATION OF POLICY

Sec. 2.1 (a) The President having terminated governmental relations between the United States and the governing authorities on Taiwan recognized by the United States as the Republic of China prior to January 1, 1979, the Congress finds that the enactment of this Act is necessary

(1) to help maintain peace, security, and stability in the Western Pacific; and

(2) to promote the foreign policy of the United States by authorizing the continuation of commercial, cultural, and other relations between the people of the United States and the

people on Taiwan. (b) It is the policy of the United States

(1) to preserve and promote extensive, close, and friendly commercial, cultural, and other relations between the people of the United States and the people on Taiwan, as well as the people on the China mainland and all other peoples of the Western Pacific area;

(2) to declare that peace and stability in the area are in the political, security, and economic interests of the United States, and are matters of international concern;

(3) to make clear that the United States decision to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China rests upon the expectation that the future of Taiwan will be determined by peaceful means;

(4) to consider any effort to determine the future of Taiwan by other than peaceful means, including by boycotts or embar

22 U.S.C. 3301.

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