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(a) Section 3648 of the Revised Statutes, as amended (31 U.S.C. 529);

(b) Section 9 of the Act of June 30, 1906 (31 U.S.C. 627), and Section 3679 and 3732 of the Revised Statutes (31 U.S.C. 665; 41 U.S.C. 11), to the extent necessary to permit the indemnification of contractors against unusually hazardous risks, as defined in Institute contracts, consistent, to the extent practicable with regulations prescribed by the Department of Defense pursuant to the provisions of the Act of August 28, 1958 (50 U.S.C. 1431, et seq.), and Executive Order No. 10789 of November 14, 1958, as amended;

(c) Section 3709 of the Revised Statutes and Section 302 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 5, 252);

(d) Section 3710 of the Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 8);

(e) Section 2 of Title III of the Act of March 3, 1933 (41 U.S.C. 10a);

(f) Section 3735 of the Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 13);

(g) Section 304(b) of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 254(b)), so as to permit the payment of fees in excess of the prescribed fee limitation, but nothing herein shall be construed as authorizing the use of the cost-plus-a-percentage-of-cost system of contracting;

(h) Section 305 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 255);

(i) Sections 2 through 16 of the Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (41 U.S.C. 601-613);

(j) Sections 2304, 2305 and 2306 (a) through (f) of Title 10 of the United States Code, but nothing herein shall be construed as authorizing the use of the cost-plus-a-percentage-of-cost system of contracting; and

(k) Section 719 of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. App. 2168).

1-203. (a) With respect to cost-type contracts with the American Institute in Taiwan under which no fee is charged or paid, amendments and modifications of such contracts may be made with or without consideration and may be utilized to accomplish the same things as any original contract could have accomplished, irrespective of the time or circumstances of the making, or the form of the contract amended or modified, or of the amending or modifying contract and irrespective of rights which may have accrued under the contract or the amendments or modifications thereof.

(b) With respect to contracts heretofore or hereafter made under the Act, other than those described in subsection (a) of this Section, amendments and modifications of such contracts may be made with or without consideration and may be utilized to accomplish the same things as any original contract could have accomplished, irrespective of the time or circumstances of the making or the form of the contract amended or modified, or of the amending or modifying contract, and irrespective of rights which may be accrued under the contract or the amendments or modifications thereof, if the Secretary of State determines in each case that such action is necessary to protect the foreign policy interests of the United States.

1-204. Pursuant to Section 10(a) of the Act, the Coordination Council for North American Affairs is determined to be the unofficial instrumentality established by the people on Taiwan having the necessary authority under the laws applied by the people on Taiwan to provide assurances and take other actions on behalf of Taiwan in accordance with the Act. 1-3. President's Memorandum of December 30, 1978.

1-301. This Order supersedes my memorandum of December 30, 1978 for all departments and agencies entitled “Relations with the People on Taiwan” (44 F.R. 1075). Agreements and arrangements referred to in paragraph (B) of that memorandum shall continue in force and shall be performed in accordance with the Act and this Order.

8. Panama Canal

a. Panama Canal Act of 1979 1

Partial text of Public Law 96-70 (H.R. 111), 93 Stat. 452, approved September 27,

1979; as amended by Public Law 98-217 (H.R. 3969), 98 Stat. 9, approved February 14, 1984; Public Law 98-600 (H.R. 6101), 98 Stat. 3145, approved October 30, 1984; Public Law 99-195 (H.R. 664), 99 Stat. 1349, approved December 23, 1985; Public Law 99-209 (Panama Canal Amendments Act of 1985, H.R. 729), 99 Stat. 1716, approved December 23, 1985; Public Law 99-223 (Panama Canal Commission Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1986; H.R. 1784), 99 Stat. 1738, approved December 28, 1985; Public Law 99-368 (Panama Canal Commission Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1987; H.R. 4409), 100 Stat. 775, approved August 1, 1986; Public Law 100–203 (Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987, H.R. 3545), 101 Stat. 1330, approved December 22, 1987; Public Law 100–705 [Panama Canal Commission Compensation Fund Act of 1988, H.R. 5287), 102 Stat. 4685, approved November 19, 1988; Public Law 101-510 (National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991, H.R. 4739), 104 Stat. 1485, approved November 5, 1990; Public Law 102-484 (National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993, H.R. 5006), 106 Stat. 2315, approved October 23, 1992; Public Law 103-160 (National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994, H.R. 2401), 107 Stat. 1547, approved November 30, 1993

AN ACT To provide for the operation and maintenance of the Panama Canal under

the Panama Treaty of 1977, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SHORT TITLE

SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the “Panama Canal Act of 1979”.

TABLE OF CONTENTS Sec. 1. Short title. 2. Statement of purpose. 3. Definitions and recommendation for legislation.

TITLE I-ADMINISTRATION AND REGULATIONS

CHAPTER 1–Panama CANAL COMMISSION 1101. Establishment of Commission. 1102. Supervisory Board. 1103. Administrator. 1104. Deputy Administrator and Chief Engineer. 1105. Consultative Committee. 1106. Joint Commission on the Environment. 1107. Travel expenses. 1108. Defense of the Panama Canal. 1109. Joint Sea Level Canal Study Committee. 1110. Authority of the Ambassador. 1111. Security legislation.

For text of the Panama Canal Treaty, the document which this legislation implemented, see Legislation on Foreign Relations, vol. V, sec. G.

1112. Code of Conduct for Commission personnel. 1113. Office of Ombudsman.

CHAPTER 2-EMPLOYEES

Subchapter 1—Panama Canal Commission Personnel 1201. Definitions. 1202. Appointment and compensation; duties. 1203. Transfer of Federal employees. 1204. Compensation of individuals in the uniformed services. 1205. Deduction from basic pay of amounts due for supplies or services. 1206. Cost of living allowance. 1207. Educational travel benefits. 1208. Privileges and immunities of certain employees. 1209. Inapplicability of certain benefits to certain noncitizens.

Subchapter II-Wage and Employment Practices 1210. Travel and transportation expenses. 1211. Definitions. 1212. Panama Canal Employment System; merit and other employment require

ments. 1213. Employment standards. 1214. Interim application of Canal Zone Merit System. 1215. Basic pay. 1216. Uniform application of standards and rates. 1217. Recruitment and retention remuneration 1217a. Quarters allowances 1218. Benefits based on basic pay. 1219. Salary protection upon conversion of pay base. 1220. Review and adjustment of classifications, grades, and pay level. 1221. Panama Canal Board of Appeals; duties. 1222. Appeals to Board; procedure; finality of decisions. 1223. Administration by the President. 1224. Applicability of certain laws. 1225. Minimum level of pay; minimum annual increases.

Subchapter III-Conditions of Employment and Placement 1231. Transferred on reemployed employees. 1232. Placement.

Subchapter IV-Retirement 1241. Early retirement eligibility. 1242. Early retirement computation. 1243. Retirement under special treaty provisions. 1244. Obligation of Commission for unfunded liability. 1245. Cash relief to certain former employees. 1246. Appliances for employees injured before September 7, 1916.

Subchapter V-Leave 1251. Leave for jury or witness service.

Subchapter VI-Application to Related Personnel 1261. Law enforcement; Canal Zone Civilian Personnel Policy Coordinating Board;

related employees.

Subchapter VII—Labor-Management Relations 1271. Labor-management relations.

CHAPTER 3-FUNDS AND ACCOUNTS

Subchapter I-Funds 1301. Canal Zone Government funds. 1302. Panama Canal Revolving Fund. 1303. Emergency authority. 1304. Borrowing authority.

1305. Dissolution of Commission.

Subchapter II–Accounting Policies and Audits 1311. Accounting policies. 1312. Reports. 1313. Audit by the Comptroller General of the United States.

Subchapter III—Interagency Accounts 1321. Interagency services; reimbursements.

Subchapter IV--Postal Matters 1331. Postal service.

Subchapter V--Accounts With the Republic of Panama 1341. Payment to the Republic of Panama. 1342. Transactions with the Republic of Panama. 1343. Disaster relief. 1344. Congressional restraints on property transfers and expenditures.

CHAPTER 4-CLAIMS FOR INJURIES TO PERSONS OR PROPERTY

Subchapter 1-General Provisions 1401. Settlement of claims generally.

Subchapter II—Vessel Damage 1411. Injuries in locks of Canal. 1412. Injuries outside locks. 1413. Measures of damages generally. 1414. Delays for which no responsibility is assumed. 1415. Settlement of claims. 1416. Actions on claims. 1417. Investigation of accident or injury giving rise to claim. 1418. Board of Local Inspectors. 1419. Insurance

CHAPTER 5 PUBLIC PROPERTY 1501. Assets and liabilities of Panama Canal Company. 1502. Transfers and cross-servicing between agencies. 1503. Disposition of property of the United States. 1504. Transfer of property to Panama.

CHAPTER 6_TOLLS FOR USE OF THE PANAMA CANAL 1601. Prescription of measurement rules and rates of tolls. 1602. Bases of tolls. 1603. Calculation of interest. 1604. Procedures. 1605. Interim toll adjustment.

CHAPTER 7-GENERAL REGULATIONS 1701. Authority of President. 1702. Authority of Commission.

CHAPTER 8_SHIPPING AND NAVIGATION

Subchapter I-Operation of Canal 1801. Operating regulations.

Subchapter II—Inspection of Vessels 1811. Vessels subject to inspection. 1812. Foreign vessels. 1813. Regulations governing inspection.

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