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States are authorized to enter into agreements with the United Nations or with each other consistent with the agreement and for the purpose of facilitating compliance with the same: Provided, That, except in cases of emergency and agreements of a routine contractual character, a representative of the United States, to be appointed by the Secretary of State, may, at the discretion of the Secretary of State, participate in the negotiations, and that any such agree ment entered into by such State or States or political subdivisions thereof shall be subject to approval by the Secretary of State.

SEC. 5. The President is authorized to make effective with respect to the temporary headquarters of the United Nations in the State of New York, on a provisional basis, such of the provisions of the agreement as he may deem appropriate, having due regard for the needs of the United Nations at its temporary headquarters.

SEC. 6. Nothing in the agreement shall be construed as in any way diminishing, abridging, or weakening the right of the United States to safeguard its own security and completely to control the entrance of aliens into any territory of the United States other than the headquarters district and its immediate vicinity, as to be defined and fixed in a supplementary agreement between the Government of the United States and the United Nations in pursuance of section 13(3)(e) of the agreement, and such areas as it is reasonably necessary to traverse in transit between the same and foreign countries. Moreover, nothing in section 14 of the agreement with respect to facilitating entrance into the United States by persons who wish to visit the headquarters district and do not enjoy the right of entry provided in section 11 of the agreement shall be construed to amend or suspend in any way the immigration laws of the United States or to commit the United States in any way to effect any amendment or suspension of such law.

3. U.S. Participation in Certain International Organisations Partial text of Public Law 81-806 [H.J. Res. 3311 61 Stat 102, arpiuted September

21, 1950

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JOINT RESOLUTION To amend certain laws providing for membership and

participation by the United States in certain international organizations Resolved by the Senate and House of Representative way the United States of America in Congress assembled. That the following laws of the United States are hereby amended in the following farticulars: *

SEC. 2. All financial contributions by the United States to the normal operations of the international organizations covered her this Act, which member states are obligated to support annually, shall be limited to the amounts provided in this Act: Provided, That contributions for special projects not regularly budgeted hv such international organizations shall not be subject to the above limitation.

All financial contributions by the United States to international organizations in which the United States participates as a member shall be made by or with the consent of the Department of Stated regardless of the appropriation from which any such contributions is made. The Secretary of State shall report annually to the Congress on the extent and disposition of such contributions.

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4. Appropriations Limitation on Contributions to International

Organizations 1 Partial text of Public Law 92-544 (H.R. 14989), 86 Stat. 1109, approved October 25,

1972

AN ACT Making appropriations for the Departments of State, Justice and Com

merce, the Judiciary, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the Departments of State, Justice, and Commerce, the Judiciary, and related agencies for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1973, and for other purposes, namely:

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CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 1, 2 * * * Provided, That after December 31, 1973, no appropriation is authorized and no payment shall be made to the United Nations

1 Restriction in Public Law 82-495 (66 Stat. 550, July 10, 1952). Department of State Appra priation Act, 1953, is considered permanent legislation with respect to the international organi. zations not exempted. See 22 U.S.C. 262b. It reads as follows:

"No representative of the United States Government in any international organization after fiscal year 1953 shall make any commitment requiring the appropriation of funds for a contribų. tion by the United States in excess of 33/2 per centum of the budget of any international organization for which the appropriation for the United States contribution is contained in this Act: Provided, That in exceptional circumstances necessitating a contribution by the United States in excess of 3343 per centum of the budget, a commitment requiring a United States appropriation of a larger proportion may be made after consultation by United States representatives in the organization or other appropriate officials of the Department of State with the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives; Provided, however, That this section shall not apply to the United States representatives to the Inter-American organizations, Caribbean Commission and the Joint Support program of the International Civil Åviation Organization.".

This provision was first included in sec. 602 of the Departments of State, Justice, Commerce, and the Judiciary Appropriation Act, 1952 (Public Law 83-188; 65 Stat. 599; Oct. 22, 1951).

The exemption granted to the Caribbean Commission and the Joint Support program of the International Civil Aviation Organization was added by the Department of State Appropriation Act, 1954 (Public Law 83–195; 67 Stat. 368; Aug. 5, 1953).

Note: In addition, there are specific legislative limitations on the percentage contribution of the United States to the following organizations:

(1) 3343 percent to the World Health Organization (Act of July 14, 1948; 22 U.S.C. 290b). How. ever, sec. 103 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1978 (91 Stat. 844), stated that notwithstanding the provisions of Public Law 92-544, $7,281,583 of the FY 1978 appropriation authorization for "International Organizations and Conferences" is authorized to be paid to the World Health Organization for any unpaid balance of the U.S. assessed contribution to such organization for the calendar years 1974 through 1977.

(2) 3343 percent to the Food and Agriculture Organization (Act of July 31, 1945; 22 U.S.C. 279a);

(3) 25 percent to the International Labor Organization (Act of June 30, 1948; 22 U.S.C. 272a);

(4) 25 percent to the NATO Parliamentary Conference (Act of July 11, 1956, 22 U.S.C. 1928b); and

(5) Not to exceed 20 per centum of the total contributions assessed for any period to adminis ter the International Coffee Agreement (TIAS 5505, 14 UST 1911, Sept. 28, 1962), and such

Continued

or any affiliated agency in excess of 25 per centum of the total annual assessment of such organization. Appropriations are authorized and contributions and payments may be made to the following organizations and activities notwithstanding that such contributions and payments are in excess of 25 per centum of the total annual assessment of the respective organization or 3343 per centum of the budget for the respective activity: the International Atomic Energy Agency, the joint financing program of the International Civil Aviation Organization, and contributions for international peacekeeping activities conducted by or under the auspices of the United Nations or through multilateral agreements.3

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amount shall not exceed $150,000 for any fiscal year, to the International Coffee Organization (sec. 6 of Public Law 89-23; 79 Stat. 113; approved May 22, 1965). However, sec. 428 of Public Law 103-236 provides that no funds authorized to be appropriated by that Act may be made available for the ICO.

2 See also secs. 114 and 115 of the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (Public Law 98–164; 97 Stat. 1020), which provided other limitations on certain U.S. contributions to international organizations, page 385.

3 Sec. 203 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1976 (Public Law 94-141), inserted a period after “organization", struck out the text following it, and inserted the language beginning with “Appropriations are authorized”. Formerly, the section following “organization” read "except that this proviso shall not apply to the International Atomic Energy Agency and to the joint financing program of the International Civil Aviation Organization.".

5. U.N. Provisions in the Foreign Relations Authorization Act,

Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995

Title IV, Part A of Public Law 103--236 (H.R. 2333), 108 Stat. 382 at 445, approved

April 30, 1994

AN ACT To authorize appropriations for the Department of State, the United States

Information Agency, and related agencies, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

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SEC. 401. UNITED NATIONS OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL,

(a) WITHHOLDING OF PORTION OF CERTAIN ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS.-Until a certification is made under subsection (b), the following amounts shall be withheld from obligation and expenditure (in addition to any amounts required to be withheld by any other provision of this Act):

(1) FY 1994 ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS FOR U.N. REGULAR BUDGET.-Of the funds appropriated for “Contributions to International Organizations" for fiscal year 1994, 10 percent of the amount for United States assessed contributions to the regular budget of the United Nations shall be withheld.

(2) FY 1995 ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS FOR U.N. REGULAR BUDGET.-Of the funds appropriated for "Contributions to International Organizations" for fiscal year 1995, 20 percent of the amount for United States assessed contributions to the reg. ular budget of the United Nations shall be withheld.

(3) SUPPLEMENTAL ASSESSED PEACEKEEPING CONTRIBUTIONS.Of the funds appropriated for “Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities” for a fiscal year pursuant to the authorization of appropriations under section 102(d), 50 percent

shall be withheld. (b) CERTIFICATION.--The certification referred to in subsection (a) is a certification by the President to the Congress that

(1) the United Nations has established an independent office of Inspector General to conduct and supervise objective audits

, inspections, and investigations relating to the programs and operations of the United Nations;

(2) the Secretary General of the United Nations has appointed an Inspector General, with the approval of the General Assembly, and that appointment was made principally on the basis of the appointee's integrity and demonstrated ability in

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