Page images

(1) to any affiliated organization of the United Nations which grants full membership as a state to any organization or group that does not have the internationally recognized attributes of statehood, or

(2) to the United Nations, if the United Nations grants full membership as a state in the United Nations to any organization or group that does not have the internationally recognized

attributes of statehood, during any period in which such membership is effective. SEC. 411. UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL MEMBERSHIP. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress makes the following findings:

(1) The effectiveness of the United Nations Security Council in maintaining international peace and security depends on its being representative of the membership of the United Nations.

(2) The requirement of equitable geographic distribution in Article 23 of the United Nations Charter requires that the members of the Security Council of the United Nations be chosen by nondiscriminatory means.

(3) The use of informal regional groups of the General Assembly as the sole means for election of the nonpermanent members of the Security Council is inherently discriminatory in the absence of guarantees that all member states will have the opportunity to join a regional group, and has resulted in

discrimination against Israel. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of Congress that the President should direct the Secretary of State to request the Secretary General of the United Nations to seek immediate resolution of the problem described in this section. The President shall inform the Congress of any progress in resolving this situation, together with the submission to Congress of the request for funding for the "Contributions to International Organizations” account of the De partment of State for the fiscal year 1995. SEC. 412, REFORMS IN THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION.

(a) SENSE OF THE CONGRESS. It is the sense of the Congress that United States contributions to the World Health Organization (WHO) should be utilized in the most effective and efficient manner possible, particularly for the reduction of diseases and disabilities in developing countries.

(b) POLICY.-The President shall direct the United States representatives to the World Health Assembly, the Executive Board, and the World Health Organization to monitor the activities of the World Health Organization to ensure that such organizations achieve

(1) the timely implementation of reforms and management improvements, including those outlined in the resolutions of the 46th World Health Assembly related to the external Auditor (WHA 46.21), the Report of the Executive Board on the WHO Response to Global Change (WHA 46.16) and actions for Budgetary Reform (WHA 46.35); and

(2) the effective and efficient utilization and monitoring of resources, including

(A) the determination of strategic and financial priorities; and

(B) the establishment of realistic and measurable targets

in accordance with the established health priorities. SEC. 413. REFORMS IN THE FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION.

In light of the longstanding efforts of the United States and the other major donor nations to reform the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the findings of the ongoing investigation of the General Accounting Office, the Congress makes the following declarations:

(1) It should be the policy of the United States to promote the following reforms in the Food and Agriculture Organization:

(A) Decentralization of the administrative structure of FAO, including eliminating redundant or unnecessary headquarters staff, increased responsibilities of regional offices, increased time for consideration of budget issues by member states, and a more meaningful and direct role for member states in the decisionmaking process.

(B) Reform of the FAO Council, including formation of an executive management committee to provide oversight of management.

(C) Limitation of the term of the Director General and the number of terms which an individual may serve.

(D) Restructuring of the Technical Cooperation Program (TCP), including reducing the number of nonemergency projects funded through the TCP and establishing procedures to deploy TCP consultants, supplies, and equipment

in a timely manner. (2) In an effort to increase the presence of United States personnel at the international food agencies and to enhance the professionalism of these institutions, it should be the policy of the United States, to the maximum extent practicable, to utilize existing personnel programs such as the United States Department of Agriculture Associate Professional Officer program to place United States personnel with unique skills in the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Fund

for Agricultural Development, and the World Food Program. SEC. 414. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ADHERENCE TO UNITED NA.

It is the sense of the Congress that-

(1) the President should seek an assurance from the Secretary General of the United Nations that the United Nations will comply with Article 100 of the United Nations Charter;

(2) neither the Secretary General of the United Nations nor his staff should seek or receive instructions from any government or from any other authority external to the United Nations; and

(3) the President should report to Congress when he receives such assurance from the Secretary General of the United NaSEC. 415.7 DESIGNATED CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES.

For purposes of this part, the term "designated congressional committees” means the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

7 22 U.S.C. 287b note.

6. U.N. Provisions in the National Defense Authorization Act for

Fiscal Year 1994

Title XV of Public Law 103–160 (H.R. 2401), 107 Stat. 1547 at 1835, approved

November 30, 1993

An Act To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 1994 for military activities of the

Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe personnel strengths for such fiscal year for the Armed Forces, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,



Subtitle A-Assistance Activities


PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES. (a) AUTHORIZED SUPPORT FOR FISCAL YEAR 1994.-The Secretary of Defense may provide assistance for international peacekeeping activities during fiscal year 1994, in accordance with section 403 of title 10, United States Code, in an amount not to exceed $300,000,000. Any assistance so provided may be derived from funds appropriated to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 1994 for operation and maintenance or (notwithstanding the second sentence of subsection (b) of that section) from balances in working capital funds.

[ocr errors]

(b) 1 *

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


FORCEMENT. (a) REPORT REQUIRED.-Not later than April 1, 1994, the President, after seeking the views of the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense, shall submit to the committees specified in subsection (c) a report on United States policy on multinational peacekeeping and peace enforcement.

(b) CONTENT OF REPORT.—The report shall contain a comprehensive analysis and discussion of the following matters:

(1) Criteria for participation by the United States in multinational missions through the United Nations, the North Atlan

Subsecs. (b) and (c) amended 10 U.S.C. 403, relating to "International Peacekeeping Activi. ties”, at subsecs. (c) and (h), respectively. For text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1993, vol. I-B, page 241.

tic Treaty Organization, or other regional alliances and international organizations.

(2) Proposals for expanding peacekeeping activities by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the North Atlantic Cooperation Council, including multinational operations, multinational training, and multinational doctrine development.

(3) Proposals for establishing regional entities, on an ad hoc basis or a permanent basis, to conduct peacekeeping or peace enforcement operations under a United Nations mandate as an alternative to direct United Nations involvement in such operations.

(4) A summary of progress made by the United States, in consultation with other nations, to develop doctrine for peace keeping and peace enforcement operations and plans to conduct exercises with other nations for such purposes.

(5) Proposals for criteria for determining whether to commence new peacekeeping missions, including, in the case of any such mission, criteria for determining the threat to international peace to be addressed by the mission, the precise objectives of the mission, the costs of the mission, and the proposed endpoint of the mission.

(6) The principles, criteria, or considerations guiding decisions to place United States forces under foreign command or to decline to put United States forces under foreign command.

(7) Proposals to establish opportunities within the Armed Forces for voluntary assignment to duty in units designated for assignment to multinational peacekeeping and peace enforcement missions.

(8) Proposals to modify the budgetary and financial policies of the United Nations for peacekeeping and peace enforcement missions, including

(A) proposals regarding the structure and control of budgetary procedures;

(B) proposals regarding United Nations accounting procedures; and (C) specific proposals

(i) to establish a revolving capital fund to finance the costs of starting new United Nations operations approved by the Security Council;

(ii) to establish a requirement that United Nations member nations pay one-third of the anticipated firstyear costs of a new operation immediately upon

Security Council approval of that operation;

(iii) to establish a requirement that United Nations member nations be charged interest penalties on late payment of their assessments for peacekeeping or peace enforcement missions;

(iv) regarding possible sources of international reve nue for United Nations peacekeeping and peace enforcement missions;

(v) regarding the need to lower the United States peacekeeping assessment to the same percentage as

« PreviousContinue »