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the United States assessment to the regular United Nations budget; and

(vi) regarding a revision of the current schedule of payments per servicemember assigned to a peacekeeping mission in order to bring payments more in line

with costs. (9) Proposals to establish a small United Nations Rapid De ployment Force under the direction of the United Nations Security Council in order to provide for quick intervention in disputes for the purpose of preventing a larger outbreak of hostilities.

(10) Proposals for reorganization of the United Nations Secretariat to provide improved management of peacekeeping operations, including the establishment of a Department of Peace Operations (DPO) and the transfer of the Operations Division from Field Operations into such a department.

(11) Requirement of congressional approval for participation of United States Armed Forces in multinational peacekeeping and peace enforcement missions, including the applicability of the War Powers Resolution and the United Nations Participation Act.

(12) Proposals that the United States and other United Nations member nations negotiate special agreements under article 43 of the United Nations Charter to provide for those states to make armed forces, assistance, and facilities available to the United Nations Security Council for the purposes stated in article 42 of that charter, not only on an ad hoc basis, but also on a permanent on-call basis for rapid deployment under Security Council authorization.

(13) A proposal that member nations of the United Nations commit to keep equipment specified by the Secretary General of the United Nations available for immediate sale, loan, or do nation to the United Nations when required.

(14) A proposal that member nations of the United Nations make airlift and sealift capacity available to the United Nations without charge or at lower than commercial rates.

(15) An evaluation of the current capabilities and future needs of the United Nations for improved command, control, communications, and intelligence infrastructure, including facilities, equipment, procedures, training, and personnel, and an analysis of United States capabilities and experience in such matters that could be applied or offered directly to the United Nations.

(16) An evaluation of the potential role of the Military Staff Committee of the United Nations Security Council.

(17) Training requirements for foreign military personnel designated to participate in peacekeeping operations, including an assessment of the nation, nations, or organizations that might best provide such training and at what cost.

(18) Any other information that may be useful to inform Congress on matters relating to United States policy and pro posals on peacekeeping and peace enforcement missions.

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(c) COMMITTEES TO RECEIVE REPORT.-The committees to which the report under this section are to be submitted are

(1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; and

(2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on

Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives. SEC. 1503. MILITARY-TO-MILITARY CONTACT.

(a) CONTINUATION OF CERTAIN MILITARY-TO-MILITARY PRO GRAMS.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 301 for Defense-wide activities, $10,000,000 shall be made available to continue efforts that were initiated by the commander of a United States unified command and approved by the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for military-to-military contacts and comparable activities that are designed to assist the military forces of other countries in understanding the appropriate role of military forces in a democratic society.

(b) LIMITATION.–Subsection (a) applies only to activities initiated by September 30, 1993, and only in the case of countries with which those activities had been initiated by that date. SEC. 1504. HUMANITARIAN AND CIVIC ASSISTANCE. (a) REGULATIONS.—

The regulations required to be prescribed under section 401 of title 10, United States Code, shall be pre scribed not later than March 1, 1994. In prescribing such regulations, the Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Secretary of State.


(b) 2 +

(c) NOTIFICATIONS REGARDING HUMANITARIAN RELIEF.-Any notification provided to the appropriate congressional committees with respect to assistance activities under section 2551 of title 10, United States Code, shall include a detailed description of any items for which transportation is provided that are excess nonlethal supplies of the Department of Defense, including the quantity, acquisition value, and value at the time of the transportation of such items.

(d) REPORT ON HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ACTIVITIES.-- (1) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the activities planned to be carried out by the Department of Defense during fiscal year 1995 under sections 401, 402, 2547, and 2551 of title 10, United States Code. The report shall include information, developed after consultation with the Secretary of State, on the distribution of excess nonlethal supplies transferred to the Secretary of State during fiscal year 1993 pursuant to section 2547 of that title.

(2) The report shall be submitted at the same time that the President submits the budget for fiscal year 1995 to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code. (e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

The funds authorized to be appropriated by section 301(18) shall be available to carry out humanitarian and civic assistance activities under sections 401, 402, and 2551 of title 10, United States Code.

2 Subsec. (b) amended 10 U.S.C. 401 at subsec. (c). For text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1993, vol. I-B, page 238.

(f) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES.—In this section, the term "appropriate congressional committees" means

(1) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives; and

(2) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.

Subtitle B-Policies Regarding Specific Countries SEC. 1511.3 SANCTIONS AGAINST SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO.

(a) CODIFICATION OF EXECUTIVE BRANCH SANCTIONS.—The sanctions imposed on Serbia and Montenegro, as in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, that were imposed by or pursuant to the following directives of the executive branch shall (except as provided under subsections (d) and (e)) remain in effect until changed by law:

(1) Executive Order 12808 of May 30, 1992, as continued in effect on May 25, 1993.

(2) Executive Order 12810 of June 5, 1992.
(3) Executive Order 12831 of January 15, 1993.
(4) Executive Order 12846 of April 25, 1993.

(5) Department of State Public Notice 1427, effective July 11, 1991.

(6) Proclamation 6389 of December 5, 1991 (56 Fed. Register 64467).

(7) Department of Transportation Order 92-5-38 of May 20, 1992.

(8) Federal Aviation Administration action of June 19, 1992 (14 C.F.R. Part 91). (b) PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE.—No funds appropriated or otherwise made available by law may be obligated or expended on behalf of the government of Serbia or the government of Montenegro.

(c) INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.—The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States executive director of each international financial institution to use the voice and vote of the United States to oppose any assistance from that institution to the government of Serbia or the government of Montenegro, except for basic human needs.

(d) EXCEPTION.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President is authorized and encouraged to exempt from sanctions imposed against Serbia and Montenegro that are described in subsection (a) those United States-supported programs, projects, or activities that involve reform of the electoral process, the development of democratic institutions or democratic political parties, or humanitarian assistance (including refugee care and human rights observation).

(e) WAIVER AUTHORITY.—(1) The President may waive or modify the application, in whole or in part, of any sanction described in subsection (a), the prohibition in subsection (b), or the requirement in subsection (c).

350 U.S.C. 1701 note. For the Executive Orders listed in this section, see Legislation on For. eign Relations Through 1993, vol. III.

(2) Such a waiver or modification may only be effective upon certification by the President to Congress that the President has de termined that the waiver or modification is necessary (A) to meet emergency humanitarian needs, or (B) to achieve a negotiated settlement of the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina that is acceptable to the parties. SEC. 1512.4 INVOLVEMENT OF ARMED FORCES IN SOMALIA.


(1) Since United States Armed Forces made significant contributions under Operation Restore Hope towards the establishment of a secure environment for humanitarian relief operations and restoration of peace in the region to end the humanitarian disaster that had claimed more than 300,000 lives.

(2) Since the mission of United States forces in support of the United Nations appears to be evolving from the establishment of "a secure environment for humanitarian relief operations," as set out in United Nations Security Council Resolution 794 of December 3, 1992, to one of internal security and nation build


(1) CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESS.-- The President should consult closely with the Congress regarding United States policy with respect to Somalia, including in particular the de ployment of United States Armed Forces in that country, whether under United Nations or United States command.

(2) PLANNING.–The United States shall facilitate the assumption of the functions of United States forces by the United Nations. (3) REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

(A) The President shall ensure that the goals and objectives supporting deployment of United States forces to Somalia and a description of the mission, command arrangements, size, functions, location, and anticipated duration in Somalia of those forces are clearly articulated and provided in a detailed report to the Congress by October 15, 1993.

(B) Such report shall include the status of planning to transfer the function contained in paragraph (2). (4) CONGRESSIONAL APPROVAL.-Upon reporting under the requirements of paragraph (3) Congress believes the President should by November 15, 1993, seek and receive congressional authorization in order for the deployment of United States forces to Somalia to continue.

4 50 U.S.C. 1541 note.

7. United Nations Peacekeeping Forces in the Middle East Public Law 94-37 (S. 818). Stat. 216, approved June 19, 1975, as amended by Publie Law 99-93 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiseal Years 1986 and 1987; H.R. 2068), 99 Stat. 408, approved August 16, 1985 AN ACT To authorize United States payments to the United Nations for expenses of the United Nations peacekeeping forces in the Middle East, and for other purs poses. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled. That the Secre tary of State may, to the extent funds are authorized and appropriated for this purpose, make payments of such sums as may be necessary from time to time for payment by the United States of its share of the expenses of the United Nations peacekeeping forces in the Middle East, as apportioned by the United Nations in accordance with article 17 of the United Nations Charter, notwithstanding the limitation on contributions to international organizations contained in Public Law 92-544 (86 Stat. 1109).2

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The language to this point beginning with “the Secretary of State," was inserted in lieu of there is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of State" by sec. 103 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 (Public Law 99-93; 99 Stat.


2 The Department of State Appropriation Act, 1980 (Public Law 96-68; 93 Stat. 417), appropriated $67,000,000 for U.S. payment to the United Nations peacekeeping forces in the Middle East.

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