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promptly to the Congress a report which describes the rationale for such action, together with an assessment of that country's nonproliferation policies, practices, and commitments. Such report shall also include the text of any agreements or understandings between the United States and such country regarding the terms and conditions of the country's adherence to the MTCR.".
SEC. 736. CONTROL OF REEXPORTS TO TERRORIST COUNTRIES.
Section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)) is amended 105 by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
"(5) The Secretary and the Secretary of State shall include in the notification required by paragraph (2)—
"(A) a detailed description of the goods or services to be offered, including a brief description of the capabilities of any article for which a license to export is sought;
"(B) the reasons why the foreign country or international organization to which the export or transfer is proposed to be made needs the goods or services which are the subject of such export or transfer and a description of the manner in which such country or organization intends to use such articles, services, or design and construction services;
"(C) the reasons why the proposed export or transfer is in the national interest of the United States;
"(D) an analysis of the impact of the proposed export or transfer on the military capabilities of the foreign country or international organization to which such export or transfer would be made;
"(E) an analysis of the manner in which the proposed export would affect the relative military strengths of countries in the region to which the goods or services which are the subject of such export would be delivered and whether other countries in the region have comparable kinds and amounts of articles, services, or design and construction services; and
"(F) an analysis of the impact of the proposed export or transfer on the United States relations with the countries in the region to which the goods or services which are the subject of such export would be delivered.".
TITLE VIII-NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION PREVENTION ACT 106
SEC. 801. SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the "Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994".
105 For text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1993, vol. III. 106 22 U.S.C. 3201 note.
PART A-REPORTING ON NUCLEAR EXPORTS 107
PART B SANCTIONS FOR NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION 108
SEC. 821. IMPOSITION OF PROCUREMENT SANCTION ON PERSONS EN-
(a) DETERMINATION BY THE PRESIDENT.—
(1) IN GENERAL.-Except as provided in subsection (b)(2), the President shall impose the sanction described in subsection (c) if the President determines in writing that, on or after the effective date of this part, a foreign person or a United States person has materially and with requisite knowledge contributed, through the export from the United States or any other country of any goods or technology (as defined in section 830(2)), to the efforts by any individual, group, or non-nuclearweapon state to acquire unsafeguarded special nuclear material or to use, develop, produce, stockpile, or otherwise acquire any nuclear explosive device.
(2) PERSONS AGAINST WHICH THE SANCTION IS TO BE IMPOSED.The sanction shall be imposed pursuant to paragraph (1) on(A) the foreign person or United States person with respect to which the President makes the determination described in that paragraph;
(B) any successor entity to that foreign person or United States person;
(C) any foreign person or United States person that is a parent or subsidiary of that person if that parent or subsidiary materially and with requisite knowledge assisted in the activities which were the basis of that determination; and
(D) any foreign person or United States person that is an affiliate of that person if that affiliate materially and with requisite knowledge assisted in the activities which were the basis of that determination and if that affiliate is controlled in fact by that person.
(3) OTHER SANCTIONS AVAILABLE.-The sanction which is required to be imposed for activities described in this subsection is in addition to any other sanction which may be imposed for the same activities under any other provision of law.
107 Part A amends the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978; for text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 1993, vol. IV. See also ec. 851 of this Act for effective date. 108 Sec. 831 of this Act provided:
"SEC. 831. EFFECTIVE DATE.
"The provisions of this part, and the amendments made by this part, hall take effect 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.".
Part D of this title, however, provided:
"SEC. 851. TERMINATION UPON ENACTMENT OF NEXT FOREIGN RELATIONS ACT.
"On the date of enactment of the first Foreign Relations Authorization Act that is enacted after the enactment of this Act, the provisions of parts A and B of this title shall cease to be effective, the amendments made by those parts shall be repealed, and any provision of law repealed by those parts shall be reenacted.".
(4) DEFINITION.-For purposes of this subsection, the term "requisite knowledge" means situations in which a person "knows", as "knowing" is defined in section 104 of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (15 U.S.C. 78dd-2). (b) CONSULTATION WITH AND ACTIONS BY FOREIGN GOVERNMENT OF JURISDICTION.—
(1) CONSULTATIONS.-If the President makes a determination described in subsection (a)(1) with respect to a foreign person, the Congress urges the President to initiate consultations immediately with the government with primary jurisdiction over that foreign person with respect to the imposition of the sanction pursuant to this section.
(2) ACTIONS BY GOVERNMENT OF JURISDICTION.-In order to pursue such consultations with that government, the President may delay imposition of the sanction pursuant to this section for up to 90 days. Following these consultations, the President shall impose the sanction unless the President determines and certifies in writing to the Congress that that government has taken specific and effective actions, including appropriate penalties, to terminate the involvement of the foreign person in the activities described in subsection (a)(1). The President may delay the imposition of the sanction for up to an additional 90 days if the President determines and certifies in writing to the Congress that that government is in the process of taking the actions described in the preceding sentence.
(3) REPORT TO CONGRESS.-Not later than 90 days after making a determination under subsection (a)(1), the President shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report on the status of consultations with the appropriate government under this subsection, and the basis for any determination under paragraph (2) of this subsection that such government has taken specific corrective actions. (c) SANCTION.
(1) DESCRIPTION OF SANCTION.-The sanction to be imposed pursuant to subsection (a)(1) is, except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, that the United States Government shall not procure, or enter into any contract for the procurement of, any goods or services from any person described in subsection (a)(2).
(2) EXCEPTIONS.-The President shall not be required to apply or maintain the sanction under this section
(A) in the case of procurement of defense articles or defense services
(i) under existing contracts or subcontracts, including the exercise of options for production quantities to satisfy requirements essential to the national security of the United States;
(ii) if the President determines in writing that the person or other entity to which the sanction would otherwise be applied is a sole source supplier of the defense articles or services, that the defense articles or
services are essential, and that alternative sources are not readily or reasonably available; or
(iii) if the President determines in writing that such articles or services are essential to the national security under defense coproduction agreements;
(B) to products or services provided under contracts entered into before the date on which the President publishes his intention to impose the sanction;
(i) spare parts which are essential to United States products or production;
(ii) component parts, but not finished products, essential to United States products or production; or
(iii) routine servicing and maintenance of products, to the extent that alternative sources are not readily or reasonably available;
(D) to information and technology essential to United States products or production; or
(E) to medical or other humanitarian items.
(d) ADVISORY OPINIONS.-Upon the request of any person, the Secretary of State may, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, issue in writing an advisory opinion to that person as to whether a proposed activity by that person would subject that person to the sanction under this section. Any person who relies in good faith on such an advisory opinion which states that the proposed activity would not subject a person to such sanction, and any person who thereafter engages in such activity, may not be made subject to such sanction on account of such activity.
(e) TERMINATION OF THE SANCTION.-The sanction imposed pursuant to this section shall apply for a period of at least 12 months following the imposition of the sanction and shall cease to apply thereafter only if the President determines and certifies in writing to the Congress that
(1) reliable information indicates that the foreign person or United States person with respect to which the determination was made under subsection (a)(1) has ceased to aid or abet any individual, group, or non-nuclear-weapon state in its efforts to acquire unsafeguarded special nuclear material or any nuclear explosive device, as described in that subsection; and
(2) the President has received reliable assurances from the foreign person or United States person, as the case may be, that such person will not, in the future, aid or abet any individual, group, or non-nuclear-weapon state in its efforts to acquire unsafeguarded special nuclear material or any nuclear explosive device, as described in subsection (a)(1).
(1) CRITERION FOR WAIVER.-The President may waive the application of the sanction imposed on any person pursuant to this section, after the end of the 12-month period beginning on the date on which that sanction was imposed on that person, if the President determines and certifies in writing to the Congress that the continued imposition of the sanction would have a serious adverse effect on vital United States interests.
(2) NOTIFICATION OF AND REPORT TO CONGRESS.-If the President decides to exercise the waiver authority provided in paragraph (1), the President shall so notify the Congress not less than 20 days before the waiver takes effect. Such notification shall include a report fully articulating the rationale and circumstances which led the President to exercise the waiver authority.
SEC. 822. ELIGIBILITY FOR ASSISTANCE.
(a) AMENDMENTS TO THE ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT.—
(1) PROHIBITION.-Section 3 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2753) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
"(f) No sales or leases shall be made to any country that the President has determined is in material breach of its binding commitments to the United States under international treaties or agreements concerning the nonproliferation of nuclear explosive devices (as defined in section 830(4) of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994) and unsafeguarded special nuclear material (as defined in section 830(8) of that Act).”.
(2) DEFINITION OF SUPPORT FOR INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM.— Section 40 of such Act (22 U.S.C. 2780) is amended
(A) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following new sentence: "For purposes of this subsection, such acts shall include all activities that the Secretary determines willfully aid or abet the international proliferation of nuclear explosive devices to individuals or groups or willfully aid or abet an individual or groups in acquiring unsafeguarded special nuclear material."; and
(B) in subsection (1)
(i) in paragraph (2), by striking "and" after the semicolon;
(ii) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
(iii) by adding at the end the following:
"(4) the term 'nuclear explosive device' has the meaning given that term in section 830(4) of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994; and
"(5) the term 'unsafeguarded special nuclear material' has the meaning given that term in section 830(8) of the Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1994.". (b) FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961.—
(1) PRESIDENTIAL DETERMINATION 82-7.-Notwithstanding any other provision of law, Presidential Determination No. 82-7 of February 10, 1982, made pursuant to section 670(a)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, shall have no force or effect with respect to any grounds for the prohibition of assistance under section 102(a)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act arising on or after the effective date of this part.
(2) AMENDMENT.-Section 620E(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2375(d)) is amended to read as follows: "(d) The President may waive the prohibitions of section 101 of the Arms Export Control Act with respect to any grounds for the prohibition of assistance under that section arising before the effec