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d. Former Soviet Union

acam 4:3 18 U.S.C. 1153b2 AL weber or not such

a Tanced degrees. DATN–The Attorney General shall prescribe regulaImo Cosection (a).

Kot more than 750 eligible independent states cennst excluding spouses and children if accompany

Es läni within the class designated under subsec:.Tracce visas under section 2032 A of the Immi

y Act (8 U.S.C. 1153 b 2 AL. 1.II The authority of subsection (a shall termi- Ere date of enactment of this Act.

(1) Soviet Scientists Immigration Act of 1992

Public Law 102-509 (S. 2201), 106 Stat. 3316, approved October 24, 1992

AN ACT To authorize the admission to the United States of certain scientists of the

independent states of the former Soviet Union and the Baltic states as employment-based immigrants under the Immigration and Nationality Act.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1.1 SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the “Soviet Scientists Immigration Act of 1992". SEC. 2.1 DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this Act

(1) the term "Baltic states" means the sovereign nations of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia;

(2) the term "independent states of the former Soviet Union" means the sovereign nations of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan; and

(3) the term "eligible independent states and Baltic scientists” means aliens

(A) who are nationals of any of the independent states of the former Soviet Union or the Baltic states; and

(B) who are scientists or engineers who have expertise in nuclear, chemical, biological or other high technology fields or who are working on nuclear, chemical, biological or other high-technology defense projects, as defined by

the Attorney General. SEC. 3.1 WAIVER OF JOB OFFER REQUIREMENT.

The requirement in section 203(b)(2XA) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)(2)(A)) that an alien's services in the sciences, arts, or business be sought by an employer in the United States shall not apply to any eligible independent states or Baltic scientist who is applying for admission to the United States for permanent residence in accordance with that section. SEC. 4." CLASSIFICATION OF INDEPENDENT STATES SCIENTISTS AS

HAVING EXCEPTIONAL ABILITY. (a) IN GENERAL.—The Attorney General shall designate a class of eligible independent states and Baltic scientists, based on their level of expertise, as aliens who possess "exceptional ability in the sciences”, for purposes of section 203(b2/(A) of the Immigration

18 U.S.C. 1153 note.

and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)(2)(A)), whether or not such scientists possess advanced degrees.

(b) REGULATIONS.—The Attorney General shall prescribe regulations to carry out subsection (a).

(c) LIMITATION.—Not more than 750 eligible independent states and Baltic scientists (excluding spouses and children if accompanying or following to join) within the class designated under subsection (a) may be allotted visas under section 203(b)(2)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1153(b)(2XA)).

(d) TERMINATION.—The authority of subsection (a) shall terminate 4 years after the date of enactment of this Act.

(2) Adjustment of Status for Soviet and Indochinese Parolees

Partial text of Public Law 101-167 (H.R. 3743), 103 Stat. 1195, approved November

21, 1989; amended by Public Law 101-513 (Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991; H.R. 5114), 104 Stat. 1979, approved November 5, 1990; Public Law 101-649 (Immigration Act of 1990; S. 358), 104 Stat. 4978, approved November 29, 1990; Public Law 102–232 (Miscellaneous and Technical Immigration and Naturalization Amendments of 1991; H.R. 3049), 105 Stat. 1733, approved December 12, 1991; Public Law 102–391 (Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1993; H.R. 5368), 106 Stat. 1633, approved October 6, 1992; Public Law 102–511 [FREEDOM Support Act; S. 2532), 106 Stat. 3320, approved October 24, 1992; Public Law 103-236 [Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995; H.R. 2333), 108 Stat. 382, approved April 30, 1994

AN ACT Making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and relat

ed programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1990, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1990, and for other purposes, namely:

TITLE V-GENERAL PROVISIONS

ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS FOR CERTAIN SOVIET AND INDOCHINESE

PAROLEES

SEC. 599E.1 (a) IN GENERAL.—The Attorney General shall adjust the status of an alien described in subsection (b) to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the alien

(1) applies for such adjustment,

(2) has been physically present in the United States for at least 1 year and is physically present in the United States on the date the application for such adjustment is filed,

(3) is admissible to the United States as an immigrant, except as provided in subsection (c), and

(4) pays a fee (determined by the Attorney General) for the processing of such application. (b) ALIENS ELIGIBLE FOR ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS.—The benefits provided in subsection (a) shall only apply to an alien who

18 U.S.C. 1255 note.

(1) was a national of an independent state of the former Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia, and

(2) was inspected and granted parole into the United States during the period beginning on August 15, 1988, and ending on

September 30, 1996,3 after being denied refugee status. (c) WAIVER OF CERTAIN GROUNDS FOR INADMISSIBILITY.—The

provisions of paragraphs (4), (5), and (7)(A) 4 of section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act shall not apply to adjustment of status under this section and the Attorney General may waive any other provision of such section (other than paragraph (2XC) and subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), or (E) of paragraph (3)) 5 with respect to such an adjustment for humanitarian purposes, to assure family unity, or when it is otherwise in the public interest.

(d) DATE OF APPROVAL.–Upon the approval of such an application for adjustment of status, the Attorney General shall create a record of the alien's admission as a lawful permanent resident as of the date of the alien's inspection and parole described in subsection (b)(2)

(e) No OFFSET IN NUMBER OF VISAS AVAILABLE.- When an alien is granted the status of having been lawfully admitted for permanent residence under this section, the Secretary of State shall not be required to reduce the number of immigrant visas authorized to be issued under the Immigration and Nationality Act.

2 Sec. 5824bX2) of Public Law 102-391 (106 Stat. 1686) struck out “of the Soviet Union," and inserted in lieu thereof "of an independent state of the former Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania,". Sec. 905(b)2) of the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 102-511; 106 Stat. 3356) made the same amendment.

3 Sec. 598(b) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991 (Public Law 101-513; 104 Stat. 2063), struck out “September 30, 1990" at this point and inserted in lieu thereof "September 30, 1992". Subsequently, sec. 582(

a2) of Public Law 102-391 (106 Stat. 1686) extended the date to September 30, 1994. Sec. 512(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 466), extended the date to September 30, 1996.

* Sec. 603(aX22) of Public Law 101-649 (104 Stat. 5084) struck out "(14), (15), (20), (21), (25), (28) (other than subparagraph (F)), and (32)” and inserted in lieu thereof “(4), (5), and (7XA)”.

5 Sec. 307(1x9) of Public Law 102-232 (105 Stat. 1757) struck out “(23XB), (27), (29), or (33)” and inserted in lieu thereof “(2XC) and subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), or (E) of paragraph (3)".

9. Recognition by the United States of Foreign Governments Senate Resolution 205, 91st Congress, Report No. 91-338, agreed to September 25,

1969

10. The Asia Foundation Act hrial text of Public Law 98–164 (H.R. 2915), 97 Stat. 1017 at 1038, approved November 22, 1983; amended by Public Law 99-93 (Foreign Relations AuthorizaDion Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987; H.R. 2068), 99 Stat. 405, approved August 16 , 1985

; Public Law 100–204 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 18 and 1989; H.R. 1777), 101 Stat. 1331, approved December 1987; and by Public Law 101-246 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 ; H.R. 3792)

, 104 Stat. 15, approved February 16, 1990 N ACT To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1984 and 1985 for the Departzent of State, the United States Information Agency, the Board for International Breadcasting

, the Inter-American Foundation, and the Asia Foundation, to estabsa the National Endowment for Democracy, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the crited States of America in Congress assembled,

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RESOLUTION To set forth as an expression of the sense of the Senate a basic principle regarding the recognition by the United States of foreign governments. Whereas official statements over the last fifty years concerning the

policy of the United States in granting or withholding recognition of a foreign government have given rise to uncertainty as to whether United States recognition of a foreign government implies approval of such a government; and Whereas recognition by the United States of foreign governments

has been interpreted by many Americans and by many foreigners as implying United States approval of those foreign govern

ments; and Whereas such uncertainty adversely affects the interests of the

United States in its relations with foreign nations: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved, That it is the sense of the Senate that when the United States recognizes a foreign government and exchanges diplomatic representatives with it, this does not of itself imply that the United States approves of the form, ideology, or policy of that foreign government.

TITLE IV–THE ASIA FOUNDATION

SHORT TITLE

Sec. 401. This title may be cited as "The Asia Foundation Act”.

FINDINGS Sex. 402. The Congress finds that,

(1) The Asia Foundation, a private nonprofit corporation incorporated in 1954 in the State of California, has long been active in promoting Asian-American friendship and cooperation and in lending encouragement and assistance to Asians in their own efforts to develop more open, more just, and more

democratic societies;

(2) The Asia Foundation's commitment to strengthening indigenous Asian institutions which further stable national development, constructive social change, equitable economic growth, and cooperative international relationships is fully consistent with and supportive of long-term United States in

terests in Asia;

3 The Asia Foundation, as a private organization, is able to conduct programs in response to Asian initiatives that would be difficult or impossible for an official United States instrumentality, and it is in a position in Asia to respond quickly and flexibly to meet new opportunities; 14 in recognition of the valuable contributions of The Asia Foundation to long-range United States foreign policy interests, the United States Government has, through a variety of

BUSC. 401.

(899)

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