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The Trade Supplied by The American News Company, New York.

GENERAL INDEX.

2

56

Astronomical.

Right of Suffrage-An Act to Population of the principal prevent and punish Elec- Cities of the U.s...

.42 PAGE Asteroids

tion Frauds...

.17 Post Offices, Number of, in CALENDARB-Showing the

+ San Domingo-President to each State. phases of the Moon, Rising appoint Commissioners to

.78

Pre-emption Explained

Examine and Report upon Slaves in the U.S. from 1790 and Setting of the Planets, Sidereal Noon, High Water, the condition of the Coun- to 1860

-47 &c...

5-16

try with a view to Annexa- White Population by States

tion Calendars-Jewish and Mo

.19 from 1790 to 1870..

..44 hammedan

Security of Life on Steam-
I
boats-An Act to ensure...18

Political Statistics.
Bright Stars, a Table of 61... 3 Small Coin to be redeemed ..19 Apportionment for the next
Conjunction of Planets, &c., 4 Smuggling Act amended....17
Cycles of Time and Church

House of Representatives.56 Days

Sugar - Rate of

Duty re

Committees of the Senate

duced Eclipses for 1872...

.17 and House of RepresentaCorrect Time, how to get it. 2

The Texas Pacific Railway tives of the XLIId ConTide Table for 110 Places Company incorporated....19

gress....

.54, 55 The Four Seasons..

The Treaty of Washington Governors of Territories....56 2 for Settlement of Alabama

House of Representatives of Laws,Proclamations,

Claims, &c..

.22-24
the U.S...

.52, 53

Ministers of the U.S. to For&c. National Finances, eign Countries

50 ACTS OF CONGRESS.

Salaries of State Governors.56 Bridge over the Missouri Bonds issued to Pacific Rail- Senate of the U.S..

51 River authorized.. ..17

roads

.28 States of the Union--Area, Bridge over the Wabash Debt bearing Coin Interest..27 Population, Capitals, Gov

River authorized. .20 Debt bearing Interest in law- ernors, Times for holding Bridges over the Mississippi ful Money.

.28 Elections, &c.. and Missouri Rivers au- Debt bearing no Interest....27 United States Governmentthorized.

19

Debt on which Interest has President, Cabinet, and SuClaims of Loyal Citizens-A ceased since maturity.....27

preme Court....

50 Commission to consider Recapitulation of Debt.. .28 them..

...19 Reduction of Debt under Eleetion Returns for District of Columbia-A Ter- present Administration....28

1871. ritorial Governinent pro- Paper Currency in circula- California

76 vided for

....17
tion

.24 Connecticut
Food for French and Ger- Receipts and Expenditures District of Columbia.

77 man Sufferers to be sent in of U.S. Government. .24 Georgia..

-72 U.S. Vessels ..20

Illinois...

.73 Fourteenth Amendment to

Iowa.
General Statistics.

-75 the Constitution - Provis

Kansas.

75 ion for its Enforcement....20 Aggregate Population by Kentucky

.71 Indians-Provision for Re- States from 1790 to 1870, Maine...

58 moval of... ...17 showing relative Growth Maryland

-71 Indian Lands in Wisconsin of States.

.43 Massachusetts..

57 Provision for Sale of.... .17 Chinese Population in the Minnesota..

76 Internal Improvements--Ap- U.S......

.47 Mississippi.

.77 propriations for... .17 Difference of Time at differ- Nebraska..

59 Judicial Districts — Virginia ent Places...

26 Nevada..

.70 divided into Two.. .17 Free Colored Population by New Hampshire Kansas to be Reimbursed for States..

.45 New Jersey. War Expenses. .17 Government Lands-How to New Mexico.

.77 Lands granted to the Utah acquire them..

.78 New York, by Counties. Central Railroad. .17 Homestead --How to obtain

* Towns.. .61-64 Military Reservations to be it.

for Senators.. .65 Sold...

Assemblymen.66 National Centenary-Provis:17 Imports and Consumption of

North Carolina..

.69 ion for its Celebration..... 18

in 1871.
.25, 26 Ohio...

.70 Pensions of 1812--Extending Indians in the U.S. .47 Pennsylvania..

.59 the List...

.17 Land Offices of the U. S., Popular Vote for President..77 Proclamations by the Presi- where located

78 Rhode Island...

57 dent--Against Interference Native and Foreign Born Texas..

74 in the Franco-German War Population by States... .46 Virginia

.76 and against Engaging in Population of the U.S. from West Virginia...

.09 Fenian Raids into Canada. 20 1820 to 1870 by Counties..29-42 Wisconsin...

.73

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66

Astronomical Department,
Computed and arranged expressly for this WORK, by SAMUEL I. WRIGHT, A, M., M. D.,

Penn Yan, Yates County, N. Y.

Eclipses for the Year 1872.
There will be four Eclipses this year, as follows:
I. A Partial Eclipse of the Moon, May 22 ; invisible in the United States.

II. An Annular Eclipse of the Sun, June 5; invisible in North America, except in Washington
Territory and the Arctic Regions.

III. A very small Eclipse of the Moon in the evening of November 14th and morning of the 15th ; visible, being only one thirty-third of the Moon's diameter on the northern limb. See the following table :

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H. M.

D. H. M. o 58 m. Detroit.

14 II 27 ev.
o 55 m. | Chicago.

14 II qev.
O 54 m.
Milwaukie.

14 II

8 ev. O 43 m. New Orleans..

14 10 59 ev. O 38 m. St. Louis

14 10 58 ev. 0 31 m. Austin....

14 10 28 ev. o 28 m. San Francisco. 14 850 ev. O 24 m. Portland, Or... 14 8 50 ev. o 20 m. Sitka,

14 7 58 ev.

H. M. H.M.
II 47ev. 12 7m.
11 29ev. 11 49ev.
II 28ey. II 48ev.
II 19ev. 11 39ev.
II 18ey.

IJ 38ev. 10 48ev. 11 8ey. 9 roev. 9 30ev.

roev. 9 zoev. 18ev. 8 38ev.

IV. An Annular Eclipse of the Sun, November 30; invisible in North America.
Morning Stars.

Evening Stars.
Venus ( ! ) until July 15. .

Venus after July 15.
Mars ( ) after May 17.

Mars until May 17.
Jupiter (24) after August 2.

Jupiter until August 2.
Saturn ( 2 ) to April 10.

Saturn after April 10.

Planets Brightest,
MERCURY January 27, May 25, and September 18, rising before the Sun; also April 2, July 31,
and November 24, setting soon after the Sun. Venus and Mars not this year. JUPITER
Japuary 15. SATURN July 9.

Jewish Calendar for 1872.
The Jewish year 5632 is the 8th of the 297th Cycle, and began September 16, 1871, and ends
October 2, 1872. It contains 55 Sabbaths, and 383 days, being embolismic, and of 13 months.
The year 5633 begins October 3, 1872, and ends September 21, 1873.

for

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Mohammedan Calendar for 1872. The Mohammedan year 1288, of 354 days, began March 23, 1871, and ends March 10, 1872. The year 1289, of 355 days, begins March !1, 1872, and ends February 28, 1873.

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29

30 29 30

II Ds'l-Kadah
12 Ds'l-Rejjah
1 Muharrem.
2 Saphar.
3 Rabia I
4 Rahia II
5 Jomadhi I

January 12....
February 11.
March 11...
April 10....
May 9...

6 Jomadhi II.
3

August 6......
September 4..
October 4..
November 2..
December 2...
December 31..
January 30....

June 8.. July 7..

DAYS.

Rejeb..

Shaban.
9 Ramadan
1o Schewall..
II De'l-Kadah.
12 Ds'l-Rejjah.

DAYS.

29 30

30 29 30 30 ) 1873

Establishm't

of Port.

Hight of
Spring Tide.

Establishm't

of Port

Hight of
Spring Tide.
Neap Tide.

Establishm't

- of Port.

Hight of | Spring Tide.

11 20 9.2 6.1 Cape Florida.::

II 21

Tarpaulin Cove.. 8 4 2.8 1.8 CapeMay Landing & 32 5.4 3.6 Key West.

New and Valuable Tide Table for 110 Places, To find the time of high-water at any of the places Lamed in the following table, add the time indicated in the first column of figures to the time of" Moon South," or "Moon on Meridian," found in the calendar pages. If the result is more than 12 hours from noon, the time will be the next day in the morning, and if more than 2 hours from midnight, the time will be in the afternoon of the same day. The tide thus found is the first after the Moon's culmination. The second tide occurs 12 hours and 26 minutes later than the first: PLACES. PLACES.

PLACES. NORTH E. COAST. H.M. FT. FT

H.M. FT. FT

H.M. FT. FT Hanniwell's Point 11 15 9.37.0 Castleton

4 293.0 2.3 Wilmington...

9 6 3.1 2.2 Portland..

II 25 9.9 7.6 Greenbush.... 5 22 2.5 1.9 Georgetown Ent. 1 56 4.7 2.7 Portsmouth 11 23 9.97.2 L.ISLAND SOUND.

Bull's Island Bay 7 16 5.7 3.7 Newburyport..... 11 22 9.1 6.6 Watch Hill

Charleston... 7 26 6.0 4.1 Rockport.

90 3.1 2.4 . 10 57 10.2 7. Stonington

St. Helena Sound

7 8 7.44.4 Salem ..

9 7 3.2 2.2 11 13 10.6 7.6 Little Gull Island. 9 38 2.9 2.3

Ft. Pulaski..

20 8.05.9 Boston Light. II 12 10.9 8.1 New London..

Savannah Boston..

13 7.6 5.5 9 28 3.1 2.1 II 27 11.3 8.5 New Haven.. 11 16 6.2'5.2

Doboy Light. Plymouth

7 33 7.8 5.4 11 19 11.4.9.0 Bridgeport.

St. Simon's.. Wellfleet

7 43 8.2 5.4 II II 8.0 4.7 II 513.2 9.2 Oyster Bay

Ft. Clinch.

7 53 6.7 5.3 Provincetown..

II 7. 9.2 5.4 11 22 10.8 7.7 Sand's Point.

1 13 8.9 6.4 St. Augustine.

St. John's River. 28 5.5 Monomoy II 58 5.3 2.6 New Rochelle.

821 4.9 3.6 Nantucket.

II 22 8.6 6.6
... 12 24 3.6 2.6
Hyannis
Throgg's Neck

8 34 1.8 1.2 12 22 3.9 1.8

Indian Key. 8 23 2.21.3 Edgartown

JERSEY COAST.

Sand Key.. ..... 12 16 2.5 1.6

8 10 2.0 0.6 Holmes' Hole..... 11 43 1.8 1.3 Cold Spring Inlet.

9 30 1.5 0.9 8 19 6.0 4.3 .

956 1.5 0.6 Wood's Hole (N.) 7.59 4.7 3.1 DELA'REBAY,&c.

Charlotte Harb'r 13 9 1.3 0.8 Wood's Hole (S.) 6 31 2.0 1.2 Delaw'e Breakw'r 8 0 4.5'3.0 Tampa Bay...

1.8 1.0 Menemsha Light. 7 45 3.9 1.8 Higbee'sCape May 8 33 6.2 3.9 Cedar Keys. 13 15 3.21.6 Quick's Hole (n.) 1 31 3.3 2.9 Egg Island Light. 9 4 7.0 5.1 St. Marks 13 38 2.9 1.4 Quick’s Hole (S.), 1 36 3.8 2.3 Mahon's River.... 9 52 6.9 5.0 WESTERN COAST. Cuttyhunk.. 7.40 4.2 2.9 Newcastle

9 38 5.0 2.3 Kettle Cove. Bird Island Light 1 59 5.3 3.5) CHESAPEAKE, &c. 3 48 5.0 3.7 Philadelphia......

9 39 4.7 2.2

Cuyler's Harbor. 9 25 5.1 2.8 New Bedford..

7 57 4.6 2.8 Newport.. Old PointComfort 8 17 3.0.2.0 Monterey

San Luis Obispo. 10 8 4.8 2.4 745 4.6 3.1

IO 22 4.32.5 Point Judith

Point Lookout 7 32 3.7 2.6

0 32 1.9 0.7 South Farrallone 10 37 4.4 2.8 Block Island..

Annapolis 36 3.5 2.0

4 38 1.0 0.8 San Francisco... 12 6 4.32.8 Montauk Point..

Bodkin Light. 8 20 2.4 1.8

5 42 1.3 0.8 Mare Island.. Sandy Hook.

13 40 5.2 4.1 Baltimore 29 5.6 4.0 Washington 6 33 1.5 0.9 Benicia

14 10 5.1 3.7 New York.

7 44 3.4 2.0 Ravenswood. 12 36 7.3 4.9 HUDSON RIVER.

City Point.
2 11 3.0 2.5 Bodega...

I! 17 4.7 2.7 Dobb's Ferry

Richmond 9 19 4.42.7

4 32 3.4 2.3 Humboldt Bay 12 2 5.5 3.5 Tarrytown

Tappahannock 9 57 4.0 2.7

0 42 1.91.3 Port Orford. 11 26 6.8 3.7 Verplanck's Point 10 8 3.8 2.3 SOUTHERN COAST.

Astoria.

12 42 7.44.6 West Point.... II 2 3.2 2.0 Hatteras Inlet..

7 4 2.2 1.8 Nee-ah Harbor... 12 33 7.4 4.8 Poughkeepsie 12 34 3.9 2.4 Beaufort (N.C.). 26 3.3 2.2 Port Townshend. 3 49 5.54.0 Tivoli.. I 24 4.6 3.2 Bald Head.. 7 26 5.0 3.4 Steilacoom

4 46 II.17.2 Stuyvesant 3 23' 4.4 3.0l/ Smithville.

7 19' 5.5 3.8 Semi-ah-moo Bay 4 50 6.6 4.8 The Four Seasons. D. H. M.

D. H. M. Winter begins, 1871, December....

22,
51 mo., and lasts...

89

58 Spring 1872, March

20,
49 mo.,

92

34 Summer June..

20,
23 eve.,

93 14
Autumn
September

22,
46 eve.,

89

17 59 Winter December..

21,

6 45 mo. Trop. year 365 5
Cycles of Time and Church Days.
Dominical Letters. G F Septuagesima Sunday..Jan. 28 Easter Sunday
Epact..
Sexagesima

Low Sunday.

..April 7 Solar Cycle. 5 Quinquagesima

Rogation Sunday. .May 5 Golden Number.. I Ash Wednesday 14 Ascension Day

9 Roman Indiction. Quadragesima Sunday 18 Pentecost Sunday

19 Jewish Lunar Cycle 8 Mid-Lent Sunday .Mar.10 Trinity Sunday

26 Dionysian Period.

Palm Sunday
24 Corpus Christi.

30 Julian Period... 6585 Good Friday.

29 Advent Sunday... .Dec. 1 To Get Correct Time. When the shadow cast by the Sun reaches the noon-mark, set the clock at the time given in calendar pages of this Almanac, in the column of “Sun at Noon-mark," and it will be exactly right. If a meridian line is used instead of a noon-mark, the passing the lines by the Sun's center is the moment for setting the clock. Any skillful surveyor can make a noon-mark or meridian lines of small brass or copper wires. In doing so, he must allow

for the variation of the magnetic needle from a true or astronomical north and south line.

11 53 6.9 6.6 San Diego.
I 18 6.8 5.1 San Pedro.

o 20

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.Mar. 31

20

..Feb. 4

II

15

201

A Table of Sixty-one Bright Stars. To ascertain when any Star found in the following Table will be on the upper meridian, add the numbers opposite in the left-hand column of figures to the time of “ Sidereal Noon" found in the calendar pages. For the RISING of a star, subtract the number opposite in the right-hand column of figures from its meridian passage. For the setting of a star, add the same number to its meridian passage. Those marked (....) revolve in a circle of perpetual apparition, and do not rise nor set north of the latitude of New York (40° 42' 40''), for which latitude the semi-diurnal arcs are calculated. The civil day begins at midnight, and consequently 24 hours after midnight, or 12 hours from noon, is morning of the succeeding day; and more than 24 hours from noon, is evening of the next day. From 12h. to 24h, from midnight, or from Oh. to 12h. from noon,

will be in the afternoon of the same day. This table is arranged in the order of culmination. Surveyors and Civil Engineers may obtain the declination of the magnetic needle by observations on the Pole Star when upon the meridian, or when at the greatest elongation east or west. POLARIS and other stars pass the lower meridian 11h. 58m. after their upper transit. To the time of upper transit of Polaris, add 5h. 54m. and it gives the time of greatest western elongation. If the 5h. 54m. be subtracted from the time of upper transit, it will give the time of greatest eastern elongation. Observations made at the time of greatest elongation are less liable to error than those made at the time of transit. The mean distance of Polaris from the pole this year is 1° 22' 23.37". To find its azimuth for any latitude, take from 18.3795564 the logarithmic cosine of the latitude, and the remainder is the logarithmic sine of the azimuth.

NAME OF STAR.

On Rises
Meridian and Sets

NAME OF STAR

On

Rises Meridian and Sets

a Andromedæ (Alpheratz)...
g Pegasi (Algenib).
a Cassiopeæ (Schedir)
B Ceti..
B Andromedæ (Merach).
a Ursæ Minoris (POLARIS).
B Arietis..
y Andromedæ (Almaach).
a Piscium..
a Arietis.
a Ceti (Menkar).
a Persei (Algenib)..

Tauri (seven stars).
a Tauri (Aldebaran)
a Aurigæ (Capella).
B Orionis (Rigel)...
B Tauri (el Nath)..

Orionis (Bellatrix)..

Orionis (Min taka), e Orionis (Anilam). Ś Orionis (Alnitak) a Columbæ (Phaet). a Orionis (Bet elguese). a Canis Majoris (Sirius). € Canis Majoris (Adhara) a Geminor (Castor). a Canis Minoris (Procyon).. B Geminor (Pollux). Ś Argus (Naos).. a Hydræ (Alphard). a Leonis (Regulus)..

H. M.
0 1
0 6
0 33
0 37
1 2
1 11
1 47
1 55
1 55
1 59
2 55
3 14
3 39
4 28
5 6
5 7
5 17
5 17
5 24
5 29
5 33
5 84
5 47
6 38
6 52
7 25
7 31
7 36
7 58
9 20
10 0

H, M.
1 51 y Leonis (Al Gieba).
6 50

& Ursa Majoris } Pointers.
4 51 B Leonis (Denebola)....
8 26 y Ursæ Majoris (Phad).

B Corvi
7 16 € Ursæ Majoris (Alioth).
9 18 a Virginis (Spica).
6 6

n Ursæ Majoris..
7 23 a Bootis (Arcturus)..
6 11 B Ursa Minoris..

B Libræ ..
7 28 a Coronæ Borealis.
6 57 a Serpentis
10 11 B Scorpii
5 30

a Scorpii (Antares).
7 50 a Herculis.
6 20 a Ophiuchi.
5 58 B Draconis.
5 55 y Draconis.
5 52 a Lyræ (Vega).
8 37 B Lyræ
6 25

a Aquilæ (Altair).
5 0 a Cygni (Deneb)..
4 7 a Cephei
8 10 B Aquarii.
6 18 a Aquarii.
7 50 a Pis. Aus. (Fomalhaut).
2 58 B Pegasi (Scheat).
5 31 a Pegasi (Markab)..
6 43 Vernal Equinox....

H. M. H, M. 10 11 7 15 10 51 10 54 11 40 6 53 11 45 12 25 4 35 12 46 13 16 5 22 13 40 14 7 7 11 14 49 15 7 5 27 15 27 7 43 15 35 6 23 15 55 4 49 16 19 4 49 17 6 6 50 17 26 5 15 17 25 17 51 18 29 8 54 18 42 8 16 19 41 6 29 20 34 9 34 21 12 21 21

5 37 21 55 5 56 22 47 4 0 22 54 7 44 22 54 6 50 28 56 5 59

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Apogee.... Perigee.. Highest... Lowest...

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18 15

6 1 27
17 14
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D. 12 24 11 25

D.

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6 20

D.
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1. 26 14 24 11

D, 24 12 22 9

D. 21

6 18 5

D. 19

3 31 16 2 30

7 21

5 19

1 28
15

19
6

NOTE.—The tides may be expected highest when the Moon is in perigee, and lowest at apogee, The duration of moonlight will be greatest when the Moon is highest, and least when it is lowest. When the full Moon falls about the time of the “highest,” the entire night will be lighted by the Moon.

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