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Page 82 - Who are to be the electors of the federal representatives? Not the rich, more than the poor; not the learned, more than the ignorant; not the haughty heirs of distinguished names, more than the humble sons of obscure and unpropitious fortune. The electors are to be the great body of the people of the United States.
Page 69 - Each State, in ratifying the Constitution, is considered as a sovereign body, independent of all others, and only to be bound by its own voluntary act. In this relation, then, the new Constitution will, if established, be a. federal, and not a national, constitution.
Page 107 - Convention to be less rigid on points of inferior magnitude, than might have been otherwise expected; and thus the Constitution, which we now present, is the result of a spirit of amity, and of that mutual deference and concession which the peculiarity of our political situation rendered indispensable.
Page 62 - It is evident, therefore, that, according to their primitive signification, they have no application to constitutions professedly founded upon the power of the people, and executed by their immediate representatives and servants.
Page 95 - In all very numerous assemblies, of whatever characters composed, passion never fails to wrest the sceptre from reason. Had every Athenian citizen been a Socrates; every Athenian assembly would still have been a mob.
Page 105 - The House of Representatives, like that of one branch at least of all the State legislatures, is elected immediately by the great body of the people. The Senate, like the present Congress, and the Senate of Maryland, derives its appointment indirectly from the people. The President is indirectly derived from the choice of the people, according to the example in most of the States.
Page 68 - ... States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State. The operations of the federal government will be most extensive and important in times of war and danger ; those of the State governments, in times of peace and security.
Page 81 - The provision made by the Convention appears, therefore, to be the best that lay within their option. It must be satisfactory to every State ; because it is conformable to the standard already established, or which may be established by the State itself. It will be safe to the United States ; because, being fixed by the State Constitutions, it is not alterable by the State Governments...
Page 71 - The qualifications of the elected, being less carefully and properly defined by the state constitutions, and being at. the same time more susceptible of uniformity, have been very properly considered and regulated by the convention.