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according acid afforded alcohol alkaloid amount ancient appears bark becomes bitter boiling Botanical branches brought brown called cells cent century Chemical chiefly China collected colour commerce common consists contains countries crystals cultivated dark described diameter dissolved distillation dried drug easily employed England essential oil ether Europe examined exhibits exported extract fact feet flowers fruit growing imported inch India island Italy Journ juice known latter layer leaves length less light liquid London medicine mentioned Microscopic native nearly notice numerous observed obtained occurs odour opium Persian Pharm pieces plant pointed portion powder precipitate prepared present probably produced properties quantity rays regarded resembling resin root seeds separated shipped short soluble solution sometimes species specimens starch stem structure substance sugar surface taste thick thin tissue trade transverse tree usually varieties wood yellow yields
Page 416 - Menthol occurs as colorless, acicular or prismatic crystals, having a strong and pure odor of peppermint and a warm, aromatic taste, followed by a sensation of cold when air is drawn into the mouth.
Page 479 - ... rather make it a physical drinke to keepe the body in health, than an ordinary drinke for the quenching of our thirst." In reality, other herbs were for a long period employed to impart to malt liquor a bitter or aromatic taste, as Ground Ivy (Nepcta Gleckoma Beuth.); anciently called Ale-hoof or Gill; Alecost (Balsamita vulgans L.); Sweet Gale (Myricv.
Page 311 - Copy of further Correspondence relating to the introduction of the Chinchona Plant into India, and to proceedings connected with its cultivation, from April 1863 to April 1866.
Page 283 - ... in a more concrete form than it might otherwise assume. The thickened mass, which is said by another writer to resemble soft, yellowish clay, is now placed in shallow, square boxes, and when somewhat hardened, is cut into cubes and dried in the shade. The leaves are boiled a second time, and finally washed in water, which water is saved for another operation. A plantation with five or six labourers contains on an average 70,000 to 80,000 shrubs, and yields from 50 to 60 Ibs.
Page 123 - ... strip of bark for about five inches below the wound. This is left for a month when a fresh incision is made in the same place but deeper. A third month elapses and the operation is again repeated after which the gum is supposed to have attained a proper degree of consistency. The mountain sides are immediately covered with parties of men and boys who scrape off the large clear globules into a basket, while the inferior quality that has run down the tree is packed separately.
Page 465 - Small Sassafras Rootes to be drawen in the winter and dryed and none to be medled with in the somer and yt is worthe 50* and better, p. Tonne,
Page 566 - ... which they do when quite mature. In some plantations however the cardamoms are gathered in a more reasonable fashion. As they are collected the fruits are carried to the houses, laid out for a few days on mats, then stripped from their scapes, and the drying completed by a gentle fire-heat. In Coorg the fruit is stripped from the scape before drying, and the drying is sometimes effected wholly by sun-heat.
Page 565 - Here they make small clearings, in which the admission of light occasions the plant to develop in abundance. The cardamom plants attain 2 to 3 feet in height during the following monsoon, after which the ground is again cleared of weeds, protected with a fence, and left to itself for a year. About two years after the first clearing the plants begin to flower, and five months later ripen some fruits, but a full crop is not got till at least a year after. The plants continue productive six or seven...
Page 597 - ... inch in greatest diameter. Each piece is obscurely marked on the upper surface with the scars, often hairy, of leaves, and on the under with a zig-zag line of little, elevated dot-like rings, the scars of roots. The...
Page 560 - The lateral rhizomes are sub-cylindrical, attenuated towards either end, generally curved, covered with a rugose skin, and marked more or less plainly with transverse rings. Sometimes one, two, or more short knobs or shoots grow out on one side. The rhizomes, whether round or long, are very hard and firm, exhibiting when broken a dull, waxy, resinous surface, of an orange or orange-brown hue, more or less brilliant. They have a peculiar aromatic odour and taste. " Several varieties of turmeric, distinguished...