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“Works of Thomas Jefferson,” published in 1830, that is, twentyeight years prior to the issue of this “ Life of Thomas Jefferson," by Randall.

Extract of a letter from Henry S. Randall to J. C. Hamilton, dated “Secretary's Office, Albany, December 21, 1853 :"

“Will you allow me to say, that I hope you will labor as few have ever labored, to make a perfect biography of Alexander Hamilton. I almost envy you, sir, your task-your privilege rather-to describe such a character; a character which always rises before my mind's eye, associating the intellect and patriotism of Hampden with something of that haughty grandeur, that super-regal will and ability to execute, which light up in glory the dark features of Strafford.

" That tone in your letter, which has called out these frank espressions, calls for another frank expression. I do not belong to the political school of your father. I am writing a life of his great rival, Mr. Jefferson, with the full approbation and aid of Mr. Jefferson's family. I have all their private papers not in the hands of Congress. Shall I say on'? I shall undoubtedly feel called upon to criticize some of your father's views and acts. But I mean to do it fairly, in the spirit of history, and not in the spirit of a 'scurvy politician,' or a controversialist. You, I doubt not, will do the same in regard to Mr. Jefferson. I suppose you are aware that, with all of Mr. Jefferson's severity of remark toward your father in regard to a class of political subjects, that he appreciated and admired his high qualities, both as a man and a statesman. Your father's bust stood conspicuously among those of the few great men he selected to adorn Monticello. To the accomplished gentlemen of other lands and his own, who so often congregated in that pavilion,' he always spoke with marked and grave respect of Hamilton."

INDEX.

PAGE

Account general of expenditures, iv. 347
Accounts with States-Report to

settle these accounts, and for a
loan to discharge the balances
due, opposed, but passed in the

House-lost in the Senate, v. 146, 150
Act for the impartial administration

of justice in the Colonies, i. 61
for the better regulating the gov-

ernment of Massachusetts Bay, 51
authorizing the quartering of
troops in Boston,

62
regulating the government of Que-
bec,

52
providing for payment of inter-

est on balances due certain
States,

V. 596
comments upon,

601
for transfer of stocks to creditors
of Statee,

vi. 150
to punish unauthorized corre-

spondence with foreign govern.
ments,

vii. 237
Adams, John, to Charles Lee, i. 141

his birth-flies from Congress, 164
censure, Washington,

165
circuitous route to 'Lancaster-

again censures Washington, 281
his early conduct,

417
suspected,

418
complicity in plot to elevate Gates, 419

substituted for Deane in com
mission to negotiate,

ii. 419
appointed Minister to England, 427
exultation of,

430
conduct at Paris,

431
advised by Vergennes to conceal
his mission,

432
discontent and complaints,

433
dificulty with Vergennes, com.

plains to Franklin and to Con.
gress,

436
proceeds to Amsterdam,

437
instructed not to require prelimi.

nary acknowledgment of Indo-
pendence,

443
instructed to do nothing as to peace

without knowledge and concur.
rence of France,

444
ultimately to govern himself by
her advice and opinion,

445

PAGE
Adams, John-
his commission revoked, chosen
Minister to Holland,

ii. 446
instruction proposed by Madison

intended to prevent the exercise
of his powers,

447
asks reception at Hague, discoun.

tenanced by French Envoy and
refused,

449
Congress 'urged to appoint a sub-

stitute, with new instructions
his instructions limited,

450
proceeds to Paris, conference with
Vergennes,

451
returns to Amsterdam, is checked,

but finally publicly acknowledge
ed as Minister,

453
conduct disapproved - indignant
reply,

453
views of terms of peace with Great
Britain,

465
his varying opinions as to France, 466
arrives at Paris, and cooperates

with Jay in final negotiations, 481
urges a mission to England-de-

scribing requisites of a minister, iii. 52
again urges a mission to England, 111
appointed Envoy,

112
England disinclined to negotiate, 113
memorial of Adams,

114
reply of England charging viola.
iions of treaty-Jay's report,

114
his fluctuating opinions as to for-

eign policy of U. 8.,
restrained by Congress,

116
returns to U. S.-approval of his

conduct first rejected, then as-
Acnted to,

116
contemplated for Vice-President, 661
objections to

662
receives a minority vote as Vice.
President,

568
casts vote in favor of power of re.
moval by President,

iv. 15
favors titles

22
political pamphlets of, used against
him,

493
Jefferson's attack upon,

494
unmanly misstatements of Jeffer.
son disproved,

495
urged by Hamilton to resume his
seat in the Senate,

v. 92

115, 119

PAGE
Adams, John
violently assailed,

vi. 537
in despite of doubts, Federalists

decido to support him for Preg.
idency,

538
anticipated hostility of, toward
friends of T. Pinckney,

675
imputed unfair dealing toward,
disproved,

576
electoral votes for,

576
jealousy toward Jay,

578
attempted beguilement of,by dem.
ocrals,

601
inaugurated President,

606
allusione by, to feelings exhibited
toward Washington,

606
retains Washington's Cabinet in
office,

607
inaugural address of,

vii. 1
to Jetters01-a8 to his Cabinet,

calling Washington and Hamil.
ton jugglers,

2
proposes to send Jefferson envoy
to France,

3
proposes nomination of Gerry

and Madison with Pinckney, 3
his opinion of Frenchmen,

3
opinion of, by Governor of Con-
necticut,

24
convenes Congress, which meets, 30
speech to Congress,

31
leaning to Gerry- Dana selected

with Marshall and_Pinckney as
Commissioners to France,

38
speech to Congress -its decisive
terms,

90
message as to conduct of France,
and consequent policy,

108
ardent replies to patriotic mcet.
ings,

154
prompts prosecutions against in-
cendiary presses,

161
his waywardness,

167
excited replies to addresses disap-
proved by Hamilton,

168
to Washington-his appointment

as Lieutenant General-desires
his advico as to a list of oflicers
-Inspector General, &c.,

178
hostility to Pinckney,

179
jealousy of his importance as Pres.
ident,

180
nomination of general officers, 186
unwilling to place Hamilton over

Knox, but nyrees rank be left to
future settlement,

186
insists Knox entitled to highest

rank, and would also oulrank
Hamilton by Pinckney,

189
charge against Washington,

189
announces his determination to

place Knox and Pinckney in
rank above Hamilton,

192
contradictory view of, as to prior
rank,

192
explanatory letter to McHenry, 196
reply to Washington as to general
staff,

202
gives no encouragement to enter.

prise to liberate South America, 220
inquiry as 10 expediency of a Dec.

laraiion of War, and as to nom.

ination of a Minister to France, 227
caprices and selfishness of,

229
vacillations with Gerry,

231
solicitude of Talleyrand for an

PAGE
Adams, John-

accommodation announced to
President by Murray, suggest.

ing a new embassy from U. 8., vii. 232
declines meeting Washii gton and
Hamilton at Philadelphia,

233
influences to induce him to negoti.
ate with Frauce,

283
speech of, to Congress,

234
declares a new embassy to France

would be an act of humilia-
tion,

235
message transmitting correspond.

ence with Talleyrand, and com-
ment by Pinckney,

293
his jealousy of Washington being
appointed General,

298
urged to institute a mission and to

dismiss two of his cabinet, 299
orders draught of a treaty with
France to be prepared,

299
nominates Murray envoy to France, 300
terms of nominating message,

301
withholds from Washington his
commission as General,

309
annunciation to Washington of
nomination of Murray,

303
refuses to change it, and finally

nominates three commissioners, 306
besitates as to hasty departure of
envoys,

327
considers and decides upon in.

structions to envoys, and orders
their departure,

329
Auctuating opinions as to French
government,

330
contemplates a declaration of war
against France,

361
ascribes to Hamilton loss of elec-
tion in New York,

383
his tormenting passions,

383
dismisses McHenry, Secretary of
War,

584
dismisses Pickering, Secretary of
State,

386
appoints Dexter Secretary of War

and Marshall Secretary of State, 387
to Hamilton, as to promotion of
Col. Smith,

390
"his itinerant life"-indecorous
reply,

391
to Madison, as to appointment of

a connection to office and slur
upon Washington,

392
appeals to party of Samuel Adams, 897
calumniates Federalists and Ham:

ilton as " a British faction"-con-

tradicts the charge,
tribute of to England,

399
the Pinckneys charged by him as

acting under British influence, 406
frames a weak apology,

407
efforts to conciliate Federaliste,

410
speech to Congress-"a navy for
defensive war"--and approves

fiscal policy of Federalists, 411
nominates Bayard envoy to
Franco,

421
nominates Jay as Chief Justice,
who declines,

433
approves plan to prevent election
of President,

444
leaves Washington finally,

467
his mischievous course predicted, 467
Jefferson's and his own political
character in history,

598

398

.

icy,

PAGE
Adams, John Q., Minister to the
Hague,

vi. 9
attempt in House to annul his mis-
sion to Berlin,

vii. 94
unscrupulous support of embargo

because proposed by Jefferson, 688
calumny by of the Federaliste-

overture to Jefferson-d sclaims
official pretensions- is appoiuted
by him an ambassador,

688
Adams, Charles F.-comment on
Hamiltou's death,

vii. 408
Adams, Samuel,

i. 36
connection with the cabal,

420
opposes a greasury department
under one head,

ii. 201
first opposes

Federal Constitu-
tion,

iii. 407
then supports it,

417
denounces the treaty with Great
Britain,

vi. 315
Addison, Judge, Impeached and dis-
missed,

vii. 761
Adet, French ervoy-efforts to pre-

veut ratification of treaty with
Great Britain,

vi. 220
presents written objections and

instructions in part to prepare
to treat,

221
states objects of France in a new

treaty, but evinces no purpose
to treat,

PAGB
Alien and Bedition Laws-

tions against them by Madi.
fon,

vii. 341
vindication of these laws,

344
Allegiance, to State or general gov.
erament d scuebed,

iii. 451
Andró Major, arrested,

ii. 54
tried and hung ns a spy,

65
Amendments to Constitution, provi.
sion for,

iii. 267
amendments to confederation to

be submitted to an assembly or

assemblies chosen by people, 267
mode of amending Constitution, 336
American Constitution, suggested, i. 25
"Americanus," by Hamilton, to de.

ter U. B. from embarking in the
war,

V. 500
Amee, Fisher, Fustaine Constitution

alid defeuds biennial elections, iii. 407
defends duration of Senate aid the
check of the Siale governments,

412
for permanent funds,

iv. 7
opposes discrimination in provi.
sion for the debt,

72
his sketch of Madison,

75
urgee assumption of State debta, 91
defends constitutionality of a Na.
tional Bank,

238
defende Fishery bill-providing
bounties,

355
denounces cabal as to seat of

gov.
eru ment,

475
to Hamilton-commending his pol.

v. 111
letter depicting state of parties, 113
reference to Secretary of Treasury
vindicated,

131
comment on proceedings of Con.

gress-hostility of oppo- tion
shown toward Hamilton, Knox
and Washington,

212
to Hamilton-sound state of pub-

lic mind in New England pro-
duced by his measures,

371
on Jefferson's report on commer-
cial intercourse,

473
exposes inefficiency of its policy, 519
opposen precipation into war, 523
anxiety Hamilton be envoy to
England,

533
exposes slanders on Federalists of

mouarchical designe-also of al.
leged paper nobility-iuuence

$

221
negotiation deferred by,

236
in concert with Gallatiii, as to sey.

erance of western territory, 473
reclamations by and answers to, 475
refuses explanation of a capture

of an American vessel on coast
of U. 8.,

476
the capture justified in Democrat.
ic preas,

478
announces to Secretary of State

decree of France violating neu.
tral commerce, and publishes his
pote,

544
reply to by Pickering published, 547
summary of reply,

548
answer by Adet, who publishes
abstract of it,

551
its substance,

551
appeal in it to the people of
U. 8.,

553
urges Jefferson to Adams as en-
voy,

vii. 3
Algiers, negotiations as to prison.

ers by Jefferson and others,
truce with by England,

486
American vessels captured and
explanation by England,

486
naval force proposed to be created

for protection of American com-
merce,

487
treaty with ratified,

vi. 349
prior negotiations with and dona.
tive to,

350
disclosure of negotiation with or.

dered-injunction of secrecy by
President-injunction dissolved
by House and documents pub.
lished-consequent extortion by
Dey,

351
Aliens, power conferred on Presi.
dent to remove them,

vii. 156
Alien and Sedition Laws, report on
constitutionality of,

278
report as to the Virginla resolu.

of democratic societies, vi. 129
private history of,

130
urges settlement of a plan for pay.
ment of the debt,

156
vindicates the tiscal policy,

157
answers alleged oppressiveness of
taxes,

160
on success of bill for reduction of

debt--and omission to provide

for unsubscribed creditors, 181
remark as to " Camillus,"

259
writes, Madison is diegraced, 380
speech on British treaty,

400
to Hamilton-view of political sit.
uation,

596
requests him to enter House of
Representatives,

598
to Hamilton-character of Adams,

vii. 400
inclines to a public exposure of
Adams,

403
Amsterdam, New, incorporated, i. 6

V. 485

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v. 140

PAOE

PAGE
Apportionment of Representatives, iv. 325 Arnold, Benedict-
bill discussed and lost,
329 Il treated by Gates,

i. 312
new bill fixing the ratio passed in reproves him,

313
Senate,

330
controversy with Gates,

314
cabinet opinions as to-vetoed, 834 urges Gates to battle,

325
Army, its progressive formation, 1. 426 wins battle of Saratoga,

327
plan of new establishment,

434 controversy with Pennsylvania,
half-pay granted,

452 appeal to Congress and vindica-
measures completed.

458
tion,

ii. 50
unprovided,

ii. 3 charge against Reed-Washing.
forage ordered,

ton's kindness to him,
reform of,

129

appointed to command of left wing
Washington's comments,

130 of the army and of West Point, 52
his views approved,

132 bis treason discovered,
discontents and petition to Con.

flies

56
gress.

350 Brigadier-General in British ser-
Hamilton's report thereon,

358
vice,

74
meeting of-alionymously called, 383

captures Richmond,

170
meeting of officers at Newburgh-

marches to Portsmouth,

171
Washington denounces propos-

burns New London,
ed insubordination,

391 Articles of Union proposed by Mas-
officers coudemo violent proceed-

sachusetts,

1. 12
inge,

393 Artilleriets and Engineers formed
inflammatory letters written by

into two corps

vii. 365
John Armstrong in Gates'quar- Asia fires on New York,

i. 99
ters,
393 | Asgill Captain,

ii. 284
claims of,
495 get at liberty by Congress,

288
advance of pay to,

629 Assumption of State debts, iv. 50-59
allowances of land to,
530 justice and obligation of,

85
reduced to eighty men, under com-

discussion of,

86
mand of a captain,
iii. 84 carried in House,

96
motion to reduce it,

recommitted and re-discussed, 100
opposed-supported by Madison, 142 rejected,

102
motion defeated and new appro-

motives to assumption,

103
propriation bill to increase army

renewed discursion of,

132
passed,

142 Hamilton's policy vindicated, 155
resolutions for increase of,

510 additional assumption proposed
Army-of Revolution-memorial for

and defeated,

382
compensation of,

" Aurora, The, charges Washington
resolution by Gerry opposed by

with assassination of a French
Col. Hartley and Boudinot, 156 herald,

vii. 13
rejected,

162 defends rejection of Pinckney, 18
Army-bill to increase it-rejected

an instrument of French policy, 160
by House,

vi. 7
total force of and proposed in.

B
crease,

146
resolution to reduce it passes Bank first proposed by Hamilton, i. 574
House,

393
plan of by Robert Morris,

678
Army to suppress insurrection in Bank of North America established, li. 227
Pennsylvania-advance-part to Banks, hostility to,

iii. 122
Cumberland-part to Carlisle Bank, National, report by Hamilton, iv. 221
where had been a recent riot, vi. 102 plan of,

226
Army, Provisional-proposed and

amendments to proposed,

230
discussed,

vii. 187 bill to incorporate-passes Senate, 231
President empowered to organize

diecussed in House,

231
an army,
164 constitutionality of,

233-937
Provisional army bill passed, 175 bill passes House,

242
resolution to repeal act creating,

cabinet opinions in relation to, 242
rejected,

362 act incorporating signed by Wash-
act authorizing disbandment pass.

ington,

257
ed,

367 proposal to authorize its repeal in
Army of U. 8. Its successive

1802-defeated,

257
changes,
vii. 246 expediency of considered,

258
act for better organizing,

247 history of-its utility (second na-
" Regulations" of can only be

tional incorporated),
made by authority of law, 250 large and prompt subscriptions
reduction of,

to,

286
Armstrong John writes Newburgh opposition to proceeding from de.
letters,

ii. 393 signs as to seat of government, 453
"Aristides" essay in reply to" Amer. attempts to limit duration of char.
ican" defence of Jefferson's

ter-as connected with resi.
course as to the Constitution

dence act,

483
and advice as to French deb!, v. 74 Jefferson's final approbation of, 488
Arnold, Benedict, his gallantry-11-

Monroe voted against and finally
treatment and dissatisfaction, i. 235

approves national bank,

489
gallantry at Saratoga,
311 judicial approbation of,

489

v. 152

204

530

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