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New demand of a reply by envoys—New requisitions of money by France

-Volney, messenger from Jefferson, sails for France-Mission of

Logan by Jefferson-His conferences in Europe-His memorial to

Talleyrand—Continued exactions by France-Commercial intercourse

with her suspended, and treaties with her declared void—Proposal to

issue letters of marque rejected - Presents of armed vessels to the

United States accepted_Merchant vessels authorized to defend them.

selves and capture their assailants—Supplementary Naturalization

Act—Proposed amendment of Constitution, eligibility of public

officers—Hamilton's more liberal view—New indignities by France-

Marshall returns—Public honors paid him—Talleyrand's specification

of injuries of the United States toward France-Disproofs thereof,

Disposition of France to treat with one of the envoys deemed most

friendly to France—Answer of envoys–Gerry remains in Paris after

Marshall's and Pinckney's departure-Livingston's resolution for an

address requesting President to instruct Gerry to negotiate and con.

clude a treaty with France, rejected—Addresses to and indiscreet re- ·

plies of President—The black cockade-Correspondence from France

with leading Democrats—Violent schism between envoys at Paris—

Foreign emigrants devoted to Jefferson-Irish emigrants, their

character-American Society of United Irishmen-Act concerning

aliens—Moderate view of Hamilton, and Alien Law modified— Collot

sails for France-Incendiary presses conducted by foreigners—

Adams' prompt measure against them, and Sedition Act passed

Hamilton objects to its severity and deprecates its impolicy-Sedi-

tion Act modified, limiting punishment and authorizing truth to be

given in evidence in prosecutions for libels—Tax plan of Wolcctt-

Direct tax and tax upon slaves—Loans authorized—Provisional

army authorized – Its general staff-Volunteers to be accepted, 145

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Hamilton early proposes a Federal navy—Policy of Cabinet—Wayward-

ness of Adams-Jealousy of Washington-Declares against further
attempts at negotiation-Hamilton's comment upon him-His fluctu-
ating conduct—Hamilton intimates to Washington a journey through
Virginia and North Carolina to stay the apprehended influence of
Democrats, suggesting his taking command of army-Washington's

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PAGB

Adams' conduct as to general staff appointments Action of Senato-

Hamilton to Washington; is willing to submit his pretensions to
rank, and waive the preference-Adams leaves Philadelphia with-
out informing his Cabinet-Declines calling the generals into service
until rank is settled; unless Knox and Pinckney precede Hamilton
-Opinions of Washington by Adams and Jefferson—Washington to
Knox; his opinion of Hamilton—Knox claims preferential rank-
Washington to Hamilton, who avows readiness to facilitate any ar-
rangement-Adams insists upon right to rank according to antece-
dent services, thus placing Hamilton lowest-Self-contradiction by
him-Objects to a reference to Washington, and imputes intrigue-
Hamilton's delicate conduct-Secretaries of War and State to Wash-
ington, averring public preference of Hamilton— Adams' obstinacy-
Wolcott to Adams, as to Hamilton's priority of rank—Similar view
presented by Cabot-Washington's determination avowed to Secre-

PAGU

CHAPTER CXLV.

Bonaparte sails for Toulon-Anxiety of Europe - Various opinions as to

his purposes—Insurrection of Ireland premature-Conferences at

Rastadt-Austria's alliance with Russia-Continued hostility of

France toward United States-Corps of consuls in their ports an-

nounced-Negotiations with Gerry, who favors a loan to France

Pinckney's opinion of Gerry-Conferences with him terminated by a

peremptory order for his return to United StatesFrance recedes

from her pretensions—Revokes decree for capture of American vessels,

and also her embargo-King to Hamilton, stating the subtle policy of

France-Hamilton as to public mind and the character of Adams-

Hamilton's view of policy of United States-Looks to conquest of Lon-

isiana and liberation of colonies of Spain--His resolution as to navi-

gation of Mississippi—Essential to the unity of empire--Dangers

of British acquisition of Louisiana and Floridas-Washington regards

as sole motive of war by France the acquisition of Louisiana,

Hamilton regards the acquisition of Louisiana and the Floridas as

essential to the permanency of the Union-Miranda discloses to

Hamilton his views as to liberation of South America-Hamilton

points to an ascendant of United States in American affairs-Miran-

da and Pitt as to South America-Montaigne, Montesquieu, and

Brissot look to liberation of South America-Miranda proceeds to

London and meets commissioners from Southern America-Plan

proposed by them, embracing cession of Louisiana and Floridas to

United States-Terms arranged with Pitt-Miranda addresses

Adams, and also Hamilton and King-King announces the purpose

of England-Hamilton again, in an official station, approves the

plan-Hostile position of Spain toward United States—Hamilton

incloses, through King, a letter to Miranda, stating his participation

must be patronized by the Government-States his plan of coöpera-

tion with Great Britain--His plan approved by England-Adams'

jealousy-Discountenances the projected measures,

205

CHAPTER CXLVI.

PACE

Hamilton as to defence of New York-Meeting of Washington, Hamil.

ton, and Pinckney, at Philadelphia-Questions propounded by Wash-
ington—Answers drawn by Hamilton-Topics stated-Hamilton's
papers embrace a large view of military administration-Fluc-
tuations of Adams-Asks advice of Cabinet as to his speech-Is
a declaration of war against France expedient ? Shall he state his
intention to receive a minister from France ?—Knox as to probable
invasion by France-Jay apprehends her domination comprehends
America, North and South-Hamilton elated with public firmness
and union—Nearer view of temper of Adams—His vanity and ca.
price-Urges obliteration by Pickering of censure of Gerry-Offend-
ed honesty of Pickering—Adams to Gerry-Murray to Adams,
announcing wish of Talleyrand a new envoy be sent to France-
Secretary at War urges Adams' presence at Philadelphia, who pleads
the indisposition of his wife-Gerry and Logan repair to him-
Adams convenes his Cabinet—His speech-Firm tone of replies by
Congress-Senate remarks indignity of Directory, passing by agents
of Government and impeaching its integrity through unauthorized
agents-Adams' undignified answer–His note to Pickering--The
speech chiefly in language of Hamilton-Madison's and Jefferson's
comments—Bill panisbing citizens of United States usurping office
of treating with foreign countries-Law suspending commercial in-
tercourse with France reënacted, with provisional authority to re-
open it-Great Britain recognizes people of Hayti as an independent
nation-Discretionary power to reopen intercourse opposed by Nicho-
las and Gallatin ; defended by Otis and by Pinckney–Edict of
Directory, a pirate every person forming part of a British crew
voluntarily or by impressment-Retaliatory bill passed— Bill grant.
ing bounty on French vessels captured by private armed vessels of
United States defeated-Gallatin opposes a navy-Hamilton to Gunn;
reply–Hamilton advises postponement of actual augmentation of
regular army, except of two troops- Increase of cannon authorized;
increase of provisional army; provision for clothing the militia, and
a loan—No reduction of existing force-Suppression of internal dis-
orders-Revival of act authorizing 80,000 militia ; fortification of a
few cardinal points,

221

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