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In fact, I do not perceive that the ground which it covers is not precisely that which is covered by my illustration of the case of a young man and his parent, which you have considered so strangely unfortunate.

Before leaving this subject, suffer me, my dear brother, to ask you whether there be not reason to apprehend that your views on this whole subject will be misunderstood ? I very much fear that when slavery is spoken of at the South, it is spoken of, not as you define and defend it, but as it actu. ally exists; and I perceive that it is boldly upheld as a thing desirable, and right-an institution both to be perpetuated, and even at all hazards to be ectended. I ask, is there not reason to fear that, on your authority, the attributes of God will be appealed to, to sanction, not the abstract idea of it, which you believe to be in harmony with the word of God, but the whole system, just as it exists? Is it not important that you should express your views explicitly on this subject, so that the word of God may not, on your authority, be used to support what you believe it explicitly to condemn ?

And now, to sum up the whole, let us briefly enumerate the points of agreement between us. In the first place, we both affirm that to hold slaves is not of necessity a guilt, and under peculiar cir. cumstances it may not be a wrong; it is, therefore, in itself, no scripture ground for ecclesiastical excommunication. In the second place, you affirm that a slave is entitled to the same privileges, intellectual, moral, and domestic, as any other man; and, of course, that all that part of the system which interferes with those privileges, is wrong,

and ought to be abolished. In the effort to effect this abolition, we can both co-operate. In the third place, you give us, in your own case, an example of what you believe to be the duty of masters. You teach your servants to read, you instruct them in the gospel of Christ, and by every means in your power are laboring to improve their intellectual, moral, social, and domestic condition. I do not here allude to your care of their physical comforts. for you could never be a selfish or unkind man. We can both unite in the effort to render all slave. holders in this country just such masters as you. Thirdly, you believe it neither possible nor proper to perpetuate this institution. It must, then, in your view, cease. In my judgment, it would be a great calamity were it to terminate by violence, or without previous moral and social preparation. In the effort to prepare both the masters and slaves for this event, we can cordially co-operate. I neither ask you, nor any other man, to do any more. In the effort to accomplish these results, I pledge you my services to any extent that you are willing to accept of them.

In the doing of all this, I am well aware that great difficulties are to be encountered. I believe that the first labor must be the labor of preparation; but I think it must be a labor directed specifically to this end. I fear, with you, that the eman. cipation of the slaves in the West Indies is not accomplishing what was expected. I say I fear; for the reports are so absolutely contradictory, that I am unable to come to a decided opinion. But, aside from this case, all history informs us that absolute liberty is too violent a stimulant to be

safely administered to a race who have long been bred in slavery. They must be taught and be. come accustomed to the responsibilities which it involves, before they can use it aright. All this requires caution, boldness, philanthropy, and humble but earnest trust in God. “ Prayers and pains," said Elliot, “ with the blessing of God can do any thing.” I do not pretend to dictate as to the manner in which this is to be done. This I leave to you, who are so much better able to judge. All I ask is, that the views which you entertain, so far as I understand them, be carried out into practice; and, in doing this, I here promise to give you my poor aid to any extent that I am able

to render it. Here I close this long and, I fear, wearisome letter. This is the first time in my life—I hope it may

be the last-in which it has fallen to my lot to engage in controversy. Be assured, my dear brother, that it has given me pain whenever I have been obliged to differ from one for whom I cherish 80 affectionate a regard. For that Christian urbanity with which you treated whatever I have written, from my heart I thank you. If I have in any manner been able to avoid the errors into which many

have fallen who have treated on this subject, I ascribe it mainly to the influence of your example, and to the unfeigned esteem which I en. tertain for your character, as a gentleman and a scholar, a clergyman and a Christian. Or rather, if we have been enabled without bitterness to ex. press our views to each other on a subject which is so liable to arouse the worst passions of our fallen nature, let us ascribe it all to that love of God shed abroad in our hearts, which teaches us

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to treat as a brother every disciple of our common Lord, though he may embrace opinions in many respects differing from our own. God grant that we may both meet in that world where neither of us shall any more see through a glass darkly, but where we shall see as we are seen, and know as we are known. I am, my dear brother, yours

senti. ment of affection,

THE AUTHOR OF THE MORAL SCIENCE,

with every

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