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1903. 20 Mr. Bryan to Mr. Hay...... Aug. 12 | Visit of the United States European Squadron to: 696

Lisbon. Reports hospitality extended to, by
the King, the authorities, and the people, and
the excellent impression created by the. In-
closes newspaper article.

ROUMANIA.

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1702

1903.
2 Mr. Jackson to Mr. Hay.... Feb. 9 Diplomatic and consular representation of the

United States in Roumania. Sensitiveness
touching the failure to give previous notice of
appointment of new minister, and especially
the fact that the official residence of the min-
ister is in Greece. Reports conversation with

the Roumanian minister at Athens
1 Mr. Hay to Mr. Jackson.... Mar. 5 Conditions of oppressed Jews in Roumania. In-

structs to investigate, while visiting there, and
report the effect, if any, of representations by

other powers.
7 Mr. Jackson to Mr. Hay.... Mar. 21 Same subject. Gives his impressions of the prob-

able failure of the Department's circular of
August 11, 1902. Describes the motives of the
Roumanian Government in excluding non-
Christians from naturalization, and attitude of

other powers on the question. Same to same (telegram)... Apr. 7 Credentials. Reports that he has presented his 700

letters and will leave for Belgrade. Same to same ........

Apr. 13 Same subject. Gives substance of remarks ex 701

changed with the King on the occasion. 14 | Same to same ........... Apr. 18, Jews in Roumania. No official representations 704

have been made by any of the powers. Preju-
dices in Roumania are not against the race or
individuals, but are born of the fear that if
granted naturalization the Jews would soon
gain absolute control. Their sufferings have

been exaggerated. 47 Same to same ............ Sept. 7 Same subject. Reports conversation with the 704

minister for foreign affairs in regard to Secre-
tary Hay's note of August 11 last and the im-
pression made by it in Roumania. Statement
of the historical, national, and social phase of

the question. 63 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Hay ..... Nov. 15 Same subject. Quotes from the report of the 1706

Royal Commission on Alien Immigration and
comments on erroneous statements of Major
Evans-Gordon.

RUSSIA.

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1903.
6 | Mr. McCormick to Mr. Hay. Feb. 4 China. Consular jurisdiction in territory leased

to Russia. Incloses note from the foreign office
reciting conditions for the recognition of, and

of foreign consuls.
Mr. Hay to Mr. McCormick Apr. 25 Manchuria. Conditions imposed by Russia for
(telegram).

the evacuation of. Instructs to ascertain the
meaning of the first two sections of the pro-

postd convention.
Mr. McCormick to Mr. Hay Apr. 29 Same subject. Reports that the minister for for-
(telegram).

eign affairs denies any knowledge of the pro-
posed convention, and that Russia has no
intention to exclude the United States from
Manchuria.

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1903. 37 Mr. McCormick to Mr. Hay. Apr. 29 | Manchuria. Gives substance of conversation on

which above telegram was based. , Mr. Hay to Mr. McCormick ....do ... Relief of Jews in Kishenef. Instructs to ascer(telegram).

tain whether money and supplies will be per

mitted to be forwarded from the United States. Mr. McCormick to Mr. Hay May 9 Same subject. Reports that suffering is author(telegram).

itatively denied, and aid is gratefully declined. Same to same.............

May 13 Same ubject. Incloses articles from the London

Standard on the subject.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Riddle June 13 Manchuria. Ports to be opened in, under treaty
(telegram).

now under negotiation. Adverts to the con-
tinued refusal of China on the ground of objec-
tions from Russia, and in spite of denial of the
same. Instructs to ask whether the Russian
minister at Peking has been instructed to con-

firm this denial.
Mr. Riddle to Mr. Hay / June 15 Same subject. Reports that the minister for
(telegram).

foreign affairs recommends a frank interchange
of views between the Russian and United
States ministers at Peking and promises that
the former will be authorized to state the

attitude of Russia.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Riddle | June 24 Same subject. Instructs not to bring the subject
(telegram).

up, but to give the status of the question if

asked by the foreign office.
Memorandum from the July 14 Same subject. States that the Russian Govern-
Russian embassy.

ment has never opposed the opening of ports
to foreign commerce excepting at Kharbin
where foreign consuls will not be admitted
unless the Imperial Government deems it

opportune.
56 Mr. Hay to Mr. McCormick. Oct. 22 Jewish divorces granted by rabbis. Inquires

whether they are recognized by law, and, if so,

requests text of the law.
Q2 Mr. McCormick to Mr. Hay. Nov. 10 Same subject. Incloses text of law relating to

marriage, divorce, and separation of non-
Christian sects in Russia.

SERVIA.

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1903. 4 Mr. Jackson to Mr. Hay..... Apr. 13 Coup d'état of King Alexander, declaring the į

constitution of April 6-19, 1901, ineffective, re

ported. Same to same............... Apr. 16 Same subject. Reports that the same seems to

be taken with equanimity by the Servian

people. Same to same...

May 12 Same subject. Memorandum of facts and inci

dents connected with the. Mr.Wilson to Mr. Hay (tele- | June 11 | Assassination of the King and Queen of Rougram).

mania reported. Same to same (telegram).......do ... Same subject. No new Servian king officially

proclaimed. Same to same (telegram)... June 13 Same subject. Reports Belgrade quiet and min.'

istry formed. Same to same (telegram)... June 15 Same subject. Reports that Peter Karageorge-,

vitch has been proclaimed king.
16 / Mr. Jackson to Mr. Hay..... June 29 Recognition of King Peter's Government. Gives

substance of four communications from the
provisional government. The Skupshtina
voted to put in force the constitution of 1888,
and to require of military officers an oath of
allegiance to both the constitution and the

sovereign.
26 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Hay ...... Oct. 7 Cabinet changes. Gives names of members of

the new cabinet. Trial of officers charged
with conspiracy against the murderers of King

Alexander resulted in light sentences.
2 Same to same............... Oct. 15 Same subject. Reports the result of the appeal

to the military court.

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1903.
341 Mr. Eddy to Mr. Hay....... Jan. 20. Outrage on Dr. H. C. Shipley by a police officer

at Smyrna. On vigorous representation from
the legation the money stolen from Doctor Ship-
ley has been returned, and an apology, at first
declined by the commanding officer of the gen-
darmerie, has been made. Full statement of

the case and correspondence inclosed.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman Feb. 2 Equal treatment for American institutions. In 735
(telegram).

structs to ask an audience of the Sultan for the
purpose of presenting a personal message from
the President asking. Sets forth points and

merits of the case.
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Feb. 3 Same subject. Reports satisfactory interview 736
(telegram).

with the minister for foreign affairs and asks
whether he is to insist upon immediate audi-

ence.
Mr. Adee to Mr. Leishman

Same subject. Instructs to wait until Monday (telegram).

before making demand for the audience.
346 Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay......do... Saine subject. Discusses various matters in sus-

pense. Reports that the Sultan received him
courteously after his return, but did not men-

tion matters of business.
Same to same (telegram)... Feb. 6 Same subject. Reports that he declined the re-

quest of the minister for foreign affairs for a

few days' grace.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman Feb. 7 Same subject. The delivery of a friendly mes-
(telegram).

sage from the President to the Sultan should
not be delayed. Asks whether the audience
can not be arranged without appearing to over-

ride the minister for foreign affairs.
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Feb. 9 Same subject. Reports that he believes a few
(telegram).

days' more patience may bring about the de

sired result.
352 Same to same............... Feb. 10 Same subject. Confirms the favorable impre

sions reported in above telegram and an-
nounces his purpose to secure recognition or
the principle involved rather than of the vari.

ous institutions.
303 Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman.. Feb, 13 Outrage on Doctor Shipley. The incident may be

regarded as closed.
| Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay ....do... Equal treatment for American institutions. Re-
(telegram).

ports satisfactory progress of negotiations with
the Porte, and discusses the necessity and ad-

vantages of an audience with the Sultan.
356 Same to same........... ......do... Same subject. Confirms above and adds that

other missions have had to bear much longer

delay in similar cases. 359 Same to same...

Feb. 18 Same subject. Incloses his note to the Porte re

questing an audience. Mentions the personal
feelings of the minister for foreign affairs in the
matter, and recites the questions which will be

pressed to early settlement.
Same to same (telegram)... Feb. 24 Same subject. Reports that his request for an

audience with the Sultan has not yet been an

swered,
Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman Feb. 25 Same subject. Delay in granting the audience. 743
(telegram).

States the basis upon which the right of an au-
dience for the delivery of a personal message
from the President is claimed, and instructs to

demand the audience.
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Feb. 28 Same subject. No exception has been taken to
(telegram).

his repeated request for an audience, but an at
tempt to avoid granting it is apparent. Asks
how long he shall wait and what measures he

is to take in the case of further delay.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman

Same subject. Asks whether renewed formal (telegram).

demand for an audience with the Sultan has

been made.
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Mar. 1 Same subject. First request for an audience was
(telegram).

made February 16, and has not yet been an-
swered. Reports his impressions that the ob-

ject is to gain time until matters are adjusted. 364 | Same to same....

Same subject. Confirms above telegram and

dwells upon the difficulties encountered.

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1903. Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman

Equal treatment for American institutions. In-
(telegram).

structs to hand a paraphrase of Department's
telegram of February 25 to the minister for
foreign affairs, and to insist upon the audi-

ence to deliver the President's message.
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Mar. 4 Same subject. Instructions contained in above
, (telegram).

telegram have been complied with.
Same to same (telegram)... ....do ... Same subject. Reports that no reply to the

demand for an audience has been received,
but that he expects that the general school

question may be settled in a few days. 367 Same to same ..................do ... Same subject.' The audience has been formally ·

demanded. Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman Mar. 5 Same subject. States that his instruction con(telegram).

templates arrangement within three days. Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay ....do ... Same subject. Examinations at the medical (telegram).

school at Beirut will be conducted by a special

jury under iradé just issued. Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman ....do... Same subject. Directs to express gratification at (telegram),

the issuance of above iradé. Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Mar. 6 Same subject. The Sultan has sent regrets at ! (telegram).

the delay in granting the audience and prom-
ises to receive him after the Coorban Bairaj

ceremonies.
370 Same to same .............. Mar. 7 | Same subject. Recognition of American schools.

Incloses letter from Messrs. Post and Peet urg-
ing that it extend to all schools in existence at
this time, and his reply suggesting difficulties

in the way of such recognition.
320 Mr. Loomis to Mr. Leish- Mar. 12 Same subject. Approves action reported in No.
man.

359. Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Mar. 21 Same subject. Audience with the Sultan. Re(telegram).

ports that no date has yet been fixed. Asks

instructions.
Same to same (telegram)... Mar. 26 Same subject. Reports that his efforts have been

neutralized by a statement of the Turkish min-
ister at Washington that no great urgency for

an audience exists. 378 Same to same..

Same subject. Reports fair prospects of an early
audience and of full satisfaction on all pend-

ing questions,
Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman | Mar. 27 | Same subject. The Turkish minister at Wash-
1 (telegram).

ington has been informed of the President's
displeasure at the manner in which the re-

quest for an audience has been treated.
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Apr. 3 Same subject. An audience was granted to-day
(telegram).

and assurances were given that the President's
message will receive prompt and personal con-

sideration.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman. Apr. 4 Same subject. Expresses gratification...
307 Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.. Apr. 5 Same subject. Gives details of the audience.....
29 Same to samne......

Apr. 9 Same subject. Reports that immediately after

the audience the Sultan gave orders to expe

dite settlement of all pending questions. 419 Same to same............... May 21 Same subject. States in detail the difficulties

and annoyances experienced. Gives status of

negotiations. 376 Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman.. June 9 Same subject. Expresses regret at the delay met

in obtaining equal treatment, especially as re

gards the school question.
414 Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.. June 16 Same subject. Incloses notes to the Porte urging

consideration and disposal of the cases brought
to its attention. The Turkish Government is
not showing any ill will, but is hampered by
existing conditions, from which all foreign
missions suffer alike in the dispatch of their

business. 163 Same to same .....

June 25 Same subject. The delay in executing the prom

ises regarding American schools is but another
instance of the difficulties met by all diplo-
matic representatives in carrying out any busi-

ness with the Turkish Government.
VOR Mr. Loomis to Mr. Leish- July 7 Same subject. Approves the course reported in
man.

No, 444, and instructs to press for the fulfillment

of promises. Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay July 31 ! Same subject. The failure of the Porte to redeem (telegram).

promises compels him to ask for further instrue

tions.
Mr. Loomis to Mr. Leish-Aug. 5 Same subject. Instructs to continue pressing
man (telegram).

for settlement of pending questions.

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1903. 524 | Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.. Aug. 15

Aug. 15 Insurrection and outrages in Macedonia. Re-1

ports condition of affairs, commends the mod-
eration of the Turks in the presence of extreme
provocation and excesses indulged in by Bul-
garian bands, incloses report from the consular
agent at Salonica and letter of warning to mis-

sionaries.
Same to same (telegram)... Aug. 27 | Murder, alleged, of the United States vice-consul

at Beirut reported. Same to same (telegram)........do. Same subject. Reports that he has made repre

sentatio:: to the Porte, and has asked for an

investigation. Mr. Loomis to Mr. Leish- !....do.. Same subject. Instructs to press representations 770 man (telegram).

vigorously. Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay

Same subject. The minister for foreign affairs (telegram).

states that the reported assassination is entirely

false. Mr. Loomis to Mr. Leish- Aug. 28 Same subject. The United States European man (telegram).

Squadron has been ordered to Beirut. Mr. Leishman to Mr. I

Same subject. Vice-Consul Magelssen was not (telegram).

shot, but shot at. Governor called and offered

regrets. Same to same (telegram)... Aug. 30 Same subject. Reports that the governor at

Beirut and the Turkish Government continue

to treat the affair lightly. Same to same (telegram)... Aug. 31 Same subject. Transmits telegram from Admi.

ral Cotton reporting the departure of United

States squadron for Beirut. Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman | Sept. 1 United States squadron in Turkish waters. If (telegram).

pending questions are settled before the arrival

of, a brief visit only will be made.
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay | Sept. 4 | Same subject. Describes effect of the visit of
(telegram).

the, and expresses opinion that it will expe-
dite the settlement of many, if not all, pending

questions, 548 Same to same.....

; Attempted assassination of Vice-Consul Magels

sen. Incloses full report of Consul Ravndal
relating to, and reports on the general unsafe

and lawless conditions at Beirut.
551 Same to same............... Sept. 5 Same subject. Incloses correspondence with

the Turkish Government relating to.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman Sept. 8 Equal treatment for American institutions.
(telegram).

Failure to reply in regard to school question
should not be treated as a refusal estopping

further demands.
554 Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.. ....do... Condition of affairs in Beirut and Macedonia

discussed. Same to same (telegram)... ....do... Same subject. Transmits telegram from the

consul at Beirut, reporting serious riot. Same to same (telegram)........do.. Same subject. Transmits further report from

the consul at Beirut on the continued grave

situation, Mr. Hay to Mr. Leishman ....do ... Same subject. Instructs to act in harmony with (telegram).

the Italian ambassador urging change of gor

ernor at Beirut.
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.. Sept. 9 Same subject. Removal of the governor at Bei-

rut will be demanded. Advises that the United
States squadron be kept in Turkish waters until

the settlement of pending questions,
Same to same (telegram)... ....do... Same subject. Formal demand for the removal

of the governor of Beirut has been made.
Mr. Adee to Mr. Leishman ....do ... Withdrawal of the United States squadron from
(telegram)

Turkish waters requested by the Turkish min.
ister and denied by the Department. Gives
substance of conversation with the Secretary
of State on the subject. Awaiting report from

the legation on the situation. Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Sept. 10. Removal of the governor at Beirut has been del 779 (telegram).

manded by the French ambassador.
Same to same (telegram).......do... Same subject. Is of the opinion that the with-

drawal of the squadron before pending ques-
tions are settled and the demand for the re-
moval of the governor is complied with would

be a mistake. Same to same (telegram)... ....do ... Condition of affairs at Beirut. Consul Ravndal 780

reports that Beirut is quiet, but the people

have not entirely recovered from their tright. 555 Same to same....

Same subject. Removal of the governor at

Beirut. Reports appointment of Nazim Pasha
as acting governor, and makes favorable com-

ment on the appointment.
Same to same (telegram)... Sept. 11 Same subject. Gives text of the order dismiss-

ing Reshid Bey and appointing Nazim Pasha
as governor of Beirut. Improved condition
reported by the consul.

1781

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