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1903. | Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay Sept. 12 Condition of affairs at Beirut. The consul at (telegram).

Beirut reports that confidence is being restored. Same to same (telegram)... Sept. 14 Same subject. The consul at Beirut reports that

the restoration of confidence is due to the vig

orous action of the new governor.
Same to same (telegram)... Sept. 15 Equal treatment of American institutions. Re-

ports that the grand vizier shows quite plainly
a determination to resist the settlement of the

pending cases.
Same to same (telegram)... Sept. 18 Condition of affairs at Beirut. Reports that

Halel Pasha, governor of Broussa, has ex-
changed places with the dismissed governor

of Beirut. 576 Same to same...

Sept. 19

Insurrection and outrages in Macedonia. Re-
ports the situation growing steadily worse, but

there is little danger to American missionaries. 575 Same to same.

Sept. 21 Equal treatment of American institutions. Very

slow progress is being made in the settlement
of the pending questions despite the apparent
desire of the minister for foreign affairs to effect

a settlement.
Mr. Adee to Mr. Leishman Sept. 24 Condition of affairs at Beirut. Approves his
(telegram).

course in regard to the removal of the gover

nor and his transfer to Broussa.
Mr. Leishman to Mr. Hay.. Sept. 25 Same subject. Reports that matters remain un-

settled, but that there is a possibility of a per-
manent appointment of the present acting
governor, which would tend to establish peace

and security.
Same to same (telegram)... Oct. 6 Insurrection and outrages in Macedonia. Re-

ports that the outlook continues gloomy, al-
ihough reports of massacres are grossly exag-

gerated. 596 Same to same..

do... Same subject. Reports fully on the situation.

The loss in property is great, but reports of
massacres are exaggerated; time for affording
relief has not yet come, and hasty action of the

missionaries would cause trouble.
Same to same (telegram)... Oct. 21 Equal treatment of American institutions. The

school question is meeting strong opposition
because a majority of the teachers are natives

and who are always suspected of sedition. 611 Same to same.

.do... Condition of affairs at Beirut. Matters have as.

sumed a normal condition and advises the
withdrawal of the squadron as soon as the

pending questions are settled.
Same to same (telegram)... Oct. 29 Equal treatment of American institutions. Re-

ports that he is pressing a settlement of the

pending questions more vigorously. 617 Same to same

.do... Insurrection and outrages in Macedonia. The

revolutionary movement continues, but the
outrages become less frequent. The European
powers have presented a scheme for reforms,
but unless modified it will be rejected by the

Ottoman Government.
Same to same (telegranı)... Nov. 6 Equal treatment for American institutions. No-

tice has been given to the Porte that unless
the pending questions are settled in a few days

the Beirut matter will be pressed. 630 Same to same

Nov. 13 Assassination of Vice-Consul Magelssen at Beirut.

Incloses correspondence with the Porte on the
trial and slight sentence of persons arrested

and accused of.
Same to same (telegram)... Nov. 15 Equal treatment for American institutions. The

belief that the American schools are hotbeds
of sedition is the cause of opposition to the
school question. Suggests resort to more dras-

tic measures to effect a settlement.
Same to same (telegram)... ....do... Condition of affairs at Beirut. Reports that he

has returned note to the Porte, which was
most unsatisfactory, and has protested against
the promotion of the governor who was dis-

missed at Beirut. Same to same

.do ... Same subject. Incloses correspondence with the

Porte in regard to. 642 Same to same

Nov. 28 Same subject. Incloses additional correspond

ence with the Porte on the subject. 644 Same to same

..do ... Macedonia, condition of affairs in. Reports that

further disturbances are not anticipated. The
acceptance by the Sultan of the demands of
the European powers for reforms is so worded

as to make it practically worthless. 68 Same to same

Dec. 13 Equal treatment for American institutions. Re

ports his inability to make any headway.

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1902. Mr. Hill to Mr. Bowen (tel. Nov. 29 Difficulty with Great Britain and Germany, 788 egram).

Protection of British interests. Instructs to
ask the Venezuelan Government to acquiesce
in his taking temporary charge of British in-
terests, in the event of rupture between the
two countries and after being requested by the

British minister to do so.
Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 1 Same subject. Protection of German interests.

Instrucis to exercise the same good offices for

Germany as for Great Britain. Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay (tel. Dec. 2 Same subject. Expresses opinion that rupture egram).

may be avoided, and asks permission to use

good offices to that end.
Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 8 Same subject. Reports that the President of

Venezuela has publicly stated that foreign
creditors will be satisfied in full after reestab-

lishment of peace. Same to same (telegram)... ....do ... Same subject. Protection of German and Brit- 789

ish interests. Assent of the Venezuelan Gov.

ernment to take charge of, has been asked. Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 9 Same subject. Reports the arrest of British and

German subjects. President Castro consented
to Minister Bowen taking charge of the inter-
ests of both countries, and at his personal re-
guest ordered the release of two German sub-

jects. Same to same (telegram)... ....do ... Same subject. States that, in the absence of 790

instructions to communicate direct with Ber-
lin and London, he will cable to the Depart.
ment, and that he will deliver any notes ad-

dressed to the German and British ministers. Same to same (telegram)... ....do ... Same subject. Arbitration. Reports that he has 790

been requested by the Venezuelan Govern-
ment to act as arbitrator on behalf of Venezu.

ela. Asks instructions. Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 10 Same subject. Reports that he has secured the 790

release of German consular officers and several
subjects, and has requested the release of all

other prisoners. Same to same (telegram)... .do... Same subject. Reports an attack on the German 790

legation by a mob, wholesale arrest of German

and British subjects, and action taken by him. Same to same (telegram)...

.......do ... Same subject. Reports that President Castro in- 791

formed him that all German and British sub

jects have been released. Mr. Hay to Mr. Bowen (tel. ....do ... Same subject. Instructs to forward communica- 791 egram).

tions addressed to the British and German
ministers, and to cable substance of all notes

to him to the Department. Same to same (telegram)... ....do... Same subject. Arbitration. If Venezuela pro- 791

poses arbitration and Great Britain and Ger-
many acquiesce Mr. Bowen may act on the part

of Venezuela. Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay (tel- Dec. 11 Same subject. Arbitration, Transmits substance 791 egram).

of Venezuelan note proposing. Mr. Hay to Mr. Bowen (tel. ....do ... Same subject. Protection of British and German 792 egram).

interests. The President approves his course

in the. Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay (tel. | Dec. 12 Same subject. States the President's approval of 792 egram).

his course will stimulate him in his efforts to

protect the interests confided to his care. Same to same (telegram)...

Same subject. Reports that the British legation 792

bas been put under the care of the secretary of
the United States legation, that in case of
trouble British subjects will go there and Ger-

man subjects to the United States legation. Mr. Hay to Mr. Bowen (tel. ....do... Same subject. Arbitration. Venezuela's pro- 792 egram).

posal for, has been communicated to the British

and German Governments. Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay Dec. 13 Same subject. Arbitration. Incloses correspond

ence with the minister for foreign affairs re

lating to. Same to same..

.do Same subject. Incloses note from the minister

for foreign affairs, protesting against the ac-
tions of the German and British representa-

tives, Same to same...

..do ... Same subject. Protection of British and German 795

interests. Incloses correspondence relating to
his taking charge of the British and German

legations.
Same to same (telegram)... .do ... Same subject. Reports that President Castro in-

796 forms him that the British and German war vessels are bombarding Puerto Cabello.

do...

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1902.
Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay(tele- Dec. 13 Difficulty with Great Britain and Germany. Re-
gram).

ports that the British and German consuls have

been permitted to return to La Guaira.
Same to same (telegram).......do ... Same subject. Reports the situation at Caracas

much quieter and the excitement subsiding.
Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 14 Same subject. Reports that the British and Ger-

man war vessels bombarded the forts at Puerto
Cabello on account of an alleged insult to the

British flag on a merchant vessel.
Same to same (telegram).......do ... Protection of Dutch interests. Reports that the

minister of the Netherlands, who is sick, has
requested him to take charge of Dutch inter-

ests.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Bowen (tel- Dec. 15 Same subject. Gives permission to take charge
egram.

of Dutch interests, if the Venezuelan Govern

ment consents.
Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay... ....do ... Difficulty with Germany and Great Britain.

Arbitration. Desires to know without delay
whether Great Britain and Germany will an-

swer Venezuela's proposal for.
Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 16 Same subject. A petition has been presented by

leading citizens of Venezuela to President Cag.
tro to invest Minister Bowen with plenary

powers.
Same to same (telegram).......do ... Protection of Italian interests. Reports that the

Italian minister, who will leave on the 17th,
has requested him to take charge of Italian

interests.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Bowen .... do ... Same subject. Instructs to take charge of Ital-
(telegram).

ian interests if Venezuela consents.
Same to same (telegram).......do ... Difficulty with Germany and Great Britain. Ar-

bitration. No reply has yet been received
from Great Britain and Germany to Venezuela's

proposal for.
Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay Dec. 17 Same subject. Arbitration. Gives text of full
1 (telegram).

powers conferred upon him by President
Castro. Makes suggestions in regard to the

negotiations with the powers.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Bowen Dec. 18 Same subject. Venezuela's proposition for ne-
(telegram).

gotiations has been communicated to London,

Berlin, and Rome.
Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 19 Same subject. States that the powers seem in-

clined to accept the principle of arbitration,
and that the selection of The Hague Tribunal

would be judicious.
Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 20 Same subject. Germany and Great Britain have

invited the President of the United States to
act as arbitrator; instructs to ascertain whether

Venezuela's wishes accord therewith.
Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay ...do... Same subject. Arbitration by The Hague Tribu-
(telegram).

nal. Recites objection to expresses his views
as to what should be done by all the parties

interested in the matter.
Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 21 Same subject. Transmits President Castro's ac-

ceptance of the proposition that the President

of the United States should act as arbitrator.
Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 22 Same subject. The blockade of Venezuelan

ports began December 20 and 24, respectively,
States conditions briefly. Mails are allowed

to land.
Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 23 Same subject. Arbitration by President Roose-

velt formally accepted by the minister for for-
eign affairs, who suggests that Italy be in-

cluded.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Bowen (tele- ...do ... Same subject. Formal request that the Presi-
gram).

dent act as arbitrator has not been received

from the powers.
Same to same (telegram)... Dec. 24 Same subject. Arbitration by The Hague Tribu-

nal. Instructs to urge the Venezuelan Gov-
ernment to declare its acceptance, in princi-
ple, of. Terms of Great Britain and Germany

will be cabled upon such acceptance.
Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay (tele- Dec. 25 Same subject. Arbitration by The Hague Tribu-
gram).

nal accepted, in principle, by the Venezuelan

Government.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Bowen (tele- Dec. 27 Same subject. Communicates the German and
gram).

British propositions in regard to preliminary

conditions of arbitration.
14 Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay... .do... Same subject. Incloses text of a petition of lead-

ing citizens of Caracas asking that Minister
Bowen be empowered to act in Venezuela's
behalf.

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1903.
Mr. Bowen to Mr. Hay(tele. Dec. 31 Difficulty with Germany and Great Britain.
gram).

Transmits President Castro's reply to the Ger-
man and British

propositions in regard to pre-
liminary conditions of arbitration, and asks
that the blockade of Venezuelan ports be raised

at once.

1903.
Same to same (telegram)... Jan. 7 Same subject. Transmits President Castro's ac.

ceptance of the preliminary conditions of arbi-
tration, states the custom-houses will be the
guaranty, and again asks that the blockade be

raised.
Mr. Hay to Mr. Bowen (tele- Jan. 10 Same subject. Preliminaries, including the
gram).

raising of the blockade, can not be adjusted

until Mr. Bowen's arrival at Washington. Protocol of agreement be- Feb. 17 For submission to arbitration of all unsettled tween the United States

claims of citizens of the United States against
and Venezuela.

Venezuela. Text.
Mr. Russell to Mr. Hay..... Apr. 26 Rights and duties of aliens. Incloses translation

of the law defining. The diplomatic corps
held a meeting to discuss its provisions, but
without reaching

a decision. Asks instructions in case an appointee as vice-consul or consular agent is refused an exequatur on account of being engaged in business and coming within

the provision of the law. Mr. Hay to Mr. Russell..... May 15 Same subject. Points out for communication to

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the Venezuelan Government the unfriendly
feature of such action toward the United
States.

CIRCULAR.

Circular

1903. Nov. 14 Recognition of the Republic of Panama by the lxxxiii

President of the United States.

CORRESPONDENCE.

CIRCULAR.
RECOGNITION OF THE REPUBLIC OF PANAMA.

Mr. Hay to Mr. Ames.a
[Telegram.)

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, November 14, 1903. The President yesterday fully recognized the Republic of Panama and formally received its minister plenipotentiary. You will promptly communicate this to the Government to which you are accredited.

John Hay.

e Same instruction, mutatis mutandis, to all United States diplomatic representa

tives.

LXXXIII

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