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and some fine specimens have been found. Heavy machinery is running by steam, and twenty men are employed.

Gorham gave the board a fine audience, and Messrs. Whittemore, Adams, and Goodell all made wide-awake talks on the use of machinery and thorough tillage.

At Shelburne the whole party were invited to the thousandacre farm of Judge Burbank, of Boston. An hour was spent in examining his herds of thoroughbreds-Holstein and Dutch, Short-horns, Swiss, Ayrshires, and Jerseys. He has the largest variety of registered stock in the state.

The next meeting was at Randolph, and proved a lively one, half the people of the town being out.

In the evening the party went to Jefferson Hill, twelve miles distant, and held one of the best meetings of the season. Mr. Goodell talked The West vs. The East, Mr. Whittemore on stock, and Mr. Adams on farm improvement. The session was held till a late hour, and was full of interest. This is a beautiful place, as hundreds of summer boarders know. The town has a fine soil, and produces splendid crops. The building of the railroad from Whitefield is a great convenience.

Whitefield is another lumber town, where 30,000,000 feet or more are yearly manufactured into boards, building material, firkins, sash, &c. It is a busy place, and is surrounded by good farms. The Hazens have the largest farm, and have the past year built a barn over two hundred feet long. They keep nearly a hundred horses and more oxen for lumbering purposes, and cut three hundred tons of hay. Here the board held two good meetings, attended by ladies as well as gentlemen.

Saturday found us on our way home, a full week having been busily and happily employed. We have found the farmers encouraged by good crops and fair prices. Hay, wheat, oats, and potatoes have been abundant; neat stock, horses, and sheep have done unusually well.

Mr. Gerrish, in the People and Patriot, gave the following condensed report of " A Week with the Board :"

Leaving Concord Monday morning, November 19, on the express train over the Boston, Concord & Montreal Railroad, we leave the Merrimack valley for the higher table lands, and very soon reach the lake region. The waters of Sanbornton bay, placid as a mirror, lay in our path, but making a detour, we passed rapidly on, by Laconia, Lake Village, Meredith, and Ashland, reaching Plymouth at one P. M., where we dined ; after which we took the accommodation train and made slower progress north, arriving at Littleton about dark. The glove interest is the making of these two places, so far as cold weather enterprises are concerned, and summer boarding for warm weather. We did not stop long enough to get the figures at Littleton, where the business is brisk ; but at Plymouth we were told by a manufacturer that the business amounted to $250,000 a year, furnishing employment for three thousand hands, many of whom, we suppose, are women and children, and probably in outlying districts, the population of the town being only about two thousand.

Meetings being announced for both Groveton and Northumberland, a division of forces was necessary, Councillor Goodell speaking very acceptably to a respectable audience, not in Northumberland on account of repairs to the hall on the New Hampshire side of the river, but the Vermont side at Guildhall, his subject being " Progress,” which was well received ; while Secretary Adams with member Whittemore went on to Groveton, where a small meeting was held, Messrs. Adams and Whittemore speaking on new points in agriculture.

The falls on the Connecticut at Northumberland are sufficient for considerable business. At present it is lumber on the Vermont side, and shoe-pegs and strawboard on the New Hampshire side. Taking the morning train for Groveton Junction,

the 66 guard ” embark on the Grand Trunk Railway, and are reinforced at Groveton by the captain and secretary, who arrive at Milan together, again to separate in order to have meetings at West Milan and arrange for the evening at Berlin Falls, the advance guard going by rail, and the reserve following by private conveyance after the afternoon meeting.

A successful meeting was held at Milan. Secretary Adams spoke for an hour on “ What the best farmers do,” and Mr. Gerrish, of Webster, on “Grade and thoroughbred stock." This meeting was not large, but it was quite a satisfactory one.


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The travelling not being good, or from some misunderstanding, there was not a large attendance of farmers from out the place at Berlin Falls Tuesday evening. A very fine new hall was well warmed and lighted, and Mr. Brown of the Berlin Falls Lumber Company was present, with some mechanics and villagers.

Berlin Falls is a smart and growing place. Large quantities of spruce lumber are floated down the Androscoggin to this point and manufactured-upward of 30,000,000 feet annually. This goes to market over the Grand Trunk Railway. The place claims 1700 inhabitants at present.

At the meeting at Shelburne Wednesday afternoon, the time was principally occupied by Secretary Adams. Not being a large meeting, it was conducted by the other members and farmers present in a conversational way near the close. The discussion was mainly on what to raise, feed, and sell. The board took the train back to Gorham from this point, not, however, without first having enjoyed the hospitality of the Burbank homestead, and taking a look at the fine stock of the various breeds kept there.

Councillor Goodell opened the meeting at Gorham Wednesday evening, and spoke for an hour to an intelligent mixed audience of farmers and mechanics. He was followed by Secretary Adams, some questions being asked by farmers present.

Gorham is a thrifty place of about the same size as Berlin Falls. After breakfast the company visited a lead mine on the other side of the river, some of them going two hundred feet into the side of the mountain. After this we took the road behind four bays belonging to the proprietor of the Ravine House in Randolph, in which town a successful meeting was held in the afternoon, Mr. Whittemore, member for Coös county, giving a paper on breeding, which was well listened to.

A vigorous address from the Secretary was also well received.

The same team took us twelve miles west to Jefferson for the evening meeting. We pass the Presidential group, cloudcapped and sombre grey, dotted with evergreen, in the drive from Gorham to Jefferson. At Jefferson seventy-five were present, and Messrs. Adams and Goodell spoke very acceptably to the audience. Unusual interest was manifested in both meetings.

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The party stopped at the Waumbek House. Between that and the Ravine House in Randolph one passes the Mount Adams, Ethan Crawford, and the Highland hotels. There are fourteen sizable boarding houses and hotels for the accommodation of summer visitors in Jefferson, the Waumbek being the largest. The Brown Lumber Company have made great improvements near the depot in the last five years. During Thursday night a fine rain fell, but all was over before we reached Whitefield Friday morning.

The meeting at Whitefield Friday afternoon was opened by Mr. Whittemore, who spoke on “ Breeding,” followed by Messrs. Adams, Goodell, and Gerrish, several farmers present asking questions on the various topics, among whom were Messrs. Bray, Dodge, and Hazen. The attendance here was small, numbering about forty.

The evening session, the last of the Coös county series, was attended by nearly one hundred listeners, and Messrs. Adams and Goodell spoke to their satisfaction on 6 What the best farmers do,” and “ The East versus The West.”

Aside from summer boarding, Whitefield is a great place for the lumber business. Mr. Hazen, one of the large lumber operators, has a fine farm and extensive teams, and showed a great interest in the meetings. He is the owner of the Percheron stallion that took the first prize at the New England fair at Manchester.

The Brown Lumber Company do a large business here, employing nearly two hundred men. They deal in hard and soft lumber, and manufacture mouldings, butter-tubs, etc. The Libbys also do a good lumber business here. The Jefferson & Whitefield Railroad extends back into the lumber region with its branches.

After a pleasant week we embarked Saturday morning on the Boston, Concord & Montreal Railroad once more, with our headlight towards the south.


As one of the elements—the vital one-in the prosperity of Whitefield and vicinity, we refer to the Brown Lumber Company and its reorganization by copying a current item of the uewspaper press :

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“Few people are aware of the magnitude of the business done by Brown's Lumber Company of Whitefield. They own 30,000 acres of land, located in Whitefield, Carroll, Jefferson, and Randolph, and the Low & Burbank Grant of 14,000 acres of original forest. Their mills give constant employment to about one hundred men, and produce daily 50,000 feet of lumber, consisting of dimension timber, boards, shingles, laths, clapboards, house finish, shooks, dressed lumber, etc.

"Power is furnished by a 400-horse-power engine, and the mills and yards are lighted by electric light. The company also own forty houses and tenements, two stores, one half interest in the Whitefield & Jefferson Railroad, over which logs are brought from the forest to their mills, besides three miles of track laid into their woods especially for their use. At present they have three hundred men and one hundred horses and cattle at work in the woods cutting from 600,000 to 800,000 feet of logs per week, besides hundreds of cords of wood.

“Heretofore this great lumber-producing corporation has been owned by four different individuals, but advancing years and the failing health of Dr. Aaron Ordway, of Lawrence, the owner of about one third of the stock, has necessitated his retirement from any active participation in its management. Arrangements have been completed whereby his entire interests have been closed out, and gentlemen of wealth and business standing have become stockholders and interested in the company. Among them, we understand, may be mentioned Ossian Ray of Lancaster, J. W. Johnson of Boston, Walter Aiken of Franklin, A. G. Folsom of Laconia, Judge Poland of Vermont, George Leslie, cashier of the bank at Wells River, Charles W. King of Lunenburgh, Vt., besides several Manchester gentlemen. Nathan R. Perkins, of Whitefield, is president of the company; A. L. Brown of Whitefield, agent; Charles W. King, of Lunenburgh, Vt., treasurer; Messrs. A. L. and W. G. Brown, N. R. Perkins, Ossian Ray, Charles W. King, and Henry Chandler constitute the board of directors. One unaccustomed to large lumbering operations, visiting the mills, yards, and camps of the woodmen during the operations of this company in a busy season, would be impressed with the colossal character of this New Hampshire enterprise, as it is beyond all question the largest of the kind in New England.”

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