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PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION
tion, by the Rev. E. Tyrrell Green,-a fact which affords striking evidence of the feeling alluded to above, that the text-books at present in use are not altogether adequate. Mr. Green's work contains much illustrative matter from contemporary documents, and that by Dr. Maclear and Mr. Williams is excellent as short textbook. My own work is on a somewhat larger scale, and may perhaps appear to be more ambitious, in aiming at completeness as a commentary upon the Articles; and I trust that it may be found that there is room for it as well as for these others. My object throughout has been to make the work correspond as closely as possible to the title. It is not in any way intended to be a complete system of theology. The subjects discussed are strictly limited to those which are fairly suggested by the text of the Articles. Nor is it a history of doctrine.
I have simply endeavoured to explain the teaching of the Articles, assuming a general knowledge of ecclesiastical history on the part of the reader, and only tracing out the history of doctrine where it seemed to be absolutely necessary in order to enable him to understand the meaning of the text of the Articles and the expressions used in it. My aim has always been to discover and elucidate the “plain, literal, and grammatical sense" of the document on which I have undertaken to comment. I can honestly say that I have striven to be perfectly fair, and to avoid the temptation to "read in ” to the Articles meanings which I am not convinced to be really there. How far I have succeeded my readers must judge for themselves.
One possible criticism I should like to meet beforehand. It may perhaps be said that there is a lack of proportion in the treatment of the Articles, since far more space has been devoted to the first eight than to the remaining thirty-one. My reply must be that the fault, if it be a fault, has been deliberately committed, and for this reason. The first eight Articles practically re-state, in an enlarged form, the rule of faith as contained in the Church's Creed, and therefore stand on a different footing from the others. In some works on the Articles this seems to be regarded as a reason for devoting but little space to them, it being presumably taken for granted that the student will have previously mastered Pearson's great work, or some other treatise on the Creed. It has seemed to me wiser to adopt the opposite course, and to make the commentary upon them fuller than that on the remaining Articles, in order to emphasize their importance, and to give them their proper position. I trust, however, that the lack of proportion is not really so great as might at first sight appear. Many of the later Articles admit of very slight treatment, and I hope that it will be found that adequate attention has been paid to the really important ones among them, especially to those on the Church, the Sacraments, and the Ministry.
It only remains for me to express my thanks to those who have assisted me in the work, especially to the Rev. A. Robertson, D.D., Principal of Hatfield Hall, Durham, who has kindly looked through the proof sheets, and helped me by making many valuable suggestions.
E C. S. G.
THE VICARAGE, LEEDS,
December 10, 1896
SYNOPSIS OF CONTENTS
The Forty-Two Articles of 1553
Puritan Attempts to Amend or Supplement the Articles .
History of Subscription to the Articles
ARTICLE I.-OF FAITH IN THE HOLY TRINITY
The Grounds on which the Doctrine is accepted
The History of the Doctrine in the Church, and the Growth of
Technical Phraseology in connection with it
ARTICLE II.-OF THE WORD OR SON OF GOD WHICH WAS MADE
The Divinity and Eternal Generation of the Son
ARTICLE III.-OF THE GOING DOWN OF CHRIST INTO HELL
The Scriptural Grounds for the Doctrine, and the Object of the
The History of the Doctrine in the Church, and of the Clause in
ARTICLE IV.-OF THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST
The Ascension and Session at the Right Hand of the Father
The Divinity of the Holy Ghost
ARTICLE VI.-OF THE SUFFICIENCY OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES
The Position of Holy Scripture as the Sole Source of Necessary
The Position of “The Other Books
ARTICLE VII.-OF THE OLD TESTAMENT
The Old Testament is not contrary to the New
The Old Fathers did not look only for Transitory Promises
The Ceremonial and Civil Law of the Jews is not binding on
The Moral Law remains of Universal and Lasting Obligation
ARTICLE VIII.-OF THE TAREE CREEDS
ARTICLE IX.-OF ORIGINAL OR Birth SIN
The Effect of Baptism in the removal of Original Sin
The Character of Concupiscence
ARTICLE XI.-OF THE JUSTIFICATION OF MAN
Justification : Its Meaning and Relation to Sanctification
The Meritorious Cause of Justification
The Instrument or Formal Cause of Justification