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873. SUDORIFICS promote profuse xi. LET THE USE of cold acid fruits perspiration or sweating, such as ipeca- and vegetables be avoided. cuanha, antimony, James's powder, am- xii. Let Excess in the use of ardent monia.

and fermented liquors and tobacco be 874. Tonics gte general strength avoided. to the constitution, restore the natural xiii. Let A Poor Diet, and the use energies, and improve the tone of the of impure water in cooking, or for drinksystem, such as all the vegetable bitters, ing, be avoided. most of the minerals, also some kinds xiv. LET THE WEARING of wet and of food, wine, and beer.

insufficient clothes be avoided. 875. VESICANTS are medicines which xv. LET A FLANNEL or woollen belt blister, such as strong liquid ammo- be worn round the belly. nia, &c.


carefully observed. 876. Special Rules for the Pre

xvii. LET EVERY CAUSE tending to vention of Cholera.

depress the moral and physical eneri. We urge the necessity, in all cases gies be carefully avoided. of cholera, of an instant recourse to sure to extremes of heat and cold be medical aid, and also under every form avoided. and variety of indisposition: for all dis- xvii. LET CROWDING of

persons orders are found to merge in the domi- within houses and apartments be nant disease.

avoided. ii. LET IMMEDIATE RELIEF be sought xix. LET SLEEPING in low or damp under disorder of the bowels especially, rooms be avoided. however slight. The invasion of cholera xx. LET Fires be kept up during the may thus be readily prevented. night in sleeping or adjoining apart

iii. LET EVERY ÎMPURITY, animal ments, the night being the period of and vegetable, be quickly removed to most danger from attack, especially a distance from the habitation, such as under exposure to cold or damp. slaughter-houses, pig-sties, cesspools, xxi. LET ALL BEDDING and clothing necessaries, and all other domestic be daily exposed during winter and nuisances.

spring to the fire, and in summer to the iv. LET ALL UNCOVERED DRAINS be heat of the sun. carefully and frequently cleansed.

xxii. LET THE DEAD be buried in v. LET THE GROUNDS in and around places remote from the habitations of the habitation be drained, so as effectu- the living. By the timely adoption of ally to carry off moisture of every kind. simple means such as these, cholera, or

vi. LET ALL PARTITIONS be removed other epidemic, will be made to lose its from within and without habitations, venom. which unnecessarily impede ventilation.

vii. LET EVERY Room be daily thrown 877. Rules for the Preservation open for the admission of fresh air ; this

of Health. should be done about noon, when the 878. PURE ATMOSPHERIC AIR is comatmosphere is most likely to be dry. posed of nitrogen, oxygen, and a very

viii. LET DRY SCRUBRING be used small proportion of carbonic acid gas. in domestic cleansing in place of water Air once breathed has lost the chief part cleansing

of its oxygen, and acquired a proporix. LET EXCESSIVE FATIGUE, and tionate increase of carbonic acid gas. exposure to damp and cold, especially Therefore, health requires that we during the night, be avoided.

breathe the same air once only. x. LET THE USE of cold drinks and 879. THE SOLID PART OF acid liquors, especially under fatigue, BODIES is continually wasting, and rebe avoided, or when the body is heated. quires to be repaired by fresh substances





solar rays.

Therefore, food, which is to repair the and produce disease and premature death. loss, should be taken with due regard to Therefore, the hours of labour and study the exercise and waste of the body. should be short.

880. THE FLUID PART OF OUR BODIES 889. MENTAL AND BODILY Exetialso wastes constantly; there is but one CISE are equally essential to the general fluid in animals, which is water. There- health and happiness. Therefore, labour fore, water only is necessary, and no and study should succeed each other. artifice can produce a better drink. 890. MAN WILL LIVE MOST Healti

881. The Fluid or our Bodies is ily upon simple solids and fluids, of to the solid in proportion as nine to one. which a sufficient but temperate quanTherefore, a like proportion should pre- tity should be taken. Therefore, over vail in the total amount of food taken. indulgence in strong drinks, tobacco,

882. LIGHT EXERCISES AN IMPORT- snuff, opium, and all mere indulgences, ANT INFLUENCE upon the growth and should be avoided. vigour of animals and plants. Therefore, 891. SUDDEN ALTERNATIONS our dwellings should freely admit the HEAT AND Cold are dangerous (espe

cially to the young and the aged). 883. DECOMPOSING ANIMAL AND Therefore, clothing, in quantity and VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES yield various quality, should be adapted to the alternoxious. gases, which enter the lungs nations of night and day, and of the and corrupt the blood. Therefore, all seasons. And therefore, also, drinking impurities should be kept away from cold water when the body is hot, and our abodes, and every precaution be hot tea and soups when cold, are proobserved to secure a pure atmosphere. ductive of many evils.

884. WARMTH IS ESSENTIAL to all 892. MODERATION IN EATING and the bodily functions. Therefore, an drinking, short hours of labour and equal bodily temperature should be study, regularity in exercise, recreation, maintained by exercise, by clothing, or and rest, cleanliness, equanimity of tem

per and equality of temperature,—these 885. EXERCISE WARMS, INVIGORATES, are the great essentials to that which and purifies the body; clothing pre- surpasses all wealth, health of mind and serves the warmth the body generates; body. fire imparts warmth externally. There

893. Mischief Makers. fore, to obtain and preserve warmth,exercise and clothing are preferable to fire. Oh, could there in this world be found 886. FIRE CONSUMES THE OXYGEN

Some little spot of happy ground, of the air, and produces noxious gases.

Where village pleasures might go round, Therefore, the air is less pure in the pre- How doubly blest that place would be,

Without the village tattling! sence of candles, gas, or coal fire, than where all might dwell in liberty, otherwise, and the deterioration should Free from the bitter misery be repaired by increased ventilation.

Of gossips' endless prattling. 887. THE SKIN IS A HIGHLY-ORGANIZED MEMBRANE, full of minute If such a spot were really known,

Dame Peace might claim it as her own, pores, cells, blood vessels, and nerves ;

And in it she might fix her throne, it imbibes moisture or throws it off,

For ever and for ever: according to the state of the atmosphere There, like a queen, might reign and live, and the temperature of the body. It While every one would soon forgire also “breathes," as do the lungs (though The little slights they might receive, less actively). All the internal organs And be offended never. sympathize with the skin. Therefore, it 'Tis mischief-makers that remove should be repeatedly cleansed.

Far from our hearts the warmth of love, 888. LATE HOURS AND ANXIOUS And lead us all to disapprove PURSUITS exhaust the nervous system, What gives another pleasure.

by fire.



They seem to take one's part-but when fly underneath, they are a sure sign of They've heard our cares, unkindly then rain, and probably it will be lasting. They soon retail them all again,

Two currents of clouds always portend Mixed with their poisonous measure.

rain, and, in summer, thunder. And then they've such a cunning way

897. HEAVENLY BODIES.-A hazi.. Of telling ill-meant tales : they say,

ness in the air, which fades the sun's “ Don't mention what I've said, I pray, light, and makes the orb appear whitish, I would not tell another;"

or ill-defined—or at night, if the moon Straight to your neighbour's house they go,

and stars grow dim, and a ring encircles Narrating everything they know;

the former, rain will follow. If the sun's And break the peace of high and low, Wife, husband, friend, and brother.

rays appear like Moses' horns-if white

at setting, or shorn of his rays, or if he Oh, that the mischief-making crew

goes down into a bank of clouds in the Were all reduced to one or two,

horizon, bad weather is to be expected. And they were painted red or blue,

If the moon looks pale and dim, we exThat every one might know them : Then would our villagers forget

pect rain; if red, wind; and if of her

natural colour, with a clear sky, fair To rage and quarrel, fume and fret, Or fall into an angry pet,

weather. If the moon is rainy through With things so much below them.

out, it will clear at the change, and, For 'tis a sad, degrading part,

perhaps, the rain return a few days

after. To make another's bosom smart,

If fair throughout, and rain at And plant a dagger in the heart

the change, the fair weather will proWe ought to love and cherish.

bably return on the fourth or fifth day. Then let us evermore be found

808. Weather Precautions.In quietness with all around,

If the weather appears doubtful, always While friendship, joy, and peace abound, take the precaution of having an umAnd angry feelings perish!

brella when you go out, particularly in

going to church ; you thereby avoid in894. Signs of the Weather.

curring one of three disagreeables ; in 895. Dew.—If the dew lies plenti- the first place, the chance of getting fully on the grass after a fair day, it is a wet-or encroaching under a friend's sign of another fair day. If not, and there umbrella--or being under the necessity is no wind, rain must follow. A red of borrowing one, consequently inevening portends fine weather ; but if it volving the trouble of returning it, and spread too far upwards from the hori. possibly (as is the case nine times out zon in the evening, and especially of ten) inconveniencing your friend morning, it foretells wind or rain, or by neglecting to do so. Those who both. When the sky, in rainy weather, disdain the use of umbrellas generally is tinged with sea green, the rain will appear with shabby hats, tumbled increase; if with deep blue, it will be bonnet ribbons, wrinkled silk dresses, showery.

&c., &c., the consequence of frequent 896. Clouds.Previous to much exposure to unexpected showers, to say rain falling, the clouds grow bigger, and nothing of colds taken, no one can tell increase very fast, especially before how. thunder. When the clouds are formed 899. Leech Barometer. Take like fleeces, but dense in the middle and an eight-ounce phial, and put in it three bright towards the edges, with the sky gills of water, and place in it a healthy bright, they are signs of a frost, with hail

, leech, changing the water in summer snow, or rain. If clouds form high in air, once a week, and in winter once in a in thin white trains like locks of wool, fortnight, and it will most accurately they portend wind, and probably rain. prognosticate the weather. If the When a general cloudiness covers the weather is to be fine, the leech lies šky, and small black fragments of clouds motionless at the bottom of the glass,

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and coiled together in a spiral form; if Amos, Hebrew, a burden. rain may be expected, it will creep up Andrew, Greek, courageous. to the top of its lodgings, and remain Anthony, Latin, flourishing, there till the weather is settled ; if we Archibald, German, a bold observer. are to have wind, it will move through Arnold, German, a maintainer of honour. its habitation with amazing swiftness, Arthur, British, a strong man.

Augustus, and seldom goes to rest till it begins to


Latin, venerable, grand. blow hard ; if a remarkable storm of

Baldwin, German, a bold winner. thunder and rain is to succeed, it will Bardulph, German, a famous helper. lodge for some days before almost con- Barnaby, Hebrew, a prophet's son. tinually out of the water, and discover Bartholomew, Hebrew, the son of him who great uneasiness in violent throes and made the waters to rise. convulsive-like motions; in frost as in Beaumont, French, a pretty mount. clear summer-like weather it lies con- Bede, Saxon, prayer. stantly at the bottom; and in snow as in Benjamin, Hebrew, the son of a right hand. rainy weatherit pitches its dwelling in the Bennet, Latin, blessed. very mouth of the phial. The top should Bernard, German, bear's heart. be covered over with a piece of muslin. Bertram, German, fair, illustrious. ,

900. The Chemical Barometer. Boniface, Latin, a well-doer. -Take a long narrow bottle, such as an Cadwallader, British, valiant in war.

Brian, French, having a thundering voice. old-fashioned Eau-de-Cologne bottle, Cæsar, Latin, adorned with hair. and put into it two and a half drachms Caleb, Hebrew, a dog. of camphor, and eleven drachms of Cecil, Latin, dim-sighted. spirit of wine; when the camphor is Charles, German, noble-spirited. dissolved, which it will readily do by Christopher, Greek, bearing Christ. slight agitation, add the following mix- Clement, Latin, mild-tempered. ture:—Take water, nine drachms ; Conrad, German, able counsel. nitrate of potash (saltpetre), thirty-eight Constantine, Latin, resolute. grains; and muriate of ammonia (sal Crispin, Latin, having curled locks. ammoniac), thirty-eight grains. Dis-Cuthbert, Saxon, known famously. solve these salts in the water prior to Daniel, Hebrew, God is judge. mixing with the camphorated spirit; Denis, Greek, belonging to the god of wino

David, Hebrew, well-beloved. then shake the whole well together. Cork the bottle well, and wax the top, Edgar, Saxon, happy honour.

Dunstan, Saxon, most high. but afterwards make a very small aper- Edmund, Saxon, happy peace. · ture in the cork with a red-hot needle. Edward, Saxon, happy keeper. The bottle may then be hung up, or Edwin, Saxon, happy conqueror. placed in any stationary position. By Egbert, Saxon, ever bright. observing the different appearances Elijah, Hebrew, God the Lord. which the materials assume, as the Elisha, Hebrew, the salvation of God. weather changes, it becomes an excel- Ephraim, Hebrew, fruitful. lent prognosticator of a coming storm or Erasmus, Greek, lovely, worthy to be loved of a sunny sky.

Ernest, Greek, earnest, serious.

Evan, or Ivon, British, the same as Johr, 901. Significations of Names.

Everard, German, well reported. Aaron, Hebrew, a mountain.

Eugene, Greek, nobly descended. Abel, Hebrew, vanity.

Eustace, Greek, standing firm. Abraham, Hebrew, the father of many.

Ezekiel, Hebrew, the strength of God.
Adam, Hebrew, red earth.

Felix, Latin, happy.
Adolphus, Saxon, happiness and help. Ferdinand, German, pure peace.
Albert, Saxon, all bright.

Francis, German, free.
Alexander, Greek, a helper of men.

Frederic, German, rich peace. Alfred, Saxon, all peace.

Gabriel, Hebrew, the strength of God. Ambrose, Greek, immortal.

Geoffrey, German, joyful.


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