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poured in.

1215. Warming Cold Sweet white sugar, warmed together: not to Dishes.

be served in a dish. 1216. RICE PUDDING. — Over the 1222. Apple Fritters. — Peel cold rice pudding pour a custard, and and core some fine pippins, and cut into add a few lumps of jelly or preserved slices. Soak them in wine, sugar, and fruit. Remember to remove the baked nutmeg, for a few hours. Batter of four coating of the pudding before the eggs to a tablespoonful of rose water, custard is poured over it.

a tablespoonful of wine, and a table1217. APPLE TART.-Cut into trian- spoonful of milk; thicken with enough gular pieces the remains of a cold apple flour, stirred in by degrees; mix two tart:

arrange the pieces around the or three hours before wanted. Heat sides of a glass or china bowl, and leave some butter in a frying-pan; dip each space in the centre for a custard to be slice of apple separately in the batter,

and fry brown; sift pounded sugar, and 1218. PLUM PUDDING. Cut into grate a nutmeg over them. tbin round slices cold plum pudding, and 1223. Pancakes.—Make a light fry them in butter. Fry also Spanish batter of eggs, flour, and milk; a little fritters, and place them high in the salt, nutmeg, and ginger may be added; centre of the dish, and the fried pud- fry in a small pan, in hot dripping or ding all round the heaped-up fritters. lard. Sugar and lemon should be Powder all with lump sugar, and serve served to eat with them. Or, when them with wine sauce in a tureen. eggs are scarce, make the batter with

1219. Fritters.- Make them of small beer, ginger, and so forth; or any of the batters directed for pancakes, water, with flour, and a very little milk, by dropping a small quantity into the will serve, but not so well as eggs and pan; or make the plainer sort, and dip all milk. pared apples, sliced and cored, into the 1224. Cream Pancakes.-Mix batter, and fry them in plenty of hot two eggs, well beaten, with a pint of lard. Currants, or sliced lemon as thin cream, two ounces of sifted sugar, six as paper, make an agreeable change. of flour, a little nutmeg, cinnamon, and Fritters for company should be served mace. Fry the pancakes thin, with a on a folded napkin in the dish. Any bit of butter. sort of sweetmeat, or ripe fruit, may be 1225. Rice Pancakes.- Boil made into fritters.

half a pound of ground rice to a jelly 1220. Oyster Fritters.—Make a in a pint of water or milk, and keep it batter of flour, milk, and eggs; season well stirred from the bottom to prevent a very little with nutmeg. Beard the its being burnt; if too thick add a little oysters, and put as many as you think more milk; take it off the fire ; stir in proper in each fritter.

six or eight ounces of butter, a pint of 1221. Potato Fritters.--Boil two cream, six or eighi eggs well beaten, a large potatoes, bruise them fine, beat pinch of salt, sugar, and nutmeg, with four yolks and three whites of eggs, as much flour as will make the batter and add to the above one large spoonful thick enough. Fry them with lard or of cream, another of sweet wine, a dripping. squeeze of lemon, and a little nutmeg. 1228. Scones.--Flour, two pounds; Beat this batter well half an hour. It bicarbonate of soda, quarter of an ounce; will be extremely light. Put a good salt, quarter of an ounce; sour butterquantity of fine lard into a stewpan, milk, one pint, more or less. Mix to and drop a spoonful at a time of the the consistence of light dough, roll out batter into it. Fry them; and serve as about half an inch thick, and cut them a sauce, a glass of white wine, the juice out to any shape you please, and bake of a lemon, one dessertspoonful of on a girdle over a clear fire about ten peach-leaf or almond water, and some or fifteen minutes; turning them to





brown on both sides - or they may be are seldom more relished in any form done on a hot plate, or ironing-stove. than in a well-made and expeditiouslyA girdle is a thin plate of cast iron served omelette. This may be plain, or about twelve or fourteen inches in seasoned with minced herbs and a very diameter, with a handle attached, to little shalot, when the last is liked, and hang it up by.—These sconcs are ex- is then called Omelettes aux fines herbes ; cellent for tea, and may be eaten either or it may be mixed with minced ham or cold or hot, buttered, or with cheese. grated cheese : in any case, it should be

1227. A Friar's Omelette.- light, thick, full-tasted, and fried only on Boil a dozen apples, as for sauce; stir one side ; if turned in the pan, as it frein a quarter of a pound of butter, and quently is in England, it will at once be the same of white sugar; when cold, flattened and rendered tough. Should add four eggs, well beaten ; put it into the slight rawness, which is sometimes a baking dish thickly strewed over with found in the middle of the inside when crumbs of bread, so as to stick to the the omelette is made in the French way, bottom and sides; then put in the apple be objected to, a heated shovel, or a salamixture; strew crumbs of bread over mander, may be held over it for an inthe top; when baked, turn it out and stant, before it is folded on the dish. grate loaf sugar over it.

The pan for frying it should be quite 1228. Ordinary Omelette. small; for if it be composed of four or Take four eggs, beat the yolks and five eggs only, and then put into a large whites together with a tablespoonful of one, it will necessarily spread over it milk, a little salt and pepper; put two and be thin, which would render it more ounces of butter into a frying-pan to like a pancake than an omelette; the boil, and let it remain until it begins to only partial remedy for this, when a pan brown; pour the batter into it, and let it of proper size cannot be had, is to raise remain quiet for a minute; turn up the the handle of it high, and to keep the edges of the omelette gently from the opposite side close down to the fire, bottom of the pan with a fork; shake which will confine the eggs into a smaller it, to keep it from burning at the bot-space. No gravy should be poured into tom, and fry it till of a bright brown. the dish with it, and, indeed, if properly It will not take more than five minutes made, it will require none. Lard is frying.

preferable to butter for frying batter, as 1229, Miss Acton's Observa- it renders it lighter ; but it must not be tions on Omelettes, Pancakes, used for omelettes. Filled with preFritters, &c.--" There is no difficulty serves of any kind, it is called a sweet in making good omelettes, pancakes, or omelette.” fritters; and, as they may be expe

1230. Baked Pears. - Take ditiously prepared and served, they are twelve large baking pears; pare and cut often a very convenient resource when, them into halves, leaving on the stem, on short notice, an addition is required about half an inch long; take out the to a dinner. The eggs for all of them core with the point of a knife, and place should be well and lightly whisked; the them close together in a block tin saucelard for frying batter should be extremely pan, the inside of which is quite bright, pure in flavour, and quite hot when the with the cover to fit quite close; put to fritters are dropped in; the batter itself them the rind of a lemon cut thin, with should be smooth as cream, and it should half its juice, a small stick of cinnamon, be briskly beaten the instant before it and twenty grains of allspice; cover is used. All fried pastes should be per- them with spring water, and allow one fectly drained from the fat before they pound of lcaf sugar to a pint and a half. are served, and sent to table promptly of water : cover them up close, and when they are ready. Eggs may be bake them for six hours in a very slow dressed in a multiplicity of ways, hut oven ;-they will be quite tender, and



of a bright colour. Prepared cochineal 1235. Accidents.-Always send is generally used for colouring the for a surgeon immediately an accident pears; but if the above is strictly occurs, but treat as directed until he attended to, it will be found to answer arrives. best.


Apples served with Cus- the following facts cannot be too firmly tard.—Pare and core apples; cut them impressed on the mind of the reader, in s; bake or stew them with as that in either of these accidents the little water as possible; when they have first, best, and often the only remedies become pulpy, sweeten and put them in a required, are sheets of wadding, fine pie-dish, and, when cold, pour over them wool or carded cotton, and in default of an unboiled custard, and put back into these, violet powder, flour, magnesia, the oven till the custard is fixed. A Dutch or chalk. The object for which these oven will do. Equally good hot or cold. several articles are employed is the

1232. Apples in Syrup:-Pare same in each instance; namely, to and core some hard apples, and throw exclude the air from the injured part; them into a basin of water; as they are for if the air can be effectually shut out done, clarify as much loaf sugar as will from the raw surface, and care is taken cover them ; put the apples in along not to expose the tender part till the with the juice and rind of a lemon, and new cuticle is formed, the cure may be let them simmer till they are quite safely lef to nature. The moment a clear; care must be taken not to break person is called to a case of scald or them; place them on the dish they are burn, he should cover the part with to appear upon at table, and pour the a sheet or a portion of a sheet of syrup over. These are forimmediate use. wadding, taking care not to break any

1233. Apricots Stewed in blister that may have formed, or stay Syrup.-Wipe the down from young to remove any burnt clothes that may apricots, and stew them as gently as adhere to the surface, but as quickly possible in a syrup made of four ounces as possible envelop every part of the of sugar to half a pint of water, boiled injury from all access of the air, laying the usual time.

one or two more pieces of wadding on 1234. Mother Eve's Pudding. the first, so as effectually to guard the

burn or scald from the irritation of the would have a good pudding, observe

atmosphere; and if the article used is what you're taught: Take two pennyworth of eggs, when twelve for wool or cotton, the same precaution, the groat;

of adding more material where the And of the same fruit that Eve had once surface is thinly covered, must be chosen,

adopted ; a light bandage finally seWell pared and well chopped, at least half a curing all in their places. Any of the po

pular remedies recommended below may Six ounces of bread, (let your maid eat the be employed when neither wool, cotton, crust)

nor wadding are to be procured, it being The crumbs must be grated as small as the always remembered that that article

which will best exclude the air from a six ounces of currants from the stones you burn or scald is the best, quickest, and

must sort, Lest they break out your teeth, and spoil all this respect nothing has surpassed cotton

least painful mode of treatment. And in your sport;

loose or attached to paper as in wadding. Fire ounces of sugar won't make it too sweet;

1237. IF THE SKIN IS MUCH INSome salt and some nutmeg will make it complete;

JURED in burns, spread some linen Three hours let it boil, without hurry or Aut- pretty thickly with chalk ointment, and ter,

lay over the part, and give the patient And then serve it up, without sugar or butter. some brandy and water if much ex



dozen ;




hausted; then send for a medical man. ounce of water) into the eye, or keep If not much injured, and very painful, the eye open in a wineglassful of use the same ointment, or apply carded the solution. Take a purgative, bathe cotton dipped in lime water and lin- with cold lotion, and exclude light to seed oil.

If you please, you may lay keep down inflammation. cloths dipped, in ether over the parts, 1242. DISLOCATED THUMB.- This is or cold lotions.

Treat scalds in the frequently produced by a fall. Make same manner, or cover with scraped a clove hitch, by passing two loops of raw potato; but the chalk ointment is .cord over the thumb, placing a piece the best. In the absence of all these, of rag under the cord to prevent it cover the injured part with treacle, cutting the thumb; then pull in the and dust over it plenty of flour. same line as the thumb. Afterwards

1238. BODY IN FLAMES.—Lay the apply a cold lotion. person down on the floor of the room, 1243. CUTS AND WOUNDS.-Clean and throw the tablecloth, rug, or other cut wounds, whether deep or superlarge cloth over him, and roll him on ficial, and likely to heal by the first the floor.

intention, should never be washed or 1239. DIRT IN THE EYE. — Place cleaned, but at once evenly and your forefinger upon the cheek-bone, smoothly closed by bringing both edges having the patient before you; then close together, and securing them in draw up the finger, and you will pro- that position by adhesive plaster. Cut bably be able to remove the dirt; but thin strips of sticking-plaster, and bring if this will not enable you to get at it, the parts together; or if large and deep, repeat this operation while you have a cut two broad pieces, so as to look like netting-needle or bodkin placed over the teeth of a comb, and place one on the eyelid; this will turn it inside out, each side of the wound, which must be and enable you to remove the sand, or cleaned previously. These pieces must eyelash, &c., with the corner of a fine be arranged so that they shall intersilk handkerchief. As soon as the sub- lace one another ; then, by laying stance is removed, bathe the eye with hold of the pieces on the right side cold water, and exclude the light for a with one hand, and those on the other day. If the inflammation is severe, side with the other hand, and pulling take a purgative, and use a refrigerant them from one another, the edges of lotion.

the wound are brought together with1240. LIME IN THE EYE.-Syringe out any difficulty. it well with warm vinegar and water 1244. ORDINARY Cuts are dressed (one ounce to eight ounces of water); by thin strips, applied by pressing down take a purgative, and exclude light. the plaster on one side of the wound,

1241. IRON OR STEEL SPICULÆ IN and keeping it there and pulling in the THE EYE.—These occur while turning opposite direction; then suddenly deiron or steel in a lathe, and are best pressing the hand when the edges of the remedied by doubling back the upper wound are brought together. or lower eyelid, according to the situ- 1245. CONTUSIONS are best healed ation of the substance, and with the by laying a piece of folded lint, well flat edge of a silver probe, taking up wetted with the extract of lead, on the the metallic particle, using a lotion part, and, if there is much pain, placing made by dissolving six grains of sugar a hot bran poultice over the dressing, of lead, and the same of white vitriol, repeating both, if necessary, every two in six ounces of water, and bathing the hours. When the injuries are very eye three times a day till the inflamma- severe, lay a cloth over the part, and tion subsides. Another plan isDrop suspend å basin over it filled with a solution of sulphate of copper (from cold lotion. Put a piece of cotone to three grains of the salt to one ton into the basin, so that it shall allow



the lotion to drop on the cloth, and thus raise the head, and place over it keep it always wet.

both arms, so that it will rest on 1246. HÆMORRHAGE, when caused the hands; dip the lint plug, slightly by an artery being divided or torn, may moistened, into some powdered gum bě known by the blood issuing out of arabic, and plug the nostrils again; or the wound in leaps or jerks, and being dip the plug into equal parts of powdered of a bright scarlet colour. If a vein is gum arabic and 'alum, and plug the injured, the blood is darker and flows nose. Or the plug may be dipped in continuously. To arrest the latter, apply Friar's balsam, or tincture of kino. pressure by means of a compress and Heat should be applied to the feet; and, bandage. To arrest arterial bleeding, get in obstinate cases, the sudden shock of a piece of wood (part of a mop handle a cold key, or cold water poured down will do), and tie a piece of tape to one the spine, will often instantly stop the end of it; then tie a piece of tape loosely bleeding. If the bowels are confined, over the arm, and pass the other end of take a purgative. the wood under it; twist the stick round 1248. VIOLENT SHOCKS will someand round until the tape compresses the times stun a person, and he will remain arm sufficiently to arrest the bleeding, unconscious. Untie strings, collars, and then confine the other end by tying &c. ; loosen anything that is tight, aná the string round the arm. A compress interferes with the breathing ; raise the made by enfolding a penny piece in seve- head; see if there is bleeding from any ral folds of lint or linen should, how- part; apply smelling-salts to the nose, ever, be first placed under the tape and and hot bottles to the feet. over the artery. If the bleeding is very 1249. IN CONCUSSION, the surface of obstinate, and it occurs in the arm, place the body is cold and pale, and the pulse a cork underneath the string, on the in- weak and small, the breathing slow and side of the fleshy part, where the artery gentle, and the pupil of the eye genemay be felt beating by any one; if in rally contracted or small. You can get the leg, place a cork in the direction of an answer by speaking loud, so as to a line drawn from the inner part of the arouse the patient. Give a little brandy knee towards the outer part of the and water, keep the place quiet, apply groin. It is an excellent thing to accus- warmth, and do not raise the head too tom yourself to find out the position of high. If you tickle the feet, the patient these arteries, or, indeed, any that are feels it. superficial, and to explain to every per- 1250. IN COMPRESSION OF son in your house where they are, and BRAIN from any cause, such as apohow to stop bleeding. If a stick cannot be plexy, or a piece of fractured bone pressgot, take a handkerchief, make a cord ing on it, there is loss of sensation. bandage of it, and tie a knot in the If you tickle the feet of the injured person middle; the knot acts as a compress, he does not feel it. You cannot arouse and should be placed over the artery, him so as to get an answer. The pulse while the two ends are to be tied around is slow and laboured; the breathing the thumb. Observe always to place deep, laboured, and snorting; the pupil the ligature between the wound and the enlarged. Raise the head, loosen heart. Putting your finger into a strings or tight things, and send for a bleeding wound, and making pressure surgeon. If one cannot be got at once, until a surgeon arrives, will generally apply mustard poultices to the feet and stop violent bleeding.

thighs, leeches to the temples, and hot 1247. BLEEDING FROM THE Nose, water to the feet. from whatever cause, may generally

1251. CHOKING.–When a person be stopped by putting a plug of lint has a fish bone in the throat, insert the into the nostrils; if this does not do, forefinger, press upon the root of the apply a cold lotion to the forehead; tongue, so as to induce vomiting; if this ·

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