Page images




uit these arrangements. Whenever 1620. THESE FEVERS commonly th is wanted at a short warning, to begin among the inhabitants of close the water necessary will always be dirty houses, who breathe bad air, take shortest mode; but where it is in little exercise, eat unwholesome food, ral daily use, the heating the water and wear dirty clothes. There the insteam will be found the cheapest fection is generally hatched, which most convenient method.

spreads far and wide, to the destruction 611. As A GUIDE FOR PRACTICE, we of many. Hence cleanliness may be * observe that it has been proved by considered as an object of public atten. eriment that a bath with five feet tion. It is not sufficient that I be clean rater at the freezing point, may be myself, while the want of it in my neighed to the temperature of blood heat, bour affects my health as well as his own. 96 degrees, by 304 gallons of water 1621. IF DIRTY PEOPLE CANNOT BE ned into steam, at an expense of REMOVED as a common nuisance, they lbs. of Newcastle coal; but if the ought at least to be avoided as infectious. ir be kept closed, it will not lose All who regard their health should keep sve four degrees of temperature in at a distance, even from their habitaenty-four hours, by a daily supply of tions. In places where great numbers bs. of coal. This is upon a scale of a of people are collected, cleanliness beth of 5,000 gallons of water.

comes of the utmost importance. 1612. Cleanliness.—The want of 1622. IT IS WELL KNOWN that in

anliness is a fault which admits of no fectious diseases are caused by tainted cuse. Where water can be had for air. Everything, therefore, which tends thing, it is surely in the power of to pollute the air, or spread the infection, ery person to be clean.

ought, with the utmost care, to be 1613. THE DISCHARGE FROM OUR avoided. DDIES by perspiration renders fre- 1623. FOR THIS REASON, in great cent changes of apparel necessary. towns, no filth of any kind should be 1614. CHANGE OF APPAREL greatly permitted to lie upon the streets. We omotes the secretion from the skin, so are sorry to say that the importance of ecessary to health.

general cleanliness in this respect does 1615. WHEN THAT MATTER which by no means seem to be sufficiently aght to be carried off by perspiration, understood.

either retained in the body, or re- 1624. IT WERE WELL if the lower
bsorbed in dirty clothes, it is apt to classes of the inhabitants of Great
ccasion fevers and other diseases. Britain would imitate their neighbours

1616. Most DISEASES OF THE SKIN the Dutch in the cleanness of their
roceed from want of cleanliness. These streets, houses, &c.
adeed may be caught by infection, but 1625. WATER, indeed, is easily ob-
hey will seldom continue long where tained in Holland; but the situation of
leanliness prevails.

most towns in Great Britain is more
1617. To the SAME Cause must we favourable to cleanliness.
mpute the various kinds of vermin that 1626. NOTHING can be more agree-
nfest the human body, houses, &c. able to the senses, more to the honour
These may generally be banished by of the inhabitants, or conducive to their
cleanliness alone.

health, than a clean town; nor does 1618. PERHAPS the intention of anything impress a stranger sooner with hature, in permitting such vermin to a disrespectful idea of any people than annoy mankind, is to induce them to its opposite. the practice of this virtue.

1627. IT IS REMARKABLE that, in 1619. ONE Common Cause of putrid most eastern countries, cleanliness makes and malignant fevers is the want of a great part of their religion. The MaEleanliness.

hometan, as well as the Jewish religion,

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

one draw a glove o cleaned, the outto their Wherea prepara" a few n tailed 1

1640 in the necessar kind of for exer With re the vari into acti first, wh diversifie ing, runn fencing, sorts of the latter, may be co sailing, fri

1641. beneficial aged, to th particularly plethoric.

1642. P on the cont for children persons of 2 constitution ;

asthmatic and

1643. TT is most proper of concurrent does not admi

be collected fro on the effects o

1644. WIT RATION OF Ex particulars, relat degree of fatigue species, and uti states of the mi must determine

well as the prece




drawer, then another, for possibly brace and strengthen the body, we are ove or collar-wait for shoes being most accustomed to. Any unusual one ined, &c.—and this when (probably) may be attended with a contrary effect.

out-going persons have to return 1646. EXERCIEE SHOULD BE BEGUN their employment at a given time. and finished gradually, never abruptly. hereas, if all were in readiness, the 1647. EXERCISO IN THE OPEN AIR parations might be accomplished in has many advantages over that used ew minutes, the walk not being cur- within doors. led by unnecessary delays.

1648. TO CONTINUE EXERCISE until -1640. THREE PRINCIPAL POINTS a profuse perspiration or a great degree

the manner of taking exercte are of weariness takes place, is far from cessary to be attended to :-i. The being wholesome. ad of exercise. ii. The proper time 1649. IN THE FORENOON, when the r exercise. iii. The duration of it. stomach is not too much distended, ith respect to the kinds of exercise, muscular motion is both agreeable and se various species of it may be divided healthful; it strengthens digestion, and sito active and passive. Among the heats the body less than with a full rrst, which admit of being considerably stomach; and a good appetite after it ei versified, may be enumerated walk-is a proof that it has not been carried cag, running, leaping, swimming, riding, to excess. encing, the military exercise, different 1650. BUT at the same time it zorts of athletic games, &c. Among should be understood, that it is not adshe latter, or passive kinds of exercise, visable to take violent exercise immemay be comprised riding in a carriage, diately before a meal, as digestion dailing, friction, swinging, &c. might thereby be retarded.

1641. ACTIVE EXERCISES are more 1651. NEITHER should we sit down beneficial to youth, to the middle- to a substantial dinner or supper imme

iged, to the robust in general, and diately on returning from a fatiguing aparticularly to the corpulent and the walk, at a time when the blood is e plethoric.

heated, and the body in a state of per1642. PASSIVE KINDs of exercise, spiration from previous exertion, as the on the contrary, are better calculated worst consequences may arise, especially for children; old, dry, and emaciated where cooling dishes, salad, or a glass sui persons of a delicate and debilitated of cold drink is begun with.

constitution; and particularly for the 1652. EXERCISE IS ALWAYS HURTpa asthmatic and consumptive.

FUL AFTER MEALS, from its impeding 1643. The Time at which exercise digestion, by propelling those fluids too is most proper depends on such a variety much towards the surface of the body of concurrent circumstances, that it which are designed for the solution of

does not admit of being regulated by the food in the stomach. ar any general rules, and must therefore 1653. Walking:—To walk grace

be collected from the observations made fully, the body must be erect, but not Si on the effects of air, food, drink, &c. stiff, and the head held up in such a pos

1644. WITH RESPECT TO THE Du- ture that the eyes are directed forward. RATION OF EXERCISE, there are other The tendency of untaught walkers is to particulars, relative to a greater or less look towards the ground near the feet; degree of fatigue attending the different and some persons appear always as if species, and utility of it in certain admiring their shoe-ties. The eyes states of the mind and body, which should not thus be cast downward, must determine this consideration as neither should the chest bend forward well as the preceding.

to throw out the back, making what 1645. THAT EXERCISE IS TO BE are, termed round shoulders; on the PREFERRED which, with a view to contrary, the whole person must hold

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]




itself up, as if not afraid to look the of tartar dissolved in water ; lemonade, world in th, face, and the chest by all and Rhenish or Moselle wine mixed means be allowed to expand. At the with water. same time, every:hing like strutting 1656. How to get Sleep.-Hos or pomposity must bo carefully avoided. to get sleep is to many persons a matter An easy, tirm, and erect posture is of high importance. Nervous persous alone desirable. In walking, it is who are troubled with wakefulness and necessary to bear in mind that the excitability, usually have a strong tenlocomotion is to be performed entirely dency of blood on the brain, with coi by the legs. Awkward persons rock extremities. The pressure of the bloo. from side to side, helping forward each on the brain keeps it in a stimulated or leg alternately by advancing the wakeful state, and thc pulsations in the haunches. This is not only ungraceful head are often painful. Let such rise but fatiguing. Let the legs alone and chafe the body and extremities advance, bearing up the body. with a brush or towel, or rub smarti;

1654. Utility of Singing.-It with the hands, to promote circulation, is asserted, and we believe with some and withdraw the excessive amount of truth, that singing is a corrective of the blood from the brain, and they will too common tendency to pulmonic com- fall asleep in a few moments. A cold plaints. Dr. Rush, an eminent phy- bath, or a sponge bath and rubbing, or sician, observes on this subject, -"The a good run, or a rapid walk in the open Germans are seldom afflicted with air, or going up and down stairs a few consumption ; and this, I believe, is in times just before retiring, will aid in part occasioned by the strength which equalizing circulation and promoting their lungs acquire by exercising them sleep. These rules are simple, and easy in vocal music, for this constitutes an of application in castle or cabin, and essential branch of their education. may minister to the comfort of thouThe music master of an academy has sands who would freely expend money furnished me with a remark still more for an anodyne to promote “Nature's in favour of this opinion. He informed sweet restorer, balmy sleep!”. me that he had known several instances 1657. Early Rising - Dr. Wilsor. of persons who were strongly disposed Philip, in his “'Treatise on Indigestion," to consumption, who were restored to says:--“ Although it is of consequence health by the exercise of their lungs in to the debilitate to go early to bed, singing.”

there are few things more hurtful to 1655. The Weather and the them than remaining in it too long Blood.-In dry, sultry weather the Getting up an hour or two earlier ofteå heat ought to be counteracted by gives a degree of vigour which nothing means of a cooling diet. To this pur- else can procure. For those who are pose cucumbers, melons, and juicy not much debilitated, and sleep well, fruits are subservient. We ought to the best rule is to get out of bed soon give the preference to such alimentary after waking in the morning. This at substances as lead to contract the juices first may appear too early, for the which are too much expanded by the debilitated require more sleep than the heat, and this property is possessed by healthy; but rising early will graduall acid food and drink. To this class ally prolong the sleep on the succeedbelong all sorts of salad, lemons, ing night, till the quantity the patient oranges, pomegranates sliced and enjoys is equal to his demand for it. sprinkled with sugar, for the acid of Lying late is not only hurtful, by the this fruit is not so apt to derange the relaxation it occasions, but also by stomach as that of lemons: also cherries occupying that part of the day at which and strawberries, curds turned with exercise is most beneficial.” lemon acid or cream of tartar; cream 1658. Appetite.-Appetite is fre

[ocr errors]



[ocr errors]

quently lost through excessive use of ticular arts for the preservation of their stimulants, food taken too hot, seden- health; consequently, it might be intary occupation, costiveness, liver dis- ferred that the duration of life has no order, and want of change of air. The dependence on manners or customs, or first endeavour should be to ascertain the qualities of particular food. This and remove the cause. Change of diet however, is an error of no common and change of air will frequently be magnitude. found more beneficial than medicines. 1662. PEASANTS, LABOURERS, AND

1659. Temperance.—“If," ob- OTHER HARD-WORKING PEOPLE, more serves a writer, men lived uniformly especially those whose occupations rein a healthy climate, were possessed of quire them to be much in the open air, strong and vigorous frames, were de- may be considered as following a reguscended from healthy parents, were lated system of moderation; and hence educated in a hardy and active manner, the higher degree of health which prewere possessed of excellent natural dis- vails among them and their families. positions, were placed in comfortable They also observe rules; and those situations in life, were engaged only in which it is said were recommended by healthy occupations, were happily con- Old Parr are remarkable for good sense'; nected in marriage, and kept their pas- namely, “Keep your head cool by temsions in due subjection, there would perance, your feet warm by exercise ; be little occasion for medical rules.” rise early, and go soon to bed; and if All this is very excellent and desirable ; you are inclined to get fat, keep your but, unfortunately for mankind, unat- eyes open and your mouth shut,”-in tainable.

other words, sleep moderately, and be 1660. MAN MUST BE SOMETHING abstemious in diet;-excellent admoniMORE THAN Man to be able to connect the tions, more especially to those inclined different links of this harmonious chain to corpulency.

—to consolidate this summum bonum 1663. Corpulence.—Mr. William of earthly felicity into one uninter- Banting, the well-known undertaker to rupted whole; for, independent of all the Royal Family, and author of a regularity or irregularity of diet, pas- Letter on Corpulence,” gives the folsions, and other sublunary circum- lowing excellent advice, with a dietary stances, contingencies, and connections, for use in cases of obesity (corpulence): relative or absolute, thousands are i. Medicine.—None, save a morning visited by diseases and precipitated into cordial, as a corrective. the grave, independent of accident, to ii. Dietary :whom no particular vice could attach, Breakfast.-Four or five ounces of and with whom the appetite never beef, mutton, kidneys, broiled fish, overstepped the boundaries of tem- bacon, or any kind of cold meat except perance. Do we not hear almost daily pork, a largo cup (or two) of tea withof instances of men living near to and out milk or sugar, a little biscuit or dry even upwards of a century? We can- toast. not account for this either ; because of Dinner. – Five or six ounces of such men we know but few who have any fish except salmon, any meat ex. lived otherwise than the world around cept pork, any vegetable except potatoes ; them; and we have known many who one ounce of dry toast; fruit out of a have lived in habitual intemperance for pudding; any kind of poultry or game, forty or fifty years, without interruption and two or three glasses of claret or and with little apparent inconvenience. sherry. Port, champagne, and beer

1661. THE ASSERTION HAS BEEN forbidden. MADE by those who have attained a Tea. — Two or three ounces of great age (Parr, and Henry Jenkins, fruit; a rusk or two, and a cup or two for instance), that they adopted no par- of tea, without milk or sugar.

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »