Page images




2. Reds



8. Black

latter afford a liquor having an acid dissolving in strong nitric acid onereaction under the same treatment. eighth of its weight of sal ammoniac, The animal kingdom furnishes three then adding by degrees one-eighth of varieties-silk, wool, and the furs, &c., its weight of tin, and diluting the soluof various animals; the vegetable king- tion with one-fourth of its weight of dom also three-flax, hemp, and cot- water. ton : all of which require certain pre- 2410. CALICO, LINEN, AND Musliminary preparations to render them fit LIN. Blue. — Wash well to remove for the dyer, which do not come within dressing, and dry; then dip in a strong our province, our space only admitting solution of sulphate of indigo-partly of a rapid glance at the production of saturated with potash—and hang up. the various colours.

Dry a piece to see if the colour is deep 2408. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. enough; if not, dip again. Saxon Bluè. The various shades produced by colour- -Boil the article in alum, and then dip ing matters may be classed in one or in a strong solution of chemical blue. other of the following groups :

2411. Calico, LINEN, AND Mus1. Blues

Buff.--Boil an ounce of anatto Simple.

in three quarts of water, add two ounces 3. Yellows

of potash, stir well, and put in the 4. Violets

calico while boiling, and stir well for 5. Orange colours Binary. five minutes; remove and plunge into

cold pump water, hang up the articles 7. Compound colours

} Ternary.

without wringing, and when almost

dry, fold. Some colours adhere at once to the 2412. Calico, LINEN, AND Musstuff, and are called substantial colours; LIN. Pink.-Immerse in the acetate while others require that the material of alumina mordant, and then in the to be dyed should undergo some pre-colouring matter of a pink saucer. vious preparation in order to render it 2413. Calico, LINEN, AND Muspermanent. The substances used to LIN. Green.-Boil the article in an fix the colouring matters are called alum mordant, and then in a solution mordants, which should possess four of indigo mixed with any of the yellow qualifications:-i. They should possess dyes, until the proper colour is oban equal affinity for the fibre of the tained. material and the colouring matter. 2414. CALICO, LINEN, AND Musii. They should be incapable of injuring LIN. Yellow.-i. Cut potato tops when or destroying either by prolonged in flower, and express the juice; steep action. iii. They should form, with the articles in this for forty-eight hours. colour, a compound capable of resisting ii. Dip in a strong solution of weld the action of air and water. iv. They after boiling in an aluminous mordant. should be capable of readily conform- Turmeric, fustic, anatto, &c., will ing to the various operations of the answer the same as weld. dyer.

2415. Cloth. Black. - Impreg2409. THE MORDANTS.-For the nate the material with the acetate of reasons just given, the acetate or tar- iron mordant, and then boil in a decoctrate of iron is preferable to the sul- tion of madder and logwood. phate; and the acetate or tartrate of 2416. CLOTH. Madder Red.-Boil alumina to alum. For reds, yellows, the cloth in a weak solution of pearlgreen, and pinks, aluminous mordants ash-an ounce to a gallon o- water, — are to be used. For blacks, browns, wash, dry, and then steep in a decocpuces, and violets, the acetate or tar- tion of bruised nutgalls. Au r drying, trate of iron must be employed. For it is to be steeped twice in dry alum scarlets, use a tin mordant, made by water, then dried, and boiled in a decoc




[ocr errors]

tion made of three quarters of a pound -and, last of all, pass through a bath of madder to every pound of the article. of cudbear. It should then be taken out and dried, 2422. FEATHERS. Pink, or Rose and steeped in a second bath in the colour, is given by safflower and lemon same manner. When dyed, the articles juice. should be washed in warm soap and 2423. FEATHERS. Deep Red.-Prowater, to remove a dun-coloured matter ceed as for crimson, omitting the cudgiven out by the madder.

bear bath. 2417. CLOTH. Scarlet. - Three 2424. FEATHERS. Yellow.-Morquarters of a pint of a tin mordant, dant with acetate of alumina, and dip made by dissolving three pounds of tin in a bath of turmeric or weld. in sixty pounds of hydrochloric acid, is 2425. HAIR. Black.-As the obadded to every pound of lac dye, and ject in view is simply to dye the hair digested for six hours. To dye twenty- without tinging the skin, the following fiye pounds of cloth, a tin boiler of will be found the best :—Take equal seventy-five gallons capacity should parts of litharge and lime; mix well, be filled nearly full with water, and and form into a paste with water, if a a fire kindled under it. When the black is desired ; with milk, if brown. heat is 150° Fahr., half a handful Clean the head with a small tooth comb, of bran and two ounces of tin mor- and then well wash the hair with soda dant are to be thrown into it. The and water to free it from grease; then froth which arises is skimmed off, lay on the paste pretty thick, and cover the liquor is made to boil, and two the head with oilskin or a cabbage-leaf, pounds and three quarters of lac dye, after which go to bed. Next morning previously mixed with a pound and the powder should be carefully brushed three quarters of the solvent, and away, and the hair oiled. fourteen ounces of the tin solvent, are 2426. LEATHER. Black.–Use No. added. Immediately afterwards two iv. black stain, and polish with oil. pounds and three quarters of tartar, 2427. Gloves. Nankeen. — Steep and a pound of ground sumach, both saffron in boiling-hot soft water for tied up in a linen bag, are to be added, about twelve hours; sew up the tops and suspended in the bath for five of the gloves, to prevent the dye stainminutes. The fire being withdrawn, ing the insides, wet them over with five gallons of cold water and two a sponge dipped in the liquid. А pints and three quarters of tin mordant teacupful of dye will do a pair of being poured into the bath, the cloth gloves. is immersed in it. The fire is then 2428. GLOVES. Purple.-Boil four replaced, and the liquid made to boil ounces of logwood and two ounces of rapidly for an hour, when the cloth is roche alum in three pints of soft removed and washed in pure water. water till half wasted ; strain, and let

2418. Cloth. Yellow.—Use No. it cool. Sew up the tops, go over the ii. for calico. Quercitron and weld outsides with a brush or sponge twice; produce solid yellow ; fustic, a very then rub off the loose dye with a coarse brilliant tint; while turmeric yields a cloth. Beat up the white of an egg, less solid yellow.

and rub it over the leather witn a sponge. 2419. FEATHERS. Black.- Use the Vinegar will remove the stain from the same as for cloth.

hands. 2420. FEATHERS. Blue. Every 2429. SILK. Black.- Use the same shade may be given by indigo-or dip as for cloth, but black dyeing is diffiin silk dye.

cult. 2421. FEATHERS. Orimson:-Dip 2430. SILK. Blue.-i. Wash quite in acetate of alumina mordant, then in clean, rinse well, and then dip in a hot a boiling-hot decoction of Brazil-wood solution of sulphate of iron; after a short




time take it out and rinse again. Have 2437. Wool. Brown. Steep in ready in another vessel a hot solution of an infusion of green walnut-peels. prussiate of potash, to which a small 2438. Wool. Drab.-Impregnate quantity of sulphuric acid has been with brown oxide of iron, and then dip added. Dip the silk in this liquid; on in a bath of quercitron bark. If sumach removal rinse in clean water, and ex- is added, it will make the colour a dark pose to the air to dry. ii. Wash well, brown. rinse, wring out, and then dip in the 2439. Wool. Green.—First imbue following: -Boil a pound of indigo, with the blue, then with the yellow dye. two pounds of woad, and three ounces 2440. Wool. Orange.-Dye first of alum, in a gallon of water. When with the red dye for cloth, and then the silk is of a proper colour, remove, with a yellow. rinse, and dry.

2441. Wool. Red.- Take four and 2431. Silk. Carnation.--Boil two a half pounds of cream of tartar, four gallons of wheat and an ounce of alum and a quarter pounds of alum; boil the in four gallons of water; strain through wool gently for two hours; let it cool, a fine sieve; dissolve half a pound more and wash it on the following day in pure of alum and white tartar; add three water. Infuse twelve pounds of madder pounds of madder, then put in the silk for half an hour with a pound of chloride at a moderate heat.

of tin, in lukewarm water; filter through 2432. Silk. Crimson.— Take about canvas, remove the dye from the cana spoonful of cudbear, put it into a vas, and put it in the bath, which is small pan, pour boiling water upon to be heated to 100° Fahr. ; add two it; stir and let it stand a few minutes, ounces of aluminous mordant, put the then put in the silk, and turn it over wool in, and raise to boiling heat. Rein a short time, and when the colour move the wool, wash, and soak for a is full enough, take it out; but if it quarter of an hour in a solution of white should require more violet or crimson, soap in water. add a spoonful or two of purple archil 2442. Wool. Yellow.—Dye with to some warm water; steep, and dry that used for calico, &c. it within doors. It must be mangled, 2443. Dyeing Bonnets.—Chip and ought to be pressed.

and straw bonnets or hats may be dyed 2433. Silk. Lilac.—For every black by boiling them three or four pound of silk, take one and a half hours in a strong liquor of logwood, pound of archil, mix it well with the adding a little green copperas occaliquor; make it boil for a quarter of an sionally. Let the bonnets remain in hour, dip the silk quickly, then let it the liquor all night, then take out to cool, and wash it in river water, and a dry in the air. If the black is not fine half violet, or lilac, more or less satisfactory, dye again after drying. full, will be obtained.

Rub inside and out with a sponge mois2434. Silk. Madder Red.--Use the tened in fine oil. Then block. dye for cloth.

2444. To Dye Hair and 2435. Silk. Yellow.-- Take clear Feathers Green.-Take of either wheat bran liquor fifteen pounds, in verdigris or verditer one ounce; gum which dissolve three quarters of a pound water, one pint; mix them well, and of alum; boil the silk in this for two dip the hair or feathers into the mixhours, and afterwards take half a pound ture, shaking them well about. of weld, and boil it till the colour is 2445. To Clean White Satin good. Nitre used with alum and water and Flowered Silks.-i. Mix sifted in the first boiling fixes the colour. stale bread-crumbs with powder blue,

2436. Wool. Blue.--Boil in a de- and rubit thoroughly all over the article; coction of logwood and sulphate or then shake it well, and dust it with clean

soft cloths. Afterwards, where there are

acetate of copper.




any gold or silver flowers, take a piece 2448. To Clean Furs.–Strip the of crimson ingrain velvet, rub the flowers fur articles of their stuffing and binding, with it, which will restore them to their and lay them as nearly as possible in a original lustre. ii. Pass them through a flat position. They must then be subsolution of fine hard soap, of a moderate jected to a very brisk brushing, with a heat, drawing them through the hand; stiff clothes-brush; after this, any mothrinse in lukewarm water, dry, and eaten parts must be cut out, and finish by pinning out. Brush the flossy neatly replaced by new bits of fur to or bright side with a clean clothes-brush, match. Sable, chinchilla, squirrel, fitch, the way of the nap. Finish them by &c., should be treated as follows:dipping a sponge into a size, made by Warm a quantity of new bran in a pan, boiling isinglass in water, and rub the taking care that it does not burn, to wrong side. Rinse out a second time, prevent which it must be actively and brush, and dry near a fire in a warm stirred. When well warmed, rub it room.--Silk may be treated in the same thoroughly into the fur with the hand. but not brushed.

Repeat this two or three times: then 2446. Cleaning Silks, Satins, shake the fur, and give it another sharp Coloured Woollen Dresses, &c. brushing until free from dust. White -Four ounces of soft soap, four ounces furs, ermine, &c., may be cleaned as of honey, the white of an egg, and a follows:-Lay the fur on a table, and wineglassful of gin ; mix well together, rub it well with bran made moist with and scour the article with a rather warm water; rub until quite dry, and hard brush thoroughly; afterwards afterwards with dry bran. The wet bran rinse it in cold water, leave to drain, should be put on with flannel, and the and iron whilst quite damp.—A friend dry with a piece of book muslin. The informs us that she believes this receipt light furs, in addition to the above, has never been made public; she finds it should be well rubbed with magnesia, an excellent one, having used it for a or a piece of book muslin, after the bran length of time with perfect success. process. Furs are usually much im

2447. To Clean Black Cloth proved by stretching, which Clothes.—Clean the garments well, managed as follows: to a pint of soft then boil four ounces of logwood in a water add three ounces of salt, dissolve; boiler or copper containing two or three with this solution, sponge the inside of gallons of water for half an hour; dip the skin (taking care not to wet the the clothes in warm water, and squeeze fur) until it becomes thoroughly satudry, then put them into the copper and rated; then lay it carefully on a board boil for half an hour. Take them out, with the fur side downwards, in its and add three drachms of sulphate of natural position; then stretch as much iron; boil for half an hour, then take as it will bear, and to the required them out, and hang them up for an shape, and fasten with small tacks. The hour or two; take them down, rinse drying may be accelerated by placing the them thrice in cold water, dry well, skin a little distance from the fire or and rub with a soft brush which has stove. had a few drops of olive oil applied 2449. Cleansing Feathers of to its surface. If the clothes are their Animal Oil.—The following threadbare about the elbows, cuffs, &c., receipt gained a premium from the raise the nap with a teasel or half worn Society of Arts:—Take for every gallon hatter's card, filled with flocks, and of clean water one pound of quicklime, when sufficiently raised, lay the nap mix them well together, and when the the right way with a hard brush. We undissolved lime is precipitated in fine have seen old coats come out with a powder, pour off the clean lime water wonderful dash of respectability after for use. Put the feathers to be cleaned this operation.

in another tub, and add to them a

may be

« PreviousContinue »