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COALS FIRST BROUGHT TO LONDON A.D. 1357.

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sions that Mrs. H. broke out, in a loud to their stupid and vulgar manner of voice, with her imperfect elocution. I speaking. felt so much annoyed, that I deter- A more difficult and delicate task lay mined to cure Mrs. H. of her defective before me. I told her that as she was speaking.

so much pleased with the first enigma, In the evening, after returning home, I would submit another by the same we were sitting by the fire, and felt author. I felt very nervous, but detercomfortable and chatty, when I proposed mined to proceed :to Mrs. Hitching the following enigma, I dwells in the Herth, and I breathes in the the author of which, Henry Mayhew, Esq., had favoured me with a copy of If you searches the Hocean, you'll find that

Hair ; it:

I'm there. The Vide Vorld you may search, and my The first of all Hangels, in Holympus am Hi, fellow not find;

Yet I'm banished from 'Eaven, expelled from I dwells in a Wacuum, deficient in Vind;

on ’Igh. In the Wisage I'm seen-in the Woice I am But though on this Horb I am destinod to heard,

grovel, And yet I'm inwisible, gives went to no Vurd. I'm ne'er seen in an 'Ouse, in an 'Ut, nor an I'm not much of a Vag, for I'm vanting in

'Ovel; Vit;

Not an 'Oss nor an 'Unter o'er bears mo, alas ! But distinguished in Werse for the Wollums But often I'm found on the top of a Hass. I've writ.

I resides in a Hattic, and loves not to roam, I'm the head of all Willains, yet far from the And yet I'm invariably absent from 'Ome. Vurst

Though’ushed in the 'Urricane, of the Hatmo. I'm the foremost in Wice, though in Wirtuo sphere part, the first.

I enters no 'Ed, I creeps into no 'Art. I'ın not used to Veapons, and no’er goes to Only look, and you'll see in the Heye I Vor;

appear, Though in Walour inwincible– in Wictory Only hark, and you'll 'ear me just breathe sure ;

in the Hear; The first of all Wiands and Wictuals is mine- Though in sex not an 'E, I am (strange paraRich in Wen'son and Weal, but deficient in dox!) Vine.

Not a bit of an 'Effer, but partly a Hox. To Wanity given, I in Welwets abound; of Heternity Hi'm the beginning! And, But in Voman, in Vife, and in Vidow ain't mark, found;

Though I goes not with Noar, I am first in Yet conspicuous in Wirgins, and I'll tell you, the Hark. between us,

I'm never in 'Ealth - have with Fysic no so persons of taste I'm a bit of a Wenus ;

power; Yet none take me for Veal-or for Voe in its I dies in a Month, but comes back in a Hour! stead,

I noticed during the progress of this For I ranks not among the sreet Voo’d, Vun, enigma, in reciting which I ventured to and Ved!

emphasise the misplaced h's as much as Before the recital of the enigma was possible, that occasional blushes and half completed, Mrs. Hitching laughed smiles passed over Mrs. Hitching's face. heartily--she saw, of course, the mean- After it was finished, there was a pause ing of it—that it was a play upon the of some minutes. At last she said, Cockney error of using the V instead of “Very good, very clever.”

She carethe W, and the latter instead of the V. fully avoided using any word in which Several times, as I proceeded, she ex- the h, hard or soft, was required. I claimed “Hexcellent! hexcellent !" and saw she was timid, and I then deterwhen I had finished, she remarked that mined to complete the task I had beit was very hingenious,” and enough gun by repeating the following enigma to“ hopen the heyes” of the Cockneys by Byron, upon the same letter:

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PAPER MADE OF COTTON RAGS A.D. 1000.

such as

'Twas whispered in heaven, 'twas muttered

I am happy to say that it is now a in hell,

pleasure to hear Mrs. Hitching's conAnd echo caught faintly the sound as it fell :

versation. I only hope that others may On the confines of earth 'twas permitted to improve as she has done.

rest, And the depths of the ocean its presence con- 203. Conversation. There are

fessed. Twill be found in the sphere when 'tis riven many talkers, but few who know how

to asunder,

converse agreeably. Speak disBe seen in the lightning, and heard in the tinctly, neither too rapidly nor too thunder.

slowly. Accommodate the pitch of 'Twas allotted to man with his earliest breath, your voice to the hearing of the person Attends at his birth, and awaits him in death'; with whom you are conversing. Never It presides o'er his happiness, honour, and speak with your mouth full. Tell your health,

jokes, and laugh afterwards. Dispense Is the prop of his house, and the end of his with superfluous words

wealth. Without it the soldier and seaman may roam, 204. THE WOMAN who wishes her But woe to the wretch who expels it from conversation to be agreeable will avoid home.

conceit or affectation, and laughter In the whispers of conscience its voice will be which is not natural and spontaneous.

found, Nor een in the whirlwind of passion be Her language will be easy and un

studied, marked by a graceful carelessdrowned. Twill not soften the heart, and though deaf ness, which, at the same time, never to the ear,

oversteps the limits of propriety. Her "Twill make it acutely and instantly hear. lips will readily yield" to a pleasant But in shade let it rest, like a delicate flower-smile; she will not love to hear herOh, breathe on it softly-it dies in an hour. self talk ; her tones will bear the imShe was much pleased, but seemed press of sincerity, and her eyes kindle

with animation as she speaks. The thoughtful, and once or twice in conversation checked herself

, and corrected art of pleasing is, in truth, the very

soul of good breeding; for the precise her pronunciation of words that were

object of the latter is to render us difficult to her.

A few days afterwards, I called upon agreeable to all with whom we assoher, and upon being introduced to the ciate to make us, at the same time,

esteemed and loved. parlour to wait for her appearance, I saw

205. WE NEED SCARCELY ADVERT İying upon her table the following

to the rudeness of interrupting any one MEMORANDUM ON THE USE OF THE who is speaking, or to the impropriety LETTER H.

of pushing, to its full extent, a discusPronounce-Herb, 'Erb.

sion which has become unpleasant. Heir,

206. SOME MEN HAVE A MANIA for Honesty. Onesty.

Greek and Latin quotations : this is Honour, 'Onour.

peculiarly to be avoided. It is like Hospital, 'Ospital.

pulling up the stones from a tomb 'Ostler.

wherewith to kill the living. Nothing Hour, 'Our. Humour, 'Umour.

is more wearisome than pedantry. Humble, Umble.

207. IF YOU FEEL

YOUR INTELHumility, 'Umility. LECTUAL SUPERIORITY to any one with In all other cases the H is to be sounded when whom you are conversing, do not seek to

bear him down: it would be an ingloit begins a word.

Mem.-Be careful to sound the H slightly rious triumph, and a breach of good manin such words as where, when, what, why ners. Beware, too, of speaking lightly of don't say were, wen, wat, wy.

subjects which bear a sacred character.

Eir.

Hostler.

GUNPOWDER MADE BY A MONK AT COLOGNE A.D. 1330.

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208. WITLINGS OCCASIONALLY GAIN you may be writing to your most intiA REPUTATION in society; but nothing mate friend three or four times a day. is more insipid and in worse taste than 215. WHAT YOU HAVE TO SAY IN their conceited harangues and self-suf- Your LETTER, say as plainly as possible, ficient air.

as if you were speaking: this is the best 209. IT IS A COMMON IDEA that the rule. Do not revert three or four times art of writing and the art of conversa- to one circumstance, but finish as you tion are one; this is a great mistake. go on. A man of genius may be a very dull 216. LET YOUR SIGNATURE be talker.

written as plainly as possible (many 210. The Two GRAND MODES of mistakes will be avoided, especially in making your conversation interesting, writing to strangers), and without any are to enliven it by recitals calculated flourishes, as these do not add in any to affect and impress your hearers, and way to the harmony of your letter. to intersperse it with anecdotes and we have seen signatures that have been smart things. Rivasol was a master in almost impossible to decipher, being a the latter mode.

mere mass of strokes, without any form 211. Composition. If you would to indicate letters. This is done chiefly write to any purpose, you must be per- by the ignorant, and would lead one to fectly free from without, in the first suppose that they were ashamed of place, and yet more free from within. signing what they had written. Give yourself the natural rein ; think 217. DO NOT CROSS YOUR LETTERS : on no pattern, no patron, no paper, no surely paper is cheap enough now to press, no public: think on nothing, but admit of your using an extra half-sheet, follow your own impulses. Give your- in case of necessity. (This practice is self as you are, what you are, and how chiefly prevalent amongst young ladies.) you see it. Every man sees with his 218. IF YOU WRITE TO A STRANGER own eyes, or does not see at all. This for information, or on your own busiis incontrovertibly true. Bring out what ness, be sure to send a stamped envelope you have. If you have nothing, be an with your address plainly written; this honest beggar rather than a respectable will not fail to procure you an answer. thief. Great care and attention should 219. IF YOU

NOT A GOOD be devoted to epistolary correspond-WRITER it is advisable to use the ence, as nothing exhibits want of best ink, paper, and pens, as, though taste and judgment so much as a they may not alter the character of your slovenly letter. Since the establish- handwriting, yet they will assist to ment of the penny postage it is recog- make your writing look better. nized as a rule that all letters should 220. THE PAPER on which you write be prepaid ; indeed, many persons make should be clean, and neatly folded. a point of never taking in an unpaid 221. THERE SHOULD NOT BE STAINS letter. The following hints may be on the envelope ; if otherwise, it is worthy of attention :

only an indication of your own sloven212. ALWAYS PUT A STAMP on your liness. envelope, at the top of the right-hand 222. CARE must be taken in giving

titled persons, to whom you write, their 213. LET THE DIRECTION be written proper designations. very plain ; this will save the postman 223. To those who Write for trouble, and facilitate business by pre- the Press. - It would be a great venting mistakes.

favour to editors and printers, should 214. AT THE HEAD OF YOUR LETTER, those who write for the press observe in the right-hand corner, put your ad- the following rules. They are reasondress in full, with the day of the month able, and correspondents will regard underneath; do not omit this, though them as such :- i. Write with black

ARE

corner.

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GLASS FIRST BROUGHT TO ENGLAND A.D. 663.

THE

names.

THE

ink, on white paper, wide ruled. also cuttings of poplar, elder, willow ii. Make the pages small, one-fourth trees, for ornamental shrubbery. Sow that of a foolscap sheet. iii. Leave the fruit and forest tree seeds. second page of each leaf blank. iv. Give 229. MARCH. — FLOWER OF to the written page an ample margin all MONTH.-Primrose. round. v. Number the pages in the 230. GARDENING OPERATIONS. order of their succession. vi. Write in “Spring flowers” to be sown.. Border

plain, bold hand, with less respect to flowers to be planted out. Tender anbeauty. vii. Use no abbreviations which nuals to be potted out under glasses. are not to appear in print. viii. Punc- Mushroom beds to be made. Sow artituate the manuscript as it should be chokes, Windsor beans, and cauliflowers printed. ix. For italics underscore one for autumn : lettuces and peas for sucline, for small capitals, two; capitals, cession of crops, onions, parsley, rathree. x. Never interline without the dishes, savoys, asparagus, red and white caret to show its place. xi. Take spe- cabbages, and beets ; turnips, early brocial pains with every letter in proper coli, parsnips, and carrots. Plant slips

xii. Review every word, to be and parted roots of perennial herbs. sure that none is illegible. xiii. Put Graft trees and protect early blossoms. directions to the printer at the head Force rose-tree cuttings under glasses. of the first page. xiy. Never write 231. APRIL. FLOWER OF a private letter to the editor on the MONTH.-Cowslip. printer's copy, but always on a sepa- 232. GARDENING OPERATIONS. rate sheet.

Sow for succession peas, beans, and car

rots; parsnips, celery, and seakale. Sow 224. Gardening Operations for “spring flowers.” Plant evergreens, the Year.

dahlias, chrysanthemums, and the like, 225. JANUARY. — FLOWER OF THE also potatoes, slips of thyme, parted MONTH.—Christmas Rose.

roots, lettuces, cauliflowers, cabbages, 226. GARDENING OPERATIONS.—In- onions. Lay down turf, remove caterdoor preparations for future operations pillars. Sow and graft camelias, and must be made, as in this month there are propagate and graft fruit and rose trees only five hours a day available for out- | by all the various means in use. Sow door work, unless the season be unusually cucumbers and vegetable marrows for mild. Mat over tulip-beds, begin to force planting out. This is the most important

Pot over seakale and plant dried month in the year for gardeners. roots of border flowers in mild weather. 233. May. FLOWER Take strawberries in pots into the Month.-Hawthorn. greenhouse. Prune and plant goose- 234. GARDENING OPERATIONS. berry, currant, fruit, and deciduous trees Plant out your seedling flowers as they and shrubs.

Cucumbers and melons are ready, and sow again for succession to be sown in the hot-bed. Apply larkspur, mignonette, and other spring

flowers. Pot out tender annuals. Re227. FEBRUARY.-FLOWERS OF THE move auriculas to a N.E. aspect. Take MONTH.-Snowdrop and Violet. up bulbous roots as the leaves decay.

228. GARDENING OPERATIONS. Sow kidney beans, brocoli for spring use, Transplant pinks, carnations, sweet cape for autumn, cauliflowers for Dewilliams, candituft, campanulas, &c., cember; Indian corn, cress, onions to sweet and garden peas and lettuces, for plant out as bulbs next year, radishes, succession of crops, covering the ground aromatic herbs, turnips, cabbages, sawith straw, &c. Sow also savoys, leeks, voys, lettuces, &c. Plant celery, letand cabbages. Prune and nail walnut tuces, and annuals; thin spring crops; trees, and towards the end of the month stick peas, &c. Earth up potatoes, &c. Piant stocks for next year's grafting, Moisten mushroom beds.

roses.

OF

THE

manures.

GLASS MANUFACTURED IN ENGLAND A.D. 1457.

77

OF

OF

235. JUNE. FLOWERS THE Plant out seedling pinks. Sow onions MONTH.-Water-lily and Honeysuckle. for spring, plantation, carrots, spinach,

236. GARDENING OPERATIONS. and Spanish radishes in warm spots. Sow giant stocks to flower next spring. Earth up celery. House potatoes and Slip myrtles to strike, and lay pinks, edible bulbs. Gather pickling cucumcarnations, roses, and evergreens. Plant bers. Make tulip and mushroom beds. annuals in borders, and auriculas in 243. OCTOBER.-FLOWERS OF THE shady places. Sow kidney beans, pump- Month.-China-aster, Holly, and Ivy. kins, cucumbers for pickling, and (late

244. GARDENING OPERATIONS. in the month) endive and lettuces. Plant Sow rose-tree seeds and fruit stones, out cucumbers, marrows, leeks, celery, also larkspurs and the hardier annuals brocoli, cauliflowers, savoys, and seed- to stand the winter, also hyacinths and lings, and plants propagated by slips. smooth bulbs in pots and glasses. Plant Earth up potatoes, &c. Cut herbs for young trees, cuttings of jasmine, honeydrying when in flower.

suckle, and evergreens. Sow mignonette 237. JULY. - FLOWERS

THE for pots in winter. Plant cabbages, &c., Month.—Rose and Carnation.

for spring. Cut down asparagus, sepa238. GARDENING OPERATIONS. rate roots of daisies, irises, &c. Trench, Part auricula and polyanthus roots. drain, and manure. Take up summer bulbs as they go out

245. NOVEMBER.–FLOWERS OF THE of flower, and plant saffron crocus and MONTH.—Laurestine and Wych Hazel. autumn bulbs. Gather seeds. Clip 246. GARDENING OPERATIONS. evergreen borders and hedges, strike Sow sweet peas for an early crop. Take myrtle slips under glasses. Net fruit up dahlia roots. Complete beds for trees. Finish budding by the end of asparagus and artichokes. Plant dried the month. Head down espaliers. Sow roots of border. flowers, daisies, &c. early dwarf cabbages to plant out in Take potted mignonette indoors. Set October for spring; also endive, onions, strawberries. Sow peas, leeks, beans, kidney beans for late crop, and turnips. and radishes. Plant rhubarb in rows. Plant celery, endive, lettuces, cabbages, Prune hardy trees, and plant stocks of leeks, strawberries, and cauliflowers. fruit trees. Store carrots, &c. Shelter

Tie up salads. Earth from frost where it may be required. celery. Take up onions, &c., for drying. Plant shrubs for forcing. Continue to

239. AUGUST.-FLOWERS OF THE trench and manure vacant ground. MONTH.—Harebell and Mallow.

247. DECEMBER.–FLOWERS OF THE 240. GARDENING OPERATIONS. MONTH.—Cyclamen and Winter AcoSow flowers to bloom indoors in winter, nite. (Holly berries are now available and pot all young stocks raised in the for floral decoration.) greenhouse. Sow early red cabbages, 248. GARDENING OPERATIONS. cauliflowers for spring and summer use, Continue in open weather to prepare cos and cabbage lettuce for winter crop. vacant ground for spring, and to protect Plant out winter crops. Dry herbs and plants from frost. Cover bulbous roots mushroom spawn.

Plant out straw- with matting. Dress flower borders. berry roots, and net currant trees, to Prepare forcing ground for cucumbers, preserve the fruit through the winter. and force asparagus and seakale. Plant

241. SEPTEMBER.— FLOWERS OF THE gooseberry, currant, apple, and pear MONTH.--Clematis, or Traveller's Joy, trees. Roll grass-plats if the season be Arbutus, and Meadow Saffron.

mild and not too wet. Prepare poles, 242. GARDENING OPERATIONS. stakes, pea-sticks, &c., for spring. Plant crocuses, scaly bulbs, and ever- 249. KITCHEN GARDEN. This is green shrubs. Propagate by layers and one of the most important parts of genecuttings of all herbaceous plants, cur- ral domestic economy, whenever the rant, gooseberry, and other fruit trees. situation of a house will permit a family

Stick peas.

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