« PreviousContinue »
THE WINDOWS OPENED MORE WOULD KEEP DOCTORS FROM THE DOOR. 83
288. SCREWS, likewise, will be found tools, is drawn with a small brush very convenient, and hooks on which dipped in black paint or ink, an outline to hang things.
representation of the tool or instru. 289. The Nails and screws should ment belonging to that particular place. be kept in a wooden box, made with 299. FOR INSTANCE, UNDER EACH divisions to separate the various sorts, | Saw is sketched the outline of that saw, for it is very troublesome to have them under each gimlet a sketch of that gimmixed.
let, under the screw-drivers are slight 290. AND LET CARE BE TAKEN to drawings of screw-drivers. keep up the supply, lest it should run 300. So THAT WHEN out unexpectedly, and the deficiency BACK ANY Tool that has been taken cause delay and inconvenience at a time away for use, the exact spot to which it when their use is wanted.
belongs can be found in a moment; and 291. It is WELL to have somewhere, all confusion in putting them up and in the lower part of the house, a deep finding them again is thus prevented. light closet, appropriated entirely to 301. WRAPPING PAPER may be tools, and things of equal utility, for piled on the floor under the large shelf. executing promptly such little repairs It can be bought very low by the ream, as convenience may require, without at the large paper warehouses; and the delay or expense of procuring an every house should keep a supply of artisan. This closet should have at it in several varieties. For instance, least one large shelf, and that about coarse brown paper for common purthree feet from the floor.
poses, that denominated ironmonger's 292. BENEATH THIS SHELF may be paper, which is strong, thick, and in a deep drawer, divided into two com- large sheets, is useful for packing heavy partments. This drawer may contain articles; and equally so for keeping cakes of glue, pieces of chalk, and balls silks, ribbons, blondes, &c., as it proof twine of different size and quality. serves their colours.
293. THERE MAY BE SHELVES at 302. PRINTED PAPERS ARE UNFIT the sides of the closet for glue-pots, FOR WRAPPING anything, as the print, paste-pots and brushes, pots for black, ing ink rubs off on the articles enclosed white, green, and red paint, cans of in them, and also soils the gloves of the painting oil, paint-brushes, &c.
person that carries the parcel. 294. AGAINST THE WALL, above the 303. WHEN SHOPPING, if the perlarge shelf, let the tools be suspended, son at the counter proceeds to wrap up or laid across nails or hooks of proper your purchase in a newspaper (a thing size to support them.
rarely attempted in a genteel shop), 295. THIS IS MUCH BETTER than refuse to take it in such a cover. It keeping them in a box, where they is the business of every respectable may be injured by rubbing against shopkeeper to provide proper paper for each other, and the hand may be hurt this purpose, and printed paper is not in feeling among them to find the thing proper. that is wanted.
304. WASTE NEWSPAPERS had best 296. BUT WHEN HUNG UP against be used for lighting fires and singethe back wall of the closet, of course ing poultry. each tool can be seen at a glance. 305. WASTE PAPER that has been
297. WE HAVE BEEN SHOWN an written on, cut into slips, and creased excellent and simple contrivance for and folded, makes very good allumettes designating the exact places allotted to or lamp-lighters. These matters may all these articles in a very complete appear of trifling imporcance, but order tool closet.
and regularity are necessary to happi298. ON THE CLOSET WALL, directly ness. under the large nails that support the 306. Beds for the Poor.
A DIRTY GRATE MAKES DINNER LATE.
Beech-tree leaves are recommended for berries, shut the windows, the chimney, filling the beds of poor persons. They and the door close; twenty-four hours should be gathered on a dry day in the afterwards, the room may be opened, autumn, and perfectly dried. It is said, when it will be found that the sickly; that they smell grateful, and will not unwholesome smell will be entirely harbour vermin. They are also very gone. The smoke of the juniper berry springy.
possesses this advantage, that should 307. To Preserve Tables.-A anything be left in the room, such as piece of oil-cloth (about twenty inches tapestry, &c., none of it will be spoiled. long) is a useful appendage to a com- 312. Paint.—To get rid of the mon sitting-room. Kept in the closet, smell of oil paint plunge a handful of it can be available at any time to place hay into a pailful of water, and let it jars upon, &c., &c., which are likely to stand in the room newly painted. soil your table during the process of 313. If a Larder, by its Posidispensing their contents : a wing and I tion, will not admit of opposite winduster are harmonious accompaniments dows, then a current of air must be to the oil-cloti.
admitted by means of a flue from the 308. Gilt Frames may be
outside. tected from flies and dust by oiled 314. For Keeping a Door open, tarlatan pinned over them. Tarlatan, place a brick covered neatly with a piece already prepared, may be purchased at of carpeting against the door. th“ upholsterer's. If it cannot be pro- 315. To Ascertain whether a cured, it is easily made by brushing Bed be Aired.- Introduce a glass boiled oil over cheap tarlatan. It is an goblet between the sheets for a minute excellent material for keeping dust from or two, just when the warming-pan is books, vases, wool work, and every de- taken out; if the bed be dry, there scription of household ornament. will only be a slight cloudy appearance
309. Damp Walls. The follow- on the glass, but if not, the damp of the ing method is recommended to prevent bed will assume the more formidable the effect of damp walls on paper in appearance of drops, the warning of rooms :-Line the damp part of the danger. wall with sheet lead, rolled very thin, 316. To prevent the Smoking and fastened up with small copper nails. of a Lamp.--Soak the wick in strong It may be immediately covered with vinegar, and dry it well before you use paper. The lead is not to be thicker it; it will then burn clear and bright, than that which lines tea-chests. and give much satisfaction for the trifling
310. Bedrooms should not be trouble in preparing it. scoured in the winter time, as colds 317. Water of every kind, except and sickness may be produced thereby. rain water, will speedily cover the inDry scouring, upon the French plan, side of a tea-kettle with an unpleasant which consists of scrubbing the foors crust; this may easily be guarded with dry brushes, may be resorted to, against by placing a clean oyster-shell and will be found more effective than in the tea-kettle, which will always can at first be imagined. If a bedroom keep it in good order, by attracting the is wet scoured, a dry day should be particles of earth or of stone. chosen—the windows should be opened, 318. To Soften Hard Water, the linen removed, and a fire should or purify river water, simply boil it, be lit when the operation is finished. and then leave it exposed to the atmo
311. To get rid of a bad Smell sphere. in a Room newly painted.- 319. Cabbage Water should be Place a vessel full of lighted charcoal thrown`away immediately, it is done in the middle of the room, and throw with, and the vessel rinsed with clean on it two or three handfuls of ji:niper water, or it will cause unpleasant smells.
MUDDLE AT HOME MAKES THE HUSBAND ROAM.
320. A little Charcoal mixed ounces; nitre, one drachm and a half; with clear water thrown into a sink will mucilage of tragacanth, sufficient quandisinfect and deodorize it.
tity. Reduce the substances to a 321. Where a Chimney powder, and form into a paste with the Smokes only when a fire is first mucilage, and divide into small cones ; lighted, it may be guarded against by then put them into an oven until quite allowing the fire to kindle gradually. dry.
322. Ground Glass.- The frosted 329. Easy Method of Breakappearance of ground glass may be ing Glass to any required Fivery nearly imitated by gently dabbing gure.-Make a small notch by means the glass over with a piece of glazier's of a file on the edge of a piece of glass, putty, stuck on the ends of the fingers. then make the end of a tobacco-pipe, or When applied with a light and even of a rod of iron of the same size, red touch, the resemblance is considerable. hot in the fire, apply the hot iron to the
323. Family Clocks ought only notch, and draw it slowly along the surto be oiled with the very purest oil, face of the glass in any direction you purified by a quart of lime water to a please ; a crack will follow the direction gallon of oil, in which it has been well of the iron. shaken, and suffered to stand for three 330. Bottling and Fining.or four days, when it may be drawn off. Corks should be sound, clean, and sweet.
324. Neat Mode of Soldering. Beer and porter should be allowed to -Cut out a piece of tinfoil the size stand in the bottles a day or two before of the surfaces to be soldered. Then being corked. If for speedy use, wiring dip a feather in a solution of sal ammo- is not necessary. Laying the bottles on niac, and wet over the surfaces of the their sides will assist the ripening for metal, then place them in their proper use. Those that are to be kept should position with the tinfoil between. Put be wired, and put to stand upright in it so arranged on a piece of iron hot sawdust. Wines should be bottled in enough to melt the foil. When cold the spring. If not fine enough, draw off surfaces will be found firmly soldered a jugful and dissolve isinglass in it, together.
in the proportion of half an ounce to 325. Maps and Charts.—Maps, ten gallons, and then pour back through charts, or engravings may be effectually the bung-hole. Let it stand a few weeks varnished by brushing very delicate longer. Tap the cask above the lees. coating of gutta percha solution over When the isinglass is put into the cask, their surface. It is perfectly transparent, stir it round with a stick, taking great and is said to improve the appearance care not to touch the lees at the bottom. of pictures. By coating both sides of For white wine only, mix with the important documents they can be kept isinglass a quarter of a pint of milk to waterproof and preserved perfectly. each gallon of wine, some whites of
326. Furniture made in the eggs, beaten with some of the wine. winter, and brought from a cold ware- One white of an egg to four gallons house into a warm apartment, is very makes a good fining. liable to crack.
331. To Sweeten Casks.-Mix 327. Paper Fire-Screens should half a pint of vitriol with a quart of de coated with transparent varnish, water, pour it into the barrel, an l otherwise they will soon become soiled roll about; next day add one pound and discoloured.
of chalk, and roll again. Bung down 328. Pastils for Burning:- for three or four days, then rinse well Cascarilla bark, eight drachms; gum with hot water. benzoin, four drachms; yellow sanders, 332. Oil Paintings hung over the two drachms; styrax, two drachms; mantel-piece are liable to wrinkle with olibanum, two drachms; charcoal, six ) the heat.
TOO MUCH BED MAKES A DU'LL HEAD.
333. To Lousen Glass Stop- ing, as to have their regular turn and pers of Bottles. With a feather rub term in domestic use. a drop or two of salad oil round the stop- 338. Mending.–When you make per, close to the mouth of the bottle or a new article always save the pieces lecarter, which must then be placed until “mending day," which may come before the fire, at the distance of about sooner than expected. It will be well eighteen inches; the heat will cause the even to buy a little extra quantity for oil to insinuate itself between the stop- repairs. Read over repeated]y the "Doper and the neck.
When the bottle or MESTIC Hints” at page 239. These nudecanter has grown warm, gently strike merous paragraphs contain most valuthe stopper on one side, and then on the able suggestions, that will be constantly other, with any light wooden instru- useful if well remembered. They should ment; then try it with the hand : if it be read frequently that their full value will not yet move, place it again before may be secured. Let your domestics also the fire, adding another drop of oil. read them, for nothing more conduces to After a while strike again as before ; good housekeeping than for the servant and, by persevering in this process, to understand the “system” which her however tightly it may be fastened in, mistress approves of. you will at length succeed in loosen- 339. Cleansing of Furniture. ing it. This is decidedly the best -The cleaning of furniture forms an plan.
important part of domestic economy, 334. Lamp Wicks.-Old cotton not only in regard to neatness, but also stockings may be made into lamp wicks, in point of expense. and will answer very well.
340. THE READIEST Mode indeed 335. The Best Lamp Oil is that consists in good manual rubbing, or the which is clear and nearly colourless, like essence of elbows, as it is whimsically water.
termed; but our finest cabinet work 336. China Teapots are the requires something more, where brilsafest, and, in many respects, the most liancy of polish is of importance. pleasant. Wedgwood ware is very apt, 341. THE ITALIAN CABINET-WORK after a time, to acquire a disagreeable in this respect excels that of any other taste.
country. The workmen first saturate 337. Care of Linen. When the surface with olive oil, and then apply linen is well dried and laid by for use, a solution of gum arabic in boiling alconothing more is necessary than to secure hol. This mode of varnishing is equally it from damp and insects; the latter may brilliant, if not superior, to that embe agreeably performed by a judicious ployed by the French in their most mixture of aromatic shrubs and flowers, elaborate works. cut up and sewed in silken bags, to be 342. But ANOTHER Mode may be interspersed among the drawers and substituted, which has less the appearshelves. These ingredients may con- ance of a hard varnish, and may always sist of lavender, thyme, roses, cedar be applied so as to restore the pristine shavings, powdered sassafras, cassia lig- beauty of the furniture by a little nea, &c., into which a few drops of otto manual labour. Heat a gallon of water, of roses, or other strong-scented per- in which dissolve one pound and a half fume, may be thrown. In all cases it of potash : add a pound of virgin wax, will be found more consistent with eco- boiling the whole for half an hour, then nomy to examine and repair all washable suffer it to cool, when the wax will articles, more especially linen, that may float on the surface. Put the wax into stand in need of it, previous to sending a mortar, and triturate it with a marble them to the laundry. It will also be pestle, adding soft water to it until it prudent to have every article carefully forms a soft paste, which, laid neatly on numbered, and so arranged, after wash- furniture, or even on paintings, and care
WHEN THE HAND IS CLEAN IT NEEDS NO SCREEN.
fully rubbed when dry with a woollen A dog's-eared carpet marks the sloven rag, gives a polish of great brilliancy, as well as the dog's-eared book. An without the harshness of the drier var- English gentleman, travelling some nishes.
years ago in Ireland, took a hammer 343. MARBLE CHIMNEY-PIECES may and tacks with him, because he found also be rubbed with it, after cleaning dog's-eared carpets at all the inns where with diluted muriatic acid, or warm he rested. At one of these inns he soap and vinegar; but the iron or brass tacked down the carpet, which, as usual, work connected with them requires was loose near the door, and soon afterother processes.
wards rang for his dinner. While the 344. Polished IRON Work may be carpet was loose the door could not be preserved from rust by a mixture not opened without a hard push; so when very expensive, consisting of copal var- the waiter came up, he just unlatched nish intimately mixed with as much the door, and then going back a couple olive oil as will give it a degree of of yards, he rushed against it, as his greasiness, adding thereto nearly, as habit was, with a sudden spring, to force much spirit of turpentine as of varnish. it open. But the wrinkles of the carpet
345. Cast Iron Work is best pre- were no longer there to stop it, and not served by the common method of rub- meeting with the expected resistance, bing with black lead.
the unfortunate waiter fell full length 346. IF RUST HAS MADE ITS APPEAR- into the room. It had never entered ANCE on grates or fire-irons, apply a his head that so much trouble might bo mixture of tripoli, with half its quan- saved by means of a hammer and half tity of sulphur, intimately mingled on a dozen tacks, until his fall taught him a marble slab, and laid on with a piece that makeshift is a very unprofitable of soft leather. Or emery and oil may kind of shift. There are a good many be applied with excellent effect; not houses in England where a similar praclaid on in the usual slovenly way, but tical lesson might be of service. with a spongy piece of the fig-tree fully 351. Cleaning Carpets.—Take saturated with the mixture. This will a pail of cold water, and add to it three not only clean but polish, and render gisls of ox-gall. Rub it into the carpet the use of whiting unnecessary, with a soft brush. It will raise a lather,
347. Brass ORNAMENTS, when not which must be washed off with clear gilt or lackered, may be cleaned the cold water. Rub dry with a clean cloth. same way, and a fine colour given to In nailing down a carpet after the floor them, by two simple processes. has been washed, be certain that the
348. The First is to beat sal ammo- floor is quite dry, or the nails will rust niac into a fine powder, then to moisten and injure the carpet. Fuller's earth is it with soft water, rubbing it on the used for cleaning carpets, and weak ornaments, which must be heated over solutions of alum or soda are used for charcoal, and rubbed dry with bran and reviving the colours. The crumb of a whiting
hot wheaten loaf rubbed over a carpet 349. The Second is to wash the has been found effective. brass work with roche alum boiled in 352. Beat a Carpet on the wrong strong ley, in proportion of an ounce to side first; and then more gently on the a pint; when dry, it must be rubbed right side. Beware of using sticks with with fine tripoli. Either of these pro- sharp points, which may tear the carpet. cesses will give to brass the brilliancy 353. Sweeping Carpets. ---Perof gold.
sons who are accustomed to use tea. 350. Carpets.-If the corner of a leaves for sweeping their carpets, and carpet becomes loose and prevents the find that they leave stains, will do well door opening, or trips every one up that to employ fresh cut grass instead. It enters the room, nail it down at once. is better than tea-leaves for preventing