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dust, and gives the carpets a very bright, 360. Ottomans and Sofas, fresh look.

whether covered with cloth, damask, or 354. A Half-worn Carpet may chintz, will look much the better for be made to last longer by ripping it being cleaned occasionally with bran apart, and transposing the breadths. and flannel.

355. A Stair Carpet should 361. Dining Tables may be never be swept down with a long broom, polished by rubbing them for some time but always with a short-handled brush, with a soft cloth and a little cold-drawn and a dust-pan held closely under each linseed oil. step of the stairs.

362. A Mahogany Frame 356. Oil-Cloth should never be should be first well dusted, and then scrubbed with a brush, but, after being cleaned with a flannel dipped in sweet first swept, it should be cleansed by oil. washing with a large soft cloth and 363. To Clean Cane-bottom lukewarm or cold water. On no account Chairs.—Turn up the chair bottom, use soap or hot water, as either will &c., and with hot water and a sponge bring off the paint.

wash the canework well, so that it may 357. Straw Matting may be become completely soaked. Should it cleaned with a large coarse cloth dipped be very dirty you must add soap. Let in salt and water, and then wiped dry : it dry in the open air, if possible, or the salt prevents the matting from in a place where there is a thorough turning yellow.

draught, and it will become as tight and 358. Method of Cleaning firm as when new, provided it has not Paper-Hangings.-Cut into eight been broken. half quarters a quartern loaf, two days 364. Alabaster.–For cleaning it old; it must neither be newer nor there is nothing better than soap and staler. With one of these pieces, after water. Stains may be removed by having blown off all the dust from the washing with soap and water, then paper to be cleaned, by the means of a whitewashing the stained part, letting good pair of bellows, begin at the top it stand some hours, then washing off of the room, holding the crust in the the whitewash, and rubbing the stained hand, and wiping lightly downward part. with the crumb, about half a yard at 365. To Clean Marble.—Take zach stroke, till the upper part of the two parts of common soda, one part of hangings is completely cleaned all round. pumice stone, and one part of finely Then go round again, with the like powdered chalk; sift it through a fine sweeping stroke downwards, always sieve, and mix it with water; then rub commencing each successive course a it well all over the marble, and the little higher than the upper stroke had stains will be removed; then wash the extended, till the bottom be finished. marble over with soap and water, and This operation, if carefully performed, it will be as clean as it was at first. will frequently make very old paper

366. Glass should be washed in look almost equal to new. Great cau- cold water, which gives it a brighter tion must be used not by any means to and clearer look than when cleansed rub the paper hard, nor to attempt clean- with warm water. ing it the cross or horizontal way. The 367. Glass Vessels, and other dirty part of the bread, too, must be utensils, may be purified and cleaned each time cut away, and the pieces re- by rinsing them out with powdered newed as soon as it may become neces- charcoal.

368. Bottles.-There is no easier 359. Rosewood Furniture method of cleaning glass bottles than should be rubbed gently every day with putting into them fine coals, and well a clean soft cloth to keep it in order. shaking, either with water or not, hot





or cold, according to the substance that them lightly over with powdered rottenfouls the bottle. Charcoal left in a bot- stone wet to a paste with a little cold tle or jar for a little time will take away water, then polish them with a clean disagreeable smells.

cloth. 369. Cleaning Japanned Wai- 374. Where Painted Wainsters, Urns, &c.-Rub on with a cot or other woodwork requires sponge a little white soap and some cleaning, fuller's earth will be found lukewarm water, and wash the waiter or cheap and useful; and on wood not urn quite clean. Never use hot water, painted it forms an excellent substias it will cause the japan to scale off. tute for soap. Having wiped it dry, sprinkle a little 375. Boards, to Scour.-Lime, flour over it; let it rest a while, and one part; sand, three parts; soft soap, then rub it with a soft dry cloth, and two parts. Lay a little on the boards finish with a silk handkerchief. If there with the scrubbing brush, and rub thoare white heat marks on the waiters, roughly. Rinse with clean water, and they will be difficult to remove; but rub dry. This will keep the boards of you may try rubbing them with a a good colour, and will also keep away flannel dipped in sweet oil, and after-vermin. wards in spirits of wine. Waiters and 376. Charcoal.- All sorts of glass other articles of papier maché should vessels and other utensils may be puribe washed with a sponge and cold water, fied from long retained smells of every without soap, dredged with flour while kind, in the easiest and most perfect damp, and after a while wiped off, manner, by rinsing them out well with and then polished with a silk handker- charcoal powder, after the grosser impuchief.

rities have been scoured off with sand 370. Papier Mache articles and potash. Rubbing the teeth and should be washed with a sponge and washing out the mouth with fine charcold water, without soap, dredged with coal powder, will render the teeth beauflour while damp, and polished with tifully white, and the breath perfectly a flannel.

sweet, where an offensive breath has 371. Brunswick Black for been owing to a scorbutic disposition of Varnishing Grates. – Melt four the gums. Putrid water is immediately pounds of common asphaltum, and add deprived of its bad smell by charcoal. two pints of linseed oil, and one gallon When meat, fish, &c., from intense of oil of turpentine. This is usually heat, or long keeping, are likely to pass put up in stoneware bottles for sale, into a state of corruption, a simple and and is used with a paint brush. If too pure mode of keeping them sound and thick, more turpentine may be added. healthful is by putting a few pieces of Cost: asphalte, 1s. per pound; linseed, charcoal, each about the size of an egg, fd. per pint; turpentine, 8d. per pint. into the pot or saucepan wherein the

372. Blacking for Stoves may fish or flesh is to be boiled. Among be made with half a pound of black others, an experiment of this kind was lead finely powdered, and (to make it tried upon a turbot, which appeared to stick) mix with it the whites of three be too far gone to be eatable; the cook, eggs well beaten; then dilute it with as advised, put three or four pieces of sour beer or porter till it becomes as charcoal, each the size of an egg, under thin as shoe-blacking; after stirring it, the strainer, in the fish kettle; after set it over hot coals to simmer for boiling the proper time, the turbot came twenty minutes; when cold it may be to the table sweet and firm. kept for use.

377. To Take out Stains from 373. To Clean Knives and Mahogany Furniture.-Stains and Forks.- Wash the blades in warm spots may be taken out of mahogany (but not hot) water, and afterwards rub furniture with a little aquafortis or



oxalic acid and water, rubbing the part cloth, as washing them will take off the by means of a cork, till the colour is bronzing. restored ; observing afterwards to wash 386. To clean Brass Ornathe wood well with water, and to dry ments.- Wash the brasswork with and polish as usual.

roche alum boiled to a strong ley, in the 378. To take Ink-Stains out proportion of an ounce to a pint. When of Mahogany.-Put a few drops of dry, it must be rubbed with fine tripoli. spirits of nitre in a teaspoonful of 387. For Cleaning Brasses water, touch the spot with a feather belonging to mahogany furniture, either dipped in the mixture, and on the ink powdered whiting or scraped rotten. disappearing, rub it over immediately stone, mixed with sweet oil and rubbed with a rag wetted in cold water, or on with a buckskin, is good. there will be a white mark, which will 388. Brasses, Britannia Metal, not be easily effaced.

Tins, Coppers, &c., are cleaned 379. To remove Ink-Stains with a mixture of rotten-stone, soft from Silver.-The tops and other soap, and oil of turpentine, mixed to portions of silver inkstands frequently the consistency of stiff putty. The become deeply discoloured with ink, stone should be powdered very fine which is difficult to remove by ordi- and sifted; and a quantity of the mixnary means. It may, however, be com- ture may be made sufficient to last for pletely eradicated by making a littlc a long while. The articles should first chloride of lime into a paste with be washed with hot water, to remove water, and rubbing it upon the stains. grease; then a little of the above Chloride of lime has been misnamed mixture, mixed with water, should be “ The general bleacher," but it is a foul rubbed over the metal; then rub off enemy to all metallic surfaces.

briskly with dry, clean rag or leather, 380. To take Ink-Stains out and a beautiful polish will be obtained. of a Coloured Table-Cover.-1

389. To preserve Steel Goods Dissolve a teaspoonful of oxalic acid in from Rust.–After bright grates have a teacup of hot water; rub the stained been thoroughly cleaned, they should part well with the solution.

be dusted over with unslacked lime, 381. To take Ink out of and thus left until wanted. The coils Boards.-Strong muriatic acid, or of piano wires, thus sprinkled, will keep spirits of salts, applied with a piece of from rust for many years. Tablecloth; afterwards well washed with knives which are not in constant use water.

ought to be put in a case in which 382. Oil Grease may be removed sifted quicklime is placed, about eight from a hearth by covering it imme- inches deep. They should be plunged diately with thick hot ashes, or with to the top of the blades, but the lime burning coals.

should not touch the handles. 383. Marble may be Cleaned 390. Iron and Steel Goods by mixing up a quantity of the strong- from Rust.—Dissolve half an ounce est soap-lees with quicklime, to the of camphor in one pound of hog's lara; consistence of milk, and laying it on take off the scum : mix as much black the marble for twenty-four hours; clean lead as will give the mixture an iron it afterwards with soap and water. colour. Iron and steel goods, rubbed

384. Silver and Plated Ware over with this mixture, and left with it should be washed with a sponge and on twenty-four hours, and then dried warm soapsuds every day after using, with a linen cloth, will keep clean for and wiped dry with a clean soft towel. months. Valuable articles of cutlery

385. Bronzed Chandeliers, should be wrapped in zinc FOIL, or be Lamps, &c., should be merely dusted kept in boxes lined with zinc. This is with a feather-brush, or with a soft atonce an easy and most effective method.


91 391. Iron Wipers. — Old soft also be observed that some species towels, or pieces of old sheet: or table-require more care and attention than cloths, make excellent iron wipers. others, as every person must have

392. To Clean Looking; observed that china-ware in common Glasses.- First wash the glass all use frequently loses some of its colours. over with lukewarm soapsuds and a 396. The Ren, especially of versponge. When dry, rub it bright with million, is the first to go, because that a buckskin and a little prepared chalk colour, together with some others, is finely powdered.

laid on by the Chinese after burning. 393. To Clean Mirrors, &c.- 397. THE MODERN CHINESE PORCEIf they should be hung so high that they LAIN is not, indeed, so susceptible of cannot be conveniently reached, have a this rubbing or wearing off, as vegetable pair of steps to stand upon ; but mind reds are now used by them instead of that they stand steady. Then take a the mineral colour. piece of soft sponge, well washed, and 398. Much OF THE RED now used cleaned from everything gritty, just dip in China is actually produced by the it into water and squeeze it out again, anotto extracted from the cuttings of and then dip it into some spirit of scarlet cloth, which have long formed wine. Rub it over the glass ; dust it an article of exportation to Canton. over with some powder blue or whiting 399. IT OUGHT to be taken for sifted through muslin ; rub it lightly granted that all china or glass-ware and quickly

again with a cloth; is well tempered : yet a little careful then take a clean cloth, and rub it well attention may not be misplaced, even again, and finish by rubbing it with a on that point; for though ornamental silk handkerchief. If the glass be very china or glass-ware is not'exposed to large, clean one-half at a time, as other the action of hot water in common wise the spirit of wine will dry before domestic use, yet it may be injudiciously it can be rubbed off. If the frames are immersed therein for the purpose of aot varnished, the greatest care is cleaning; and as articles intended aecessary to keep them quite dry, so as solely for ornament are not so highly not to touch them with the sponge, as annealed as others, it will be proper this will discolour or take off the gild- never to apply water beyond a tepid ing. To clean the frames, take a little temperature. raw cotton in the state of wool, and rub 400. AN INGENIOUS and simple mode the frames with it; this will take off all of annealing glass has been some time ihe dust and dirt without injuring the in use by chemists. It consists in gilding. If the frames are well var- immersing the vessel in cold water, nished, rub them with spirit of wine, gradually heated to the boiling point, which will take out all spots, and give and suffered to remain till cold, when them a fine polish. Varnished doors it will be fit for use. Should the glass may be done in the same manner. be exposed to a higher temperature Never use any cloth to frames or draw- than that of boiling water, it will be ings, or unvarnished oil paintings, when necessary to immerse it in oil. cleaning and dusting them.

401. To take Marking-Ink 394. China and Glass-Ware. out of Linen.-Use a saturated solu- The best material for cleansing tion of cyanuret of potassium applied either porcelain or glass-ware, is with a camel-hair brush. After the fuller's earth: but it must be beaten marking ink disappears, the linen should into a fine powder, and carefully be well washed in cold water. cleared from all rough or hard particles,

402. To take Stains of Wine which might endanger the polish of the out of Linen. Hold the articles in brilliant surface.

milk while it is boiling on the fire, 395. In CLEANING porcelain, it must and the stains will soon disappear.




403. Fruit Stains in Linen.--essence of lemon, one ounce; mix. To remove them, rub the part on each Cost: camphine, 8d. per pint; essence side with yellow soap, then tie up a of lemon, 8d. per ounce. Scouring piece of pearlash in the cloth, &c., and drops are usually put up in smali soak well in hot water, or boil : after- half-ounce phials for sale ; these may wards expose the stained part to the be obtained at from 9d. to ls. per sun and air until removed.

dozen. 404. Mildewed Linen may be 410. To take Grease out of restored by soaping the spots while Velvet or Cloth.

· Procure some wet, covering them with fine chalk turpentine and pour it over the part scraped to powder, and rubbing it that is greasy ; rub it till quite dry with well in.

a piece of clean flannel; if the grease be 405. To keep Moths, Beetles, not quite removed, repeat the applica&c., from Clothes.-Put a piece tion, and when done, brush the part of camphor in a linen bag, or some well, and hang up the garment in the aromatic herbs, in the drawers, among open air to take away the smell. linen or woollen clothes, and neither 411. Medicine Stains may be moth nor worm will come near them. removed from silver spoons by rub

406. Clothes Closets that have bing them with a rag dipped in sulbecome infested with moths should be phuric acid, and washing it off with well rubbed with a strong decoction of soapsuds. tobacco, and repeatedly sprinkled with 412. To Extract Grease Spots spirits of camphor.

from Books or Paper. — Gently 407. Iron Stains may be removed warm the greased or spotted part of the from marble by wetting the spots with book or paper, and then press upon it oil of vitriol, or with lemon-juice, or pieces of blotting-paper, one after with oxalic acid diluted in spirit of another, so as to absorb as much of the wine, and, after a quarter of an hour, grease as possible. Have ready some rubbing them dry with a soft linen fine clear essential oil of turpentine cloth.

heated almost to a boiling state, warm 408. To remove Stains from the greased leaf a little, and then, with Floors. — For removing spots of a soft clean brush, apply the heated turgrease from boards, take equal parts of pentine to both sides of the spotted part. fuller's earth and pearlash, a quarter of By repeating this application, the grease a pound of each, and boil in a quart will be extracted. Lastly, with another of soft water; and, while hot, lay it or brush dipped in rectified spirit of wine the greased parts, allowing it to remain ! go over the place, and the grease will on them for ten or twelve hours; after no longer appear, neither will the paper which it may be scoured off with sand be discoloured. and water. A floor much spotted with 413. Stains and Marks from grease should be completely washed Books.- A solution of oxalic acid, over with this mixture the day before it citric acid, or tartaric acid, is attended is scoured. Fuller's earth and ox-gall, with the least risk, and may be applied boiled together, form a very powerful upon the paper and prints without fear cleansing mixture for floors or carpets. of damage. These acids, taking out Stains of ink are removed by strong writing ink, and not touching the printvinegar; or salts of lemon will remove ing, can be used for restoring books them.

where the margins have been written 409. Scouring Drops for re- upon, without injuring the text. moving Grease. There are several 414. To take Writing Ink out preparations of this name; one of the of Paper.-Solution of muriate of best is made as follows: —Camphine, tin, two drachms; water, four drachms. or spirit of turpentine, three ounces; To be applied with a camel-hair brush.

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