Page images



After the writing has disappeared, the 420. Do not let coffee and tea stand paper should be passed through water, in tin. and dried.

421. SCALD your

wooden-ware 415. A Hint on Household often, and keep your tin-ware dry. Management.-Have you ever ob- 422. PRESERVE the backs of old served what a dislike servants have to letters to write upon. anything cheap ? They hate saving 423. IF YOU HAVE CHILDREN who their master's money. I tried this are learning to write, buy coarse white experiment with great success the other paper by the quantity, and keep it day. Finding we consumed a vast deal locked up, ready to be made into of soap, I sat down in my thinking writing-books. This does not cost half chair, and took the soap question into so much as it does to buy them at the consideration, and I found reason to stationer's. suspect we were using a very expensive 424. SEE THAT NOTHING IS THROWN article, where a much cheaper one would away which might have served to serve the purpose better. I ordered half nourish your own family or a poorer a dozen pounds of both sorts, but took one. the precaution of changing the papers 425. AS FAR AS POSSIBLE, have pieces on which the prices were marked before of bread eaten up before they become giving them into the hands of Betty: hard; spread those that are not eaten, « Well, Betty, which soap do you find and let them dry, to be pounded for washes best?“Oh, please sir, the puddings, or soaked for brewis. dearest, in the blue paper; it makes a 426. BREWIS is made of crusts and lather as well again as the other.” dry pieces of bread, soaked a good while "Well, Betty, you shall always have it in hot milk, mashed up, and eaten with then;" and thus the unsuspecting Betty salt. Above all, do not let crusts acsaved me some pounds a year, and cumulate in such quantities that they washed the clothes better.—Rev. Sidney cannot be used.

With proper care, Smith.

there is no need of losing a particle of 416. Domestic Rules. - Mrs. bread. Hamilton, in her “Cottagers of Glen- 427. ALL THE MENDING in the house burnie,” gives three simple rules for should be done once a week if possible. the regulation of domestic affairs, which 428. NEVER PUT OUT SEWING. If deserve to be remembered, and which it be not possible to do it in your own would, if carried into practice, be the family, hire some one into the house, means of saving time, labour, and and work with them. patience, and of making every house a 429. A WARMING-Pan full of coals,

well-ordered” one. They are as fol- or a shovel of coals, held over varnished lows :-i. Do everything in its proper furniture, will take out white spots. time. ii. Keep everything to its pro- Care should be taken not to hold the per use.

iü. Put everything in its pro- clothes near enough to scorch : and the per place.

place should be rubbed with a flannel 417. An ever-Dirty Hearth, while warm. and a grate always choked with cinders 430. Sal-VOLATILE or hartshorn and ashes, are infallible evidences of will restore colours taken out by acid. bad housekeeping:

It may be dropped upon any garment 418. Economy. If you have a without doing harm. strip of land, do not throw away soap

431. New IRON should be very suds. Both ashes and soapsuds are good gradually heated at first. After it has manure for bushes and young plants. become inured to the heat, it is not so

419. WOOLLEN CLOTHES should be likely to crack. washed in very hot suds, and not rinsed. 432. CLEAN A BRASS KETTLE, before Lukewarm water shrinks them. using it for cooking, with salt and




vinegar. — The oftener carpets 443. The SHANKS OF MUTTON make shaken the longer they wear, the dirt a good stock for nearly any kind of that collects under them grinds out the gravy, and they are very cheap-a threads.

dozen may be had for a penny, enough 433. LINEN Rags should be care- to make a quart of delicious soup. fully saved, for they are extremely 444. Tuick CURTAINS, closely drawn useful in sickness. If they have be- around the bed, are very injurious, become dirty and worn by cleaning sil- cause they not only confine the effluvia ver, &c., wash them and scrape them thrown off from our bodies whilst in into lint.

bed, but interrupt the current of pure 434. IF YOU ARE TROUBLED TO GET air. SOFT WATER FOR WASHING, fill a tub or 445. REGULARITY in the payment barrel half full of wood ashes, and fill it of accounts is essential to housekeeping: up with water, so that you may have All tradesmen's bills should be paid ley whenever you want it. A gallon of weekly, for then any errors can be destrong ley, put into a great kettle of tected whilst the transactions are fresh hard water, will make it as soft as rain in the memory. water. Some people use pearlash, or 446. ALLOWING CHILDREN TO TALK potash ; but this costs something, and incessantly is a mistake. We do not is very apt to injure the texture of the mean to say that they should be reeloth.

stricted from talking in proper seasons, 435. DO NOT LET KNIVES be dropped but they should be taught to know into hot dish-water. It is a good plan when it is proper for them to cease. to have a large tin pot to wash them in, 447. Blacking for Leather just high enough to wash the blades Seats, &c.-Beat well the yolks of without wetting the handles.

two eggs and the white of one ; mix a 436. IT IS BETTER to accomplish tablespoonful of gin and a teaspoonful perfectly a very small amount of work, of sugar, thicken it with ivory black, than to half do ten times as much. add it to the eggs, and use as common

437. CHARCOAL POWDER will be blacking; the seats or cushions being found a very good thing to give knives left a day or two to harden. This is a first-rate polish.

good for dress boots and shoes. 438. A BONNET AND TRIMMINGS may 448. Black Reviver for Black be worn a much longer time, if the cloth.—Bruised galls, one pound; logdust be brushed well off after walking. wood, two pounds; green vitriol, half

439. Much KNOWLEDGE may be ob- a pound; water, five quarts. Boil for tained by the good housewife observing two hours, and strain. Used to restore how things are managed in well-regu- the colour of black cloth. Cost: lated families.

galls, ls. 4d. per pound; logwood, 440. APPLEs intended for dumplings 2d. per pound; green vitriol, id. per should not have the core taken out of pound. them, as the pips impart a delicious 449. A Green Paint for Garflavour to the dumpling.

den Stands, &c., may be obtained 441. A RICE PUDDING is most ex- by mixing a quantity of mineral green cellent without either eggs or sugar, if and white lead, ground in turpentine, baked gently: it keeps better without with a small portion of turpentine vareggs.

nish, for the first coat; for the second, 442. “WILFUL WASTE MAKES W0- put as much varnish in the colour as will FUL WANT.”—Do not cook a fresh joint produce a good gloss. whilst any of the last remains uneaten -hash iť up, and with gravy and a 450. Hints for Home Comfort. little management, eke out another day's i. Eat slowly and you will not overdinner.




ii. Keeping the feet warm will pre- nience will arise when the articles are vent headaches.

wanted. iii. Late at breakfast - hurried for xxi. Feather beds should be opened dinner-cross at tea.

every third year, the ticking well dusted, iv. A short needle makes the most soaped, and waxed, the feathers dressed expedition in plain sewing.

and returned. v. Between husband and wife little xxii. Persons of defective sight, when attentions beget much love.

threading a needle, should hold it over vi. Always lay your 12.,.e neatly, something white, by which the sight whether you have company or not.

will be assisted. vii. Put your balls or reels of cotton xxiii. In mending sheets and shirts, into little bags, beaving the ends out. put the pieces sufficiently large, or in

viii. Whatever you may choose to the first washing the thin parts give give away, always be sure to keep your way, and the work is all undone. temper.

xxiv. Reading by candle-light, place ix. Dirty windows speak to the passer- the candle behind you, that the rays by of the negligence of the inmates. may pass over your shoulder on to the

x. In cold weather a leg of mutton book. This will relieve the eyes. improves by being hung three, four, or xxv. A wire fire-guard, for each firefive weeks.

place in a house, costs little, and greatly xi. When meat is hanging, change diminishes the risk to life and property. its position frequently, to equally dis- Fix them before going to bed. tribute the juices.

xxvi. In winter, get the work forxii. There is much more injury done ward by daylight, to prevent running by admitting visitors to invalids than is about at night with candles. Thus you generally supposed.

escape grease spots, and risks of fire. xiii. Matches, out of the reach of xxvii. Be at much pains to keep your children, should be kept in every bed- children's feet dry and warm. Don't room. They are cheap enough. bury their bodies in heavy flannels and

xiv. Apple and suet dumplings are wools, and leave their knees and legs lighter when boiled in a net than a naked. cloth. Scum the pot well.

xxviii. Apples and pears, cut into xv. When chamber towels get thin quarters and stripped of the rind, baked in the middle, cut them in two, sew the with a little water and sugar, and eaten selvages together, and hem the sides. with boiled rice, are capital food for

xvi. When you are particular in wish- children. ing to have precisely what you want xxix. A leather strap, with a buckle from a butcher's, go and purchase it to fasten, is much more commodious yourself.

than a cord for a box in general use for xvii. One flannel petticoat will wear short distances; cording and uncording nearly as long as two, if turned behind is a tedious job. part before, when the front begins to xxx. After washing, overlook linen,

and stitch on buttons, hooks and eyes, xviii. People in general are not aware &c.; for this purpose keep a “housewife's how very essential to the health of the friend,” full of miscellaneous threads, inmates is the free admission of light cottons, buttons, hooks, &c. into their houses.

xxxi. For ventilation open your winxix. When you dry salt for the table, dows both at top and bottom. The fresh do not place it in the salt-cells until it air rushes in one way, while the foul is cold, otherwise it will harden into a makes its exit the other. Tnis is letlump.

ting in your friend and expelling your xx. Never put away plate, knives and enemy. forks, &c., uncleaned, or great inconve- xxxii. There is not any real economy in

wear thin.




purchasing cheap calico for gentlemen's only half the quantity of water used, it night-shirts. Cheap calico soon wears acts as a discutient, but not as an eyeinto holes, and becomes discoloured in water. washing

454. COMMON.- Add half an ounce xxxiii

. Sitting to sew by candle-light of diluted acetic acid to three ounces of at a table with a dark cloth on it is in- decoction of poppy heads. Use, as an jurious to the eyesight. When no other anodyne wash. remedy presents itself, put a sheet of 455. COMPOUND ALUM.— Dissolve white paper before you.

alum and white vitriol, of each one xxxiv. Persons very commonly com- drachm, in one pint of water, and filter plain of indigestion : how can it be won through paper. Use, as an astringent dered at, when they seem, by their habit | wash. of swallowing their food wholesale, to 456. ZINC AND LEAD. — Dissolve forget for what purpose they are pro- white vitriol and acetate of lead, of each vided with teeth?

seven grains, in four ounces of elderxxxv. Never allow your servants to flower water; add one drachm of lauput wiped knives on your table, for, danum (tincture of opium), and the generally speaking, you may see that same quantity of spirit of camphor; they have been wiped with a dirty cloth. then strain. "Use, as a detergent wash. If a knife is brightly cleaned, they are 457. ACETATE OF ZINC. —Dissolve compelled to use a clean cloth. half a drachm of white vitriol in five

xxxvi. There is not anything gained ounces of water. Dissolve two scruples in economy by having very young and of acetate of lead in five ounces of water. inexperienced servants at low wages; Mix these solutions, then set aside for a they break, waste, and destroy more short time, and afterwards filter. Use, than an equivalent for higher wages, as an astringent; this forms a most setting aside comfort and respectability: valuable collyrium.

xxxvii. No article in dress tarnishes 458. SULPHATE OF ZINC.—Dissolve so readily as black crape trimmings, and twenty grains of white vitriol in a pint few things injure it more than damp; of water or rose water. Use, for weak therefore, to preserve its beauty on bon eyes. nets, a lady in nice mourning should 459. ZINC AND CAMPHOR.—Dissolve in her evening walks, at all seasons of a scruple of white vitriol in ten ounces the year, take as her companion an old of water, then add one drachm of spirit parasol to shade her crape.

of camphor, and strain. Use, as a stimu

lant. 451. Domestic Pharmacopoeia. 460. COMPOUND ZINC. Dissolve

In compiling this part of our hints, fifteen grains of white vitriol in eight we have endeavoured to supply that ounces of camphor water (Mistura kind of information which is so ofter camphore), and the same quantity of wanted in the time of need, and cannot decoction of poppy heads. Use, as an be obtained when a medical man or anodyne and detergent; useful for weak a druggist is not near. The doses are eyes. all fixed for adults, unless otherwise ordered. The various remedies are

461. Confections and Elecarranged in sections, according to their

tuaries. uses, as being more easy for reference. 462. CONFECTIONS used

vehicles for the administration of more 452. Collyria, or Eye Washes. active medicines, and Electuaries are

453. ALUM. - Dissolve half a made for the purpose of rendering some drachm of alum in eight ounces of water. remedies palatable. Both should be kept Use, as an astringent. When the in closely covered jars. strength of the alum is doubled, and 463. ALMOND CONFECTION. - Re





move the outer coat from an ounce of 469. Castor OIL AND SENNA Con. sweet almonds, and beat them well in a FECTION.- Take one drachm of powdered mortar with one drachm of powdered gum arabic, and two ounces of confecgum arabic, and half an ounce of white tion of senna, and mix, by gradually sugar. Use, to make a demulcent mix- rubbing together in a mortar, with half ture, known as “ almond emulsion." an ounce of castor oil. Dose, from half

464. ALUM CONFECTION.-Mix two an ounce to an ounce. Use, purgative. scruples of powdered alum with four 470. SULPHUR AND SENNA Conscruples of treacle. Dose, half a drachm. FECTION.—Take of sulphur and sulphate Use, as an astringent in sore throat and of potash, each half an ounce; of conrelaxed uvula, and ulcerations of the fection of senna, two ounces; and oil mouth.

of aniseed, twenty minims; mix well. 465. ORANGE CONFECTION.-Take Dose, from one to two drachms.' Use, one ounce of the freshly rasped rind of purgative. orange, and mix it with three ounces of 471. CREAM OF TARTAR CONFECwhite sugar, and beat together till per- TION.—Take one ounce of cream of fectly incorporated. Dose, from one tartar, one drachm of jalap, and half a drachm to one ounce. Use, as a gentle drachm of powdered ginger; mix into stomachic and tonic, and for giving tonic a thick paste with treacle. Dose, two powders in.

drachms. Use, purgative. 466. BLACK PEPPER CONFECTION. 472. ANTISPASMODIC ELECTUARY. – Take of black pepper and elecampane

- Take six drachms of powdered root, each one ounce; fennel seeds, valerian and orange leaves, mixed and three ounces; honey and sugar, of each made into an electuary, with a sufficient two ounces. Rub the dry ingredients quantity of syrup of wormwood. Dose, to a fine powder, and when the confec- from one to two drachms, to be taken tion is wanted, add the honey, and mix two or three times a day. well. Dose, from one to two drachms. 473. Decoctions. These should Use, in hæmorrhoids, or piles. only be made as they are wanted; pip

467. CowhaGE.-Mix as much of kins or tin saucepans should be used for the fine hairs or spiculæ of cowhage into the purpose; and no decoction should treacle as it will take up. Dose, a tea- be boiled longer than ten minutes. spoonful every morning and evening. 474. CHIMAPHILA.—Take one ounce Use, as an anthelmintic.

of pyrola (chimaphila, or winter-green), 468. Senna CONFECTION.- Take of and boil it in a pint and a half of water senna, powdered, four ounces; figs, half until it is only one pint; then strain. a pound, cassia pulp, tamarind pulp, Dose, from one to two ounces, four times and the pulp of prunes, each four ounces; a day. Use, in dropsies, as a diuretic. coriander seeds, powdered, two ounces;

475. Logwood. - Boil one liquorice root, one ounce and a half; and a half of bruised logwood in two sugar, one pound and a quarter; water, pints of water until it comes to one pint; one pint and a half. Řub the senna then add one drachm of bruised cassia, with the coriander, and separate, by and strain. Dose, from one to two sifting, five ounces of the mixture. Boil ounces. Use, as an astringent. the water, with the figs and liquorice 476. DANDELION.- Take two ounces added, until it is reduced to one half ; of the freshly-sliced root, and boil in then press out and strain the liquor. two pints of water until it comes to one Evaporate the strained liquor in a jar pint; then add one ounce of compound by boiling until twelve Auid ounces tincture of horseradish. Dose, from remain; then add the sugar, and make two to four ounces. Use, in a sluggish a syrup. Now mix the pulps with the state of the liver. syrup, add the sifted powder, and mix 477. Embro 'ations and Lini. well. Use, purgative.

ments.-These remedies are used ex


« PreviousContinue »