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their educational exhibits at our Institute sessions what work their departments and their students are accomplishing. The exhibits areeducational in a double sense; they represent the work of educational institutions, and they are in themselves educational to a marked degree, to all those who care to give them interested examination. To the promotion and extension of our educational exhibits I would call the kind attention of our intercollegiate committee, as a labor very worthily within their province.
I also wish in conclusion to call your attention to a suggestion made to me by one of our members, which promises very worthy possibilities. I cannot do better than to present this suggestion of Dr. William Davis Foster, of Kansas City, in his own words, as per his: recent letters to me on the matter :
“Dear Doctor:-It has often occurred to me that a complete index of the transactions of the American Institute of Homeopathy would be of the highest value. In these volumes, beginning in 1844, and continuing each year (except 1861-62-63-64), there is a mine of invaluable facts stored away which are now practically inaccessible. An index carefully prepared and brought out at an early period would prove of the greatest value to homeopathic students.
“It is learned that the British Homeopathic Society has completed an index of the British Journal of Homeopathy, and the same is now in press. I have not a copy of the British Journal of Homeopathy, but have a full set of the transactions of the American Institute, and feel the need of such an index.
“The first meeting of the Institute was held at the Lyceum of Natural History, New York, on the 10th day of April, 1844, of which meeting Dr. Constantine Hering was president. The meetings of the Institute have been held annually since that date except during the years '61-'62-'63-'64. A volume of the Transactions has been published every year. These volumes prior to 1866 were small in size, but have been gaining in bulk until the book has now for several years been of about the proportions of the volume of 1903. The thirty-two volumes of Transactions prior to and including that of 1879 have no index at all. In the volume of 1880 Dr. Burgher, the secretary, prepared an index, and the subsequent volumes have indices, all imperfect and of little value. It is proposed to go over the volumes from the beginning and by careful consideration perfect a full index of the whole work. It is likely that some advantage would accrue through adding to this an index of authors, as well as an index of subjects. This can be further enlarged by appending after the name of authors the title of all writings contained in the Transactions, giving appropriate pages where the same may be found. It is further suggested that some biographical data would be valuable, thus :
“HERING, Constantine (1800-1880); 1881, page 115.
“Thus indicating that Hering was born in the year 1800; died 1880; and that his memorial is found in the Transactions of 1881, page 115; this to be immediately followed, if thought advisable, by a list of the titles of all the products of his pen, contained in the Transactions, together with the year of the volume, in which year, and page of the volume in which subsequent articles may be contained.
“Some such scheme carried out with fidelity would give a comprehensive index of the highest value. Other suggestions doubtless will be made when the matter is brought to the attention of the Institute, and which should have mature consideration later on.
“Very truly yours,
“WM. DAVIS FOSTER." This suggestion, thus admirably set forth, I commend to your early and kind consideration, reminding you that by its working out into fact, we should have at our command many priceless opinions and experiences of the Masters of Homeopathy, now practically inaccessible to us.
Once more I greet you all and congratulate you on the fruitful and happy days this hour opens. And once more I thank you that you have made it my privilege to do this.
The remainder of the business assigned for the morning was routine.
In the evening occurred the opening exercises proper. The room was crowded and comfortable. The music was delightful, and taking it all in all we have seldom witnessed a more auspicious opening. The addresses of the gentlemen on the program were exceptionally appropriate to the occasion. When local dignitaries go far out of their way to emphasize the prominence of the Homeopathic school and the importance of its work for the development of science and a greater sphere of worth and usefulness, it means that the school is commanding an attention and respect which cannot be due to anything else than its worth as a system of healing.
Mayor Hancock, of Niagara Falls, in his address says: “I would like to say that any Institute that can hold its sixtieth annual convention with increased membership and increased enthusiasm must have been constructed and conducted on the correct line; its foundations must have been laid among the rocks of Truth, or else it could not have lasted." That's pretty strong language, isn't it?
We had thought to simply comment on the address of the President of the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York, Hon. T. Guilford Smith, of Albany, N. Y., but find it so impossible to decide what is not worth printing that we append the address in extenso:
Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen:-You have just received the formal but hearty welcome from the Mayor of this city, and you will receive very shortly a similar address of welcome from the Western New York Homeopathic Medical Society. In the meantime I appreciate very much the opportunity which is given to the University of the State of New York to say how glad it is to welcome you to the entire State. This is the more gratifying as we have similar aims, and have for many years heartily co-operated in the advancement of medical education, whether applied to its preparation, to its time of study, or to its final authority to practice. In this time and in all our efforts we have had the hearty co-operation of the medical profession, and one of the most distinguished of your members, Dr. Wm. H. Watson, of 'tica, N. Y., has been the Chairman of the committee appointed by the Regents of the University of the State of New York to accomplish as far as possible all that has been done in this connection.
I am glad to be able to have an opportunity to state thus publicly my high appreciation of Dr. Watson, both professionally and officially and as a man, and I do not think that I am overdrawing the case when I say that probably no other one man has worked harder or done more than he. I only hope that he is here to-night, not only for the pleasure of seeing him personally, but also that he may hear how fully his name and fame have gone abroad, and how much his associates appreciate his efforts. I understand that Dr. Watson has been a member of your society since 1854, and must, therefore, be among the veterans.
It must not be supposed that these efforts at moulding the character of medical students and medical practitioners has been all smooth sailing, because while men practically and theoretically were disposed to say that it was a desirable thing to accomplish, yet when it came to apply these principles by lengthening the course and raising the standards, some of the institutions in medicine halted and hesitated, and had it not been for the energy and wider outlook of some of the members of your society connected with the medical profession the desirable results would not have been attained.
In other words, co-operation between practitioners and teachers has, in this case, brought about this desired result. To-day co-operation is in the air, whether it is in industrial enterprises, railway management or other forms of new life, co-operation is the means whereby these various ends are accomplished.
It now remains for us to go one step further, and while I believe almost every State in the Union now has standards of its own, yet it will become necessary in time that these standards should be interchangeable, and how that can be best brought about is one of the questions which will engross your thoughts in the near future. New York, probably, by making the matriculates show the equivalent at least of the High School education and of spending at least four years in the study of medicine, and before practicing medicine receive a license from the board officially authorizing its practice, probably represents the highest type of any of the States. Right here in this vicinity it is very difficult some time to obey the law without doing some injustice. In this State requirements differ from those of Pennsylvania and from those of Ohio, and from those of the Province of Ontario. To make these requirements interchangeable may require some modification on the part of some of the States. Certainly New York would not be in favor of letting the bars down at all, and yet without this how is it possible, unless the other States are willing to increase their requirements and to come nearer and nearer to New York ? In Massachusetts the requirements are almost the same as ours; in fact, the medical department of Harvard University goes one step farther and requires their own A. B. degree for students in medicine who wish to matriculate in their medical department. These requirements are met readily in Massachusetts, and particularly in the vicinity of Harvard University, and may be pretty well met throughout the State of New York, in Pennsylvania, in New Jersey and in any other of the Eastern States, but it may not be possible, owing to environments, to insist upon such rigid requirements in States in the Middle West, and particularly in the far West. I beg to assure you that the new Commissioner of Education in this State, who is exofficio Secretary to the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York, has recently had this matter before him, and is disposed to deal with it with your co-operation in the entire spirit of the law, and yet not to invalidate the spirit by too strict an adherence to the law. Yet how to do this and to meet with your approval is the question which you will soon have to think about seriously and act upon judiciously.
Conspicuous for public spirit extending beyond the medical profession was the record of the late Dr. William Pepper, of Philadelphia, who is known personally to many of you without doubt, and whose .conspicuous monument is not only the Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, but the University of Pennsylvania itself, of which he was the Provost. But the impetus which he gave to all public affairs in Philadelphia is more particularly shown, I think, by the Commercial Museum and Union Establishment, which owes its inception and installation almost entirely to Dr. Pepper's efforts. These were supplemented by the liberality of the general government, so that to-day Philadelphia possesses within its own boundaries the only museum of the kind in this country, and it is likely to be of incalculable benefit in extending our commerce to foreign lands.
I have already alluded to the great work done by Dr. Watson, of Utica, but I have not forgotten what work in the same line was done by your eminent member, Dr. Horace M. Paine, who was a member of the first Board of Medical Examiners in this State, and who was connected with that body for twenty years, nearly all of which time he held the position of Secretary. This board was appointed by the Regents of the University of the State of New York, and it led to the present practice. It is, therefore, very fitting indeed, it seems to me, on this occasion that I should allude to Dr. Paine as well as to Dr. Watson.
There are other members of the profession who have added their name and fame to the general reputation of broad-minded and publicspirited citizens, and I am glad to recall to your memory such distinguished men as William Tod Helmuth and Dr. S. H. Talcott, also of this State, and whose records are so thoroughly well knewn to you all that I will not attempt to repeat them here.
It seems eminently fitting and proper, therefore, ladies and gentlemen, that your society and the Regents of the University of the State of New York should continue to join hands in endeavoring to elevate the medical profession to its highest possible plane.
In President Roosevelt's speech at Washington, upon the occasion of the dedication of a monument to Benjamin Rush, he paid a merited tribute to Dr. Rush as a physician, for he was one of the pioneers in the profession. He combined with arduous and incessant labor of his profession the greatest devotion, even outside of that profession, to the welfare of his fellow-countrymen, and he also called attention to the fact that he was not a specialist in the modern sense; in fact, that was impossible in his day and generation. But the President says, moreover, that there were not any specialists in the modern sense at that time. There was no possibility of there being such. But, he says, to-day no specialist in a democratic country like ours can afford to be so exclusively a specialist as to forget that one part of his duty is his duty to the general public and to the State. These eminent