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the freedom of modern life is well to-day, no one would deny it, because the customs of her sex enthrall her.

She needs a new inspiration to attain a change of condition in which she can reach her intended level. If she is entitled to a rank superior to that now her fate, if Nature has designed her for a higher pedestal, if her physiology bears the indelible impress of a far different being from the sickly, pain-tortured woman of foolish whims, why should she not consider a proposition that must bring her into health by bringing her up to her natural rank? Of course the physical woman of to-day is a flat failure, but as she is intended to be a possibility of the near future, she needs the strength, symmetry and physique that are obtainable only in some method of hygienic physical training and she will develop an energy and activity that shall make the phrase "weaker sex,” obsolete. Muscles unused relax, muscles over-strained relax, relaxed muscles become soft and flabby. The organs that should be held in position become displaced, the dead tissues are soon collected into a soil for disease and disorders follow. The revolution of the sex must come through the physician.

DISCUSSION.

Dr. Biggar.-I feel embarrassed because I am requested to open the discussion on this paper, which is so complete, so scholarly, so masterful, and was so thoroughly well delivered. I have nothing to criticise in the paper at all. The paper sets forth a lot of new ideas of which we should take cognizance. There is no doubt in my mind, that to effect cures we need not only medicine, but advice with regard to diet, care of the body, and hygiene. If I should take exception it would be just this-that if physicians followed the advice given by Dr. Gillard there would be little left to us who practice diseases of women.

There was a time in my memory when there was only one surgeon in northern Ohio, then afterwards there were two in the city of Cleveland, and now we have surgeons just as competent everywhere. I wish to compliment the profession, and congratulate the patients in this part of the country on having such skillful operators. I am glad that we are going to do away with so much of what may be called “unnecessary” surgery. Society calls it method of living, but I call it method of taking care of themselves. I have an old gentleman living in Salineville, and I sent him a book written by a man 102 years old. He said, “I wish I had known it before.” The secret of his long life was that he was temperate in all things. What we need in the treatment of disease, and particularly diseases of women, is rest. Rest is an important factor in relieving congestion of diseased organs. I will say that I am glad to have the privilege of opening the discussion upon such a valuable paper as has been presented to us.

President. It is indeed a pleasure to listen to such a paper from an intelligent woman physician. I have thought that men and women are so different that there should be no comparison between them. Why? If you look at the physiology, women's forces are constructive entirely. They build up. On the other hand, a man's forces are destructive. Man is superior in muscular strength. The ability to run 100 yards in 1 1-10 seconds does not mean anything but the ability to construct, maintain, nourish and bring into the world one individual is worth more than anything else.

Dr. Maxwell.--I want to congratulate Dr. Gillard on her paper, and the excellent way in which she handled her subject. The Doctor speaks about rest and massage, but when you combine the two you get. many miracles. I am glad to hear from Dr. Gillard.

Dr. Barnhill.-I am afraid I cannot add much to these papers, as they are so very complete, and homeopathic all the way through. By the way, my homeopathic sign has been in my window for twenty years. It has produced some ridicule among some possibly, but has made me all I am. I feel that 7-10 of the physiological disturbances in the system of both men and women can be relieved, if not cured, by the law of similars as laid down by Hahnemann. I believe that by studying the characteristic drugs, as we find them to-day, not to say any. thing of the new drugs, we cannot fail. The characteristics of a drug and the constitutional dyscrasia of the patient come into homeopathy, and but for them you cannot have success.

Dr. Gillard's paper was fine, well delivered, and was full of good solid meat. I believe it is wrong for Dr. Gillard, or any other doctor, to live in any community and not put forth such teachings in their local surroundings so that they will aid not only the medical profession, but the people who need it, and ought to have it. We are the teachers. I think such papers as Dr. Gillard's should be printed in the local papers at home. If every homeopathic physician would do more preaching and less practicing in their communities we would never need fear any allopathic gathering in this world.

Surgical dressings should always be changed at once whenever secretion reaches the edges of the dressing or comes out through any part of it, or whenever the patient shows a rise of temperature after twenty-four hours have elapsed since the operation.

VRIL-PSYCHO-THERAPY.

By A. C. Roll, M. D., Toledo, Ohio. In the early years of my practice, when I had lots of time on my hands, I spent considerable of it with the standard authors, and a story which made a great impression on my mind at that time was the “Coming Race,” by Bulwer Lytton.

It was written early in the last century and describes a people far in advance of that time in point of intellect and scientific attainment. In the course of the story he describes minutely the electric light and telephone long before they had come into use, which brought to my mind the adage, that great events cast their shadows before.

But what impressed me most at that time and has occupied my mind to a considerable extent since, was an occult power possessed by these people, which enabled them to produce by thought force alone anything which they might desire.

This power he called Vril, and I have chosen it for the subject of my address this evening.

In defining the word he says, “I should call it electricity except that it comprehends in its manifold branches other forces of nature to which in our scientific nomenclature different names are assigned, such as magnetism, galvanism, etc."

He considered that in Vril we would arrive at the unity in natural, energic agencies, which has been conjectured by many philosophers and called the correlation of forces.

I believe with many true lovers of natural knowledge that the various forms under which the various forces of matter are made manifest have one common origin, or in other words, are so directly related and mutually dependent that they are convertible, as it were, into one another and possess equivalents of power in their action.

I remember that at the time of reading I was very much interested in the story, but as the years have gone by I am able to see much more clearly the wonderful significance of that wonderful power which he so graphically describes.

At the time I supposed his Vril to mean simply a highly developed hypnotic power, whereby he made his characters able to influence matter, change the shape and form of physical things and even to destroy the life of dangerous foes by willing it so, but now after having studied the subject with some care, I believe hypnotism to be as crude when compared with what Lytton was pleased to call Vril as a mother tincture to our millionth potency.

The theory of evolution has made many things clear which for ages were obscured by ignorance and superstition, and as yet its power for enlightenment is in its infancy.

We have, however, learned conclusively that through all these ages a natural process has been going on with a great object in view, and that object was man.

Man at present is lord of creation, and has been for many thousands of years, during which time he has been slowly advancing, until now he occupies a position much superior to the creature who first took on human guise.

Natural selection and survival of the fittest have had much to do with man's past history, but he has now reached the point of physical perfection where it is reasonable to suppose that his future advance will be made along the line of intellectual and moral improvement, and he himself will be able to supercede to some extent, natural selection and survival of the fittest. It is a fact well demonstrated, that there is a much greater difference between the brain and its functions of the highest and lowest types of man than between the lowest type of man and the highest type of ape, which goes to show that the coming race will be possessed of far greater brain power than at present. This greater brain power which will be developed as man's intellectuality develops, in my opinion, is what Lord Lytton meant by Vrill.

My own definition of the word to-night is that Vril is the potentiation of human nature, the grinding, trituration and reduction of all the lower elements, destroying the tiger and the ape, getting rid of the husk and the shell through evolution and allowing the involution of the finer forces of nature, until man will be free from all animal instincts and in that perfected state of potentiated mind power will be able to comprehend every law of the universe, and command by power of thought every force in nature.

To Darwin is due the credit of putting into systematic arrangement the theory of physical evolution.

To Herbert Spencer is due the credit of adding to Darwinism and giving us the philosophy of its further development along the lines of sociology and psychology.

To Lord Lytton is due the credit of putting in romantic form and predicting the final outcome of the human mind.

Now in closing, I wish to speak of another genius-a man of great intellectual attainments-a man of great practical ability, 'a man far in advance of his time scientifically,--a man who in the midst of great darkness on the subject, discovered a natural law and reduced it to a practical working basis and thereby benefited humanity more than any predecessor-and you have all heard his name-Samuel Hahnemann.

With the aid of the law of similia similibus curantur-with the knowledge of how to potentiate drugs- freeing them from the husks and shells of crude materialism-reducing them to Vril—of how to administer them to the sick and suffering so as to counteract dynamic force by dynamic force and restore lost equilibrium. not only physical but mental as well, Hahnemann has placed in our hands as his disciples a God-given palliative which will be more useful to mankind than any other system of therapeutics; till we reach that time predicted by Lord Lytton in his wonderful romance, when the mind of man will be so thoroughly in control of physical things that pain and suffering will have disappeared from off the face of the earth.

PEDIATRICS_WHY AND WHEREFORE.

By Z. W. Shepherd, M. D., Toledo, Ohio. That one-third of all infants born into this world die before they reach the age of five years, and that more than fifty per ent. of these in the first two years, is a sufficient reason for creating a separat? bureau of medical theory and therapy. That a marked decrease has taken place in the last decade in infant mortality is a matter of congratulation to the profession, for it is entirely to the increased intelligence as to causes, and the better facilities for combating those causes on the part of the medical profession that such decrease exists. We are indebted to Dr. Roland G. Freeman, of New York, for valuable statistics in relation to infant mortality, not only in New York City, but other large cities of this country, and many cities and countries of Europe. We have taken the liberty of copying some of his items and would cite you to the original article in the Medical News, of New York, Sept. 5, 1903, Vol. 83, No. 10, Art. 1.

By reference to his tabulated statistics, wherein the deaths are noted in the order of causes, we can readily group the causes into four principal ones : 1st. Improper feeding; 2nd. Extremes of Temperature; 3rd. Bad Environments; 4th. Congenital Influences. This last one I add upon my own experience, as I am certain that many obscure cases of infantile diseases are traceable to causes operative on the prenatal life. Of the first named, the comparison of mortality statistics between certain European countries enables us to draw very accurate conclusions as to one specific item of improper food, e. g., in Norway and Sweden where the infants are fed almost entirely upon breast milk, the mortality is but 106 per thousand, while in Bavaria and

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