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ties as the Marion County Medical Society do more than all others to keep us in touch with the everyday work of the general practitioner. By this we do not for a moment wish to detract from the value of our National, our State and larger societies occupying a broader field.
We, too, individually, owe something to the profession. We are not always to be sponges, absorbing from others, but should add to by our own patient research and experience. Some one has said: “The knowledge that a man can use is the only real knowledge; the only knowledge that has life and growth in it and converts itself into practical power. The rest hangs like dust about the brain, or dries like rain drops off the stones.”
As seniors let our rule ever be, to avoid ruts, keep in touch with the leaders and younger members of the profession, that we may thereby grow old gracefully, and retain the love and respect of the laity as well as that of the profession.
COLLEGE ATHLETICS. Are college athletics too strenuous ? By bringing too great a strain on the physical powers in the great annual races and football battles, do arduous training and the hard struggle of the events themselves tend to defeat the main object of athletics? It is almost an axiom that the next worst thing to no physical exercise at all is too violent exercise. There must be a reason why professional athletes are short lived, and why so many die of tuberculosis and cardiac diseases.
The essential object of physical training is to insure that vigor and stamina of body which is the foundation for the fullest use of the intellectual and spiritual powers. Everybody believes that athletics is an important part of school and college training, because it is directed to a symmetrical development of the body as a whole, but we are coming to realize also that athletics should be carefully supervised, wisely directed and not overdone. Outside of the dangers attending a four or five mile boat race, or a battle royal on the gridiron, there is the greater calamity that goes with the too strenuous and violent training for these events. Is not the present tendency to sacrifice everything to merely winning the great annual athletic events a tendency fraught with dangers to the system of college athletics, and to the individual participants? Most of our colleges have medical directors who take charge of the physical training of the students, and it would be both interesting and instructive if they would investigate and report upon the real condition of the crews after a close boat race, and of the members of the elevens at the end of a football season. If
the object of college athletics is to ensure that vigor which conduces to health, then it would undoubtedly be found that the members of the football teams had lost rather than gained when tested by this standard. College professors are asking themselves if it pays to defeat the sole object of athletics by overdoing and misdoing the training.
We recently had with us Professor Atkinson, of London, an eminent authority on football, and we may learn something by listening to what he says of the defect in our system of college athletics. He saw the recent Yale-Harvard game in the Stadium, and says of it: “Your American game of football is magnificent as a spectacle. The color, and the songs, and the enthusiasm, and your American women, who are never more charming than at a football game, are all magnifi-cent. We have nothing like it in England. But in your American game, as in almost everything else, you show too much of the feeling that you are in the sport for nothing else but to win, rather than for the sport itself. Now, that is a good spirit, but when you carry it to the length you do in your American game of football the training that the players must receive to be fit for such a game is very likely to be a disadvantage to them in after life. In England we develop our university athletes with the idea of giving them a foundation for continued physical training that they will not give up when they finish their courses. Your football players, after they leave school, do not keep in the condition required of them for the strain of the American football game."
This seems both friendly and sensible. - Editorial, in Jour. Med. and Science.
PHYSIOLOGY OF THE PANCREAS. Russell H. Chittenden says that as one scrutinizes the various results obtained by many investigators during the past few years, it seems probable that in the pancreas there must be certain specialized cells which manufacture an internal secretion; something which exercises a controlling influence on certain lines of metabolism in the body. When it is wanting, disturbance and distortion of the nutritional rhythm result. But while the pancreas has a marked effect on the metabolism of carbohydrate matter, and while disturbance of the gland, or any insult offered to it may result in temporary or permanent glycosuria, there are indications that some forms of so-called pancreatic diabetes are to be explained, not through a simple disturbance of the pancreas, but rather as the result of a physiological disturbance of the inter-relationship of several allied glands or structures.-Med. News.
The Medical and Surgical Reporter.
A Journal Devoted to the Science of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery.
Published Monthly by the Cleveland Homeopathic Medical College, 226 Huron Street, Cleveland, O.
JAMES RICHEY HORNER, A, M., M. D., Editor.
The Reporter solicits original articles, short clinical articles, societv transactions and news items of interest to the profession. Reprints of original articles will be furnished authors at actual cost of paper and press-work. provided the order is received before the publication of the article. If authors will furnish us with names before their article is published, copies of the journal containing it, will be mailed free of charge (except to addresses in Cleveland) to the number of 100.
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THE OHIO STATE BOARD AND THE MEDICAL COLLEGES.
There can be no doubt that the time is come when it can be said that the most perfect of harmony exists between the Ohio Medical Colleges and the Ohio State Board of Medical Registration-and this has not always been so. In the beginning of the existence of the Board there was much bitter feeling. There were many-both of those connected with the colleges and of those whose work did not bring them into the slightest contact with either the Board or the College, who denied the necessity for the existence of the Boardand even to-day there are some who honestly believe that the Board is merely an ornamental appendage to the State government. The College men, however, have come to regard the members of the Board as friends who are banded together to build up their institutions, not to destroy them. Because of this feeling official actions of the Board are viewed from a different standpoint than that formerly occupied. It is with feelings of trust rather than distrust that its actions are noted-and College men have come to regard the Board as an ally rather than an enemy.
The first step towards this very satisfactory condition of affairs was taken several years ago when the Colleges were invited to send representatives to Columbus to meet with the Board in formal session for the purpose of a thorough discussion of the status of the medical laws of the State. To this consultation the writer was sent as a delegate from the Cleveland Homeopathic Medical College. It can be truthfully said that the utmost of harmony prevailed and that the result was far-reaching, binding in closer intimacy the relations of the Board with the College. Explanations were then made of many actions of the Board, advice given and taken, questions asked and answered, in a word, the Board and the College from that day became friends working for a common good instead of antagonists bent upon the embarrassment of each other.
Within the past year, under a new regime, these friendly relations have been accentuated. The officers and members of the Board, collectively and individually, have impressed upon the management of the Colleges their desire to help rather than to hinderto aid in College development rather than to place stumbling blocks in the way. A few months ago a second conference was held, over which our good friend of every good College - Dr. Beebe, of Sidney, presided! in his capacity as President of the Board. Dean Jones, of the Cleveland Homeopathic Medical College, and the Deans of the other medical colleges in Cleveland were present and participated in the discussions. It is not necessary to enter into detail into the proceedings of the meet-ing. We are informed that in this conference, as in the former one, the utmost harmony and good feeling prevailed and that there resulted a relation even more satisfactory than had previously existed.
As a further move in the cementing of friendly relations, the Board has just (at the January meeting) authorized the appointment. of a committee of three whose duties are to visit each medical college of the State and by personal investigation learn of the methods pursued and the work performed. Sometime during the present month this committee is expected to visit Cleveland, and they will be welcomed by all three of the medical colleges and given every facility for making a thorough investigation.
It can be said without quibble that the action of the President of the Board in appointing this committee will be endorsed by all concerned. As President Beebe has told the writer, the object is not to find fault except where such is necessary. The members of the committee are not expected to be hypercritical, though they are expected to see wherein improvements may be made. And, as said by
another member of the Board, the Committee is expected to emphasize the feeling that the Board is an ally of the medical college and not an antagonist.
lings as they ways, “12
“ MR. MOSLEY IS HOME FROM SCHOOL.” Under the above caption one of the great dailies discusses the results of the visit to the United States recently made by Mr. Alfred Mosely, a wealthy English manufacturer and some thirty English educational experts. These gentlemen made a careful investigation of our schools to see what might be learned. Actions speak louder than words-and nothing more need be said of the definite impressions made upon Mr. Mosely's mind than that he has placed his two sons in the Hopkins Grammar School at New Haven to prepare them for Yale.
In a general summary of his impressions he says, “While Americans spend money lavishly for education they do not spend enough. Too much money is put into buildings and plants and not enough into salaries." (Italics ours.) The last few words caught our attention and we heartily endorse them.
We believe the time when the best teaching can be had from men who volunteer and work without salary, is gone by. The field of education is so broad and the demands of the times so great that man to be a successful teacher must be specially trained and specia! training means both time and money. Especially is this true in the medical college. To thoroughly master his subject-and teaching without such mastery is not teaching-requires more hours than can be ordinarily given by the man who depends on his practice for a living. He cannot spare the number of hours ordinarily required daily for preparation. Not only this, but in the higher branches which have become more or less specialized it is necessary that he shall devote exclusive time for study in centres where he may find the best advantages for the pursuit of his study. To do this requires more time and more money—and unless he has private resources the average man does not get any such preparation. Hence it follows that in Medicine as in the literary world, the teacher must sooner or later be made independent of the necessity for seeking his living outside of his college-in other words, he must be paid a salary. It does not take much thought to follow out this idea to a legitimate conclusion.
THE RESIGNATION OF EDITOR HALBERT. For years, how many we do not care to count, we have welcomed the advent monthly of the Clinique, with the name of H. V. Halbert